PLAGIARISM PREVENTION AND DETECTION

Document Sample
PLAGIARISM PREVENTION AND DETECTION Powered By Docstoc
					PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
        DETECTION
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Plagiarism is high on the agenda of problems that
professors experience with student work.
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Why do some students plagiarize?
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Why do some students plagiarize?

 They don’t understand the ground rules
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Why do some students plagiarize?

 They don’t understand the ground rules
 They are careless
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Why do some students plagiarize?

 They don’t understand the ground rules
 They are careless
 They are desperate
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Why do some students plagiarize?

 They don’t understand the ground rules
 They are careless
 They are desperate
 They want an easy way out and think they
won’t get caught.
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

They don’t understand the ground rules

 Students live in a world of mash-up everything
 Easy access to all kinds of information leads
them to equate access with the right to
appropriate
 They don’t understand the citation process
(when to cite, when not, why it even matters).
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

The cure:

Education. You or some other
vehicle/department in the university need to
ensure that students know the basic rules of
research writing.

(As, for example, the upcoming COMM 110:
Research and Writing in Communications)
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

They are careless:

 They gather information without noting their
sources.
 They have a only vague understanding of
citation or even the need to attribute, so citing it
right gets forgotten in the heat of putting
together a paper.
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

The cure:

 Stress the importance of documenting all
sources (RefWorks can be a great help here)
 Stress the importance of attribution of sources
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

They are desperate

 They feel inadequate to write the project
themselves ("It's better to be a fake somebody than a
real nobody." –The Talented Mr. Ripley)
 There may be cultural pressures at play
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

A note about International Students

 Can believe information to be communal
property rather than individual property.
 May come from a background that encouraged
or at least allowed use of unattributed sources.
 May believe, culturally, that impending failure
is a more serious risk than possibly getting
caught cheating.
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

It’s unclear whether international students plagiarize
more or are simply more easily caught.
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

The cure for desperation?

Encourage the use of scheduling software like Dr.
Paper’s Paper Calendar (http://papercalendar.net/pp-
home.php) – Free!
Have student submit major papers in stages.
Offer research paper drop-in clinics.
Encourage peer support groups.
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Some students plagiarize because they want an easy
way out and think they won’t get caught.

The Cure?
 PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
         DETECTION

Some students plagiarize because they want an easy
way out and think they won’t get caught.

The Cure?
Show them how likely it is that they will be
caught
Stage the research assignment – proposal,
initial bibliography, first draft, etc.
Penalties
  PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
          DETECTION

Beating Plagiarism with Four Points:
  PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
          DETECTION

Beating Plagiarism with Four Points:

1. Accessibility doesn’t mean you can appropriate
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
―This is a key issue that many starting
researchers do not grasp—easy access to
information does not bring with it the permission
to pretend it's your information. It doesn't give
you permission to put your name on it. Access
and appropriation are different rights entirely.‖

William Badke. "Give Plagiarism the Weight it Deserves." Online
31, no. 5 (September-October 2007): 59.
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION

Beating Plagiarism with Four Points:

1. Accessibility doesn’t mean you can appropriate
2. Intellectual property is vital to our civilization.
  PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
          DETECTION

―I think here that we need to emphasize the value of
the product that comes from the human mind. At the
most fundamental level, the motivation to produce and
to create is bound up with the ability to have my
product recognized as mine. Societies that maintain
intellectual property rights are societies marked by
creative development.‖

William Badke. "Give Plagiarism the Weight it Deserves." Online
31, no. 5 (September-October 2007): 58-60.
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION

Beating Plagiarism with Four Points:

1. Accessibility doesn’t mean you can appropriate
2. Intellectual property is vital to our civilization.
3. The connection between creator and product
    gives information its power.
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
―Plagiarists need to recognize that they are
working on a false assumption when they think
that that they gain power by using other people's
words as their own. The fact is that they cannot
take the words or views of others and pass them
off as their own without robbing those words or
views of most of their authority.‖
Ibid.
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION

Beating Plagiarism with Four Points:

1. Accessibility doesn’t mean you can appropriate
2. Intellectual property is vital to our civilization.
3. The connection between creator and product
    gives information its power.
4. Research writing is a discussion among
    sources
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION

―Linking the names of authors to their words and
ideas both maintains the power of what they
have written and allows me, the researcher, to
interact with them as peers.‖
Ibid., 60
  PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
          DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
  PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
          DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism

    We have access to Turnitin:
    http://www.turnitin.com

     TWU instructions: Intranet Academics
Faculty documentsAcademic
dishonestyTurnitin instructions
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
Advantages of Turnitin
Large database for comparison purposes
Can be used as a teaching tool (students pre-
submit to Turnitin, then use the results to weed
out their own plagiarism)
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
Disadvantages of Turnitin
Database not comprehensive, especially for
print only materials, but also for some electronic
scholarly literature.
Accusations of presumption of guilt, copyright
violation, and student work being used to
enhance company profits.
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
Alternatives to Turnitin:
1. Google
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
Alternatives to Turnitin:
2. Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.ca/)
  PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
          DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
Alternatives to Turnitin:
3.Google Book Search(http://books.google.com/)
  PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
          DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
Alternatives to Turnitin:
4. Amazon A-9 (http://a9.com)
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
Detecting Plagiarism
Alternatives to Turnitin:
5. Databases
Many of our journal databases allow searching of
    their full text. For some information on full text
    searching of databases for plagiarism, see:
William Badke, "Training Plagiarism Detectives: The Law and
     Order Approach." Online 31, no. 6 (November-December
     2007): 50-52.
   PLAGIARISM: PREVENTION AND
           DETECTION
Produced by William Badke.
Bibliography:

William Badke. "Give Plagiarism the Weight it Deserves." Online
    31, no. 5 (September-October 2007): 58-60.
William Badke, "Training Plagiarism Detectives: The Law and
     Order Approach." Online 31, no. 6 (November-December
     2007): 50-52.

       PDF of Screenshots available here