PS 220 - Pretest #3 by bxq19772

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									    PS 220 - Pretest #3 – 2010 (Lessons 8-10 and Seminars H-K)
                          Lesson 8 - “The Developing Nations”

1. Which of the following countries was designated as “Third World” during the Cold War?
   (a) the USSR, (b) Ivory Coast, (c) Canada, (d) Cuba, (e) nota.

2. Many of the early American theoreticians of developmentalism were (a) classical liberals,
   (b) Keynesians, socialists, or social democrats, (c) free market supporters, (d)
   communists, (e) nota.

3. Many of the early third world leaders during the period of developmentalism (such as
   Sukarno in Indonesia, or Kenyatta in Kenya) were (a) classical liberals, (b) socialists or
   social democrats, (c) free market supporters, (d) communists, (e) nota.

4. “Middle class authoritarianism” often emerged during the Cold War period when third
   world economies started to develop and their middle classes became larger. One reason
   for this was (a) the apolitical nature of the armed forces, (b) the rapid “trickle down” of
   wealth to the lower classes, (c) support from the USSR, (d) a desire to protect property
   rights, (e) nota.

5. NIC stands for (a) “Not In my Country,” (b) National Investment Corporation, (c) No
   Immigration Country, (d) Newly Industrializing Country, (e) nota.

6. _______is a NIC. (a) South Korea, (b) Germany, (c) Russia, (d) New Zealand, (e) nota.

7. One of the many causes of the Asian currency crisis was (a) the IMF, (b) crony
   capitalism, (c) a devaluation of the yen, (d) a political revolution in Indonesia, (e) nota.

8. Which of the following economies is supported largely by oil? (a) Brazil, (b) Venezuela,
   (c) Singapore, (d) Peru, (e) nota.

9. “Structural readjustments” often involve (a) privatization, (b) the growth of the welfare
   state, (c) increased patronage, (d) a return to statism, (e) nota.

10. Most Middle-Eastern countries can today be characterized as (a) monarchies, (b)
    democracies, (c) authoritarian systems, (d) communist, (e) nota.

11. Which of the following is most likely to have LDCs? (a) Europe, (b) the middle-East, (c)
    sub-Saharan Africa, (d) almost all of South America, (e) nota.

12. Which of the following is most obviously an LDC? (a) South Africa, (b) India, (c) Chile,
    (d) Haiti, (e) the Czech Republic.

13. According to Wiarda, the most depressed nations in the world may actually need (a)
    democracy, (b) socialism, (c) neo-liberal capitalism, (d) authoritarianism, (e) nota.


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14. Generally speaking, for Wiarda, economic development needs (among other things) (a)
    liberal democracy, (b) socialism, (c) completely free markets, (d) stable government
    (even if perhaps authoritarian), (e) nota.

15. The example of Singapore suggests the importance of ________ in obtaining the first
    stages of economic growth. (a) democracy, (b) completely free markets, (c) civil liberties,
    (d) high levels of foreign aid, (e) nota.


                   Lesson 9 - “The Future of the Developed Nations”

1. _______is NOT a developed nation. (a) Japan, (b) Singapore, (c) Thailand, (d) South
   Korea, (e) nota.

2. _______ is NOT a developed nation. (a) Canada, (b) USA, (c) Germany, (d) Israel, (e)
   nota.

3. Which of the following is NOT typical of all developed nations? (a) right-wing (no social
   democracy), (b) urban, (c) low birth rates, (d) weakened political parties, (e) nota.

4. Your textbook gives civil war in __________ as a historical example of primarily
   ideological civil strife. (a) Russia in the 1990s, (b) Quebec in the 1970s, (c) Spain in the
   1930s, (d) Uganda in the 1970s, (e) nota.

5. “Iron triangles” refer to (a) neo-liberal outcomes, (b) certain domestic political
   relationships, (c) international competition struggles, (d) tensions between undeveloped
   nations, developed nations, and the IMF, (e) nota.

6. According to Wiarda, states which have continued to pursue welfare-state redistributive
   policies tend to have (a) higher levels of unemployment than other industrialized states,
   (b) lower levels of unemployment, (c) neo-corporatism, (d) gridlock, (e) nota.

7. Interest group oligopoly is a hallmark of the semicorporatism of (a) the United States, (b)
   Germany, (c) the United Kingdom, (d) modern Portugal, (e) nota.

8. Formal group representation in the legislature was a hallmark of (a) Stalin’s Russia, (b)
   the UK in the 19th Century, (c) Sweden in the early post-war period, (d) Portugal in the
   early post-war period, (e) nota.

9. Modern economically-developed nations tend to have (a) high levels of unionized
   industrial workers, (b) moderately high levels of unionized public sector workers, (c)
   higher levels of unionized workers in general than was the case 30 years ago, (d)
   extremely low levels of union membership, except in Europe, (e) nota.

10. Neoliberalism has had, outside of the United States, the highest level of success in (a)
    Canada, (b) the United Kingdom, (c) Sweden, (d) France, (e) nota.



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11. The conflict in Northern Ireland has been (a) ethnic, but with economic underpinnings,
    (b) ideological, (c) a reaction to globalization, (d) a desire on the part of the majority of
    the population to overthrow British imperialism, (e) nota.

12. The national borders of most of the ___________ have become increasingly invisible as a
    result of their increasing economic integration. (a) sub-Saharan African countries, (b)
    European Union countries, (c) former Soviet countries, (d) former Soviet satellites, (e)
    nota.


                Lesson 10 - “Frontiers of Research,” and “Conclusion.”

1. The highest rate of female participation in politics tends to be in (a) the United States, (b)
   former British colonies, (c) Japan, (d) Scandinavian countries, (e) nota.

2. One of the highest rates of female representation in a legislature is in (a) Uganda, (b)
   Rwanda, (c) Kenya, (d) Lesotho, (e) nota.

3. The best predictor of the rate of female participation in politics is (a) religion, (b) level of
   economic development, (c) British colonialism, (d) all of the above, (e) nota.

4. Wiarda attributes the low level of illegal drug use in Japan to (a) permissive laws, (b) low
   levels of unemployment, (c) strong social ties and norms, (d) the Shinto religion, (e) nota.

5. Which of the following has been traditionally the most restrictive in its attitude to
   immigrant labourers? (a) Japan, (b) Sweden, (c) Switzerland, (d) Germany, (e) nota.

6. ______ is not an “intermestic” issue. (a) immigration, (b) illegal drugs, (c) pollution, (d)
   nota.

7. In what country has the leader of an anti-immigrant party recently (2008) produced an
   anti-Islamic film? (a) Switzerland, (b) the Netherlands, (c) Austria, (d) France, (e) nota.

8. The most decentralized of the European states (except for Switzerland) is (a) the UK, (b)
   Denmark, (c) France, (d) Germany, (e) nota.

9. Devolution has occurred in (a) the UK, (b) Denmark, (c) France, (d) Germany, (e) nota.

10. British “devolution” involves (a) the creation of a federal system, (b) giving the Welsh
    their own parliament, (c) dividing the country into three separate sovereign states --
    Ireland, Scotland, and England, (d) dividing the country into four separate sovereign
    states -- Ireland, Scotland, England, and Wales, (e) nota.

11. One of the attractions for increased regional autonomy in Portugal is ___________. (a)
    the appeal of EU funding, (b) structural adjustment policies, (c) sustainable development
    policies, (d) the rise of ethnic nationalism in the south, (e) nota.



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12. In Europe, legislated support for gay rights is (a) low in the Scandinavian countries, (b)
    low in France, (c) high in Spain, (d) high in Poland, (e) nota.

13. Some of the strongest opponents of “sustainable development” are (a) industrialized
    nations, (b) underdeveloped nations, (c) environmentalists, (d) the Kyoto Protocol
    signers, (e) nota.

14. The WTO has been set up to deal with (a) national environmental issues, (b) regional
    environmental issues, (c) global environmental issues, (d) nota.

15. The topic “the causes of and barriers to democracy” can be seen as standing at the level
    of (a) grand theory, (b) middle-range analysis, (c) “islands of theory,” (d) all of the
    above, (e) nota.


                    Seminar H – “The Conspiracy Against Africa”

1. Caplan lists a number of problems facing African countries. They can be categorized as
   political, economic, medical, and cultural. The cultural problem refers to (a) gender roles,
   (b) an absence of entrepreneurialism, (c) a predisposition towards socialism, (d) innate
   violent tendencies, (e) nota.

2. Although Caplan places most of the blame for Africa's problems on the west, colonialism
   can also be seen as having exacerbated the problems of (a) indigenous capitalist
   exploitation, (b) ubiquitous technological and political backwardness, (c) tribalism, (d) all
   the above, (e) nota.

3. Caplan says one reason for the perpetuation of dictatorial African regimes in the late 20th
   Century was (a) the Cold War, (b) the United Nations, (c) an absence of foreign aid, (d)
   class conflict between an urban middle class and a rural peasant population, (e) nota.

4. Structural adjustment policies often led to excessive (a) levels of socialism, (b) welfare
   state policies, (c) democratization, (d) economic liberalization, (e) nota.

5. When Caplan talks about the problems of immigration policies, he is referring to (a)
   immigration flows within Africa, (b) poor working-class immigrants escaping from
   Africa, (c) white middle-class immigrants who settled in South Africa, Kenya, etc, (d)
   educated African immigrants moving to the West, (e) nota.

6. “Agricultural subsidies” are a problem, says Caplan. They (a) are one example of how
   foreign aid is set at levels that are too low, (b) need to be eliminated in developing
   African countries, (c) need to be raised in developing African countries, (d) need to be
   eliminated in the West, (e) nota.

7. “Tied aid” (a) is too low, (b) missing, (c) often counter-productive or inadequate for
   African countries, (d) the result of IMF policies, (e) nota.



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8. ___________ is a formal democracy, but certainly not liberal, and a government
   responsible for turning the country from a “breadbasket” into a “basket case.” (a) South
   Africa, (b) Botswana, (c) Mozambique, (d) Zimbabwe, (e) Rwanda.


                               Seminar I - “Bowling Alone”

1. As your instructor pointed out, “human capital” refers to such things as (a) levels of
   education, (b) levels of trust, (c) investment in state-run businesses, (d) investment in
   cooperatives, (e) nota.

2. “Social capital” refers to such things as (a) levels of health care, (b) levels of trust and
   cooperation, (c) investment in state-run businesses, (d) investment in cooperatives, (e)
   nota.

3. One of the direct results of a tradition of “civic engagement” is (a) the development of
   norms of generalized reciprocity, (b) social tensions, (c) privatized leisure, (d) an
   atrophied civil society, (e) nota.

4. A norm of generalized reciprocity is (a) a belief in the redistribution of wealth, (b) the
   principle of quid pro quo, (c) a belief that the well-off have a duty to help the less
   fortunate, (d) a commitment to helping others, perhaps assuming that payback will come
   later or indirectly, not immediately, (e) nota.

5. A tradition of “civic engagement” tends to promote (a) state-controlled political
   socialization, (b) an underdeveloped civil society, (c) effective representative
   government, (d) ineffective representative government, (e) nota.

6. According to Putnam, the United States enjoys (a) a continuing high level of civic
   engagement, (b) a lower level of civic engagement than that of northern Italy, (c) a
   weakening level of civic engagement, (d) a weakening level of civic engagement which is
   offset by membership in “tertiary organizations,” (e) nota.

7. _______ is not a trend in the United States? Lower membership in (a) unions, (b)
   fraternal organizations, (c) mass environmental organizations, (d) parent-teacher
   organizations, (e) nota.

8. Americans’ level of trust, compared to that of other countries, is (a) rather low, (b) rather
   high, (c) about average.

9. Putnam sees “the technological transformation of leisure” as something that may (a)
   promote the growth of civil society, (b) enhance the performance of representative
   institutions, (c) inhibit the development of social capital, (d) undermine the individualism
   of America, (e) nota.




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10. Putnam implies that the most “social capital” for a society is generated by one of the
    following: (a) hierarchical relationships, (b) demographic transformations, (c) institutions
    of representative government, (d) egalitarian relationships, (e) nota.



Seminar on Reading J and K – “Europe’s Response to Radical Islam,” and “Whither
                               Political Islam?”

1. According to your instructor, the vast majority of Islamic immigrants to France come
   from (a) Turkey, (b) North Africa, (c) Pakistan, (d) the Middle East, (e) nota.

2. According to your instructor, the vast majority of Islamic immigrants to Britain come
   from (a) Turkey, (b) Africa, (c) Pakistan, (d) the Middle East, (e) nota.

3. According to your instructor, the vast majority of Islamic immigrants to Germany come
   from (a) Turkey, (b) Africa, (c) Pakistan, (d) the Middle East, (e) nota.

4. According to Roy, Islamic terrorists from Europe are (a) almost all immigrants, (b)
   almost all born in Europe, (c) either immigrants or people raised in Europe as Muslims,
   (d) more common than moderates, (e) nota.

5. Which of the following does not apply to Islamic terrorists in Europe? (a) socially
   atomized, (b) familiar with Western culture and values, (c) primarily committed to jihad
   in their countries of origin, (d) all of the above, (e) nota.

6. Roy's explanation of radical Islam in Europe (a) never touches upon foreign policy, (b)
   ignores social factors such as unemployment, (c) places virtually all the blame on the
   demonization of Islam, (d) has a psychological dimension to it, although he mentions
   other variables, (e) nota.

7. Which of the following is not mentioned in Roy's explanation of radical Islam in Europe?
   (a) unemployment, (b) prejudice, (c) demographics, (d) foreign policy, (e) nota.

8. Which of the following is not, according to Roy, applicable to Islamic radicalism in
   Europe? (a) use of Islamic terminology, (b) anti-imperialism, (c) third-world radicalism,
   (d) anti-Zionism, (e) nota.

9. Roy argues that the European response to radicalism is marked by a primary emphasis on
   (a) the use of military power, (b) the complete elimination of the problem, (c) integration,
   (d) assimilation, (e) nota.

10. Roy is in favour of genuine (a) pluralism, (b) assimilation, (c) assimilation for secular
    Muslims but rejection of fundamentalist Muslims, (d) multiculturalism for secular
    Muslims but rejection of a fundamentalist Muslims, (e) nota.



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   11. While Olivier Roy's Globalized Islam is primarily a sociological analysis, The War for
       Muslim Minds by _____, is an historical analysis. (a) Huntington, (b) Mamdi, (c) Kepel,
       (d) Salafi, (e) nota.

   12. Kepel stresses several historical roots of modern Islamic fundamentalism. One of them is
       (a) September 11th, (b) the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims, (c) the Crusades, (d)
       Saudi support for Wahhabism, (e) nota.

   13. Kepel also suggests that the policies of U.S. President ________ contributed to the rise of
       modern Islamic fundamentalism. (a) John F. Kennedy, (b) Ronald Reagan, (c) Jimmy
       Carter, (d) George W. Bush, (e) nota.

   14. According to Kepel, there are several similarities between the ideological values of
       jihadists and (a) moderate Muslims, (b) American neoconservatives, (c) modern
       Communists, (d) Zionists, (e) nota.

   15. Wahhabiism is closely connected to (a) Iranian fundamentalism, (b) Shia
       fundamentalism, (c) moderate Sunni Islam, (d) the Taliban, (e) nota.

   16. Salafism is (a) typical of Sunni Islam, (b) a form of Sunni Islam, (c) typical of Shia Islam,
       (d) a form of Shia Islam, (e) nota.

   17. According to Roy, Islamic neo-fundamentalism such as Wahabiism is becoming
       increasingly (a) religious, (b) political, (c) parochial, (d) Marxist, (e) nota.

   18. Mamdi criticizes Kepel for ignoring (a) domestic racism, (b) the 1980s war in
       Afghanistan, (c) the Muslim Brotherhood, (d) all of the above, (e) nota.

   19. Mamdi criticizes Roy for ignoring (a) terrorist labelling, (b) the 1980s war in
       Afghanistan, (c) the Muslim Brotherhood, (d) all of the above, (e) nota.

   20. Mamdi closes with a question -- in effect, will political Islam be limited in its
       effectiveness by its _____________? (a) universalism, (b) parochialism, (c) violence, (d)
       religious fundamentalism, (e) nota.




Over...



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                                           ANSWERS

Lesson 8 - 1b, 2b, 3b, 4d, 5d, 6a, 7b, 8b, 9a, 10c, 11c, 12d, 13d, 14d, 15e (some government
intervention in the economy; authoritarian but honest government).

Lesson 9 – 1c, 2e, 3a, 4c, 5b, 6a, 7b, 8d, 9b, 10b, 11a, 12b.

Lesson 10 - 1d, 2b, 3d, 4c, 5a, 6d, 7b, 8d, 9a, 10e, 11a, 12c, 13b, 14d, 15a.

Seminar H – “The Conspiracy Against Africa”– 1a, 2c, 3a, 4d, 5d, 6d, 7c, 8d.

Seminar I - “Bowling Alone” – 1a, 2b, 3a, 4d, 5c, 6c, 7c, 8b, 9c, 10d.

Seminar on J and K – “Europe’s Response to Radical Islam,”and “Whither Political
Islam?”– 1b, 2c, 3a, 4e, 5e, 6d, 7e, 8e, 9e, 10a, 11c, 12d, 13b, 14b, 15d, 16b, 17b, 18a, 19b, 20a.




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