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					Our English
 Heritage
     The Magna Carta
 King John in 1215 was forced to
  sign an agreement called the
  Magna Carta.
 This was an agreement that
  limited the power of the king.
 No one was above the law, not
  even the king.
          Parliment
 Parliament was a law making
  body.
 Over the years this group grew
  to include people who were not
  nobles.
 Parliament also established the
  English Bill of Rights.
 English Bill of Rights
 Monarch could not overrule
  Parliament’s laws.
 The monarch can not:
  Create special courts,
  Impose taxes,
  Or raise an army without
   permission from the parliament
  English Bill of Rights
 Parliament would be freely elected
  and guaranteed free speech.
 Every citizen would have a fair trial
  by jury
 Cruel and unusual punishment
  would be banned.
   Early English law
 Common Law
 Precedent
  Judge would look at similar cases
   before making a ruling
  Mayflower Compact
 Compact is an agreement among
  a group of people.
 MC- “just and equal laws”
 Everyone signed this and agreed
  to obey the laws.
 Colonial Governments
 Each colony had a governor,
  who was elected or appointed.
 Each colony had a legislature
  that was elected by all adult
  males.
  No Taxation without
    Representation
 Colonists were angry that they
  were being taxed so heavily by
  England.
 Many colonists boycotted
  British goods. This was the
  start of bad times to come.
 Boston Tea Party
 Intolerable acts
  The first Continental
        Congress
 Delegates from all the
  colonies met in Philly
 Sent a document to the King
  demanding that their rights be
  restored.
 King George responded with
  force and sparked the
  revolutionary war
    Democratic Ideals
 “We hold these truths to be
  self-evident that all men are
  created equal, that they are
  endowed by their creator with
  certain unalienable rights, that
  among these are life, liberty,
  and the pursuit of happiness.”
     Democratic Ideals
 “That to secure these rights,
  governments are instituted among
  men, deriving their just powers from
  the consent of the governed, that
  whenever any form of government
  becomes destructive of these ends,
  it is the right of the people to alter
  or abolish it, and to institute new
  government…”
 Early U.S. Government
 Constitution- written plan of
  government
 New state constitutions were
  bicameral, or divided into 2
  houses.
 Most state constitutions also
  had a bill of rights.
 Early U.S. Government
 The states soon realized that
  they could not due it on their
  own.
 They would need some sort of
  centralized government in case
  they had to go to war.
       Articles of
      Confederation
 This was our first attempt to
  unify the nation.
 Problem with the Articles
   Congress could not collect taxes
   Congress could not regulate
    trade
   Congress had no power to
    enforce laws
     Problems with the
       Articles con.
 Rules too rigid
   Congress could not pass laws without
    the approval of 9 states.
   The Articles could not be changed
    without the approval of all 13 states.
 Lack of Central Power
   No single leader or group directed
    government policy
   No national court system