Isshinryu Karate Document by wgl47616


									  Isshinryu Karate:

The One Heart Method

Isshinryu Karate & Okinawan Kobudo

           Don Nash – Shihan
     Byron Marriner – Instructor
 Member of the Examining Board of I.K.K.

Master Tatsuo Shimabuku performing Kusanku-Sai

                                                Lower Basics – Kicks
1.    Front snap kick to the groin.
2.    45 Blade kick to knee cap.
3.    Cross over heel stomp kick to knee.
4.    Side blade kick to solar plexus.
5.    Front snap kick from cat stance.
6.    Squat to side, front kick to the groin.
7.    Heel thrust kick to solar plexus.
8.    Knee smash to the groin.
9.    Back kick to solar plexus.

                                            Upper Basics – Punches

1.  RFF – RH straight punch to solar plexus.
2.  RFF – RH uppercut to chin.
3.  LFF – RH straight punch solar plexus.
4.  LFF – RH Uppercut to chin.
5.  RFB – LH down block – RH straight punch to solar plexus.
6.  RFB – LH side block – RH straight punch to solar plexus.
7.  RFB – LH open side block – RH open spear hand to solar plexus.
8.  RFB – LH open head block – RH uppercut to chin.
9.  RFB – LH closed fist head block – RH straight punch to solar plexus.
10. RFB – LH closed fist head block – LH snap nose – RH straight punch solar plexus.
11. LFF – LH down block, 5 fast straight punches to solar plexus.
12. LFF – LH side block, 5 fast straight punches to solar plexus.
13. LFF – LH open down block – RH open strike to neck.
14. LFF – LH open palm chest block – RH roundhouse punch to solar plexus – LH roundhouse punch
15. RF back in cat stance, cross arms in front, butt hip back, at same time strike with arms by blocking the
    head and striking back with an elbow.

                          RH – right hand LH – left hand RFF – right foot forward
                         LFF – left foot forward RFB – right foot back RF – right foot

                                      Isshinryu Karate Terminology

       Term                        Definition                   Term                      Definition
     Karate                  Empty hand                      Uniform              Gi
     Isshin                  One heart                       Belt                 Obi
     Ryu                     Style                           Grade                Kyu
     Do                      Way                             Degree               Dan
     Master                  Shihan                          Black Belt           Sho Dan
     Sensei                  Teacher                         Form                 Kata
     Bow                     Rei                             Water Goddess        Mizu Gami
     Begin                   Hajime                          Wooden staff         Bo
     Training Hall           Dojo                            Hand swords          Sai
     Sparring                Kumite                          Explanation          Bunkai

                                  Counting One to Twenty in Japanese
1.    Ichi              2.    Ni            3. San           4. Shi                      5.    Go
6.    Roku              7.    Shichi        8. Hachi         9. Ku                       10.   Ju
11.   Ju Ichi           12.   Ju Ni         13. Ju San       14. Ju Shi                  15.   Ju Go
16.   Ju Roku           17.   Ju Shichi     18. Ju Hachi     19. Ju Ku                   20.   Ni Ju

                                    Isshinryu Karate Klub
                                   Manasquan, New Jersey

1. Isshinryu – one heart or whole heart way.
2. Three (3) towns where early karate started in Okinawa:
   a) Shuri – Shuri Karate – nobles and kings;
   b) Naha – Naha-Te Karate – business and commerce; and
   c) Tomari – Tomari-Te Karate – farmers and fishermen.
3. Isshinryu Karate was founded January 15, 1956.
4. Tatsuo – Dragon Man (Tatsuo Shimabuku’s nickname).
5. Sunsu – strong man.
6. Shinkichi – was Master Tatsuo Shimabuku’s given name. It was also the name he used
    whenever he told fortunes.
7. Isshinryu – developed from two (2) styles of karate:
    a) Goju-Ryu
    b) Shorin-Ryu
8. There are thirteen (13) major features of Isshinryu Karate:

    1. Elimination of fancy techniques – once used to hide karate’s killing power because it
    was against the law to practice karate.
    2. Combination of the best of Shorin-Ryu and Goju-Ryu – to form a basic, realistic
    system of self-defense.
    3. Use of low kicks – (none above the waist) because low kicks allow you to move quickly
    with power and balance. Such kicks are hard to see and hard to block. Sport karate can use
    high kicks.
    4. Use of short, natural stances – which eliminate wasted motion and major body
    shifting, giving a split-second time advantage in a self-defense situation. Such stances are
    more adaptable to American physique and temperment because the stances follow natural
    body movements.
    5. Hand and foot techniques – are about 50-50 in the katas, giving the student a well-
    rounded system of karate.
    6. Close-in techniques – which are valuable for street fighting (bunkai).
    7. Snap punches and snap kicks – (punches and kicks come from a limb only 90%
    extended and immediately retracted), enabling you to move in and out quickly in a self-
    defense situation and to immediately correct yourself if you miscalculate. The lack of full
    extension of the limb prevents excessive wear and tear on the hinge joints.
    8. Elements of hard blocking – (meeting force with force) and soft blocking (deflecting
    or parrying the blows).
    9. Blocks executed with the muscular part and 2 bones of the forearm – rather
    than one bone and all muscle part to prevent breakage of the bones.
    10. A fist made with the thumb on top – of the fist rather than over the first 2 fingers.
    This method locks the wrist, helping to prevent the fist from buckling at the wrist on impact.
    This method also tightens the fist by allowing you to put tension on the top of the fist (thumb
    side) and the side of the fist (finger side).
    11. Vertical Punch – which increase the speed and focus of the punch.
    12. Blocks are blocks and blocks are strikes – Basic kata teaches that blocks are blocks
    or kamae. Advanced bunkai shows that blocks are strikes. (ask Sensei for explanation).
    13. Kotekitai – (arm conditioning exercises) all Okinawan styles do arm conditioning.

9. Tatsuo Shimabuku – born September 19, 1908 / died May 30, 1975
10. Chinto – A Chinese shipwrecked sailor on Okinawa whole stole from villagers. The king sent
his best Samurai, Matsumora, to kill Chinto. Chinto blocked all of the techniques of Matsumora.
Later, they made friends and Chinto taught Matsumora the kata “Chinto”.

11.  Shihan – head instructor or director.
12.  Renshi-go – Karate title which means low grade master or polished expert.
13.  Kyoshi-go – Master Karate instructor.
14.  Hanshi – a Master of masters.
15.  Four (4) Americans who brought karate from Okinawa to the United States:
     1) Don Nagle
     2) Harold Long
     3) Harold Mitchum
     4) Steve Armstrong
16. Who were Tatsuo Shimabuku’s karate teachers and what styles did they teach him?
     1) His Uncle was his first teacher (Gynaku on his mothers side). He taught him Shuri-Te.
     (Note: Kamasu Chan was Tatsuo Shimabuku’s father)
     2) Kyan was his second teacher. He taught him Shorin-Ryu.
     3) Miyagi was his third teacher. He taught him Goju-Ryu.
     4) Motobu was his forth teacher. He taught him Tomari-Te, which is now Shorin-Ryu.
     5) Moden Yabiku was Tiara Shinken’s weapons instructor. He did NOT teach Tatsuo.
     6) Tiara Shinken taught weapons to Master Tatsuo Shimabuku in 1958.
17. Katas from Goju-Ryu:
      1) Seiunchin
      2) Sanchin
      3) Seisan
18. Katas from Shorin-Ryu:
     1) Seisan
     2) Nihanchi
     3) Wansu Tomari-Te
     4) Chinto
     5) Kusanku
19. Kata from Isshinryu:
     1) Sunsu – strong man. Master Shimabuku made this up himself.
20. Demonstrate the following:
     1) Why Isshinryu’s vertical fist is stronger than the twist punch.
     2) Why the hip is the chamber and not the arm pit.
     3) Why the thumb is on top.
21. Isshinryu’s Block – 2 bones and muscle versus one thin bone and muscle.
22. The name of the person that designed the Isshinryu patch is Sensei Arsenio James Advincula
(7th Dan).
23. Kama-sama – is any God or Goddess in Okinawan Culture.
24. The Kama-sama of Isshinryu Karate is the “protecting goddess of Isshinryu” and her name is
         a) Megami is half woman / half sea serpent or dragon.
         b) The woman represents the quiet, gentle side of karate.
         c) The bottom half of her is a dragon or sea serpent. She is in a typhoon and as a sea
             serpent, she can swim through the turbulence and troubled waters.
         d) The water represents troubled times, obstacles in life, etc.
         e) The three (3) stars have many meanings:
             1) Spiritual, physical and mental aspects of karate.
             2) His six (6) teachers – his teachers overlook him, the dragon man.
             3) Light to shine the way at night so you will not be afraid.
         f) Dragon in sky – Tatsuo is another name for dragon. He was dragon man and he is
             overlooking his creation which is Isshinryu Karate.
         g) Gray background – means darkness or nighttime. This represents fear, being afraid of
             the darkness.

         h) Gold border – means karate is golden and it should never be misused.
    25. Before naming his style Isshinryu, he taught a form of Shorin-Ryu called Migwha-Te Kyan,
            which was Kyan’s nickname meaning “Small-eyed Kyan’s Karate”.
    26. Motobu’s nickname was “Monkey Man”.
    27. Master Shimabuku’s four (4) steps to learning karate:
         1) Aakezuri – clean bark off wood or first learning basics.
         2) Nakakezuri – shape wood or learning the kata but not perfecting it yet.
         3) Hosokonzuri – sanding wood or learning kime (focus).
         4) Shiyagi – forever polishing the wood or achieving your chi or inner strength.
    5) Chinkuchi – bone, sinew, muscle – this is your inner-most strength. Learn through Sanchin
    28. Kichiro Shimabuku – first son of Tatsuo Shimabuku. Head 10th Dan of I.W.K.A., Okinawa.
    29. Shinzo Shimabuku – second son of Tatsuo Shimabuku.
    30. Tetsugi Shimabuku – son of Kichiro Shimabuku. He will become head of I.W.K.A. after
        Kichiro, his father.
    31. Angi Uezu – Tatsuo Shimabuku’s son-in-law.
    32. Pronunciations:

       Term                 Pronunciation               Term                Pronunciation
   Tatsuo                    Tat-sue-oo             Seiunchin
   Shimabuku               Shim-a-boo-ku            Sanchin                    San-chin
   Shuri                       Sure-e               Seisan                     Say-san
   Naha                        Na-ha                Nihanchi                 Nee-han-che
   Tomari                    Too-mar-e              Wansu                      Wan-sue
   Shinkichi                Shin-key-che            Chinto                     Chin-toe
   Sunsu                      Sun-sue               Kusanku                  Koo-san Koo
   Matsumora               Mat-sue-more-a           Sunsu                      Sun-sue
   Shihan                     She-han               Kamasama                 Coma-sam-a
   Renshi                     Ren-she               Megami                    Me-gam-e
   Kyoshi                    Key-o-she              Migwate                   Mig-wha-te
   Hanshi                     Han-she               Chinkuchi                Chin-koo-che
   Kumasu Chan            Kama-sue Key-an           Kichiro                   Key-cher-o
   Kyan                        Key-an               Shinzo                     Shin-zoo
   Miyagi                     Me-ag-e               Tetsugi                   Tet-sue-ge
   Motobu                    Mo-too-boo             Angi                        An-ge
   Moden Yabiku           Mod-en Yabe-ku            Uezu                       Way-zoo
   Tiara Shinken          Ta-air-a Shin-kin

                  Master Tatsuo Shimabuku

  Taira Shinken      Chojun Miyagi            Choki Motobu

Chotoku Kyan        Arsenio James Advincula        Sherman Harrill


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