Geology of NY and NJ by fuv20424

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									Geology of NY and NJ
   Objectives
Earth Science Review
   Structure of the Earth
     Minerals vs. Rocks
What are the three rock types?
How does the rock cycle work?
                                    New York and New Jersey
                                            Geologic Connection
                                          Northeast Geologic History
                                             Impacts on Society


  Explore the Museum
          Visit Skyscraper!
      Visit Our Hudson Home
                                                Wrap-up
                                         Exhibit Questions Answered
                                 Incorporating Earth Science in the Classroom
          Minerals
1.   Naturally Occuring        *Not made in a laboratory
2.   Solid
3.   Specific Chemical Composition
4.   Characteristic Crystal Structure
5.   Inorganic              Atoms are arranged in
                            geometric patterns that
                             persist throughout the
                                     mineral.
                   Rocks
  Naturally occurring aggregates of minerals

The Earth’s crust (lithosphere) is made of ROCK.
                                         Sedimentary Rocks
   Igneous Rocks
     form by the       3 Major Rock Types
                                       form from deposition
                                        and consolidation of
  solidification and
  cooling of molten       Sedimentary   mineral and organic
                                         Metamorphic Rocks
                                               material
       material.
                            Igneous    form from pre-existing
                                          rocks. Heat and
                         Metamorphic      pressure are the
                                           catalysts in this
                                           transformation.
Grenville Orogeny and Rodinia




 End of Proterozoic Eon approximately 1 billion years ago
    Rodinia Rifted
  Iapetus Ocean existed
600 – 400 million years ago
   Pangea Forms
250 million years ago
180 million years ago Pangea starts to separate
Glaciers Shaped Topography
      What is a Geologic Province?
An area containing common geologic or geomorphic
                  characteristics.


                          New Jersey has FOUR:
                            Valley and Ridge
                                Highlands
                                Piedmont
                              Coastal Plain
New York
               Approximately
            10 Distinct Provinces
                    Niagra
                 Finger Lakes
           Mohawk Valley-Catskill
                Southeastern
           Hudson Valley – Taconic
               Taconic Region
              Champlain Valley
             St. Lawrence Valley
                 Adirondacks
             Hudson Highlands
Hadrosaurus foulkii
        • New Jersey’s State Dinosaur
        • Discovered in 1858 by William
          Parker Foulke (Academy of
          Natural Sciences, Philadelphia,
          PA)
        • Haddonfield, Camden County
        • 25 feet
        • 18 tons
        • Duck-billed herbivorous reptile

								
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