Any consideration of black political activism in nineteenth century New York will inevitably lead to a healthy admiration for the remarkable tenacity and continuity demonstrated by antebellum advocates of freedom and racial equality. The sad story of this short-lived attempt at constructing a distinctive black community on the margins of a hostile white city illustrates clearly how strategies to promote racial identity could complement those designed to achieve full American citizenship.
African or American? Black Identity and Political Activism in New York City, ... Michael D Lipton Afro - Americans in New York Life and History; Jul 2010; 34, 2; Doc
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