Evaluation of the Teach For America (TFA) Program by markpaulgosselar

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 17

									Evaluation of the Teach For
 America (TFA) Program
              Paul Decker
             Daniel Mayer
           Steven Glazerman


     Presentation by Steven Glazerman to the
American Educational Research Association (AERA)
 Annual Meeting in Montreal, Quebec, April 15, 2005
       Motivation for Studying TFA

   The problem: poor schools face severe shortages of
    talented teachers

   TFA is a unique approach to teacher
    recruitment/preparation, is expanding rapidly

   Both support and criticism of approach

   Existing evidence is limited

   Larger debate about alternative teacher routes
    Primary Research Question


Question:
 Do TFA teachers improve (or, at least, not
 harm) student achievement relative to what
 would have happened in their absence?

Answer:
 Yes
            Experimental Design

   National sample—6 regions, 17 elementary
    schools, 100 classrooms, nearly 2,000 students

   Compare achievement of elementary students
    taught by TFA and control teachers at the same
    grades in the same schools

   Randomly assign students to teachers

   Data from standardized tests, school records,
    and a teacher survey
Sample Reflects School Population
   Where TFA Places Teachers

   Poor students
    – 95 percent free or reduced price lunch
   Low academic achievers
     – Score at 14th percentile in math, 13th in
       reading
     – 20 percent overage for grade
   Minority students
    – 67 percent African American
    – 26 percent Hispanic
      Findings:
Teacher Characteristics
             Teachers: Education
Percent
  100
   90
   80                          70.0
   70
                                               54.5
   60
   50
   40                                                 33.3
   30
                                                             24.6
   20
   10         2.4      3.7
    0
          "Most, Highly, or Very          B.A. or M.A. in Education
          Competitive" Colleges

                    Controls      Novice Controls     TFA
      Teachers: Student Teaching
Percent
100                           100
 90
 80           71
 70
 60
                     47                               45
 50
 40
                                                             31
 30
 20
 10
                                                                  4

  0
          Any student teaching                  10 or more weeks
                   Controls         Novice Controls        TFA
           Teachers: Certification

Percent
   100
    90
    80              67.4
    70                                         51.4
    60
    50                          37.6
    40
    30
    20
    10
     0
          Held Regular or Initial Teacher Certification

               Controls      Novice Controls          TFA
    Findings:
Student Outcomes
     TFA Teachers Generate Higher Math
                  Scores
National Percentile
     20

     16

     12
                                      TFA
                                      Control
       8

       4

       0
                      Fall   Spring
           TFA Teachers Generate Similar
                 Reading Scores
National Percentile
     20

     16

     12
                                      TFA
                                      Control
       8

       4

       0
                      Fall   Spring
    Similar Findings for Teacher
             Subgroups

TFA teachers generated higher math scores and
  similar reading scores when compared with:

   Novice teachers

   Veteran teachers

   Uncertified teachers

   Certified teachers
Impacts are Similar for Different
     Student Subgroups

           Gender
           Race/ethnicity
           Initial achievement
           Grade
           Location
           Other
       Other Outcomes

   No impact on:
    – Grade promotion
    – Summer school attendance
    – Attendance/tardiness
    – Disciplinary incidents

   Teacher-reported problems
     – TFA teachers reported more
      Conclusions: Who Teaches



   TFA teachers came from more competitive
    colleges, had less formal training

   Many control teachers had little formal
    training
Conclusions: Impact on Students


   TFA teachers performed as well as or better
    on math and reading tests

   No impact on other student outcomes

   TFA teachers more likely to report problems
    in their classrooms

								
To top