Learn More - Teach More Content Module John Singleton Copley and by via28446

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                                Content Module
             John Singleton Copley and the Face of Colonial America
                          CLASSROOM ACTIVITY #1
                The Changing Experience of Colonial Childhood

Objectives
Content
      Students will learn how the economy, society, and culture of the American colonies
      changed from the seventeenth to the eighteenth century.
      Students will understand the impact of the societal changes on American children as
      portrayed in art.
Skill
      Students will compare the subjects, style, and composition of paintings.
      Students will draw conclusions about the society based on an analysis of paintings.

Materials
“The Mason Children: David, Joanna, and Abigail” (1670) by The Freake-Gibbs Painter located
on the Teacher’s Guide to American Art website prepared by the Fine Arts Museums of San
Francisco.
       http://www.thinker.org/fam/education/publications/guide-american/slide-1.html
       Left click directly on image for an enlarged version.
“Sir William Pepperrell and his Family” (1778) by John Singleton Copley found on the North
Carolina Museum of Art website.
       http://www.ncartmuseum.org/collections/highlights/american/before1850/078_lrg.shtml
Nan Wolverton article on the emergence of childhood play, “Toys and Childhood in the Early
Nineteenth Century,” from the Spring 1998 Old Sturbridge Village Visitor located on the Old
Sturbridge Village (a living history museum located in Sturbridge, Massachusetts) website.
       http://www.osv.org/education/LessonPlans/ShowLessons.php?PageID=R&LessonID=23
       &DocID=612&UnitID=&PageID=R

Activities
Provide each student with a copy of the attached Painting Analysis Chart.
Assign the class to examine “The Mason Children: David, Joanna, and Abigail” and “Sir
William Pepperrell and his Family.” Ask the students to record their observations on the Painting
Analysis Chart.
       The ideal format would be to project the images in front of the entire class. An alternative
       would be to have the students examine the paintings in pairs in the computer lab.
       “The Mason Children: David, Joanna, and Abigail” (1670) by The Freake-Gibbs Painter.
       http://www.thinker.org/fam/education/publications/guide-american/slide-1.html
               Left click directly on image for an enlarged version.
       “Sir William Pepperrell and his Family” (1778) by John Singleton Copley.
       http://www.ncartmuseum.org/collections/highlights/american/before1850/078_lrg.shtml
Assign the class to read Nan Wolverton’s article on the emergence of childhood play, “Toys and
Childhood in the Early Nineteenth Century.”
        http://www.osv.org/education/LessonPlans/ShowLessons.php?PageID=R&LessonID=23
        &DocID=612&UnitID=&PageID=R
Divide the class into pairs.
Assign each pair of students to review the written material accompanying the image of “The
Mason Children: David, Joanna, and Abigail.
        http://www.thinker.org/fam/education/publications/guide-american/slide-1.html
Assign each pair of students to combine their information on the Painting Analysis Charts to
create the best compilation of information from the interpretation of the paintings and the
information from the article.
Assign each student pair to write collaboratively a one page paper explaining how John
Singleton Copley’s depiction of children coincided with ideas about childhood emerging at the
end of the eighteenth century.
Hold a brief whole class discussion focused on the comparison of childhood in the colonial era
with the present day.

Assessment
Painting Analysis Chart
A      Chart documents appropriate details of both paintings in each response box.
B      Chart documents appropriate details of both paintings in at least six response boxes.
C      Chart documents appropriate details of both paintings in at least three to five response
       boxes.
D      Chart documents appropriate details of both paintings in one response box for each
       painting.
F      Chart fails to document appropriate details of the paintings in any response box.
One Page Paper
A      Paper incorporates accurate and relevant information on the historical context of the time
       as well as details of the painting(s).
B      Paper incorporates accurate and relevant information on either the historical context of
       the time or details of the painting(s).
C      Paper incorporates minimal relevant information on the historical context of the paintings
       as well as details of the paintings.
D      Paper demonstrates little evidence of either the incorporation of relevant information on
       the historical context of the paintings or details of the paintings.
F      Paragraphs incorporated no information on the historical context of the paintings and no
       details of the paintings.
                             Paining Analysis Chart
                     The Mason Children: David,   Sir William Pepperrell and his
                         Joanna, and Abigail                 Family
    Clothing




     Actions




Facial Expressions




     Posture
 (Relaxed, Tense,
     Formal)
                           Learn More – Teach More
                                Content Module
             John Singleton Copley and the Face of Colonial America
                          CLASSROOM ACTIVITY #2
                             Patriots and Loyalists

Objectives
Content
      Students will examine the views of opposing sides during the American Revolution.
Skill
      Students will analyze visual and written primary documents.

Materials
Lecture by John Coffey
“Mrs. James Russell (Katharine Graves)” (c. 1770) by John Singleton Copley found on the North
Carolina Museum of Art website.
        http://www.ncmoa.org/collections/highlights/american/before1850/077_lrg.shtml
“Sir William Pepperrell and his Family” (1778) by John Singleton Copley found on the North
Carolina Museum of Art website.
        http://www.ncmoa.org/collections/highlights/american/before1850/078_lrg.shtml
Brief description of the Boston Tea Party located in the United States of American Chronology
section of the Web Chronology Project website of the History Department at North Park
University of Chicago.
        http://campus.northpark.edu/history/WebChron/USA/TeaParty.html

Activities
List on the board the following general biographical details about Mrs. James Russell and
Elizabeth Royall (Lady Pepperrell):
        Mrs. James Russell                   Elizabeth Royall
        Dignified                            Handsome
        Affluent                             Accomplished
        Educated                             Blessed with a great fortune
        Daughter of a Puritan
        Wife of a Magistrate
        Mother of eleven
Assign the class to examine “Mrs. James Russell (Katharine Graves)” and “Sir William
Pepperrell and his Family.” Ask the students to think about the terms on the board as they
examine the paintings.
        The ideal format would be to project the image in front of the entire class. An alternative
        would be to have the students examine the painting in pairs in the computer lab.
        “Mrs James Russell (Katherine Graves)” (c. 1770) by John Singleton Copley.
        http://www.ncmoa.org/collections/highlights/american/before1850/077_lrg.shtml
        “Sir William Pepperrell and his Family” (1778) by John Singleton Copley.
        http://www.ncmoa.org/collections/highlights/american/before1850/078_lrg.shtml
Hold a whole class discussion focused on the following questions in order to examine how the
women’s portraits reveal their respective Patriot and Loyalist ideals:
        What is each woman wearing?
        What is the setting of each painting?
        What is each woman doing?
        At some point in the discussion it will be important to point out that Mrs. Russell is a
        Patriot and supporter of the American Revolution and that Lady Pepperrell and Sir
        William Pepperrell were Loyalists and sided with Great Britain.
Assign students to read the brief description of the Boston Tea Party.
        http://campus.northpark.edu/history/WebChron/USA/TeaParty.html
Assign the students to write one diary entry for Mrs. James Russell and another for Lady
Pepperrell reflecting each woman’s perception of the events of the Boston Tea Party. Each entry
should be one paragraph and dated sometime in the week after the Boston Tea Party which took
place December 16, 1773. Each entry should reflect the students’ knowledge of the revolutionary
era in Boston, the information covered in the whole class discussion, and information in the brief
description of the Boston Tea Party.

Assessment
Excellent      Diary entries incorporate accurate historical knowledge to portray the differences
               between the Patriot view of Mrs. James Russell and the Loyalist view of Lady
               Pepperrell.
Satisfactory Diary entries incorporate accurate historical knowledge to portray either the
               Patriot view of Mrs. James Russell or the Loyalist view of Lady Pepperrell.
Unsatisfactory Diary entries fail to portray either the Patriot view of Mrs. James Russell or the
               Loyalist view of Lady Pepperrell.

								
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