History of Floral

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					History of Floral
Compare
 Containers
 Accessories
 Shape
 Materials
Egyptian

Simple and
 Regimented
Red, Yellow,
 Blue colors
As far back
 as 2500 B.C.
Containers-Egyptian Period
Materials-Egyptian Period

Lotus flower
Roses
Water Lily
Vegetables
Fruits
Gladiolus
Bachelor button
Greens

Papyrus
reeds
Greek Period

Period around
 500 B.C
No containers
 particularly for
 arranging
Petals thrown on
 ground
Wreaths and Garlands common
Chaplets are worn
Cornucopia introduced
Roman Period

Period around
 100 AD
Wreaths and
 garlands are
 elaborate
Rose petals
First Naturalistic
 bouquet depicted
Byzantine

Early AD (200-400)
Very symmetrical
Sometimes all foliage
Twisted Garlands
 with flowers, fruit, and foliage
Conical Tree arrangement
 of the Byzantine period
Renaissance


14th century AD
Available to rich people only “Upper
 Crust”
Symbolism is important

  Lily represents purity
  Rose as Love
Single Flower in a vase
 Symmetrical

No stems showing
Bright colors and many different flowers in
the same arrangement

Carnations
Iris
Marigold
Pansy
Poppy
Rose
Stock
Containers

Ornate
 containers
 made for
 flowers only
Baroque/Dutch Flemish

17th and 18th
 Century design
Flowers are for
 middle class,
 too!
Unrealistic paintings of mixed flowers
Containers   Delftware
Accessories
Insects, eggs,
 vegetables, loose
 flowers, jewels,
 coins, nuts, berries,
 cones, figures, and
 dishes
Shape
Symmetrical oval
Asymmetrical –S curve
 by William Hogarth
French
Later 18th Century
Classic forms,
 refined and
 elegant
Shape
 Fan or triangle shape
Accessories
 Music sheets
 Figurines
 Fans
 Candles
Containers
 Highly Ornate
 Elegant
English Georgian
 18th Century England
 At war with the
  French
 Colors Pastel to
  match uniforms of the
  times
Fragrance
Most Important to
  English Georgian
  Design
Helped to mask body
  odors
Thought to ward of
  illness
Masked the smell of
  open sewers in
  streets
Tussie Mussie
Boughpots in the fire place
Flowers Worn in Hair
Flowers for the person

Worn in hair, dress, bosom, hats….
Carried as a nosegay or tussie-mussie
Wedgewood as a popular container
Victorian Era

Queen Victoria rules England
“The Sun Never Sets on the
British Empire”
Queen Victoria

Born 1819
Crowned Queen 1838
Died 1901
Over 60 years as
Monarch of England
Flower Arranging as an Art
 Taught to young
  ladies –required
  learning
 Attempted to
  establish a set of
  rules for design
 Arrangements were
  large, massed no
  focal point
The Nosegay Matures !
 Tussie Mussies
  become elaborate
 Hand bouquets are
  given as gifts
 Hand bouquets
  become the
  requirement for brides
 Symbolism makes a
  comeback
 Posie holders and
  bosom-bottles
  invented
Silk Flowers
Hair Wreaths
Shape
 Arrangements are
  large, and massed
 No Focal Point
 Round or Oval is the
  favorite shape
 Miniature
  arrangements popular
Accessories
 Ribbon very popular
 Small portraits in
  silver frames
 nicknacks
Containers
Very showy
Ornate
All types of materials
Flowers worn on the person
Corsages
Hats
Dresses
Colonial Style

1740-1780
Shape is fan or round, massed
Homespun style
Materials were often dried flowers and
grasses
Containers

Five finger vase
Wicker
pottery
Accessories
 Bibles
 Books
 candles
Oriental Influence
 Line is most important
  consideration
 Emphasize texture,
  color, and form of
  each flower
 Highly stylized
The Modern Style


Whatever is currently in style; may
incorporate ideas from any period and
will vary over time as well as
geographically.
Art Deco   Art Deco
Art Noveau
Art Nouveau is a style, in it's pure form
 unabashed. It's primary feature is flowing
 lines intended to give an impression of the
 subject rather than a pictorial
 representation. Nature is an abundant
 source of inspiration with barely a straight
 line to be found anywhere and most Art
 Nouveau designs borrow from or
 represent natures flora and fauna. That
 doesn't help identify Art Nouveau as most
 other styles incorporate flora and fauna
 too.
Art Noveau
Contemporary or Modern
Abstract