Psychodynamic Models of Family Counseling by hyk39307


									Psychodynamic Models of
   Family Counseling:
   Object Relations Therapy
               The Theory
• Views the infant’s experiences in relationship
  to the mother as the primary determinant fo
  adult personality formation (attachment)
• Based on Freud’s classic psychoanalysis
  (drive theory)
• Theory based on individual drives (motives),
  the development of a sense of self (wishes,
  fears, internal conflicts) and unconscious
  relationship seeking that object relations
  theory addresses
• Attention is on the inner lives and conflicts of
  individual family members
 Scharff & Scharff (Object Relations
     Family/Couples Therapy)
• Husband and wife psychiatrists who are directors of
  the International Institute of Object Relatins Therapy
  in DC
• Unconscious themes expressed in dreams and
  fantasies are evoked and investigated, family
  histories are explored and they relate to current
  relationships, interpretations are made to the family,
  insight is sought and transference and
  countertransference feelings are explored.
• Emphasis is placed on attachment and the possible
  destructive effects of early separation from care
    Narrative Family Therapy
• Michael White is the leading figure in
  narrative therapy--former Australian social
• Narrative therapy proposes that people
  attempt to make sense of their lives, arrange
  their experiences of events over time to arrive
  at a coherent account of themselves. Each
  narrative gives each person a sense of
          Narrative Therapy
• Each person’s story provides the principal
  framework for structuring therapy.
  – My grandmother inspired me by coming to this
    country penniless and succeeding in business
  – How my illness as a child made me feel inferior to
  – How my parents’ divorce turned me against
  – How my mother’s alcoholism frightened me about
          Narrative Therapy
• Issues of power, privilege, oppression,
  control, ethics, and social justice remain high
  priorities in narrative therapy.
• Narrative therapists view client stories
  through a political lens.
• Goal of therapy is to liberate the client from
  forces of hopelessness.
• Questions such as: What was that experience
  like for you? What effect did it have on your
  life? Why was this so important to you?
 Narrative Therapy Strategies
• Definitional ceremonies: tellings of
  stories by different members of family
  and outside witnesses
• Therapeutic Letters: narrative therapists
  use letters sent to clients to extend
  therapeutic sessions
• Forming Supportive Leagues: support

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