BTEC Progression Pilot Study by xpk18617

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									BTEC Progression
      Pilot Study
            January, 2010
              OBJECTIVES (I)

Briefly put, the pilot was carried out with the following overarching objective in mind:




“Establish the value delivered by BTEC First and
             National qualifications”
              OBJECTIVES (II)
More specifically, the pilot set out to answer the following questions, assuming that
‘value’ can be broadly defined as ‘progression’:


 Do BTEC qualifications enable progression to employment?
      Do learners progress within a field related to the subject matter of their BTEC?


 Do BTEC qualifications enable progression to further studies?
      Do learners progress within a field related to the subject matter of their BTEC?


 To what extent do BTEC qualifications deliver short-term vs.
  long-term effects?

 Are softer dimensions of progression relevant in the context
  of BTEC qualifications?
                 METHODOLOGY



                     Stage 1                                                            Stage 2


          Recruitment drive                                               Questionnaire design
Distribution of flyers to 40 learning centres to advertise           More elaborate questionnaire devised to probe deeper
  survey and provide URL for respondent registration                  around, e.g. weight of BTEC vs. other qualifications




                 Fieldwork I                                                        Fieldwork II
Registration survey in field (online) from   13th   July to   30th   Survey in field (online and CATI) 3rd to 16th December,
                    September, 2009                                                            2009




      Analysis / Reporting I                                             Analysis / Reporting II
 Analysis of data captured in registration survey – total            Conversion rate of 3 registrants to 1 complete  total
            base of n=344 learners achieved                               base of n=119 learners for further analysis
                                  SAMPLE COMPOSITION

           Colleges provided 85% of the stage 1 sample, which has the following distribution in
                                  terms of qualifications studied for ...

                                                                   BTEC National Diploma
                                                                                39%           Sufficient base for analysis
                                                                      BTEC First Diploma           within subgroups

                                                                                33%
                                                                  BTEC National Certificate
                                                                                  8%
                                                                     BTEC National Award
                                                                                  7%
                                                                     BTEC First Certificate
                                                                                  5%
                                                                            Other BTEC
                                                                                  8%


Base: Stage 1 (n=344); National Diploma learners (n=135) & First Diploma learners (n=114)
                                  AGE PROFILE

            The age profile of these two groups provides a first indication of the value brought
            about by BTEC qualifications – Nat Dip as a second chance opportunity for learners
                                  aged 19+ & First Dip for those aged 17+




Base: Stage 1 National Diploma learners (n=135) & First Diploma learners (n=114)
                                  WHAT NEXT?

                 And there reason to believe that this second chance opportunity leads to
               progression: Three in five Nat Dip learners will progress to further studies at
             university; nearly three in four First Dip learners will progress to studies at college

                     BTEC National Diploma                                                BTEC First Diploma

                   I have a place at university                                       I will be studying at college
                                     62%                                                         72%
            Plan to get job, but not confirmed                                     Plan to get job, but not confirmed
                                     12%                                                         10%
                       Have a job confirmed                                        Plan to go to UNI, but no place yet
                                     11%                                                          8%
                   Will be studying at college                                      Will study at sixth form college
                                       7%                                                         7%


Base: Stage 1 National Diploma learners (n=135) & First Diploma learners (n=114)
                                  WHAT NEXT?

            Within both groups, an overwhelming majority will be progressing within the same
             sector area, but progression cannot be exclusively attributed to BTECs, with 31%
              and 50% respectively having completed other qualifications alongside the BTEC


                     BTEC National Diploma                                             BTEC First Diploma


                    Progression within sector                                       Progression within sector
                                     84%                                                      73%


                  Studied other qualifications                                     Studied other qualifications
                                     31%                                                      50%

                                            GCSE/double GCSE                                                GCSE
                                                            53%                                             56%



Base: Stage 1 National Diploma learners (n=135) & First Diploma learners (n=114)
                                   ACTIVITIES PRE TO POST BTEC

            Progression related to the BTEC was also queried in the stage 2 research – First Dip
           learners predominantly progress to college studies and a large proportion of Nat Dip
                  learners progress to university (also indication of progression to work)




                                                         12% in PT / FT                                                                                 19% in PT / FT
                                                          employment                                                                                     employment



Q9a. Prior to studying for the BTEC you recently completed, which of the following best describes your main activity, i.e. the activity you spent the
most time on? Q10. Since you completed the BTEC, which of the following best describes your main activity, i.e. the activity you spend the most
time on? Base: Stage 2 all learners (n=119), First Diploma learners (n=46) and National Diploma learners (n=48)
                                  POST BTEC ACTIVITIES RELATED TO BTEC?

            Predominantly learners who progress to further studies (college or university) end
                  up studying a subject area similar to that of their BTEC qualification




Q11a. You mentioned that you are currently [insert answer from Q10]. Is what you are studying within the same sector area as the BTEC you
recently completed?
Base: Stage 2 all learners who are currently studying (n=91)
                                 RELEVANCE OF BTEC

             BTEC qualifications generally perceived to be highly relevant to current activities,
                               including further studies and employment …




                                                                                                                    75%
                                                                                                                Consider their
                                                                                                                BTEC relevant




Q14. To what extent would you say that the BTEC you recently completed is relevant to what you are doing now?
Please answer using a 5 point scale where 1 means ‘not at all relevant’ and 5 means ‘very relevant’
Base: Stage 2 all learners who are currently studying or working (n=113)
                                  IMPORTANCE OF BTEC

           … but (particularly for those who progressed to further studies), BTEC qualifications
                          are not only relevant but often a formal requirement
                                                                                                                        First            Nat
                                                                                                      Total             Dip              Dip
                                                                                                      (n=108)           (n=42)           (n=47)


                                           It was a formal requirement (course)                       47%              57%              40%

                            It was important, but not a formal requirement                            25%              21%              32%

                      Somewhat important, but not a formal requirement                                13%              10%              13%

                It wasn't important at all, I could have done it without it                            5%               5%                4%

                                                It was a formal requirement (job)                      5%               2%                4%

                                                                                        Other          3%               0%                4%

                                                                               Don't know              3%               5%                2%

Q15. You mentioned that you chose the BTEC because you wanted to get qualifications for [further studies / a job]. Which of the following best
describes how important the BTEC was in making you achieve that?
Base: Stage 2 all learners who are currently studying or working (n=113)
                                 BENEFITS OF BTEC (I)

              To the individual learner, BTECs also deliver value across a range of dimensions,
                            including harder / softer and short term / long term




Q16. To what extent would you agree with the following statements made by other people who completed BTEC qualifications? Please answer
using a 5 point scale where 1 means ‘disagree strongly’ and 5 means ‘agree strongly’.
Base: Stage 2 all learners who are currently studying (n=91)
                                  BENEFITS OF BTEC (II)

           First Diploma learners particularly emphasise the BTEC’s role as a future enabler but
                 also highlight shorter term, more formal benefits such as the BTEC being a
                                   prerequisite for access to further studies


            Enabling job / industry / career           Enabling further studies                     Specific benefit
                       / future


                         52%                                    39%                                     17%
             “This course will help me to get me                                            “I feel the course has helped me
             a place in university and help me to                                           improve my Art skills and
             prepare for the world of work”         “I need these qualifications to go      knowledge and can help me
                                                    onto university, as I want to           towards my goal to become an art
             “It will give me more skills to        become an art teacher”                  teacher and or assistant”
             enhance my career in business
             when I leave college to hopefully      “I hope they will allow me access to    “It will help me because it shows
             go to university”                      a university course which will, in      that I have an understanding of
                                                    turn, lead me to a job in the games     business”
             “BTEC is an applied way of learning    industry”
             which covers range of modules                                                  “I feel that I can benefit from the
             taken in small segments that           “It has helped me to go on BTEC         course as it includes all vital
             bunch up together to make a large      National Diploma which if I get a       information within the curriculum
             task which help as a building block    merit or distinction for that, then I   which I can then use in later
             for students for their future”         can go on to university”                experiences”




Base: Stage 1 First Diploma learners (n=114)
                                    BENEFITS OF BTEC (III)

               National Diploma learners also mention future benefits, but place relatively less
                emphasis on this, stressing instead generic benefits and the BTECs role as an
                                          enabler of further studies

             Generic benefit                      Enabling further studies          Enabling job / industry /             Specific benefit
                                                                                             career

                 40%                                       30%                               29%                              19%
                                                  “It produced a good basic level
                                                  of understanding for entering
                                                  the subject at a higher level”

                                                  “The BTEC in art and design is                                     “It has enlightened me further
        “It’s provided me with an                 very similar to an art            “I feel like it will help me     on how the sports sector
        excellent base knowledge and              foundation if not more in         greatly in my degree course      functions and how different
        practical experience that will            depth, it has allowed me to go    and in future work”              mechanisms in sport work”
        guide me through university”              straight to university without
                                                  completing a foundation           “It has prepared me for work     “Without attending the course
        “It will definitely make things           which I am very pleased           and it give me an insight into   I would not have been able to
        easier and be a big bonus to              about”                            the world of work and what to    learn any of the skills that I
        have some qualifications                                                    expect”                          now use daily”
        behind me”                                “It has been the stepping
                                                  stone, not only to get job but    “The BTEC has helped me to       “I think that my BTEC in health
        “It has given me a practical              also to allow me to go to         be organised and confident,      studies has given me a better
        look on things and has made               university and I have gained a    and has shown me a lot of        insight into nursing, than I
        me improve general skills                 lot of confidence and self        new techniques to use in the     would have got if I had done A
        including my confidence”                  esteem”                           world of work”                   levels”




Base: Stage 1 National Diploma learners (n=135)
                                  LEARNING EXPERIENCE (I)

            In view of the BTEC delivering a second chance opportunity to some learners, the
           stage 2 survey queried the learning experience in more detail  general perception
             that BTEC learning differs considerably relative to other qualifications studied for




Q6b1. Thinking in more detail about the BTEC you recently completed, would you say that the learning experience differed from other
qualifications you have studied for? In other words, did you think the BTEC was taught differently?
Base: Stage 2 all learners (n=119), First Diploma learners (n=46) and National Diploma learners (n=48)
                                  LEARNING EXPERIENCE (II)

                Key differences include the more practical nature or BTEC learning and its
            coursework based evaluation – also evidence to suggest that its more independent
                                      approach appeals to learners

                                                                             “It was really different because
                                                                             it was more hands on than
                                                                             GCSE and we were trusted to
                                                                             use industry standard
                                                                             equipment.”




                                                                             “It’s more practical in terms of
                                                                             the things you learn about. You
                                                                             have a closer relationship with
                                                                             your lecturers and it‘s easier to
                                                                             go to them for help because
                                                                             they all worked in that field.”



                                                                             “You have to work
                                                                             independently and have to
                                                                             motivate yourself to do the
                                                                             coursework. There are no
                                                                             exams, so you can concentrate
                                                                             on producing good
                                                                             coursework”




Q6b2. How was it different?
Base: Stage 2 learners who said BTEC learning was different (n=81)
                                 MOTIVATIONS (UNAIDED)

            Learner motivations also suggest that BTEC qualifications are perceived to deliver
            value, including enabling learners to pursue an area of interest to them and at the
                         same time preparing them for the future career / studies




Q7a. Thinking back to when you had to make this decision, what were your motivations for choosing the BTEC you recently completed?
Base: Stage 2 all learners (n=119), First Diploma learners (n=46) and National Diploma learners (n=48)
                                   MOTIVATIONS (AIDED)

                But the value of BTECs, from a motivational point of view, is not only related to
                 formal requirements – different approach to learning emphasised here too
                                                                                         Total                   Nat Dip      First Diploma
                     Consider it the best preparation for further studies

              Want to learn more about a subject you are interested in

          Need qualifications in a specific subject to get into university

                               Consider the BTEC a better way of studying
                                                                                                                                               31%
          Want a qualification that combines practical and theoretical                                                                        at total
                                                                                                                                                 level
      Think that the BTEC would be better suited to someone like you

     It was more likely than other qualifications to help you get a job

                                              Want an alternative to A levels

                                     There was no alternative qualification

             Need qualifications in a specific subject to get into college

                                      Want a different learning experience

                                              Want to be treated as an adult


Q8a. Thinking in more detail about your motivations for choosing the BTEC over other qualifications, which of the following
statements apply to you? Did you …
Base: Stage 2 all learners (n=119), First Diploma learners (n=46) and National Diploma learners (n=48)
                    KEY INSIGHTS
   Amongst both National Diploma and First Diploma learners, formal progression is evident:
      3 in 5 of Nat Dip learners progress to further studies at university
      7 in 10 of First Dip learners progress to further college studies
      Both progress to further studies within subject area studied at level 2/3


   There is also an indication, albeit less pronounced, that BTEC qualifications deliver value to the individual
    learner in terms of enabling progression to employment

   Whilst progression cannot be exclusively attributed to BTEC qualifications – reference some learners
    completing other qualifications alongside the BTEC – its value is underscored by the extent to which
    learners consider it relevant and important
      Nearly half of all learners indicate that the BTEC was a formal requirement for progression …
      … and an impressive 85% of those who are studying indicate that the BTEC provided them with skills that are vital for their
       current studies


   Also evidence to suggest that BTEC qualifications deliver value to learners in the longer term, e.g. help
    enhance career / stepping stone towards dream job

   And value is not formal alone – widespread agreement amongst learners that it delivers value across a
    number of dimensions, including social, self fulfilment etc

   The widely acknowledged different learning experience, which also serves as an important motivational
    factor, is an important strength
      Likely to be a key point of appeal to second chance learners

								
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