Entomology News by die90290

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									                                                  University of Wisconsin - Madison

Entomology News
September 2005                                                                      Volume 9, Issue 1

                                             much needed facelift to accommodate          Dicke, a professor of entomology from
                                             the rapid changes being made in plant        1946 to 1977 died shortly after the last
                                             technology and biology. The really           newsletter went out. Bob was the chair
                                             exciting news is that we have just started   of the department for 9 years and won
                                             planning for a new building to house         numerous teaching awards during his
                                             the Department of Entomology. Maybe          long tenure in the department. As a
                                             it will be finished in time for the next      new faculty member, I had the chance
                                             wave of periodic cicadas.                    to observe his teaching and I quickly
                                                  During the past year, there have        realized why he won so many awards.
                                             been several metamorphic events on           We just received word that Dr. Dan
                                             the personnel front. Jeff Wyman, after       Benjamin died this July at the age of 89.
Notes from the Chair                         25 years of exceptional service to           He taught forest entomology for many
Walter Goodman                               the department, university and state,        years and mentored a large number of
                                             decided to retire. Jeff’s retirement         forest entomologists. Phillip Kingsley
     Call me crazy, but I have always        celebrations were the social events of       (MS, 1980) passed away earlier this
thought experiencing metamorphosis           the year and a big thanks goes to those      year. He was employed by the USDA in
from the insect’s point of view would        involved in organizing these events.         Massachusetts.
be a magnificent adventure. Building a        Another big change is the retirement              My transition to the dark-side
new cuticle, shedding the old cuticle,       of Mark Allington. After 33 years, he        (departmental chair) has made me
creating new structures…you know, the        decided to change careers and start          keenly aware of numbers - of all sorts.
stuff you learned in ENT 321. While it’s     building a home up in the Northwoods.        Here are some that might interest you.
unlikely that I will ever get my wish to     His services to the department will be       The department currently has 14 tenure
undergo metamorphosis, the campus,           sorely missed. Mark’s replacement,              Walter Goodman - continued on Page 4
the faculty, and students are certainly      Tom Dettinger, has been a familiar face
undergoing some pretty radical changes       around the building. We were able to
that rival the insects.                      lure Tom over from Plant Pathology
     If you have not been to Madison         where he held a position similar to                      In This Issue
lately, you will be amazed by the            Mark’s. Welcome, Tom.
number of tall cranes that dot the                Other transitions this year include      Notes from the Chair.....................1
campus horizon and hint at big changes       Scott Meyers (Ph.D. and Post-doc with
                                                                                           Thomas German ............................2
below. Fred Hall, the venerable old          Hogg, 2002) who is taking a position
building to the east of Russell labs,        with the USDA and Frank Dedine                Rick Lindroth ................................3
was demolished during the early              (Post-doc with Dr. Shoemaker) who has
                                                                                           Dan Mahr ......................................3
part of 2004. A very large hole soon         accepted a teaching position in France.
appeared which is rumored to be a            Brian Aukema (Ph.D and Post-doc               Time Capsule ................................4
multistoried parking garage. At the          with Raffa) will soon be leaving for a
                                                                                           Bob Jeanne ....................................6
present time, the larval structure that      faculty position in British Columbia.
will house Bacteriology and several          Mike Ahrens (MS with Shoemaker,               Eileen Cullen.................................7
other departments, looks to be about a       2005) decided to leave entomology and
                                                                                           Claudio Gratton.............................7
second instar with several more instars      enter law school and Seth Tauchman
(floors) to follow. This has necessitated     (MS with Goodman, 2005) who is                Awards and Recognition ...............8
the closing of streets to the east and       exploring the biotech industry. There
                                                                                           Daniel K. Young..........................10
north of Russell. If you are interested in   are 6 new graduate students entering the
following the construction and/or seeing     department, Rachel Arango (Young),            Ken Raffa ....................................11
Russell Labs in real time, check out this    Jessica Clarke (Shoemaker), Erik
                                                                                           Wyman Lab .................................14
website: http://msbcam.bact.wisc.edu/        Caldera (Shoemaker), Teresa Leon
view/view.shtml. Another big change is       (Jeanne), Arne Thompson (German) and          John Wedberg ..............................14
at the Walnut Street greenhouses, where      Tony Hughes (Paskewitz).
                                                                                           Thanks to Our Donors.................15
a large electrical generating plant was           Since the last newsletter, several
just completed. The greenhouses got a        individuals have passed on. Dr. Robert        Alumni Search ............................16
Page 2                                                                                         Entomology News, September 2005
                                              support. We welcome and encourage            to vector thrips and then was able
                                              your participation.                          to visualize them on the gut surface
                                                   Although I will miss the excitement     by observing them with fluorescent
                                              surrounding these administrative             labels and a confocal microscope. She
                                              challenges, I am looking forward to          demonstrated the extreme specificity of
                                              spending more quality time on my             this binding by using control proteins
                                              teaching and research agenda. My             from a non-thrips transmitted virus that
                                              area of research involves the interface      did not attach to the gut of thrips. We
                                              between virology and entomology. Our         were very pleased that this work was
                                              system involves tomato spotted wilt          chosen to be the featured cover on the
                                              virus (TSWV). This virus has a number        Journal of Virology (Whitfield, A.E.,
                                              of interesting properties that make it       Ullman, D.E. and German, T.L. 2004.
Thomas German                                 both an interesting model system as          Expression and Characterization of a
                                              well as an important practical problem.      soluble form of tomato spotted wilt virus
     On July 1st of this year I stepped       TSWV has an enormous host range of           glycoprotein, GN. J. Virol. 78:13197-
down after a three year term as chair         over 1,000 plant species and causes          206). In other work, Anna has shown
of the Department. Our supportive             economic losses of over a billion dollars    that a second protein on the surface
faculty, extraordinarily capable staff and    per year throughout its world-wide host      of TSWV undergoes a pH dependent
engaged students all helped to make this      range. TSWV is transmitted by thrips         modification that is consistent with its
a rewarding and positive experience.          which also serve as a host for virus         being involved in uptake into the vector
Given the perspective of liaison, it          replication providing an opportunity         cells (Whitfield, A.E., Ulman, D.E. and
was gratifying to learn that higher           to study the rare circumstances              German, T.L. 2005. Tomato spotted
administration holds the Entomology           involving a virus that replicates in         wilt virus glycoprotein GC is cleaved at
Department in extremely high regard.          hosts from two kingdoms. It is also          acidic pH. Virus Research 110:183-186).
This relationship has served us well. In      unusual in that it belongs to a family       This work is beginning to reveal some
a time of serious financial constraints        of viruses that are mostly human and         of the molecular determinants involved
and a college wide decline in faculty         animal pathogens. This combination           in the process of virus acquisition by
numbers, we have been rewarded with           of factors provides a research format        an important model insect system.
positions and reasonable requests for         that allows us to participate in arenas      The more practical minded of you
budget reductions. Our charge for the         where we can contribute to a better          may be asking at this point….who
future is to maintain our position of         understanding of biology involving           cares? The answer may be in the next
strength and support for our outstanding      virus vector relationships, important        phase of Anna’s research. She and our
junior faculty so that they can continue      agricultural pests and human health.         collaborators have demonstrated that
the tradition of leadership that we enjoy.    Indeed, specific understanding of             virus transmission is greatly reduced
Although I will miss being on the front       insect-vector interactions leading to        if thrips are fed the recombinant viral
line, I am extremely pleased that Walt        successful transmission of viruses to        proteins at the same time that they
Goodman has stepped up to provide             their plant or animal hosts is a central     are given the opportunity to acquire
leadership. His role will be increasingly     problem in vector biology and critical       infectious virus. We are hopeful that
important as we enter an era in which         to the development of effective control      this work can be applied towards the
the state legislature views the University    strategies for a variety of diseases.        development of strategies to prevent
as out of control while increasing                 One of the mysteries surrounding        virus transmission in real world
accountability at all levels is taking time   this phenomenon is the extreme               situations. We are also thinking of ways
from our basic missions of research and       specificity relating to virus transmission.   to use these proteins to develop specific
teaching. In addition declining resources     For example, why is it that even though      control procedures for thrips which are
will necessitate cuts from a budget that      there are more than 5,000 species of         significant pests in their own right. Anna
has no fat to sacrifice. To make matters       thrips only about eight are able to          is now a postdoctoral researcher in the
even more interesting, these issues will      transmit TSWV? To address this, Anna         lab and expanding her approach to other
be sorted out with a new Dean (not            Whitfield, who obtained her PhD. in           viruses. She is, of course looking for
yet chosen at this writing) who will          my program in May has shown that             “a real job” and has plans to continue
no doubt bring new priorities to the          proteins on the surface of TSWV              her postdoctoral research at Ohio State
table. These will be challenging times        interact very specifically with structures    University around the first of the year.
and it will require redoubled efforts to      on the midgut cells of thrips. She was       She has become an exceptional scientist
maintain our current level of excellence.     able to demonstrate this by conducting       and although I will be sorry to see her
Indeed, if we are to grow into an even        a very tedious set of experiments            go, I am looking forward to watching
better department it will be essential that   in which she cloned proteins on the          her become a star.
friends and alumni of the department          viral surface, expressed them in tissue           Three other members of our group
provide financial, intellectual and moral      culture cells, purified them, fed them        are working more directly with virus
                                                                                               Thomas German - continued on Page 5
Entomology News, September 2005                                                                                            Page 3
                                           consequences of global environmental         raising children and mentoring graduate
                                           change (e.g., elevated carbon dioxide        students. One of the similarities in
                                           concentrations) for plant-insect             the two endeavors is that - just when
                                           interactions. In addition, we have been      your children/students are at the point
                                           extending our research interests at both     where you can really enjoy them as
                                           extremes of the hierarchy of biological      functional and productive “adults”
                                           organization. At the molecular genetic       - they leave. (One difference, of
                                           level, we have been collaborating with       course, is that I’m not about to start the
                                           scientists using molecular markers and       process over with children!) This last
                                           related tools to assess genetic variation    year we’ve had a number of students
                                           in aspen and cottonwoods, and some           and postdocs finish their work and
                                           of the physiological and ecological          move on to new opportunities. Dr. Ed
Rick Lindroth                              consequences of that variation. At the       Mondor left his postdoctoral position
                                           ecosystem level, we are now addressing       for a job at the University of Hawaii,
    My research group investigates         how intraspecific variation in plant          located at a research station on Kauai.
how plant chemistry is influenced by        chemistry affects ecosystem function         Michael Stevens and Jack Donaldson
various genetic and environmental          such as litter decomposition and nutrient    are finishing their Ph.D.s this summer.
factors, and how such variation in         cycling. We remain most appreciative         Michael has accepted a faculty
turn influences ecological interactions     of funding from NSF, USDA and DOE            position at California State University
and processes. Our primary interests       that allows us to continue to pursue our     - Stanislaus, while Jack has begun
continue in two areas: genetic and         scientific interests.                         working as a postdoctoral scientist for
environmental effects on Populus                As one who will soon enter the
(aspen, cottonwood) chemistry and          “empty nest” category of adulthood, I              Rick Lindroth - continued on Page 4
Populus-insect interactions, and           cannot help but see parallels between

                                           passed the course on to him entirely.        soybean aphid. This is a component of
                                                My Extension programs still             a multi-year research program funded
                                           combine elements of biological control       by the North Central Soybean Research
                                           and pest management in fruit crops.          Program and involving several states.
                                           As part of a team with colleagues from       In conjunction with Dr. Eileen Cullen in
                                           the Departments of Plant Pathology           our department and Extension specialists
                                           and Horticulture and from the Center         materials relating to the soybean aphid
                                           for Integrated Agricultural Systems          biological control research project.
                                           (CIAS) and our Agricultural Research              My relatively small research
                                           Stations, I have been working on             appointment was set aside when
                                           increasing the sophistication of apple       I acquired additional teaching
Dan Mahr                                   and cherry growers regarding Integrated      responsibilities a few years ago, and
                                           Pest Management; this has been funded        I currently have no graduate students
     For the past few years my program     by two grants from EPA. Dr. Regina           in the lab. This year we conducted
has been significantly involved in          Hirsch has been working in my lab as         preliminary studies on candidate
teaching. In addition to my normal         an outreach postdoc. Regina has been         insecticides for controlling cranberry
course, ENT 541 - Biological Control,      interfacing between the orchard growers,     tipworm (Cecidomyiidae). The only
and assisting Dr. Ken Raffa in ENT 601     UW, and USDA’s Natural Resources             effective products for controlling the
- Proseminar, I assumed responsibility     Conservation Service to acquire federal      pest are organophosphates which are
for two of Dr. Dave Hoggs’ courses         funding to help orchardists transition       likely to be discontinued by EPA as a
when he left the department. These         to more intensive and expensive IPM          result of the Food Quality Protection
include ENT 351 - Principles of            practices. With CIAS, I have also            Act, and we evaluated several newer
Economic Entomology, a service course      received a grant to update our biological    chemistries in an attempt to find
primarily for agronomy, horticulture,      control manual, written several years        replacements. This work was done in
and turf management majors, taught         ago with Nino Ridgway. Nino will             collaboration with Dr. Jack Perry, a
every spring semester, and ENT 570         be assisting with the update, as will        pesticide application specialist working
- Principles of Insect Pest Suppression,   Paul Whitaker, both of whom received         with UW’s fruit crops team.
taught in the fall semesters in rotation   their doctorates in my lab working on             Susan Mahr still is statewide
with Biological Control. In 2005, I        biological control in apples. The other      coordinator for the Master Gardener
co-taught Biological Control with Dr.      major Extension project going currently      Program and runs the program from her
Claudio Gratton, and this year has         relates to classical biological control of   office in the Department of Horticulture.
Page 4                                                                                       Entomology News, September 2005
Walter Goodman - continued from Page 1        of the daily operations. You who went      favor of a career that allowed us to
track professors. We are currently hiring     through the system many years ago          study insects. With the debt-load that
to fill Jeff Wyman’s position. There are       will be interested to note that in-state   is incurred just in tuition alone, the
18 students working on their MS and           undergraduate tuition is $3475 per         budding entomologists of the new
20 working on their Ph.Ds. We have            semester. In-state graduate tuition        millennium are going to be financially
14 undergraduates. The total grant and        is $4702 per semester while out-of-        challenged. To keep our brightest and
contract support for the department was       state tuition for a graduate student is    best students from abandoning a career
just under 4 million dollars for 2004.        $12,333 per semester. Our newest crop      in entomology, we need to find new
Several faculty members just won large        of freshmen come from families with        ways of helping the students financially.
grants so we may be climbing towards 5        a median income of $90K/year while         As the Department will be 100 years old
million by next year.                         the average Wisconsin family’s income      in 2009, I would like you to think about
     While the research dollars brought       stands at $43K.                            supporting a new funding initiative,
into the department maintain individual            This shocking drop in funding         the Entomology Centennial Fund. The
research programs, there is little doubt      and equally shocking rise in tuition is    fund would be used to support summer
as to where state funding is heading.         changing the composition of students       interns, scholarships, and undergraduate
For the next year, the gloom and doom         who are interested in a career in          research programs. I hope that you can
picture indicates that state funding for      entomology. In the past, those of          contribute to this very important fund
the University will fall below 20%.           us fascinated with insects put aside       to ensure there is a next generation of
Tuition is now supporting about 17%           the idea of a high-paying position in      entomologists from Wisconsin.

                   UW-Madison Department of Entomology Time Capsule
The first person to correctly identify all the people in this
picture will win an entomology coffee cup emblazoned
with the department logo. This contest is not open to
past or current faculty.

Please send your entry to the department by emailing
the department administrator, butts@entomology.wisc.
edu, or send a note to the Department of Entomology,
Entomology Time Capsule, 1630 Linden Drive, 237
Russell Labs, Madison, WI 53706.

Rick Lindroth - continued from Page 3
Claudio Gratton in this department. Our technician, Heidi Barnhill, left the UW a year ago to pursue a mid-life career change.
     Two relatively new graduate students include Leanne Vigue and Mike Hillstrom. Leanne is investigating the impacts of
elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and ozone (O3) on forest litter arthropod communities at the Aspen FACE (Free
Air CO2 Enrichment) facility near Rhinelander, Wisconsin. She recently received a prestigious Ford Foundation predoctoral
fellowship, and an Applied Ecological Services grant-in-aid. Mike is addressing the effects of (CO2) and (O3) on canopy insect
communities at Aspen-FACE, and is also supported by an Applied Ecological Services grant-in-aid. A new graduate student
Chris Habeck, arrives in June, bringing with him an EPA STAR predoctoral fellowship.
     My continuing postdoctoral associates, Mike Madritch and Stuart Wooley, remain busy coordinating major NSF-funded
research projects. Stuart is also the proud father of a baby girl, named, appropriately, “Aspen.” Finally, the person who does
more than anyone to keep all the “balls in the air” is Adam Gusse, our new technician. He’s been on a steep learning curve over
the last year, but has mastered every challenge with skill and grace.
     In addition to research, I remain busy teaching Insect Ecology and Ecotoxicology, and serving as an editor for the journal
Entomology News, September 2005                                                                                              Page 5
Thomas German - continued from Page 2        involve TSWV. His work is supported          undergraduate student hourly for several
                                             by a two year hatch proposal that will       years in the laboratory. She has a magic
biology. We are trying to develop a          pay his graduate student salary (he will     touch when it comes to growing several
system to study the genetics of TSWV         have to learn to live on a smaller stipend   kinds of plants that we use, infecting
and a related virus that is transmitted      than he got as a Specialist so I know        them with virus, manipulating our very
by leafhoppers. The genetic content          he is dedicated!) and provide some           delicate thrips colony and keeping the
of these viruses is encoded in RNA           supplies.                                    laboratory in order. These important
making it impossible to use standard              Beth Wyman (yes this is some            tasks support all of our research.
recombinant DNA techniques to study          distant relative of Jeff Wyman’s)                 Life in the lab is not all work and
their genetics. In an attempt to address     is an undergraduate who has been             no play…well at least we combine the
this, Paul Flanary, a postdoc in the lab,    working in the laboratory for several        two. This month Arne, Anna and I were
is using biochemical approaches to           years has a project related to Arne’s.       invited to attend the VIII International
turn the entire genome of a virus called     We are extremely pleased that this           Symposium on Thysanoptera and
maize fine streak into DNA which can          year she was awarded a Hilldale              Tospoviruses held at the Asilomar
be inserted into yeast cells where the       Undergraduate/Faculty Research               Conference Grounds, in Pacific Grove,
DNA will be copied back into viral RNA       Fellowship that provides her with            California. Anna presented a plenary
that is identical to the starting virus      some salary and operating funds to           talk, I gave a “state of the art” talk and
material and, thereby, launch a viral        conduct hands on research in the lab.        Arne presented a poster on his project.
infection. If he can accomplish this we      This very competitive award was              We received lots of good feedback
can make changes to the viral genome         based on a project that she wrote            on our work, learned from others and
while it is in the DNA phase (it is not      entitled “Interactions between RNA-          enjoyed the beautiful setting. The final
possible to manipulate RNA in vitro)         Dependent RNA polymerases and                evening involved a private banquet
and observe the consequences that the        Ribonucleoproteins in Tomato Spotted         at the Monteray Aquarium that was...
changes impart on the viral RNA made         Wilt Virus.” Her work involves the           to use the vernacular…awesome.
in the cell. For example, we would be        expression of viral proteins and             Hey…life as a scientist has its good
able to make very subtle changes in          nucleic acids in yeast cells from DNA        points. If anything we are doing piques
the above mentioned surface proteins         expression plasmids. In a step short         your interest* or you know of students
and determine their affect on virus          of producing infectious virus in yeast       coming to Madison who would like to
acquisition by insects. This so called,      cells, this allows her to make mutations     see what goes on here you are more than
reverse genetics approach is difficult to     in viral proteins to sort out how they       welcome to come visit the laboratory at
achieve but is an extremely powerful         communicate with each other to form          anytime.
tool that opens up huge possibilities        assembled virions inside of cells. These
for discovering the intricacies of viral     experiments are also in keeping with             Further reading:
replication, transmission and diseases       8our desire to learn the intimate details
processes.                                   of molecular interactions involved in        Ullman, D.E. , Whitfield, A.E. and
     Arne Thompson who started in the        virus biology so that we can one day             T.L. German (2005) Thrips and
lab in his freshman year as biochemistry     use them to address our long term goal           tospoviruses come of age: Mapping
major and worked as a research               of finding ways to interfere with virus           determinants of insect transmission.
specialist for three years after he got      replication or transmission. I am looking        Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 103: 4931-
his B.S. degree has just started this fall   forward to the exciting contributions            4932.
to work on an MS degree. I am very           that Paul, Arne and Beth will make to        Whitfield, A.E., Ullman D.E., and
pleased that he has taken this step that     the program. I hope that we will be able         T.L.German (2005) Tospovirus-
will give him the opportunity to use his     to report success in the next edition            Thrips Interactions. Ann. Rev.
considerable laboratory experience and       of this letter. And last, but certainly          Phytopathol. 43:459-489.
develop his own research agenda. He is       not least, I would like to acknowledge
also working towards the development         the important contributions made by
of a reverse genetics system, but his will   Ashley Bieber who has worked as an

                                                       On the Web

                                    UW-Madison Department of Entomology

College of Ag and Life Sciences                                                                                 UW-Madison
http://www.cals.wisc.edu                                                                                http://www.wisc.edu
Page 6                                                                                        Entomology News, September 2005

                                            related programs campus-wide. I was           Cristie used network theory for insights
                                            elected to membership in the UW-              into how the yellowjackets’ generalist
                                            Madison Teaching Academy two years            pattern of labor division can lead to
                                            ago. Last year I was elected a Fellow         efficiency gains. Cristie and her husband
                                            of the American Association for the           John are rearing two children, Lauren, 6,
                                            Advancement of Science (AAAS).                and David, 2.
                                                                                               Ken Howard is well along with
                                            News of students, past and present            his study of queen polymorphism in the
                                                                                          forest ant Temnothorax longispinosus.
                                            Since the last newsletter there have been     Entire colonies can be housed in a fallen
                                            several changes in the Jeanne lab.            acorn or small hollow twig. In southern
                                                 In December 2004 Andy Bouwma             Wisconsin, colonies produce either
                                            completed his Ph.D. on colony                 large queens, which have high energy
                                            productivity in the tropical wasp Polybia     stores for founding nests far away and
                                            occidentalis and moved on to a post-          independently, or small queens, which
Bob Jeanne                                  doc position in DeWayne Shoemaker’s           have little energy stored, apparently
                                            lab, one floor up. Andy won last year’s        because their worker nestmates will help
     My students and I continue to          George Eickwort Memorial Award for            them initiate a colony. The two sizes
explore the behavioral ecology of social    the best dissertation, given by the North     of queens also exhibit different mating
insects on two fronts. Working at our       American Section of the International         behavior, the large queens flying a great
site in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, we          Union for the Study of Social Insects.        deal during mating, the small queens
continue to investigate the dynamics        In August, Andy married Jana Gearhart.        flying little. Since nest sites appear to
of complex group using Polybia              Congratulations on both milestones,           be a limited resource, the small queens
occidentalis, a tropical swarm-founding     Andy!                                         predominate in small forest patches
wasp, as our model ‘superorganism.’              Also last year, Jenny Jandt              with high nest densities, where finding
Recent work has focused on the effect       successfully defended her master’s            an empty nut and dispersing to the next
of a protistan parasite on individual and   thesis on how German yellowjacket             small patch may be difficult for single
colony-level productivity, the effect of    foragers find food. The results of her         queens. Ken’s results so far suggest that
colony size on per-capita productivity      research have been published as three         ecological factors such as nest density
(answer: none), and how scout wasps         very nice papers, quite an achievement        and patch size could lead to reproductive
communicate to their swarm that it’s        for a masters student. Jenny has just         isolation between populations in
time to move to the new nest site           moved to Tucson to begin work on              different forest patches. The small
they’ve discovered.                         bumble bees toward her Ph.D. at the           colony size makes this an ideal ant for
     Closer to home, here in Wisconsin      University of Arizona. Best wishes,           the lab. Ken has some 400 colonies set
we are working on answers to the            Jenny!                                        up in our small rearing room. Ken also
question of how German yellowjackets             Cristie Hurd successfully defended       was married this past summer, to Kendra
find food. We have found that foragers       her Ph.D. dissertation in May 2005,           Smith. Wedded bliss has not damped his
can alert nestmates to the presence of      and is preparing several manuscripts          research progress, however.
a new food source, but that they don’t      for publication. Working on division               Sainath (‘Sai’) Suryanarayanan
scent-mark the site in any way. Instead,    of labor in the German yellowjacket           is a Ph.D candidate who is attempting
the odor of the food carried back to the    (Vespula germanica), she found                to unravel the mysteries of various
nest by the forager plays an important      that some foragers make 100 times             conspicuous vibrational signals
role in the recruitment process. We’re      more foraging trips than others. This         produced by paper wasps on their nests.
now looking at the dynamics of food         unequal distribution of labor is best         Data he has collected on wasps in India
exploitation at the colony level. such as   described by a power law, which               and Costa Rica have given him some
that soda you’re sipping at the Union       suggests a relationship between the           insights that he is now pursuing with our
Terrace. Many of our interactions with      random movements of individuals and           local paper wasp, Polistes fuscatus, here
yellowjackets are conflicts with foragers    the self-organization of the colony’s         in Wisconsin. Results so far confirm
over food–such as that soda you’re          food-retrieval process. Worker age,           earlier work that these signals are meant
sipping on the Union Terrace–so what        foraging experience, weight, and ovarian      for the larvae, but do not support the
we learn may lead to improved means         condition were not good predictors            prevailing hypothesis that they facilitate
of controlling these insects where they     of work rate. As workers age, they            feeding. Instead, best indications are
aren’t wanted. In addition to the wasp      progress through the tasks of nest            that they have subtle effects on larval
work, Ken Howard is investigating a         work, pulp foraging, carbohydrate             development, perhaps relating to
local species of ant whose queens come      foraging, and prey foraging, but the          whether a larva develops into a queen or
in two sizes (see below).                   typical workers performs two or three         a worker. Stay tuned.
     Since the last newsletter, I have      of these tasks in a day, so they are not as          Bob Jeanne - continued on Page 13
become more involved in teaching-           specialized as, say, honey bee workers.
Entomology News, September 2005                                                                                        Page 7

                                        small grains. Experimental objectives       with the primary purpose of monitoring
                                        are generated in response to the needs      movement of the soybean aphid, Aphis
                                        of Wisconsin growers, UW Extension          glycines. With 5 suction traps now
                                        County Agricultural Agents, as well         located throughout the state, WI joins
                                        as government agencies, non-profit           Illinois, IN (6 traps), MN (4 traps), MI
                                        organizations and industries that serve     (3 traps) and IA (4 traps) in testing the
                                        or interact with a diversity of Wisconsin   predictive value of fall trap captures to
                                        farmers and agricultural production         alert growers to potential for economic
                                        systems.                                    soybean aphid populations the following
                                                                                    year. Read more at http://ipcm.wisc.
                                        Extension Project Highlights                edu/wcm/pdfs/2005/Cullen2May25.pdf
                                                                                    to track Wisconsin and regional 2005
                                             Soybean Aphid Suction Trap             weekly trap catch, visit http://www.
Eileen Cullen                           Network. A new summer 2005 project          ncipmc.org/traps.
Extension Specialist and Assistant      linked Wisconsin growers, researchers            Variant Western Corn Rootworm
Professor, Field Crops Entomology       and extension educators to a Regional       Trapping Network. A dedicated
                                        Soybean Aphid Suction Trap Network          collaborative team continues to work
    Research in the Cullen lab          with support from the Wisconsin             with us (Eileen Cullen and Bryan
focuses on developing integrated pest   Soybean Marketing Board and the North       Jensen, UW Entomology Department)
management (IPM) programs for insect    Central IPM program. The suction            in monitoring range expansion of the
pests of corn, soybean, forages and     trap network started in Illinois in 2001          Eileen Cullen - continued on Page 12

                                        Wisconsin. In this joint project with       food webs. My previous work
                                        my Agroecology cluster colleagues           examined how invasive wetland plants
                                        (M. Bell, Rural sociology and R.            (Phragmites and Lythrum) alter the
                                        Jackson, Agronomy) where we are             structure of arthropod assemblages
                                        examining how ecosystem fluxes               and the interactions between insects
                                        (greenhouse gasses, N loss) from            and plants. Recently, I have started
                                        grasslands change under intensive           looking at how the newly arrived
                                        rotational grazing, and what role           soybean aphid (from Asia) has
                                        arthropods may play in affecting            affected agroecosystems in Wisconsin.
                                        ecosystem processes. Moreover, we           We have ongoing studies looking at
                                        have been working directly with             the interactions between this new
                                        graziers to understand how researchers      herbivore of soybean and predators
                                        and growers interact to shape and           (Multicolored Asian ladybeetle). The
                                        advance scientific research in a way         work of Emily Mueller (graduate
                                        that is relevant to stakeholders.           student) focuses on the movement of
Claudio Gratton                              Another area of research in my lab     soybean aphids around the landscape
Agroecology Ecology/Landscape           is to understand the role of landscape      and their role as vectors of plant
Ecology                                 structure on beneficial insects. Along       pathogens to soybean and other crop
                                        with Ben Werling (graduate student),        plants (snap beans). Finally, Jack
     I joined the department in 2003    we have been working with Healthy           Donaldson (post-doctoral associate)
as part of a campus-wide cluster hire   Grown potato growers in the Central         has been elucidating the indirect
initiative in Agroecology. Before       Sands area of Wisconsin to determine        effects of plant viruses on soybean
UW, I was at the University of          how non-crop habitats on their farms        aphids through induced responses
Maryland – College Park, as a post-     influence natural enemies of potato          of soybeans. This research has
doc working on insect food webs in      pests (Colorado potato beetle and           been supported by various agencies
coastal wetlands, while my Ph.D. was    aphids) and whether these areas             including the Center for Integrated
from the University of California,      should be conserved or enhanced.            Agricultural Systems (CIAS,
Berkeley working on evolutionary        Also working at the interface               University of Wisconsin), Hatch
ecology of insect-plant-natural enemy   between agriculture/urban habitats          funding (University of Wisconsin),
interactions.                           and adjacent natural areas, Ashley          the Wisconsin Potato and Vegetable
     Upon arriving to Wisconsin         Bennett (graduate student), has been        Growers Association (WPVGA), and
I started research examining how        examining how diversity of native           generous support from the USDA
soil arthropod food webs respond        plants affects natural enemies.             NRI-Competitive Grants Program.
to different grazing management              Finally, my lab is interested in
approaches now being used in            how invasive species affect local
Page 8                                                                                        Entomology News, September 2005
Awards and Recognition
     It is very gratifying to see that members of the department, at all levels, are winning awards for their outstanding efforts.
Among our faculty, Bob Jeanne was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS),
Jeff Wyman won the Outstanding Research Award from the Midwest Mint Growers, and Dan Mahr won the Service to Industry
Award from the WI Cranberry Growers Association. Eileen Cullen received the 2005 Entomology Educational Project Award,
Board Certified Entomologists of Mid-America for the multi-state Soybean Aphid Distance Education Workshop reaching 768
participants in four states. She received a second 2005 Entomology Educational Project Award, Board Certified Entomologists
of Mid-America for the special project ‘Consensus Recommendation for Soybean Aphid Control”.
     Two of our adjunct professors also received kudos this year. Bill Matson, stationed in Rhinelander, WI, with the US
Forest Service, won an ESA Founders Award. Barbara Illman, received the US Forest Service 2005 Chief’s Honor Award for
Distinguished Science. This is a very prestigious award as there is only one per year for the entire Forest Service, covering all
fields of science. Barbara was cited for her research in applying solid-state physics techniques to forestry problems, invasive
species mitigation research, bioremediation research and contributions to long-term ecological research programs.
     Our support staff is very highly regarded within CALS and deservedly so. Jim Butts, Mary Doman and Helen Thompson
do an excellent job of running the office. Janet Deutsch, the departmental Web and IT manager, won the CALS Classified Staff
Award for her excellent service in this area.
     Our students, both graduate and undergraduate, continue to garner recognition. One of our incoming graduate students,
Erik Caldera, won an NSF predoctoral fellowship to work with Dr. Shoemaker. Irina Vayazunova (Lan’s lab) won the Lillian
and Alex Feir Wisconsin Distinguished Graduate Fellowship. This award honors Prof. Dorothy Feir’s (Ph.D. 1968) parents.
Leanne Vigue (Lindroth lab; now Leanne Vigue Miranda) received a competitive Applied Ecological Services graduate grant-
in-aid. Leanne also recently received a Ruth Dickie Scholarship from Graduate Women in Science. Andy Bouwma won last
year’s George Eickwort Memorial Award for the best dissertation, given by the North American Section of the International
Union for the Study of Social Insects.
     Four undergraduates won the Hilldale Student-Faculty Undergraduate Research award; Sarah Brown (Lindroth’s lab),
Robert Kirchner (Shoemaker’s lab), Andrea Radtke (Paskewitz lab) and Elizabeth Wyman (German’s lab). Ellie Walker
(Paskewitz Lab) won a Mensink award for undergraduate research from the College of Letters and Science.
     Kyle Johnson and Collin Arnett, Department of Entomology undergraduates, were the first recipients of the Carl Schaefer
Undergraduate Award in Entomology. We are proud of these hard-working and committed students.

                 Hilldale Student-Faculty Undergraduate Research Award

           Andrea Radtke (Paskewitz lab), Robert Kirchner (Shoemaker’s lab), and Elizabeth Wyman (German’s lab)
Entomology News, September 2005                                                                               Page 9

        Lillian and Alex Feir                                             Applied Ecological Services
  Wisconsin Distinguished Graduate                                      Graduate Grant-in-Aid Award
          Fellowship Award                                                             &
                                                                         Ruth Dickie Scholarship from
                                                                      Graduate Women in Science Award

                                                                                Leanne Vigue (Lindroth lab;
                                                                                now Leanne Vigue Miranda)
 The 2005-2007 award winner, Irina Vyazunova, is working in the
 lab of Dr. Que Lan. Irina’s project focuses on cholesterol binding
             proteins in the mosquito, Aedes aegypti.

           Carl Schaefer Undergraduate                                       Mensink Award
               Award in Entomology

                             Kyle Johnson                                   Ellie Walker (Paskewitz Lab)
Page 10                                                                                     Entomology News, September 2005
                                          faculty advisor for the Undergraduate         surveying the sap and short-winged
                                          Entomology Club (UEC), chair of               flower beetles of Wisconsin --
                                          the department Academic Affairs               Nitidulidae and Kateretidae. Michele
                                          Committee, department liaison to              has now begun her Ph. D. on nitidulid
                                          the College of Agricultural and Life          systematics/phylogeny, revising the
                                          Sciences (CALS) for our undergraduate         genus Conotelus. She and I, along with
                                          program, and departmental Study               Dr. Kerry Katovich, well known to
                                          Abroad Advisor for undergraduates.            many of you as a Young Lab alumnus
                                          Many of our graduate students continue        (M.S. - 1995; Ph.D. 2002) and now
                                          to receive their first real college teaching   assistant professor of Biology at the
                                          experience with me as part of the ENT         UW-Whitewater, recently returned
                                          799, Practicum in College Teaching,           from a taxonomic research trip to the
Daniel K. Young                           typically assisting in the introductory       Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin.
                                          entomology course.                            Krista Lambrecht continues to work
     I still hold a 75% teaching - 25%         I have been invited to present a         full-time at the WI-DATCP while now
research appointment here in the          paper at a teaching symposium coming          in the process of writing her M.S.
Department of Entomology, with 5%         up in November as part of the annual          thesis on Wisconsin’s lamiine long-
of the research time going to serve as    meetings of the Entomological Society         horned beetle fauna -- Cerambycidae
director of the UW Insect Research        of America in Ft. Lauderdale. Also            (Lamiinae). After exploring a few Ph.D.
Collection.                               related to teaching, I will be coauthor       dissertation possibilities, Peter Devries
     Teaching. Introduction to            of a poster at the ESA meetings               has begun to make head way in the
Entomology (ENT/ZOL 302) continues        presenting results of a survey pertinent      area of bioinformatics, combining
to occupy me extensively in both fall     to the teaching of courses on immature        considerable computer experience with
and spring semesters, with yearly         insects in the US. One of my coauthors        mosquito taxonomy, GIS, and molecular
enrollment of 75-100 students. I teach    is Jim Dunford, a Young Lab alumnus           systematics. Andrew Williams (M.S.
Taxonomy of Adult Insects (ENT            (M.S., 2000) now completing a Ph.D. at        1996) continues to play an instrumental
331) during the fall semester of odd-     the University of Florida.                    role in prairie insect research in my
numbered years; this alternates with           Research. My research interests,         lab as an honorary fellow. Andrew is
Taxonomy and Bionomics of Immature        and those of my undergraduate and             still investigation the life histories and
Insects (ENT 432), which is offered       graduate students continue to be              trophic interactions of the entomofauna
spring semester of odd-numbered years.    directed primarily toward the taxonomy,       associated with milkweeds (Asclepias
During the Anon-331/432 semesters,        phylogeny and natural history of beetles.     spp.) in Wisconsin. Jeff Gruber, another
I continue to offer the Advanced               Nadine Kriska continues her Ph.D.        honorary fellow in the Young lab
Taxonomy series (ENT 701). All faculty    on the systematics and taxonomy               continues research on the hister beetle
rotate through the 900 seminar series     of two genera of Neotropical false            fauna of Wisconsin -- Histeridae along
and my last 903 seminar: s Recent         blister beetles (Oedemeridae); Nadine         with a side project on the entomofauna
Advances in Arthropod Phylogeny           also serves as a TA in zoology - this         of pocket gophers; Jeff conducts this
was during spring of 2002. Summers        semester assisting in Comparative             work on the side as he is employed
of even-numbered years I continue to      Anatomy. She and I will be heading to         off-campus. Devin Biggs (Institute
offer the eight week summer session       London at the end of September, along         for Environmental Studies - M.S.)
Studies in Field Entomology (ENT          with another of my Ph.D. students,            is completing his thesis on insect
468), the departmental capstone course.   Michele Price to conduct research             biodiversity and insect conservation
The two-week field segment to the          at The Natural History Museum;                ecology, largely in Wisconsin oak
Wyoming Rockies, and Black Hills          Craig Brabant completed his M.S. with         savannas; he has also taken several trips
region of South Dakota with wilderness    me in 2002, surveying the velvet ant          to Mexico in an attempt to develop a
camping and field work continue            fauna of Wisconsin (Hymenoptera:              Ph.D. project with insects in the area
to highlight the course. Also during      Mutillidae); Craig continues with me          of conservation ecology and outreach.
summers, I teach a one week course        here at the Ph.D. level researching           John Dorshorst just completed his final
with Dr. Walt Goodman (ENT 875)           mutillid systematics and phylogeny and        field season surveying the checkered
designed for high school teachers who     putting in a lot of TA hours in zoology       beetle (Cleridae) fauna of Wisconsin.
teach advanced or advanced placement      (mostly Comparative Anatomy and               John will spend the winter working over
(AP) biology.                             Ornithology). Since the last newsletter,      the material and then hopes to begin
     I continue to direct undergraduate   Anneke Lisberg completed her M.S.             writing his thesis.
students involved in independent          thesis work on Wisconsin’s tumbling                 Two graduate students new to the
research study (ENT 299, ENT 699),        flower beetles -- Mordellidae; Anneke          Young lab since the last Newsletter are
and serve as undergraduate advisor        moved over to Zoology to work on              Dan Marschalek and Rachel Arango.
for the majority of our undergraduate     her Ph.D. in animal behavior. Michele         While both are near the beginning of
entomology majors. I also serve as the    Price also finished her M.S. in 2003,                 Daniel Young - continued on Page 11
Entomology News, September 2005                                                                                          Page 11
                                            Brian Aukema, Yasmin Cardoza, and           Annie has graduated from college!
                                            Archana Vasanthakumar. Aurelien Salle            We have a few new toys in the lab,
                                            is a visiting scientist. So the lab has     especially a new compound microscope,
                                            become delightfully international, with     new dissecting scope, and wind tunnel.
                                            representatives from Canada (2), France,    I’ve been serving on lots of committees,
                                            India, and Honduras.                        one of the more interesting being the
                                                 We’re participating in a number        Governor’s Council on Invasive Species.
                                            of collaborative projects: Allan Carroll    I’m chairing their Research Committee.
                                            and Jorg Bohlman in BC, on population            Research in our laboratory
                                            dynamics of mountain pine beetle, Diana     concentrates on aspects of plant
                                            Six in Montana on bark beetle - fungal      - insect, predator - prey, and insect -
                                            - parasite interactions, Kier Klepzig       microbial interactions affecting forest
                                            in Louisiana on bark beetle - fungal        insect population dynamics. Some
                                            & bark beetle - bacterial interactions,     ongoing studies include tritrophic
                                            Rick Harrison in New York on genetics       interactions in the epidemiology and
                                            of spruce beetles, Jo Handelsman in         chemical ecology of bark beetle - root
                                            Plant Path on gypsy moth - bacterial        beetle - fungal complexes, bacterial
                                            interactions, Bill Mattson & Alex Friend    symbionts of leaf feeding caterpillars
Ken Raffa                                   US FS on belowground herbivory by           and subcortical beetles, and invasive
Forest Entomology and Insect Ecology        invasive weevils, and John Reeve at         species affecting forest health. Outreach
                                            Southern Ill. Univ., Enrico Bonnello at     interfaces various state and federal
     Since the last newsletter, Brian       Ohio St. Univ., Murray Clayton, Jun         agencies on insect pests and invasive
Aukema has been offered a job with          Zhu, Volker Radeloff, Dan Young &           species. My teaching program includes
the Canadian Forest Service in Prince       others at UW. on interactions between       Insects & Disease in Forest Resource
George BC, to start in January, and         below- and above-ground herbivory in        Management, Plant – Insect Interactions,
Richard Hofstetter has started a            red pine stands.                            and Methods of Scientific Presentation.
faculty position with Northern Arizona           I’ve had a chance to do some nice           All of this could only happen thanks
University in Flagstaff. Congratulations,   traveling this year, the best of which      to our great support folks. Without
Brian and Richard!                          was Anne & I going to Italy for pure        Mark Allington, experiments couldn’t
     My current students include doctoral   fun. I also made trips to Ottawa, Prince    translate from conception to reality.
students Nichole Broderick (who is          George, Vancouver, Victoria, Montreal,      Without Janet & Stu, I’d be in computer
joint with Microbiology), Celia Boone,      and Quebec. Anne and I have again           hell. Without Mary, my accounting
and Dave Coyle, and MS students             obtained a post for one of our canoes       practices would land me in jail.
Alex Kendrick, Becky Hoffman, and           along Lake Mendota, which keeps us on
Melissa Yanek. Our postdocs are             the water frequently. And our daughter

Daniel Young - continued from Page 10
their programs, Dan - Ph.D. and Rachel,     and new species from Asia (mostly work      growth continues to out-pace space and
M.S., they seem to be close to settling     on the fauna of China, Japan, Korea, and    resources, due largely to the extensive
on projects. Dan will survey the blister    Taiwan). I have also done some recent       field sampling efforts by “the Young
beetle (Meloidae) fauna of Wisconsin        work on the taxonomy of the Lemodes,        lab” and partnerships with private and
as a part of his research, and we hope      an very unusual genus of ant-like flower     state agencies relating to biodiversity
to develop a more specific conservation      beetle (Anthicidae) from New Guinea,        and insect inventory and monitoring
biology sub-project relating to one or      and I have a new paper about to be          research.
more species of Wisconsin meloids.          submitted describing several new Asian           Like the remainder of our
Rachel will pursue the death watch          species of the enigmatic genus Ischalia     department, the IRC continues to
and spider beetle (Anobiidae) fauna of      (Ischaliidae).                              struggle to keep operations moving
Wisconsin as she continues to work full-        Administration. I continue to serve     forward amidst a critically limited
time at the Forest Products Lab on the      an administrative role as director of the   budget. As a member of the UW Natural
west end of campus.                         UW-Madison Insect Research Collection       History Museums Council, I have
     My own research on taxonomy and        (IRC). I, and academic curator Mr.          worked to maintain the block grant
systematics of the world’s fire-colored      Steven Krauth, also continue to serve       program that has brought us (the IRC)
beetle fauna (Pyrochroidae) continues       as coordinators for several regional        critically needed resources to maintain
with several new papers discussing          insect inventory projects, including        a wee bit of flexibility for IRC-related
nomenclatural problems, generic             a new partnership with the WI-DNR           activities.
phylogeny, and describing new genera        Bureau of Endangered Resources. IRC
Page 12                                                                                     Entomology News, September 2005
Eileen Cullen - continued from Page 7      enemies of the soybean aphid; 2)             Education Service scholarship to attend
                                           educate growers on the potential             the February 2005 Upper Midwest
Variant western corn rootworm (Vwcr).      of using biological control to help          Organic Farming Conference in
This is a unique example of an insect      manage soybean aphid; and 3) develop         LaCrosse, WI. Heidi currently serves
pest that has adapted its behavior to      a regional release program to provide        as graduate student coordinator of
become “resistant” to corn-soybean         biological control options to soybean        the Entomology Department Insect
crop rotation. Like normal western         producers in the Midwest.                    Ambassadors outreach program to local
corn rootworm beetles, Vwcr moves                                                       schools, clubs and organizations (http://
readily between corn and other crops.      Reseach Project Highlights and Lab           www.entomology.wisc.edu/insectam/.)
Unlike normal rootworm beetles,            Member News                                       Kara Raymond, B.S., Biological
Vwcr can lay heavy populations of                                                       Aspects of Conservation, 2005.
eggs in soybean fields, resulting in             We have entered into a collaborative    Kara contributed to the Field Crops
economic injury to corn planted in         effort with UW Plant Pathology (Dr.          Entomology research program on two
the same field the following year. UW       Craig Grau) to study the insect-virus        significant projects summer session
Extension agricultural agents and          complex in soybean. We are evaluating        2004 through the April 2005. First,
outreach specialists from 10 southern      multiple soybean varieties for response      through a UW Holstrom Environmental
WI counties, along with the WI DATCP       (e.g., tolerance or resistance) to varying   Scholarship Kara was successful
pest survey division, more than 30         soybean aphid population densities,          in implementing corn rootworm
cooperating growers, and Wisconsin         incidence of aphid-vectored soybean          lab rearing techniques in our joint
Soybean Marketing Board funds,             viruses, and yield response to insecticide   project investigating mate choice and
complete our 2005 work group. This         treatment.                                   reproductive success between variant
project continues to delineate the              Heidi Kraiss, M.Sc. Program,            and non-variant western corn rootworm
geographic range of Vwcr in WI and         Entomology. Heidi joined the UW              strains. Second, Kara conducted a 10
redefine the affected area. During the      Madison Entomology department                county mail questionnaire survey of 200
upcoming 2005-06 winter meeting            and Cullen lab Fall semester 2004.           Wisconsin corn and soybean growers to
season, we will communicate network        After graduating with honors from            obtain grower input on IPM protocols
findings to WI corn and soybean             UW Parkside (B.S. degree, Biological         for the variant western corn rootworm.
growers, to increase awareness and         Sciences) in 2002, Heidi worked for          Supported by the Morgridge Center
adoption of IPM scouting protocols in      UW Extension as project coordinator of       for Public Service, Wisconsin Idea
soybeans as a means of guiding corn        the Racine County Food and Ecosystem         Fellowship, Kara presented our project,
rootworm treatment decisions in first-      Educational Demonstration sites              ‘Building a Dialogue between Farmers
year corn next spring.                     program.                                     and Agricultural Pest Researchers’ at
     Biological Control of the Soybean          Heidi’s M.Sc. research combines         the 2005 UW Madison Undergraduate
Aphid. Implementing a biological           field and lab studies designed to             Research Symposium. Kara graduated
control program for the soybean aphid      integrate biological control and Organic     this May 2005 with a double major
may reduce the chances of outbreak         Material Review Institute -approved          in B.A.S. and religious studies, and
soybean aphid populations. Discovering     botanical insecticides for soybean aphid     continued to work with us until her new
and introducing beneficial insects          in USDA certified organic soybean             job started. In July 2005, Kara began
(predators and parasitic wasps) that       production systems. She is currently         her post in Pontianak, Indonesia with
suppress soybean aphid populations can     evaluating 6 different OMRI-approved         Volunteers in Asia (VIA), the Asia/US
reduce the economic impact experienced     products for efficacy against soybean         Public Service & Educational Exchange
by U.S. producers. UW Madison              aphid, as well as non-target impacts on      Program.
Extension entomologists (Eileen Cullen     different life stages of a key soybean            Scott Chapman, Ph.D., Associate
and Dan Mahr) are developing program       aphid predator, multicolored Asian           Researcher, UW Entomology
materials to educate growers on the        ladybeetle. Heidi has become the             Department. Scott completed his second
potential of using biological control to   resident Potter Spray Tower expert in        field season with the Field Crops and
manage soybean aphid. We complement        our department and is quickly perfecting     Vegetable Crops Entomology research/
efforts of UW Entomologist Claudio         her bioassay technique. Heidi’s lab          extension programs. Scott conducts,
Gratton and our colleagues at Purdue       experiments are complemented by field         evaluates and reports field research
University, Univ. of Illinois, Illinois    studies on-farm with UWEX Columbia           and insect control trials including
Natural History Survey, Iowa State         Co. and Columbia County organic              chemical (insecticide efficacy screening
University, Michigan State University,     growers. She is also evaluating natural      program), cultural (planting date,
Univ. of Minnesota and USDA/ARS.           enemy food spray attractants, beneficial      crop rotation, varietal selection), and
Together, with the support of the North    insect response, and resulting predator      biologically-based (pheromone trap
Central Soybean Research Program,          (multicolored Asian lady beetle): prey       monitoring systems) tactics. Scott
this project will 1) determine the         (soybean aphids) ratios on organic           maintains research trials at the Arlington
potential for establishment, safety        grower cooperator farms. Heidi received
and compatibility of imported natural      a Midwest Organic and Sustainable                 Eileen Cullen - continued on Page 13
Entomology News, September 2005                                                                                          Page 13
Bob Jeanne - continued from Page 6
     Ben Taylor joined the lab in the fall          morphological caste differences      Howard, K.J. and Jeanne, R.L. 2004.
of 2004. His research on yellowjackets              in an Old World, swarm-founding         Rates of brood development in a
aims to find out how good colonies                   polistine, Ropalidia romandi            social wasp: effects of colony size
are at keeping their foragers working               (Hymenoptera: Vespidae).                and parasite infection. Insectes
the richest food sources available. He              Entomological Science 6: 37-47.         Sociaux 51: 179-185.
hopes to show if and how yellowjacket           Reeve, H.K., Jeanne, R.L. 2003. From Jeanne, R. L. and Bouwma, A.M.
foragers respond to changes in sugar                individual control to majority rule:    2004. Divergent patterns of
resource quality, and if colonies are               generalising transactional models       nest construction in eusocial
able to keep their foragers concentrated            of reproductive skew in animal          wasps. Journal of the Kansas
on the richer resources. We know that               societies. Proceedings of the Royal     Entomological Society. 77: 429-447.
foragers can alert nestmates to the                 Society B, Biological Sciences 270 Howard, K.J. and Jeanne, R.L. 2005.
existence of a rich food source outside             (1519): 1041-1045.                      Shifting foraging strategies in
the nest, despite their lack of anything        Bouwma, A.M., Bouwma, P.E.,                 colonies of the social wasp Polybia
like the honey bee’s famous waggle                  Nordheim, E.V., and Jeanne, R.L.        occidentalis (Hymenoptera,
dance. If he finds that colonies are able            2003. Adult mortality rates in young    Vespidae). Behavioral Ecology and
to track resource quality, the next step            colonies of a swarm-founding social     Sociobiology 57: 481-489.
will be to determine how the foragers               wasp. Journal of Zoology 260: 11- Jandt, J., Riel, L., Crain, B. and Jeanne,
convey the relevant information to                  16.                                     R.L. 2005. Vespula germanica
nestmates back at the nest. The results         Bouwma, A.M., Bouwma, P.E.,                 foragers do not scent-mark food
may give us insights the early stages               Nordheim, E.V., Jeanne, R.L. 2003.      sites. Journal of Insect Behavior 18:
of the evolution of the much more                   Founding swarms in a tropical           19-33.
sophisticated recruitment systems seen              social wasp: adult mortality,        London, K.B. and Jeanne, R.L. 2005.
in honey bees.                                      emigration distance, and swarm          Wasps learn to recognize the odor
     Teresa Leon is the newest member               size. J. Insect Behav. 16:439-452.      of local ants. Journal of the Kansas
of the lab, having just arrived in the fall     London, K.B., Jeanne, R.L. 2003.            Entomological Society 78: 134-141.
of 2005. She comes with a BS in biology             Effects of colony size and stage of Jandt, J.M., Curry, C.M., Hemauer,S.,
from Purdue and a masters degree from               development on defense response         and Jeanne, R.L. 2005. The
the University of Hawai’i at Manoa, so              by the swarm-founding wasp              accumulation of a chemical cue:
will be choosing a Ph.D. project.                   Polybia occidentalis. Behavioral        nest-entrance trail in the German
     Lee Clippard (MS 2002) has                     Ecology and Sociobiology 54:5 39-       yellowjacket, Vespula germanica.
left UW’s Division of Information                   546.                                    Naturwissenschaften 92: 242-245.
Technology to become Science Writer             Jeanne, R.L. 2003. Social complexity Jandt J.M. and Jeanne R.L. 2005.
and Director of Publications for the                in the Hymenoptera, with special        German yellowjacket (Vespula
College of Natural Sciences at the                  attention to the wasps. In: Tomonori    germanica) foragers use odors
University of Texas at Austin. Way to               Kikuchi, Noriko Azuma, and Seigo        inside the nest to find carbohydrate
go, Lee!                                            Higashi (Eds.) Genes, Behaviors         food sources. Ethology 111 (7):
     Karen London (Ph.D. 1998) has                  and Evolution of Social Insects, pp.    641-651.
moved to Flagstaff, where husband Rich              81-130. Proceedings of the XIVth Bouwma, A.M., Howard, K., and
Hofstetter (formerly of the Raffa lab)              Congress of the IUSSI, Sapporo,         Jeanne, R.L. (in press). Parasitism
has taken a position at the University              Japan, 2002. Hokkaido University        in a social wasp: effect of
of Northern Arizona. Karen just had                 Press, Sapporo                          gregarines on foraging behavior,
her second baby, Evan Matthew.                  Hurd, C.R., Nordheim, E.V. and Jeanne,      colony productivity, and adult
Congratulations, Karen and Rich!                    R.L. 2003. Elite workers and            mortality. Behavioral Ecology and
                                                    the colony-level pattern of labor       Sociobiology.
Publications (2003-to-date):                        division in the yellowjacket Vespula
                                                    germanica. Behaviour 140: 827-
Jeanne, R.L. 2003. Review of:                       845.
    Gadagkar, R. 2001. The Social
                                              Eileen Cullen - continued from Page 12
    Biology of Ropalidia marginata.
    Toward Understanding the                  and Hancock Agricultural Research Stations generating objective, research-based
    Evolution of Eusociality. Harvard         efficacy data on a wide range of insect control tactics. These results are analyzed
    University Press, Cambridge,              and evaluated in the Field Crops Entomology research/extension program and
    Massachusetts. 368 pp. $90.00.            provide a valuable, objective source of pest management information for UWEX
    ISBN 0-674-00611-9. Ethology              county faculty and Wisconsin growers. In addition, Scott conducts research trials
    109(4): 365-366.                          meeting Wisconsin and North Central Region needs conducted according to certified
Fukuda, H., Kojima, J., Jeanne,               Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) standards under the USDA CSREES/ARS IR-4
    R.L.. 2003. Colony specific                program.
Page 14                                                                                       Entomology News, September 2005

                                               Notes from Emeritus

                                            a pesticide research specialist, Dr. Scott    the largest potato producers in North
                                            Chapman, who will work closely with           America. Carlos and Lisa have a great
                                            both the vegetable and field entomology        new home in Kearney and look set
                                            programs to generate greater flexibility       to put down some roots (maybe even
                                            in serving industry needs. The future         tubers!) now that Carlos has a green
                                            looks bright indeed for a new era in          card. Scott Chapman is heading up the
                                            vegetable entomology at Wisconsin!            new pesticide research unit at Madison.
                                                 As to the old guard, Jeff retired in     He now is the proud owner of a new
                                            August after a memorable celebration,         Harley and is busy trying to figure out
                                            including a symposium, dinner, golf           how to carry Rita and two dogs on it.
Wyman Lab                                   and a barbeque. It was a wonderful            Chris Capozzi is now back at West Point
                                            event and when the dust settles close         teaching and adjusting to military life
      2005 marked a significant changing     to $10,000 new dollars were added to          after a spell in Madison – never an easy
of the guard for the Wisconsin tradition    the Chapman Fellowship. Thank you             task. And then there is Chris Perry (the
of vegetable entomology. Jeff Wyman         to all of those who participated and          cool guy) who was the last out the door
hung up the sweep net in August and the     contributed. Jeff and Pat are finding          in the Wyman era. Chris solved the mint
process is already underway to select the   life in the retired lane to be challenging.   industry’s major problem and ended up
heir to vegetable tradition which began     There simply isn’t enough time. They          with three job offers before deciding
with Chip Chapman in 1945. The new          are off to the UK, Slovenia, Italy and        on a non-profit outfit, The Bureau of
hire will inherit not only the vegetable    France for some R and R in the fall and       Land Reclamation in Palm Springs, CA,
program but also some significant            have several more trips in the works.         where he can proceed with saving the
new benefits. The first of these is a         On top of everything else they are            world. Not bad for a kid from Santa
fellowship to fund a graduate student       now cleaning up from a tornado which          Cruz who lived in the woods.
made possible through the generosity        decimated much of their woods but                  Our thanks go out to all of the
of the Chapman’s through the R. K. and      spared the house.                             graduate students who have been in
Betty Chapman Fellowship and all of              The last cadre of graduate students      the Wisconsin program in vegetable
those who have contributed generously       all finished up in great style and             entomology over the years. There are
to it. In times of tight budgets, this      are out there in the world making a           over 150 of you out there from the
fund guarantees a continuing flow of         difference. Carlos and Lisa Granadino         Chapman, Libby and Wyman eras who
new students into the program. The          are the R and D team for CSS Farms            have created a tradition that we are
second is the establishment in 2005 of      in Kearney, Nebraska. CSS is one of           justifiably proud of.

                                            asking me to construct a short paragraph      Audrey Rose, who joins Emma and
                                            describing my retirement activities. So...    Sadie in giving us many delightful
                                                 Last year, Marilyn and I bought a        times. In addition to spending
                                            cabin approximately 90 minutes north          lots of time with our children and
                                            of here with deeded access to a small,        grandchildren, I also spend time
                                            non-motor lake. We keep a canoe on the        gardening; volunteering time at the
                                            lake and I spend a lot of time catching       Arboretum, Dane County Conservation
                                            and releasing bass. It is close to Adams      League, and Trout Unlimited; and taking
                                            County and is our own version of a Sand       classes through the Union Mini Courses,
                                            County Almanac. I have had lots of fun        YMCA, and PLATO (Participatory
                                            identifying the existing wild flowers.         Learning and Teaching Organization).
                                            Because of the flowers we see lots of          Of course, there is also hunting, fishing
John Wedberg                                butterflies, bees, flies, and beetles (sorry    and golf to work into the schedule. I
                                            Dan Young- no scarabs noted to date).         now wonder when I had time to work. I
     I noticed Susan’s e-mail request for   There is a species of thatch-building         still make it into the department a few
newsletter information last week, and       ant that makes the largest mounds I           times a month, but usually come in on
complimented her on her willingness         have seen since leaving the Great Plains      weekends. And, I faithfully read the
to take on the task on behalf of the        over 30 years ago. Perhaps a study            department e-mail I receive- it is a good
department. I soon received a response      opportunity for Bob Jeanne?                   way for me keep current on what you
from her stating that I probably had             The big event of the summer was          are doing. Have a great semester!
“oodles of time in my retirement” and       the birth of our third granddaughter,
Entomology News, September 2005                                                                                          Page 15

                                              Thanks to Our Donors

         We sincerely thank our alumni and friends who have
generously supported the UW Department of Entomology. As
state support for the UW continues to dwindle, your gifts are more
important than ever. Your donations help us attract and support top-
flight graduate students, sponsor seminar speakers, enhance research
and teaching facilities, and maintain our preeminence as leaders in the
field of entomology.
         Your annual household gift of $500 or more qualifies you
and your spouse for membership in the CALS Dean’s Club. An
invitation to join the prestigious Bascom Hill Society is extended to
those who provide support of $25,000 or more to the department or a
specific project or program of their choice. You can also pledge your
commitment over a 10-year period, provide for a gift in your will, or
give a gift of annuities or appreciated stock.
         If you have specific questions about giving, please contact
Sandra Brown at the UW Foundation. Phone 608-265-2925; e-mail:                               Russell Labs

Department of Entomology Fund
I/we wish to join other students, alumni, industry and friends in enhancing the teaching, research and outreach programs in the
Department of Entomology by contributing to the department as indicated below.
Make check payable to: UW Foundation – Department of Entomology.

        Enclosed is my/our contribution of $______________. I choose to specifically designate my gift for the following:

                 The Entomology Centennial Fund
                 The greatest needs of the department
                 Student support
                 Faculty/research/extension support
                 Facility replacement and enhancement

        I/we wish to pledge $______________ each year for ______ years beginning in ______ (year). Please remind me of
the annual amount I have pledged in ____________ (month).

        Please charge my gift of $______________ to my:
            Master Card      Visa     American Express
        Card Number __________________________________________________ Expiration Date _________
        Cardholder’s name (please print) _________________________________________________________
        Cardholder’s signature ___________________________________________ Date__________________

Name: _______________________________________________________ Phone: ________________________
Address: ____________________________________________________________________________________
City: ____________________________________________ State: ____________________ Zip: _____________

Return form to: Sandra Brown, UW Foundation, 1848 University Avenue
                P.O. Box 8860, Madison, WI 53708-8860
Page 16                                                                                Entomology News, September 2005

Alumni Search
 If you are an alumnus of the Department of Entomology at UW-Madison and would like to be included on our website, please
send us a request. E-mail the department Web site manager at deutsch@entomology.wisc.edu or mail the information to UW-
Department of Entomology, ATTN: Department Administrator, 237 Russell Labs, 1630 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706. You
can review the current list of Entomology alummus on the Web at http://www.entomology.wisc.edu/staff/alumn/index.html.
Please include the following information:

Degree(s):_______________________________________          Year(s) graduated:_____________________________________
Current address:_________________________________________________________________________________________
Phone:___________________________        Fax:_____________________________
E-mail:______________________________________          Web address:_____________________________________________
Research interest:________________________________________________________________________________________

University of Wisconsin-Madison
Department of Entomology                                                                            Nonprofit Org.
                                                                                                     U.S. Postage
237 Russell Labs                                                                                         PAID
1630 Linden Drive                                                                                   Permit No. 658
Madison, WI 53706                                                                                    Madison, WI

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