Standard Guitar Chords - PDF

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					Standard Guitar Chords
Open vs. Bar Chords

Guitar Tidbits
Item Description And open chord. Played near the nut (white bar at the top of the neck). Some strings are left “open” (not pressed). The same chord using the lower fingers thus freeing the index finger to be used as a “bar”. Picture / Audio

Sliding the entire chord toward the body of the guitar (up in frequency) while applying the bar finger. In this way EVERY chord can be played using a single form of the hand.

Bad Bar Chords

Bad Guitar Chord Technique
Item Description Bad bar chord Thumb wrapped around neck instead of pinching neck. Results in the bar finger being curved instead of straight. Makes it hard to press all the strings down. Picture / Audio

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Copyright 1987, 1988, 2002 Allan Barnard

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Standard Guitar Chords
Bad Guitar Chord Technique
Item Description Bad bar chord Thumb perpendicular to bar finger Results in bar finger being angled downward across the fret. Also makes it hard to press the strings down. Picture / Audio

Good Bar Chords

Good Bar Chord Technique
Item Description Pinch the neck rather than wrapping your fingers around the neck. This concentrates force on the strings alone, ultimately resulting in more strings being held down with less muscle strain. Note: keep the lower three fingers free for later use while practicing this! Picture / Audio

When the remaining fingers are pressed down to form a chord, all the strings will “ring” properly if the bar itself is solid.

www.ParkJammer.com

646-258-1858

Copyright 1987, 1988, 2002 Allan Barnard

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Standard Guitar Chords
Bar Chords: Major & Minor
The value of bar chords is that you only have to learn a single form and with it you can play twelve (12) chords! Each major form and play every major chord! The only reason you might need more than one is that it is often inconvenient to slide up and down the neck a large distance. Also, you may not have enough frets or the dexterity to use a particular form for some chords. Equally, every minor form can play every minor chord. For example, you could play an “E major chord” at the nut (using your last three fingers). Slide all your fingers towards the body by one fret (up in frequency) and place your bar finger (index) in the middle of the first fret. This will now be: F# major chord as played with the E major bar form Slide up one more fret and your chord will now be: G major chord as played with the E major bar form

Bar Chord Forms
MAJOR Bar Chord Forms
Form Name Chart Picture Form Name

MINOR Bar Chord Forms
Chart Picture

E

Em

A

Am

C

C#m

Lift tip of bar finger to silence first two strings

www.ParkJammer.com

646-258-1858

Copyright 1987, 1988, 2002 Allan Barnard

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Standard Guitar Chords
Bar Chords: Accompaniment Patterns
Accompanying a melody, whether played by an instrument or sung by a voice, requires changing chords regularly. Far from being arbitrary, the majority of chords in a song will adhere to the patterns of 3 major and 3 minor chords per key. The vast majority of songs don’t venture beyond four of the six chords. A significant number of songs use only three chords. If you limit your choices from “a whole bunch” to “just three”, it makes guessing the next chord a lot easier. In fact, if you are using a chord and suddenly the melody changes character, you generally only have two other selections to choose from… you have a 50% of getting it right even if you just flat out guess! The charts below show where your bar finger should be for the 1, the 4, and the 5 chords (I, IV, V). Equivalently, the associated minor chords are shown. Note that you can think of the minors as being 1, 4, and 5 of the relative minor (as shown) or you could consider them the 6, 2, and 3 chords of the major scale (key). I know… it’s a bit confusing. But wait until the CD-ROM comes out for demonstration! All Together

www.ParkJammer.com

646-258-1858

Copyright 1987, 1988, 2002 Allan Barnard

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Standard Guitar Chords
Open Chords: Major

www.ParkJammer.com

646-258-1858

Copyright 1987, 1988, 2002 Allan Barnard

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Standard Guitar Chords
Open Chords: Minor

www.ParkJammer.com

646-258-1858

Copyright 1987, 1988, 2002 Allan Barnard

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