History of Internet - PowerPoint by qvf10731

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									History of Internet




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Introduction
 The Beginning - ARPAnet
 “Intergalactic Computer Network”
 Theory
 Email
 Hardware
 Software
 Browser/Search Engines

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Overview
 Began   as a Government Project as
  part of the Defense Department
 Grew to include Universities
 Eventually became an avenue to do
  commerce
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ARPAnet – The beginning
 Advanced   Research Projects Agency
 1958 under Eisenhower
 Controlled by Pentagon
 Scientific Space Research – answer to
  Sputnik


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ARPAnet
 Became  part of Defense Department
  (DARPAnet)
 SAGE/DEW 1st computer network
 Eventually became part of NASA
 Funded through Universities –UCLA,
  UC-Santa Barbara, Stanford, Utah

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       “Intergalactic Computer
               Network”

 J.C. R. Licklider coined the term
  NOT Al Gore
 Idea of internet
 Won bid to develop ARPAnet in 1968
 1972- 15 nodes on ARPAnet



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Theories
 “Packet Switching” – Len Kleinrock
 1959 –Labor Day Weekend 1969
 November 1969 – accessed information
  from Standford
 1978- 111 hosts
 TCP/IP- Vint Cerf, Bob Kahn
 1983 ARPAnet and Defense Data
  Networks use TCP/IP: Internet is born
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Theories
 1972   Email –Ray Tomlinson
 1983 – DNS designed to support
  email… .edu, .gov, .com, .mil, .org,
  .net, .int
 1990- www created by Tim Berners-
  Lee
 3 components: URL, HTTP, HTML

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Hardware
 1968 – Intel founded
 1973-Bob Metcalfe coins term
  “ethernet”
 1974 – Intel launches 8080
  microprocessor
 1975 – Altair 8800 introduced
 1978 – Apple II launched at first
  computer faire
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Hardware
 1979  – 3Com (Computer
  Communication Compatibility) begun
  by Bob Metcalfe and others. Created
  ethernet links
 1981 – IBM personal computer
  introduced.
 1982 – Sun Microsystems created
 1983 – Cisco Systems formed

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Software
 1981- Microsoft creates operating
  system for IBM’s personal computers
  (MS-Dos)
 1983 – Novell’s “Netware” first
  demonstrated
 1989 – McAfee Associates founded
 1989 – Quantum (1983) becomes
  AOL
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Software
 1993 – “Mosaic” browser developed
  by Marc Andreessen
 1991 – James Gosling begins JAVA
 1994 – Netscape Communications
  founded
 1994 – Architext Software formed.
  Begins to create search engine for
  Windows 95
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Other Important Events

 1992  – Representative Rick Boucher,
  VA. Introduced a bill to allow the
  buying and selling of goods/services
  over the internet
 1998 – U.S. Justice Department along
  with 20 states bring suit against
  Microsoft for anti-competitive
  practice

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Sources
          Stephen, Nerds 2.0.1: A
 Segaller,
 Brief History of the Internet, TV
 Books, LLC, 1998




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