[...] the majority of slaves were found in New York City. In the city of Albany, the total population was 3,491, of which 572 were slaves and twenty-six were free blacks.9 Unlike New York City, which held the largest number of enslaved Africans, Colonial upstate New York found most slaves on rural manors, or plantations, located near the Hudson River.\n An emerging slave-based agricultural economy in the South, the growth of industry and manufacturing in the North, the increased arrival of cheap labor in the form of European immigrants, and the implementation of advanced transportation in form of canals and railroads spelled the end of slavery in New York.
Slavery in Albany, New York, 1624-1827 Oscar Williams Afro - Americans in New York Life and History; Jul 2010; 3
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