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					                                                                                       Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
                                                                                                   Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


                                                  ATFL-APO-AR. Telephone: (831) 242-                 throughout the development, review, and
Defense Language                                  5828, web site: www.dliflc.edu. Also,              implementation; the process continues
Institute Foreign                                 College Credit Recommendation Service,
                                                  American Council on Education, One
                                                                                                     with ongoing development of new tests,
                                                                                                     and monitoring of existing tests. There
Language Center                                   Dupont Circle NW, Suite 250, Washing-
                                                  ton, DC 20036-1193, e-mail: credit@ace.
                                                                                                     appears to be a clear, theoretical rationale
                                                                                                     and definition of the tasks and functional
(DLIFLC)—                                         nche.edu.                                          levels tested.
                                                Summary of ACE Review: The American                 How Examination Results Are Reported:
Defense Language                                  Council on Education determined that               DLIFLC reports converted scores for
Proficiency Test                                  the DLPT program, encompassing over
                                                  33 languages, merited a program review
                                                                                                     the listening comprehension, reading
                                                                                                     comprehension, and speaking portions
(DLPT) Program                                    that was conducted on August 10, 2007,
                                                  at the Defense Language Institute Foreign
                                                                                                     of the DLPT III and DLPT IV. For the
                                                                                                     DLPT5, scores are reported according to
Review Dates: September 1989; August              Language Center in Monterey, California.           the ILR Proficiency Level Descriptors
  1995; April 2002; August 2007                   DLIFLC staff described the full scope of           (0, 0+, 1, 1+, 2, 2+, 3, 3+, 4).
Effective Dates: October 1990-August 1995         their educational programs to include
                                                                                                    LeveI 25-29 ILR Level 0+
  for DLPT III and IV; September 1995-            a detailed review, with supporting
                                                                                                      Listening. Proficiency includes sufficient
  Present for DLPT III (Romanian), DLPT           documentation of the DLPT5 Listening
                                                  and Reading Comprehension Tests and                 comprehension to understand a number of
  IV, and DLPT5.
                                                  the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI).               memorized phrases in the areas of imme-
Organization Description: The Defense
                                                  ACE review team members concluded                   diate need. Sentences of increased length
  Language Institute Foreign Language
                                                  that the Defense Language Test Program              require the listener to request the speaker
  Center (DLIFLC) provides foreign
                                                  is worthy of college-level credit                   to repeat the sentence. Misunderstandings
  language training for U.S. military
                                                  recommendations.                                    arise because of ignoring or inaccurately
  personnel requiring a language to perform
                                                Content Validity: The examinations are                hearing sounds or word endings. Exam-
  their job. DLIFLC was established by the
                                                  sufficiently sound for the American                 inees can best understand those statements
  U.S. Army in 1941 and later evolved to
                                                  Council on Education to approve for                 where context strongly supports the
  produce competent language specialists
                                                  credit-granting purposes. The variety               sentence meaning and when short memo-
  in all four Services to protect American
                                                  of topics is representative of contexts in          rized utterances or formulas are involved.
  national interests abroad. The mission
                                                                                                      Reading. Proficiency includes recognition
  of the DLIFLC is to provide foreign             which a student would be expected to
                                                  be able to function and communicate                 of all the letters in the printed version of
  language instruction in support of national
                                                  effectively in any of the 33 languages              an alphabetic system and high-frequency
  security requirements, to support and
                                                  reviewed.                                           elements of a character system. Examinees
  evaluate military language programs, to
                                                    The DLPT Oral Proficiency Interview               can read some or all of the following:
  conduct academic research related to
                                                  is an excellent means for assessing a lan-          numbers, isolated words and phrases, per-
  language acquisition, and to administer a
                                                  guage learner’s speaking ability at various         sonal and place names, street signs, and
  worldwide standardized proficiency testing
                                                  levels of proficiency. It establishes a base-       office and shop designations.
  and evaluation system. The Directorate of
                                                  line starting point as well as an end ceiling       Speaking. Proficiency includes the ability to
  Evaluation and Standardization develops
                                                  level of speaking ability. Its strongest point      satisfy immediate needs using rehearsed
  and administers the Defense Language
                                                  is the method measuring how well a per-             phrases and sentences. Examinees can accu-
  Proficiency Test (DLPT).
                                                  son can function in real-life situations in a       rately ask questions or make statements
    The DLPT program was started in the
                                                  foreign language according to well-defined          with memorized utterances or formulas.
  1950s. There have been five generations
                                                  linguistic tasks and assessment criteria. It is     The speaker shows little autonomy of
  of the DLPT, beginning with the DLPT
                                                  a very flexible testing instrument that is          expression, flexibility, or spontaneity.
  I. At this time, DLPT IVs exist for credit
                                                  easily adapted to many situations and               Communication is severely limited, and
  for 23 languages, and 17 languages are
                                                  allows for face-to-face interactions without        stress, tone, and intonation are usually
  available for credit in the DLPT5 series.
                                                  a prescribed set of test questions. Another         quite faulty.
    The institution is accredited by the
  Accrediting Commission for Community            strong point is the intensive training pro-       Level 30-35 ILR Level 1
  and Junior Colleges of the Western Asso-        vided to test administrators so that they           Listening. Proficiency includes sufficient
  ciation of Schools and Colleges, an insti-      reliably assess test-takers’ speaking ability       comprehension to understand sentences
  tutional accrediting body recognized by         in a foreign language. The assessors are            about basic survival needs and minimum
  the U.S. Department of Education.               trained and certified by DLIFLC.                    courtesy and travel arrangements. The
Organization Contact: Commandant, The           Technical Adequacy: DLIFLC supplied                   listener can understand simple questions
  Defense Language Institute Foreign              information regarding item/task                     and answers, simple statements, and very
  Language Center, Presidio of Monterey,          development, trial testing, editing, and            simple face-to-face conversations in areas
  CA 93940-5006, ATTN: ATFL-ESD.                  final implementation that demonstrates              of immediate need or on very familiar
  Telephone: (831) 242-7977, web site:            these meet or exceed industry standards.            topics. These conversations must be deliv-
  www.dliflc.edu.                                 Statistical indicators used to judge                ered slower and clearer than normal and
Source of Official Student Records: Com-          construct validity and content validity,            with frequent repetition. Comprehension
  mandant, The Defense Language Insti-            inter-rater reliability, and alternate              vocabulary allows for understanding only
  tute Foreign Language Center, Presidio          form reliability are well documented.               the most elementary needs.
  of Monterey, CA 93940-5006. ATTN:               Standard industry procedures are used



                                                  Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


  Reading. Proficiency includes sufficient           Level 40-45 ILR Level 2                             in texts, which could only be read thor-
  comprehension to read very simple con-               Listening. Proficiency includes suffi-            oughly by persons with much higher pro-
  nected written material, including formu-            cient comprehension to understand rou-            ficiencies.
  laic verbal exchanges or simple language             tine social conversations and limited job         Speaking. Proficiency includes sufficient
  containing only the highest frequency                requirements. The individual can under-           ability to satisfy most work demands
  structural patterns and vocabulary. The              stand face-to-face speech in a standard           with language usage that is often, but
  reader is able to (1) read and understand            dialect delivered with some repetition            not always acceptable and effective. The
  known language that has been recombined              and rewording by a native speaker. The            speaker shows considerable ability to
  in new ways to achieve different meanings            listener understands only occasional words        communicate effectively and shows a high
  at a similar level of simplicity, and (2) locate     or statements made in unfavorable con-            degree of fluency. The individual may
  main ideas and locate prominent items of             ditions, such as being in the presence of         miss cultural references. Native speakers
  significance in more complex texts.                  loudspeakers. Scores well above 40 may            often perceive the individual’s speech to
  Speaking. Proficiency is functional but              indicate an advanced professional profi-          contain awkward or inaccurate phrasing
  limited and includes sufficient ability to           ciency level and the academic institution         of ideas.
  satisfy minimum courtesy needs and to                may wish to conduct an evaluation of the
                                                                                                       Level 50-60 ILR Level 3
  maintain simple face-to-face conversations           student’s skills.
                                                                                                         Listening. Proficiency includes the ability
  on familiar topics. Misunderstandings are            Reading. Proficiency includes sufficient
                                                                                                         to understand the essentials of all speech
  frequent, but individuals can ask for help           comprehension to read simple, authen-
                                                                                                         in a standard dialect including techni-
  and verify comprehension. Continu-                   tic written materials on familiar subjects
                                                                                                         cal discussions within a special field. The
  ous discourse is not possible except with            that are normally presented in a predict-
                                                                                                         individual has effective understanding of
  rehearsed material.                                  able sequence. The reader can locate and
                                                                                                         face-to-face speech, delivered with normal
                                                       understand the main ideas and details in
Level 36-39 ILR Level 1+                                                                                 clarity and speed in a standard dialect on
                                                       material written for the general reader.
  Listening. Proficiency includes sufficient                                                             general topics and areas of special interest;
                                                       Those individuals with professional
  comprehension to understand short con-                                                                 understands hypothesizing and supported
                                                       knowledge of a subject may be able to
  versations about all survival needs and                                                                opinions. The listener can understand
                                                       summarize written texts that are beyond
  limited social demands. Consistency of                                                                 implications and has broad enough vocab-
                                                       their general proficiency level. Scores well
  understanding is uneven, with limited                                                                  ulary so that he or she rarely has to ask for
                                                       above 40 may indicate an advanced profi-
  vocabulary requiring repetition for under-                                                             paraphrasing or explanation.
                                                       ciency level, and the institution may wish
  standing. The listener is aware of basic                                                               Reading. Proficiency includes the ability
                                                       to conduct an evaluation of the individu-
  cohesive features such as pronouns and                                                                 to read within a normal range of speed
                                                       al’s foreign language ability.
  verb inflections but incorrectly under-                                                                and with almost complete comprehen-
                                                       Speaking. Proficiency includes sufficient
  stands many of these features. Understand-                                                             sion a variety of authentic prose material
                                                       ability to satisfy routine social demands
  ing is limited to a series of short, discrete                                                          on unfamiliar subjects. The individual is
                                                       and limited work demands. The speaker
  utterances.                                                                                            almost always able to interpret material
                                                       can handle with confidence, but not facility,
  Reading. Proficiency includes sufficient                                                               correctly, relate ideas, and understand the
                                                       most normal high-frequency social con-
  comprehension to understand printed                                                                    writer’s implicit intent. The reader rarely
                                                       versations, including those about current
  materials for informative social purposes.                                                             has to pause over or reread general vocab-
                                                       events and work. Linguistic structure is
  The individual can read materials such                                                                 ulary, but may experience some difficulty
                                                       not elaborate, and errors are frequent.
  as public announcements, simple articles                                                               with unusually complex structure and low
  containing biographical information, or            Level 46-49 ILR Level 2+                            frequency idioms.
  newspaper headlines. The reader can guess            Listening. Proficiency includes sufficient        Speaking. Proficiency includes ability to
  at unfamiliar vocabulary if in context, but          comprehension to understand most rou-             speak the language with sufficient struc-
  will have difficulty if in unfamiliar con-           tine social conversations and most con-           tural accuracy and vocabulary to partici-
  text. Readers can follow essential points            versations on work requirements, as well          pate effectively in most formal and infor-
  of written materials within their profes-            as some discussions on concrete topics            mal conversations on practical, social,
  sional fields but will have some difficulty          related to particular interests. The individ-     and professional topics. The speaker
  with cohesive factors in the discourse.              ual normally understands general vocabu-          uses the language acceptably, but with
  Speaking. Proficiency includes sufficient            lary with some hesitant understanding of          some noticeable imperfections; yet errors
  comprehension to initiate and maintain               everyday vocabulary still evident. The            virtually never interfere with understand-
  predictable face-to-face conversations               listener can sometimes detect emotional           ing and rarely disturb the native speaker.
  and limited social demands. Speakers may             overtones and has some ability to under-          The individual can effectively combine
  hesitate and change subjects because they            stand implications.                               structure and vocabulary to convey his or
  lack language resources. The individual’s            Reading. Proficiency includes sufficient          her meaning accurately.
  speech consists of a series of short, discrete       comprehension to understand most fac-
                                                                                                       ILR Level 3+
  utterances, with no sustained coherent               tual material as well as some discussions
                                                                                                         Listening. Proficiency includes the ability
  structures in longer utterance or unfamil-           on concrete topics related to special pro-
                                                                                                         to comprehend most of the content and
  iar situations. The speaker can combine              fessional interests. The individual is able
                                                                                                         intent of a variety of forms and styles of
  most significant sounds with reasonable              to use linguistic context and real-world
                                                                                                         speech on general topics, social conversa-
  comprehensibility but has difficulty in              knowledge to make sensible guesses about
                                                                                                         tion, and professional needs. The individ-
  producing certain sounds in certain posi-            unfamiliar material. The individual is able
                                                                                                         ual has the ability to comprehend many
  tions or combinations.                               to get the gist of main and subsidiary ideas
                                                                                                         sociolinguistic and cultural references but


                                                       Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
                                                                                         Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
                                                                                                     Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


  may miss some subtleties and nuances.             course well, using appropriate rhetorical             Part III contains four or five target lan-
  The individual has increased abil-                speech devices, native cultural references,         guage passages ranging from level 40 to
  ity to comprehend many distinctions in            and understanding. The individual speaks            49. Examinees hear the passages, with
  language tailored for different audiences,        effortlessly and smoothly and is able to use        a maximum of 75 words spoken twice.
  and understand native speakers talk-              the language to a high degree of effective-         They answer six or seven factual questions
  ing quickly, using nonstandard dialect or         ness, reliability, and precision. Language          about each passage printed in English in
  slang; however, comprehension is not              ability only rarely hinders him or her in           the test booklet.
  complete.                                         performing any task requiring language;               Part IV contains three to five target lan-
  Reading. Proficiency includes comprehen-          yet the individual would seldom be per-             guage passages ranging from level 40 to
  sion of a variety of styles and forms perti-      ceived as a native.                                 49. Examinees will hear the passages, with
  nent to professional needs. The reader is                                                             a maximum of 100 words, spoken on tape
  able to comprehend many sociolinguis-           DLPT III and IV                                       once. Examinees will read five or six sen-
  tic and cultural references, but may miss       Description: Batteries of tests are in Arabic,        tences in English about each passage and
  some nuances and subtleties. The individ-         Czech, Chinese, English, French,                    will then determine whether each is cor-
  ual is typically able to read with facility,      German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian,                     rect, incorrect, or not addressed in the
  understand, and appreciate contemporary           Japanese, Korean, Persian Farsi, Polish,            passage.
  expository, technical, or literary texts that     Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese                    Part V contains two or three target lan-
  do not rely heavily on slang and unusual          (European), Romanian, Russian, Serbian/             guage conversations at level 49. Exam-
  items.                                            Croatian, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai,                   inees will hear each conversation, with a
  Speaking. Proficiency includes ability to         Turkish, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese. The             maximum of 150 words, spoken on tape
  often use the language to satisfy profes-         receptive skills tests (listening and reading)      once. Examinees will read from five to
  sional needs in a wide range of sophisti-         are multiple choice and machine scorable.           seven inferences in English about each
  cated and demanding tasks. The speaker            Speaking is assessed in two ways: (1) by            passage and will then determine whether
  possesses discourse competence in a wide          a face-to-face interview conducted by a             each is correct, incorrect, or not addressed
  range of contexts and tasks, often match-         pair of trained interviewers who provide            in the passage.
  ing a native speaker’s strategic and orga-        a global assessment of the examinee’s
                                                                                                        Reading
  nizational abilities and expectations.            speaking proficiency on the basis of
                                                                                                        Each reading test consists of five parts
  Occasional patterned errors occur in low          the ILR S-scale; (2) by a telephone or
                                                                                                        organized in hierarchical fashion using
  frequency and highly complex structures.          screen-to-screen interview using video
                                                                                                        ILR level estimates provided by the sub-
                                                    teleconferencing equipment, Discrepant
ILR Level 4                                                                                             ject matter experts during the item devel-
                                                    ratings are resolved by a third rater.
  Listening. Proficiency includes the abil-                                                             opment process.
                                                  Skills Measured: Each battery consists of
  ity to understand all forms and styles of                                                               Part I contains 10 multiple-choice ques-
                                                    a separate skill test measuring listening
  speech pertinent to professional needs.                                                               tions that require examinees to identify
                                                    comprehension, reading comprehension,
  The individual is able to understand fully                                                            the correct translation or explanation of
                                                    and speaking proficiency. There are no
  all speech with extensive and precise                                                                 authentic material such as signs, menus,
                                                    measures of writing.
  vocabulary, subtleties, and nuances in all                                                            labels, and tickets.
                                                  Credit Recommendation: See tables at the
  standard dialects, as well as understand                                                                Part II contains an authentic target lan-
                                                    end of this section.
  essentials of speech in some non-standard                                                             guage passage of approximately 100 words
  dialects. The listener understands language     Test Format for DLPT III                              at level 40 to 45. Twenty words or phrases
  specifically tailored to different audi-          Listening
                                                                                                        are deleted. Examinees must restore the
  ences, and can follow unpredictable turns         Each listening test consists of five parts          passage by selecting the correct target lan-
  of thought readily in any subject matter          organized in hierarchical fashion on the            guage words or phrase from four possible
  directed to the general listener.                 basis of ILR level estimates provided by            choices.
  Reading. Proficiency includes ability to          the subject matter experts during the item            Part III resembles Part II but the passage
  read fluently and accurately all styles and       development process.                                is at level 40 to 49 in difficulty, contains
  forms of the language pertinent to pro-             Part I contains 15 multiple-choice ques-
                                                                                                        approximately 200 words, and has 40
  fessional needs. The individual is able to        tions, ranging from level 25 to 45. Exam-           deletions.
  understand the full ramifications of texts        inees hear a short target language sentence           Part IV contains an authentic target lan-
  as they are situated in the wider cultural,       spoken twice on tape. They must select              guage passage of approximately 250 words
  political, or social environment, as well         the correct English translation of a word           at level 46 to 49. Thirty words or phrases
  as understand the intent of writers’ use          or phrase used in that sentence. The Eng-           are underlined and numbered. Examinees
  of nuance and subtlety. The reader can            lish options are printed in the test book-          must identify the correct English transla-
  follow unpredictable turns of thought             let.                                                tion of each underlined word or phrase
  readily in any subject matter area directed         Part II contains 20 multiple-choice ques-
                                                                                                        from four possible choices.
  to the general reader.                            tions, ranging from level 25 to 45. Exam-             Part V resembles Parts II and III. How-
  Speaking. Proficiency includes ability to         inees hear a target language sentence or            ever, the passage is at level 50 and above
  use the language fluently and accurately          passage, with a maximum of 35 words,                in difficulty, contains approximately 100
  on all levels normally pertinent to pro-          spoken twice on tape. They select the               words, and has 20 deletions.
  fessional needs. The speaker’s language           correct English summary of the sentence
  usage and ability to function are fully           or passage printed in the test booklet.
  successful. The individual organizes dis-



                                                    Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


  Speaking                                           ing ability. The wind-down returns the          informing the examinee from what kind
  Speaking is tested with the Oral Profi-            examinee to a comfortable level and gives       of source a reading text was selected.
  ciency Interview (OPl), a task-based test          the tester the opportunity to ensure the        Examinees are able to navigate freely
  that measures performance according                testing process is complete.                    between passages, both forward and back-
  to the Interagency Language Round-                                                                 ward.
  table (ILR) level descriptions. The OPI          DLPT5                                               In addition to the test content, the
  includes four phases: the warm-up, level         Description: Batteries of tests are in            examinee sees a number of introductory
  checks, probes, and a wind-down. The               Albanian, Modern Standard Arabic,               screens including personal-data-gathering
  warm-up establishes interaction and rap-           Arabic Iraqi, Arabic Levantine, Chinese-        screens, disclaimer screens, instructional
  port between testers and the examinee.             Mandarin, Greek, Hindi, Japanese,               screens (both navigational and content-
  Level checks identify those language func-         Korean, Kurdish-Sorani, Norwegian,              related), and a sample passage and ques-
  tions and content areas the examinee can           Pashto-Afghan, Persian-Dari, Persian-           tions. Also, following the final question
  handle. Probes are used by testers to raise        Farsi, Russian, Serbian/Croatian, Spanish,      there is a review screen that allows the
  the level of the examinee’s language and           and Urdu.                                       examinee to answer any unanswered ques-
  determine a ceiling for his or her speak-        Skills Measured: Each battery consists of         tions or change any previous answers.
  ing ability. The wind-down returns the             a separate skill test measuring listening      Lower Range Multiple-Choice DLPT5
  examinee to a comfortable level and gives          comprehension, reading comprehension,            Listening Comprehension
  the tester the opportunity to ensure the           and speaking proficiency. There are no          The test consists of a series of approxi-
  testing process is complete.                       measures of writing.                            mately 33 spoken passages with ques-
Test Format for DLPT IV                            Credit Recommendation: See tables at the          tions based on each passage. The time
                                                     end of this section.                            allotted for the test is three hours. The
  Listening and Reading                            Test Format for DLPT5: The DLPT5 assesses
  Each test contains 65 multiple-choice                                                              spoken passages are genuine or realistic
                                                     ILR language proficiency levels 0-3 on          samples of the language as it is spoken in
  questions. The listening comprehension             the Lower Range Reading and Listening
  test is 65 minutes, and the reading com-                                                           the target-language environment. Pas-
                                                     comprehension tests and ILR language            sages vary in length and have one or two
  prehension test is two and one-quarter             proficiency levels 3-4 on the Upper Range
  hours. The test is designed to measure                                                             associated questions. The total number of
                                                     Reading and Listening tests. DLPT5              scored questions in this section is approxi-
  proficiency in a foreign language regard-          Listening and Reading comprehension
  less of how it has been acquired. For this                                                         mately 50. In addition, the section con-
                                                     tests exist in either multiple-choice or        tains approximately seven passages with
  reason, the test content is not tied to any        constructed-response format. Both testing
  particular language-training program.                                                              approximately 10 associated questions that
                                                     formats are computer delivered. Speaking        are not scored. These passages and ques-
  The test content is sampled from authentic         proficiency is evaluated through the Oral
  materials and real-life sources such as signs,                                                     tions are being calibrated for possible use
                                                     Proficiency Interview. Scores for all three     on later operational tests.
  newspapers, and radio broadcasts. In both          test sections are reported on the ILR scale
  tests, a single generic item type is used,                                                           The tasks given to the examinee are all
                                                     (e.g., Level 0, Level 0+, Level 1, Level        multiple-choice questions, each of which
  limiting the test instructions required to         1+, etc.).
  only a brief set of general instructions,                                                          consists of a question or incomplete state-
  which is provided at the beginning of            Lower Range Multiple-Choice DLPT5                 ment followed by four answer choices. All
  each test. For each item in the listen-            Reading Comprehension                           questions and answer choices are given
  ing comprehension test, the examinee               The test consists of a series of approxi-       in English. A brief orientation in English
  hears the orientation and the passage as           mately 30 written passages with questions       precedes each passage and sets the stage,
  recorded on the tape. The examinee then            based on each passage. The time allotted        informing the examinee under what cir-
  reads the problem and the choices in the           for the test is three hours. The reading        cumstances a listening text would have
  test booklet and selects the correct answer        passages are genuine or realistic samples       been heard. Examinees are able to con-
  by marking it on a machine-scorable test           of the language as it is written in the tar-    trol when the audio for the next passage
  sheet. Some DLPT IVs have been con-                get-language environment. Passages vary         begins, but have to listen to the entire
  verted to computer delivery.                       in length and have up to four associated        audio for each passage and to all of the
                                                     questions. The total number of scored           passages in order.
  Speaking                                           questions in this section is approximately        In addition to the test content, the
  Speaking is tested with the Oral Profi-            50. In addition, the section contains           examinee sees a number of introductory
  ciency Interview (OPI), a task-based test          approximately five passages with approxi-       screens including personal-data-gathering
  that measures performance according                mately 10 associated questions that are not     screens, disclaimer screens, instructional
  to the Interagency Language Round-                 scored. These passages and questions are        screens (both navigational and content-
  table (ILR) level descriptions. The OPI            being calibrated for possible use on later      related), and a sample passage and ques-
  includes four phases: the warm-up, level           operational tests.                              tions. Also, following the final question
  checks, probes, and a wind-down. The                 The tasks given to the examinee are all       there is a review screen that allows the
  warm-up establishes interaction and rap-           multiple-choice questions, each of which        examinee to answer any unanswered ques-
  port between testers and the examinee.             consists of a question or incomplete state-     tions or change any previous answers.
  Level checks identify those language func-         ment followed by four answer choices. All
  tions and content areas the examinee can           questions and answer choices are given
  handle. Probes are used by testers to raise        in English. A brief orientation in English
  the level of the examinee’s language and           precedes each passage and sets the stage,
  determine a ceiling for his or her speak-


                                                     Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
                                                                                      Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
                                                                                                  Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


Lower Range Constructed-Response DLPT5            screens, disclaimer screens, instructional         passages and questions are being calibrated
  Reading Comprehension                           screens (both navigational and content-            for possible use on later operational tests.
 The test consists of a series of approxi-        related), and a sample passage and ques-             The tasks given to the examinee are all
 mately 30 written passages with questions        tions. Also, following the final question          multiple-choice questions, each of which
 based on each passage. The time allotted         there is a review screen that allows the           consists of a question or incomplete state-
 for the test is three hours. The reading         examinee to answer any unanswered ques-            ment followed by four answer choices. All
 passages are genuine or realistic samples        tions or change any previous answers.              questions and answer choices are given
 of the language as it is written in the                                                             in English. A brief orientation in English
                                                 Upper Range Multiple-Choice DLPT5
 target-language environment. Passages                                                               precedes each passage and sets the stage,
                                                   Reading Comprehension
 vary in length and have up to three associ-                                                         informing the examinee under what cir-
                                                  The test consists of a series of approxi-
 ated questions. The total number of ques-                                                           cumstances a listening text would have
                                                  mately 10 written passages with questions
 tions in this section is approximately 60.                                                          been heard. Examinees are able to con-
                                                  based on each passage. The time allotted
   The tasks given to the examinee are all                                                           trol when the audio for the next passage
                                                  for the test is three hours. The reading pas-
 constructed-response questions, each of                                                             begins, but have to listen to the entire
                                                  sages are genuine samples of the language
 which consists of a question or prompt                                                              audio for each passage and to all of the
                                                  as it is written in the target-language envi-
 given in English. For each question, there                                                          passages in order.
                                                  ronment. Passages vary in length and have
 is a box on the screen in which examinees                                                             In addition to the test content, the
                                                  up to five associated questions. The total
 type their answer in English. A brief ori-                                                          examinee sees a number of introductory
                                                  number of scored questions in this section
 entation in English precedes each passage                                                           screens including personal-data-gathering
                                                  is approximately 30. In addition, the sec-
 and sets the stage, informing the examinee                                                          screens, disclaimer screens, instructional
                                                  tion contains approximately two passages
 from what kind of source a reading text                                                             screens (both navigational and content-
                                                  with approximately five associated ques-
 was selected. Examinees are able to navi-                                                           related), and a sample passage and ques-
                                                  tions that are not scored. These passages
 gate freely between passages, both forward                                                          tions. Also, following the final question
                                                  and questions are being calibrated for pos-
 and backward.                                                                                       there is a review screen that allows the
                                                  sible use on later operational tests.
   In addition to the test content, the                                                              examinee to answer any unanswered ques-
                                                    The tasks given to the examinee are all
 examinee sees a number of introductory                                                              tions or change any previous answers.
                                                  multiple-choice questions, each of which
 screens including personal-data-gathering                                                        Upper Range Constructed-Response DLPT5
                                                  consists of a question or incomplete state-
 screens, disclaimer screens, instructional
                                                  ment followed by four answer choices. All         Reading Comprehension
 screens (both navigational and content-
                                                  questions and answer choices are given             The test consists of a series of approxi-
 related), and a sample passage and ques-
                                                  in English. A brief orientation in English         mately 14 written passages with questions
 tions. Also, following the final question
                                                  precedes each passage and sets the stage,          based on each passage. The time allotted
 there is a review screen that allows the
                                                  informing the examinee from what kind              for the test is three hours. The reading
 examinee to answer any unanswered ques-
                                                  of source a reading text was selected.             passages are genuine samples of the lan-
 tions or change any previous answers.
                                                  Examinees are able to navigate freely              guage as it is written in the target-language
Lower Range Constructed-Response DLPT5            between passages, both forward and back-           environment. Passages vary in length and
  Listening Comprehension                         ward.                                              have up to three associated questions. The
 The test consists of a series of approxi-          In addition to the test content, the             total number of questions in this section is
 mately 30 spoken passages with questions         examinee sees a number of introductory             approximately 35.
 based on each passage. The time allotted         screens including personal-data-gathering            The tasks given to the examinee are all
 for the test is three hours. The spoken          screens, disclaimer screens, instructional         constructed-response questions, each of
 passages are genuine or realistic samples of     screens (both navigational and content-            which consists of a question or prompt
 the language as it is spoken in the target-      related), and a sample passage and ques-           given in English. For each question, there
 language environment. Passages vary in           tions. Also, following the final question          is a box on the screen in which examinees
 length and have two associated questions.        there is a review screen that allows the           type their answer in English. A brief ori-
 The total number of scored questions in          examinee to answer any unanswered ques-            entation in English precedes each passage
 this section is approximately 60.                tions or change any previous answers.              and sets the stage, informing the examinee
   The tasks given to the examinee are all                                                           from what kind of source a reading text
                                                 Upper Range Multiple-Choice DLPT5
 constructed-response questions, each of                                                             was selected. Examinees are able to navi-
                                                   Listening Comprehension
 which consists of a question or prompt                                                              gate freely between passages, both forward
                                                   The test consists of a series of approxi-
 given in English. A brief orientation in                                                            and backward.
                                                   mately 18 spoken passages with questions
 English precedes each passage and sets the                                                            In addition to the test content, the
                                                   based on each passage. The time allotted
 stage, informing the examinee under what                                                            examinee sees a number of introductory
                                                   for the test is three hours. The spoken
 circumstances a listening text would have                                                           screens including personal-data-gathering
                                                   passages are genuine samples of the lan-
 been heard. The examinee is able to con-                                                            screens, disclaimer screens, instructional
                                                   guage as it is spoken in the target-language
 trol when the audio for the next passage                                                            screens (both navigational and content-
                                                   environment. Passages vary in length
 begins, but has to listen to the entire audio                                                       related), and a sample passage and ques-
                                                   and have three associated questions. The
 for each passage and to all of the passages                                                         tions. Also, following the final question
                                                   total number of scored questions in this
 in order.                                                                                           there is a review screen that allows the
                                                   section is approximately 30. In addition,
   In addition to the test content, the                                                              examinee to answer any unanswered ques-
                                                   the section contains approximately three
 examinee sees a number of introductory                                                              tions or change any previous answers.
                                                   passages with approximately five associ-
 screens including personal-data-gathering
                                                   ated questions that are not scored. These



                                                   Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


Upper Range Constructed-Response DLPT5
  Listening Comprehension
  The test consists of a series of approxi-
  mately 14 spoken passages with questions
  based on each passage. The time allotted
  for the test is three hours. The spoken pas-
  sages are genuine samples of the language
  as it is spoken in the target-language envi-
  ronment. Passages vary in length and have
  up to three associated questions. The total
  number of scored questions in this section
  is approximately 35.
    The tasks given to the examinee are all
  constructed-response questions, each of
  which consists of a question or prompt
  given in English. A brief orientation in
  English precedes each passage and sets the
  stage, informing the examinee under what
  circumstances a listening text would have
  been heard. The examinee is able to con-
  trol when the audio for the next passage
  begins, but has to listen to the entire audio
  for each passage and to all of the passages
  in order.
    In addition to the test content, the
  examinee sees a number of introductory
  screens including personal-data-gathering
  screens, disclaimer screens, instructional
  screens (both navigational and content-
  related), and a sample passage and ques-
  tions. Also, following the final question
  there is a review screen that allows the
  examinee to answer any unanswered ques-
  tions or change any previous answers.
DLPT5 Speaking
  Speaking is tested with the Oral Profi-
  ciency Interview (OPI), a task-based test
  that measures performance according
  to the Interagency Language Round-
  table (ILR) level descriptions. The OPI
  includes four phases: the warm-up, level
  checks, probes, and a wind-down. The
  warm-up establishes interaction and rap-
  port between testers and the examinee.
  Level checks identify those language func-
  tions and content areas the examinee can
  handle. Probes are used by testers to raise
  the level of the examinee’s language and
  determine a ceiling for his or her speak-
  ing ability. The wind-down returns the
  examinee to a comfortable level and gives
  the tester the opportunity to ensure the
  testing process is complete.




                                                     Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
                                                                                            Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
                                                                                                        Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


Summary of Defense Language Proficiency Test Series 5 (DLPT5)
(Lower Range: ILR Scale Levels 0+ to 3) (Upper Range: ILR Scale Levels 3 to 4) Recommendation
(July 1, 2005–Present)
                                                                  DLPT5
  Language Difficulty Category                                 Level Rating1              Listening                Reading                 Speaking

  CATEGORY I
   Norwegian                                                          0+                  1LD                     1LD                      1LD
   Spanish                                                            1                   2LD                     2LD                      2LD
                                                                      1+                  4LD                     4LD                      4LD
                                                                      2                 4LD+4UD                 4LD+4UD                  4LD+4UD
                                                                      2+                4LD+6UD                 4LD+6UD                  4LD+6UD
                                                                      3                 4LD+6UD                 4LD+6UD                  4LD+6UD
                                                                      3+                4LD+7UD                 4LD+7UD                  4LD+7UD
                                                                      4                 4LD+7UD                 4LD+7UD                  4LD+7UD

  CATEGORY II
                                                                      0+                  1LD                     1LD                      1LD
                                                                      1                   2LD                     2LD                      2LD
                                                                      1+                  4LD                     4LD                      4LD
                                                                      2                 4LD+4UD                 4LD+4UD                  4LD+4UD
                                                                      2+                4LD+6UD                 4LD+6UD                  4LD+6UD
                                                                      3                 4LD+6UD                 4LD+6UD                  4LD+6UD
                                                                      3+                4LD+7UD                 4LD+7UD                  4LD+7UD
                                                                      4                 4LD+7UD                 4LD+7UD                  4LD+7UD

  CATEGORY III
   Albanian                                                           0+                  2LD                     2LD                      2LD
   Greek                                                              1                   4LD                     4LD                      4LD
   Hindi                                                              1+                4LD+3UD                 4LD+3UD                  4LD+3UD
   Kurdish-Sorani                                                     2                 4LD+6UD                 4LD+6UD                  4LD+6UD
   Pashto-Afghan                                                      2+               4LD+9UD                  4LD+9UD                  4LD+9UD
   Persian-Dari                                                       3                 4LD+9UD                4LD+9UD                  4LD+9UD
   Persian-Farsi                                                      3+               4LD+10UD                4LD+10UD                 4LD+10UD
   Russian                                                            4                4LD+10UD                4LD+10UD                 4LD+10UD
   Serbian-Croatian
   Urdu

  CATEGORY IV
   Arabic (Iraqi)                                                     0+                  2LD                     2LD                      2LD
   Arabic (Levantine)                                                 1                   4LD                     4LD                      4LD
   Arabic (Modern Standard)                                           1+               5LD+3UD                 5LD+3UD                  5LD+3UD
   Chinese-Mandarin                                                   2                5LD+7UD                 5LD+7UD                  5LD+7UD
   Japanese                                                           2+               5LD+10UD                5LD+10UD                 5LD+10UD
   Korean2                                                            3                5LD+10UD                5LD+10UD                 5LD+10UD
                                                                      3+               5LD+12UD                5LD+12UD                 5LD+12UD
                                                                      4                5LD+12UD                5LD+12UD                 5LD+12UD


   1    DLPT5 provides lower-range and upper-range tests in many languages. The upper-range tests allow for ratings up to level 4, and the test of speaking
        proficiency allows for ratings up to level 5.
   2    The Korean lower-range test is a DLPT IV-type test, but, when administered via computer, yields only level ratings.
        Credit recommendations are based on a semester hour.
        LD = Lower-Division Baccalaureate/Associate Degree Category.
        UD = Upper-Division Baccalaureate Degree Category, which may also be applicable for graduate study at some institutions.




                                                      Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program



Summary of Defense Language Proficiency Test IV (DLPT) Credit Recommendations
(April 1, 2002–Present)
                                                              DLPT IV
                                                          Converted Score
   Language Difficulty Category                             & IRL Rating                Listening               Reading       Speaking

   CATEGORY I
    English                                                    25-29   =   0+           1LD                     1LD            1LD
    French                                                     30-35   =   1            2LD                     2LD            2LD
    Italian                                                    36-39   =   1+           4LD                     4LD            4LD
    Portuguese (Brazilian)                                     40+     =   2          4LD+4UD                 4LD+3UD        4LD+5UD
    Portuguese (European)
    Spanish

   CATEGORY II
    German                                                     25-29   =   0+           1LD                     1LD            1LD
    Romanian (DLPT III)                                        30-35   =   1            3LD                     3LD            3LD
                                                               36-39   =   1+         4LD+2UD                 4LD+2UD        4LD+2UD
                                                               40+     =   2          4LD+5UD                 4LD+5UD        4LD+5UD

   CATEGORY III
    Czech                                                      25-29   =   0+           2LD                     2LD            2LD
    Greek                                                      30-35   =   1            4LD                     4LD            4LD
    Hebrew                                                     36-39   =   1+         4LD+3UD                 4LD+3UD        4LD+3UD
    Persian                                                    40+     =   2          4LD+6UD                 4LD+6UD        4LD+6UD
    Polish
    Russian
    Serbian/Croation
    Tagalog
    Turkish
    Thia
    Ukranian
    Vietnamese

   CATEGORY IV
    Arabic (Modern Standard)                                   25-29   =   0+           2LD                     2LD            2LD
    Chinese-Mandarin                                           30-35   =   1            4LD                     4LD            4LD
    Japanese                                                   36-39   =   1+         5LD+3UD                 5LD+3UD        5LD+3UD
    Korean                                                     40+     =   2          5LD+7UD                 5LD+7UD        5LD+7UD


    Credit recommendations are based on a semester hour.
    LD=Lower-Division Baccalaureate/Associate Degree Category.
    UD=Upper-Division Baccalaureate Degree Category, which may also be applicable for graduate study at some institutions.




                                                     Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
                                                                                          Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
                                                                                                      Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


Summary of Defense Language Proficiency Test IV (DLPT) Credit Recommendations
(September 1, 1995–March 31, 2002)
                                                                DLPT IV
  Language Difficulty Category                              Converted Score             Listening               Reading               Speaking

  CATEGORY I
   French                                                      25-29                    1LD                    1LD                    1LD
   Italian                                                     30-35                    2LD                    2LD                    3LD
   Portuguese                                                  36-39                    4LD                    4LD                  4LD+2UD
   Spanish                                                     40 & Above             4LD+4UD                4LD+3UD                4LD+5UD

  CATEGORY II
   German                                                      25-29                    1LD                    1LD                    1LD
   Romanian (DLPT III)                                         30-35                    3LD                    3LD                    3LD
                                                               36-39                  4LD+2UD                4LD+2UD                4LD+2UD
                                                               40 & Above             4LD+5UD                4LD+5UD                4LD+5UD

  CATEGORY III
   Czech                                                       25-29                    2LD                    2LD                    2LD
   Hebrew                                                      30-35                    4LD                    4LD                    4LD
   Persian                                                     36-39                  4LD+3UD                4LD+3UD                4LD+3UD
   Polish                                                      40 & Above             4LD+6UD                4LD+6UD                4LD+6UD
   Russian
   Tagalog
   Turkish
   Vietnamese

  CATEGORY IV
   Arabic                                                      25-29                    2LD                    2LD                    2LD
   Chinese                                                     30-35                    4LD                    4LD                    4LD
   Japanese                                                    36-39                  5LD+3UD                5LD+3UD                5LD+3UD
   Korean                                                      40 & Above             5LD+7UD                5LD+7UD                5LD+7UD




   Credit recommendations are based on a semester hour.
   LD = Lower-Division Baccalaureate/Associate Degree Category.
   UD = Upper-Division Baccalaureate Degree Category, which may also be applicable for graduate study at some institutions.




                                                     Guide to Educational Credit by Examination
Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC)—
Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) Program


Summary of Defense Language Proficiency Test III & IV (DLPT) Credit Recommendations
(October 1, 1990–August 31, 1995)
                                                                   DLPT IV
   Language Difficulty Category                                Converted Score           Listening               Reading        Speaking

   CATEGORY I
    French                                                       25-29                   1LD                    1LD              1LD
    Italian                                                      30-35                   2LD                    2LD              3LD
    Portuguese                                                   36-39                   4LD                    4LD            4LD+2UD
    Spanish                                                      40 & Above            4LD+4UD                4LD+3UD          4LD+5UD

   CATEGORY II
    German                                                       25-29                   1LD                    1LD              1LD
    Romanian                                                     30-35                   3LD                    3LD              3LD
                                                                 36-39                 4LD+2UD                4LD+2UD          4LD+2UD
                                                                 40 & Above            4LD+5UD                4LD+5UD          4LD+5UD

   CATEGORY III
    Czech                                                        25-29                   2LD                    2LD              2LD
    Hebrew                                                       30-35                   4LD                    4LD              4LD
    Persian                                                      36-39                 4LD+3UD                4LD+3UD          4LD+3UD
    Polish                                                       40 & Above            4LD+6UD                4LD+6UD          4LD+6UD
    Russian
    Tagalog
    Turkish
    Vietnamese

   CATEGORY IV
    Arabic                                                       25-29                   3LD                    3LD              3LD
    Chinese                                                      30-35                   5LD                    5LD              5LD
    Japanese                                                     36-39                 5LD+3UD                5LD+3UD          5LD+3UD
    Korean                                                       40 & Above            5LD+7UD                5LD+7UD          5LD+7UD




    Credit recommendations are based on a semester hour.
    LD = Lower-Division Baccalaureate/Associate Degree Category.
    UD = Upper-Division Baccalaureate Degree Category, which may also be applicable for graduate study at some institutions.




                                                     Guide to Educational Credit by Examination