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Confined Space _Generic_ Rescue Plan Template

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					Confined Space Entry Rescue Plan (GENERIC) Template (For
Internal Rescue Services Only)
Prepared By:                                                         Prepared Date:
Approved By:                                                         Review Date:
                                                                     Revised Date:

(NOTE: If rescue is done by an external entity, ensure they have assisted in the
development and approved a similar procedure. Also, if the space requires specific
rescue procedures due to configuration, location, etc, this template can not be used.)

1.0    PURPOSE:
To establish guidelines for deployment of safe and effective confined space rescue operations.

2.0      SCOPE:
This procedure applies to all confined space rescue activities conducted at (Insert Facility Name
Here). The (Insert Facility Name Here) Confined Space Rescue Team will provide primary
emergency rescue support for all permit required confined space entries conducted at (Insert
Facility Name Here).

3.0       RESPONSIBILITIES:
3.1       Managers:
         Provide resources to conduct confined space rescue.
         Assure rescue team members are properly trained and equipped.

3.2       Security: (may be different at your location)
         Assure all security personnel are trained in their roles in the rescue process.
         Maintain accurate count of confined space rescue personnel on plant site at all times.
         Send out message via emergency radio (or other means – be specific) to terminate all
          full permit confined space entries if less than four qualified confined space rescue team
          members are on plant site.
         Notify confined space rescue team members via emergency radio (or other means – be
          specific) of confined space rescue emergencies..
         Maintain an accurate record (time, location, type of emergency) for each confined space
          entry emergency.
         Maintain site security at the confined space rescue scene.

3.3    On Scene Commander:
Upon arriving on the scene, the first-Rescue Team member will assess the following and
advise all other personal responding:
     What type of space is this?
     Are there product storage hazards?
     Locate and secure the attendant or a reliable witness.
     Determine location and number of victims.
     Obtain blue prints, maps or have site personnel draw a sketch of the site.
     Determine the mechanisms of entrapment or nature of illness.
     Make a conscious decision as to this is a "rescue or recovery".
     Determine number of entry points and locations.
         Determine electrical/mechanical/chemical hazards.
         Is responsible for the entire site emergency.
         Directs the entire emergency on scene.
         Is involved in the development of the site strategy.
         Is responsible for the tactical activities and decisions.
         Remains at the site
         Communicates with the Incident Commander.

3.4       Rescue Team Members:
         Communicates with the On Scene Commander.
         Performs actions as directed by the On Scene Commander

3.5       Medical:
         Assure all Confined Space Rescue team personnel receive appropriate medical
          examinations.

4.0       PROCEDURE:
4.1       Notification:
         Upon notification of a confined space rescue situation, (who) will immediately dispatch
          the following via the emergency channel of the plant radio system:
           Rescue Truck (confined space rescue equipment cart) and all rescue personal
           Ambulance
           Call the local Fire Chief

4.2       Phase 1 Arrive On-Scene. Take Command. Size-Up.

4.21      THE PRIMARY ASSESSMENT
         Command should attempt to secure a responsible party or witness to the accident to
          determine exactly what happened.
         An immediate assessment of the hazards present to rescuers must be done.
         Command should determine how many victims have been affected.
         A victim assessment should be performed to determine how long the victims have been
          down, the mechanism of injury, and the survivability profile of the victim.
         An early decision must be made as to whether the operation will be run in the rescue or
          recovery mode.
         Establish communications with the victim as soon as possible.
         Locate confined space permit and all other information about the space.

4.22      THE SECONDARY ASSESSMENT
         The Confined Space
             o Command should determine what type of confined space this is. This can be
                done by consulting the type of entry permit.
             o What type of products are stored in this space.
             o What known hazards are present; mechanical, electrical, etc.
             o Location and number of victims affected.
             o Diagram of confined space, including entry and egress locations.
             o Structural stability of the confined space.
             o Hazardous material size-up.
             o Review copy of entry packet.
      On-Scene Personnel and Equipment
          o Command should determine if there is an adequate number of properly trained
             personnel on scene to do the rescue/recovery; a minimum of four properly
             trained personnel are required.
          o Command should consider the effect of temperature extremes on personnel, and
             consider early rotation of personnel operating on scene. For high humidity/high
             temperature conditions this rotation of personnel should take place every 15 to
             20 minutes. For moderate to low humidity/temperature conditions the rotation of
             personnel should take place every 30 minutes.
          o Command should consider the effects of rain on the hazard profile.
          o Command should consider if the proper equipment is on-scene to complete the
             operation. This includes, but is not limited to:
                 1. Atmospheric monitoring equipment
                 2. Intrinsically safe lighting.
                 3. Supplied air breathing apparatus or remote air.
                 4. Victim removal systems/equipment.
                 5. Ventilation equipment with a CFM of 2000 with necessary duct work.
                 6. Rehab vehicle.

4.3    Phase II Pre-Entry Operations
4.31   MAKE THE GENERAL AREA SAFE
          o Establish a perimeter. The size of the perimeter should be dictated by the
              atmospheric conditions, wind direction, structural stability, etc.
          o Stop all unnecessary traffic in the area.
          o Assure that vehicles park downwind from incident if vehicles are running.

4.32   CONSIDER ASSIGNING THE FOLLOWING SECTORS AS APPROPRIATE.
         o Hazard Sector
         o Safety Sector.
         o Rescue Sector.
         o Staging Area.
         o Rehab Sector.
         o Ventilation Sector.

4.33   MAKE THE RESCUE AREA SAFE
         o Command should assign a Hazard Sector to determine exactly what hazards and
            products are within the confined space.
         o Hazard Sector shall do atmospheric testing in the space to determine oxygen
            level, flammability, and toxicity. Based on readings, Hazard Sector should advise
            Command of the proper level of personal protective equipment. Any instruments
            used to monitor the confined space shall have:

              1. Have the audio-alarm set at:
              - O2 20.4%, low and O2 enriched 21.4%
              - flammability 5% alarm set
              - toxicity carbon monoxide 12.5 ppm
              - hydrogen sulfide 5 ppm
              2. Any O2 readings below 12%, Command should recognize that the LEL
              reading will not be accurate.

              3. Hazard Sector shall give Command atmosphere readings at least every 5
              minutes with an announcement of rescue or recovery mode. The Hazard and
              Ventilation Sectors are extremely important parts of a confined space operation.
              They should be staffed by personnel with a thorough knowledge of atmospheric
              monitoring and ventilation techniques.
          o   Any product that is in or flowing in the confined space must be secured and
              blanked off if possible. It may be determined that the space must be drained of
              any product prior to entry.
          o   Any manufacturing or processing equipment must be shut down prior to entry. If
              possible, all equipment should be locked/tagged out and brought to a zero
              energy state.
          o   The structural stability of the confined space should be evaluated. If there is a
              potential for collapse, appropriate measures must be taken to ensure the
              structural stability of the space.

4.34   VENTILATION
         o Command should assign a Ventilation Sector to establish the proper ventilation
             of the confined space.
         o Ventilation Sector should consult with Safety Sector and Hazard Sector to
             determine the proper type of ventilation for the space.
         o Ventilation Sector must consider the effects on the atmosphere that positive or
             negative pressure ventilation will have (i.e., increase or decrease flammability of
             atmosphere). It could require both positive and negative ventilation (pushing and
             pulling). This will be based on the vapor density or molecular weight of the
             product.
         o Ventilation Sector may consider negative pressure ventilation if there is only one
             entry point. Atmospheric monitoring will be required to ensure a non-explosive
             environment is present in the exhausted vapor area.
         o Ventilation Sector must also consider the effects the exhaust is having on the
             operation. Don't add CO to a confined space. If possible, use intrinsically safe
             electric fans.

4.4    Phase III Entry Operations. Victim Removal.
4.41   SELECTION OF PERSONNEL
          o The proper personnel shall be selected to make entry into the confined space. A
              minimum of two persons should be assigned to make entry.
          o Command shall assign a Rescue Sector. Rescue Sector shall provide a
              minimum 2:1 ratio of personnel outside the confined space to support personnel
              inside. This shall include a standby rescue team with a 1:1 ratio to provide
              immediate assistance to personnel in the confined space.
          o All entry and back-up personnel should be properly trained in confined space
              rescue procedures annually and capable of carrying out the rescue/recovery.
4.42   SELECTION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
          o Protective clothing shall be worn as required by the situation, depending on an
            evaluation of the hazards and the products which may be inside the confined
            space. This may include helmet, gloves, proper footwear, goggles, turnouts,
            Nomex or PBI jumpsuits, and a Class II or Class III harness system.
          o Rescue Sector should determine the level of personal protective equipment by
            consultation with Safety Sectors.
          o All entry and back-up personnel shall wear SABA or SCBA when making entry
            into the confined space. SABA (supplied air breathing apparatus) is
            recommended.
          o If entry personnel use an SCBA, they shall enter no farther than one half the
            amount of supplied air minus 500 lbs. EXAMPLE: 3000 PSI tank gauge pressure
            -- 1/2 = 1500 PSI minus 500 PSI = 1000 PSI usage.
          o Entry personnel shall use personal air monitoring devices that monitor
            flammability and O2 as a minimum
          o Entry personnel shall have a Class II or III harness on prior to entry. Class III
            harness shall be used if inversion of the rescuer is possible.

4.43   COMMUNICATION AND LIGHTING
         o If the confined space has a flammable atmosphere, entry personnel should have
           intrinsically safe or explosion proof communication equipment. If this equipment
           is not available, Rescue Sector may decide to use a tag line for communication
           or a message relay person. Remember, these atmospheres are considered
           immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH), until proven otherwise.
         o If the entry team is entering a dark confined space, Rescue Sector must ensure
           that the proper type of lighting is used. If explosion proof lighting is not available,
           then cyalume type lights must be used by the entry team.

4.44   ORIENTATION OF CONFINED SPACE
         o If available and prior to entry into the confined space, the Rescue Sector, with
            the help of the responsible party, should obtain a blue print or diagram of the
            space. All entry and backup personnel should be made aware of the layout of the
            space to be entered.
         o All entry and back-up personnel, Command and Safety shall be made aware of
            the action plan and the back-up plan prior to entry.
         o Rescuer tag lines may or may not be appropriate in the confined space,
            depending on the specific layout. Taglines could be an entanglement hazard.

4.45   VICTIM REMOVAL EQUIPMENT
          o Rescue sector should consider the necessary victim retrieval equipment prior to
             entry.
          o If possible, the entry team should bring a supply of breathable air for the victim.
          o Pure oxygen shall not be used in a confined space that has a potentially
             flammable atmosphere. Rescuers should not remove their breathing apparatus
             and give it to the victim.
4.46   ASSESSING CONDITION OF VICTIM
         o Upon reaching the victim, entry personnel should do an immediate primary
            survey of the victim. If appropriate, treatment should be started immediately.
         o A quick but thorough secondary assessment of the victim should be done. If time
            permits, entry personnel should attempt to treat serious injuries prior to removal.
         o If indicated, complete C-spine precautions should be administered. NOTE:
            Because of the difficulty removing the victim from the space, optimum C-spine
            precautions may not be possible.
         o If the victim is conscious, he/she should be encouraged to wear the appropriate
            breathing apparatus.

4.47   PATIENT PACKAGING
         o After treatment of immediate life threatening injuries, the victim(s) should be
             properly packaged for removal from the space. This may include using a
             backboard, stokes basket, SKED, or some other similar device designed for
             extrication.
         o Prior to removal from the space, the entry team should secure any loose
             webbing, buckles, straps, or any other device that may hinder the extrication
             process.

4.48   VICTIM REMOVAL SYSTEM
          o Prior to removal of victim, the entry team should have determined the
             appropriate method of extrication. This may include a vertical or horizontal haul
             system constructed of ropes, pulleys, and other hardware, with a minimum of a
             2:1 mechanical advantage.
          o As a general rule, entry personnel should never allow the victim between the
             rescuer an the point of egress, unless the situation dictates that one rescuer
             must pull the victim while the other rescuer pushes the victim in order to achieve
             rescue.
          o NOTE: IF the victim is a fatality, Rescue Sector may want to leave the body and
             related equipment in place for investigative purposes.

4.49   TRANSFER TO TREATMENT
         o Immediately after reaching the point of egress, entry personnel shall transfer the
            victim to treatment personnel.
         o If the victim is contaminated from product inside the space, they shall be
            decontamination and corridor shall be set up and used prior to transport of
            victim.

4.5    Phase IV. Termination
4.51   PREPARATION FOR TERMINATION
          o Insure personnel accountability.
          o If there has been a fatality, Rescue Sector may consider leaving equipment in
              place and photographing the scene for investigative purposes.
          o If entry personnel and/or equipment have been contaminated during the
              rescue/recovery, proper decontamination procedures shall be followed prior to
              putting the equipment back in service.
          o Secure the scene. Prior to turning the property back over to the operating, one
              final reading of atmospheres shall be taken and recorded.
         o   Conduct an on written critique with involved people. Focus on lessons learned
             from the incident.

5.0   TRAINING:
       All rescue personnel are to be certified/properly trained to perform their
        assigned duties under the (Insert Location Name Here) Confined Space
        Program. It shall include:
         40 hours of rope training.
         54 hours of emergency medical service training.
         4 hours of (Insert Location Name Here) confined space program training.
         8 hours of incident command training Security Coordinators and Fire
            Inspectors.
         8 hour quarterly refresher training
         Team must practice making confined space rescues at least once every 12
            months in which they remove mannequins through representative openings
            whose size, configuration and accessibility closely approximate those of the
            confined space from which rescues may be required at (Insert Location Name
            Here).
         Appropriate retraining and re-certification will be maintained.
6.0     EQUIPMENT:

                   Rescue Truck (Crash Cart) Inspection (sample)

Date: __________       Emergency Response Technician: _______________________
Start: __________                Siren:____                        Emergency Lights:____
Gas Level:____/____              Oil Pressure:____                 Tires: F____ R____
Battery Water Level:____         Alternator: ___                   DOT Lights: ________
Radiator:____

Left Side Front

___ 3 Boxes Gloves (L,XL)        ___ OB Kit                       ___ 3 Yellow Blanket
___ 3 Grey Blankets              ___ Hot and Cold Packs           ___ 4 Sand Bags
___ Suction Unit                 ___ Burn Kit                     ___ Jump Bag
___ 4 JLG Harnesses              ___ 2 Soft Stretchers            ___ 2 Retractable Lanyards

Left Side Middle

___ Half SKED                    ___ SKED Stretcher               ___ Ladder Splints
___ KED                          ___ Air Splints                  ___ Vacuum Splints
___ Traction Splint              ___ Stiffneck Collars

Left Side Rear

___ 2 Head Blocks                ___ Coveralls                    ___ Hand Tool Box
___ Extra Gloves                 ___ Barricade Tape               ___ Ear Plugs
___ Cordless Recip Saw

Right Side Rear

___ 4 Team Member Kits           ___ Hose Edge Protectors


Right Side Front

___ 4 Top Spot Lights            ___ 4 Rappel Racks               ___ 10 Lg Carabineers
___ 20 Xlg Carabineers           ___ 2 Line Transfer Kits         ___ 3 Figure 8’s
___ 4 Rigging Plates             ___ 2 Petzl ID red               ___ 2 Emergency Harnesses
___ Knot Pulley                  ___ 2-540 Safety Belays          ___ 8 Ascenders
___ 7 Swivels                    ___ 12 Tri-Links                 ___ Duct Tape
___ 5 Edge Protectors            ___ 10-6’ Utility Straps         ___ 4-4” Double Pulley
___ 8-4” Pulleys                 ___ 2-30” Column Wraps           ___ 4-60” Column Wraps
___ 1-84” Column Wrap            ___ 1-92” Column Wrap            ___ 3-150’ Tagline Bags
___ 4 Red Webbing 35’            ___ 8 Shock Absorbers            ___ 10- 7’ Accessory Cords
___ 1 Roco Wristlets             ___ 1 Roco Pick Off Strap

Right Side Middle

___ Come-along Equipment         ___ Port-a-Power Equipment         ___ 3 Sets of Knee Pads
___ 2 Edge Rollers               ___ 2 Flag Stands and Flags        ___ 1-3’x3’ Tarp
___ 1-12’x12’ Tarp               ___ 1 Angle Grinder w/ wheels      ___ 2 Air Horns

Inside Right Shelves
___ Blower w/ Hose         ___ Work Winch                     ___ 50’ Rescue Winch
___ 9’ Tripod              ___ Davit Pulley Head              ___ Davit Retrieval Adaptor
___ Davit Mounting Plate   ___ 4-200’ Rope Bags               ___ 5-100’ Rope Bags
___ 2 Hardware Bags        ___ 2 Quick Entry Bags             ___ 1-300’ Rope Bag
___ 4 Extension Cords      ___ 1-400’ Rope Bag

Inside Left Shelves

___ Board Splints          ___ 2 Back Boards                         ___ Scoop Stretcher
___ 1-60 Min. Spare Tank   ___ 2-30 Min. Spare Tank                  ___ 4 Air Line Units
___ 8 Air Line Hoses       ___ 2 Small Air Masks                     ___ 1 Xlg. Air Mask
___ 5 Air Bags             ___ 2 Air Bag Controls and Hoses          ___ Stair Chair
___ 6 Emergency Radios

Inside Center

___ 3 Light Boxes          ___ Davit Pole                         ___ 4 Air Packs
___ Portable Air Supply    ___ Stokes/Hauling Kit/Tagline         ___ JLG Adapter
___ 3 Boxes of Cribbing    ___ ParaTech Strut and bag             ___ 4 Hitches
___ Rolligres rescue kit
7.0   APPENDIXES

                               Appendix I

                    Confined Space Rescue Card
                       Incident Command
                       Lockout/Tagout of equipment
                       Scene Safety
                         Electrical
                         Mechanical
                         Fall
                       Atmospheric monitoring or
                       SCBA/Air Line for rescuer
                       Body Harness with Lifeline
                       Attached for rescuer
                       Fall Prevention near site if pit
                       Review Confined Space permit/
                       Hazard Assessment/MSDS
                       Barriers
                       Anchor Point (locked out)
                       Addition help needed
                   REMEMBER YOUR OWN SAFETY
                    BEFORE THAT OF THE VICTIM

				
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