"ASSURED EQUIPMENT GROUNDING CONDUCTOR PROGRAM (AEGCP)"
ASSURED EQUIPMENT GROUNDING CONDUCTOR PROGRAM (AEGCP) PREPARED FOR: DILLETT MECHANICAL SERVICE 21625 DORAL ROAD WAUKESHA, WI 53186 PREPARED BY: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CONSULTING, INC. W7748 COUNTY HIGHWAY V LAKE MILLS, WI 53551-9643 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION I SUMMARY OF COMPLIANCE STRATEGIES SECTION II INTRODUCTION SECTION III WRITTEN PROGRAM SECTION IV GENERAL REQUIREMENTS A. INSTALLATION B. VISUAL INSPECTION C. EQUIPMENT TESTING D. TESTING SCHEDULE E. TESTING RECORDS SECTION V MONTHLY COLOR SCHEME SECTION VI POWER TOOL AND ACCESSORIES SELECTION, EVALUATION AND CONDITION SECTION VII POWER TOOL PRECAUTIONS SECTION VIII METHODS OF GUARDING SECTION IX TRAINING A. INITIAL TRAINING B. REFRESHER TRAINING SECTION X APPENDICES APPENDIX A EQUIPMENT TEST CHECKLIST APPENDIX B HEALTH EFFECTS ASSURED EQUIPMENT GROUDING CONDUCTOR PROGRAM Reference Standard: OSHA 29 CFR 1926.404 OSHA Standard National Electric Code (NEC) Written By: Environmental Management Consulting, Inc. (EMC) W7748 County Highway V Lake Mills, WI 53551-9643 Written For: Dillett Mechanical Service 21625 Doral Road Waukesha, WI 53186 Date Prepared: March 2007 Program Director: Mike Dillett Mary LaChapelle Dillett Mechanical Service I have read the enclosed program and agree to carryout the procedures found herein: Name: Signature: Date: SECTION I SUMMARY OF COMPLIANCE STRATEGIES SUMMARY OF COMPLIANCE STRATEGIES Requirements Responsibility 1. Evaluate current procedures and equipment and DILLETT MECHANICAL identify potential hazards SERVICE 2. Develop, implement and maintain a written Assured EMC/DILLETT MECHANICAL Equipment Grounding Conductor Program (AEGCP) SERVICE 3. Perform and document regular inspections on DILLETT MECHANICAL AEGCP equipment SERVICE 4. Provide training for all applicable employees DILLETT MECHANICAL SERVICE 5. Provide necessary equipment to maintain AEGCP DILLETT MECHANICAL SERVICE 6. Annually review AEGCP EMC/DILLETT MECHANICAL SERVICE SECTION II INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION ASSURED EQUIPMENT GROUNDING CONDUCTOR PROGRAM It is the policy of Dillett Mechanical Service to establish and implement this assured equipment grounding conductor program (A.E.G.C.P.) on sites covering all cord sets, receptacles which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure and equipment connected by cord and plug which are available for use or used by field employees. This policy shall apply to all sites not equipped with ground fault circuit interrupters in accordance with OSHA Standard 1926.400 (h). Field supervisors are designated to implement the assured equipment grounding conductor program: 1926.32 (f) defines competent person as one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surrounding area or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous or dangerous to employees and who is authorized to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. Field supervisors will be responsible and accountable for the following: Each cord set, attachment cap, plug and receptacle of cord set and any equip connected by cord and plug, except cord sets and receptacles which are fixed and not exposed to damage, shall be visually inspected before each day’s use for external defects, such as deformed or missing pins, or insulation damage and for indication of possible internal damage. Equipment found damaged or defective may not be used until repaired. Field supervisors are responsible for tests on all cord sets, receptacles that are not a part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure, and cord and plug connected equipment repaired to be grounded. Tests shall be documented on the log for assured equipment grounding conductor program and shall be on the job site for inspection by OSHA officials and any affected employee. Equipment that does not meet prescribed test shall not be put into service. The following tests shall be performed: A. All equipment grounding conductors shall be tested for continuity and shall be electrically continuous. B. Each receptacle and attachment cap or plug shall be tested for correct attachment of the equipment grounding conductor. The equipment grounding shall be connected to its terminal. A copy of this policy shall be at the job site for inspection and copy by OSHA officials and any affected employee. Dillett Mechanical Service management retains the authority to designate that certain jobs comply with regulation 1926.400 (h) by use of ground fault circuit interrupters in lieu of the program established above. A copy of the completed forms will be kept on each applicable job site for inspection purposes. SECTION III WRITTEN PROGRAM WRITTEN PROGRAM Dillett Mechanical Service will review and evaluate this standard practice instruction on an annual basis, or when changes occur to 29 CFR 1926.404, that prompts revision of this document, or when facility operational changes occur that require a revision of this document. Effective implementation requires a written program for job safety and health, that is endorsed and advocated by the highest level of management within Dillett Mechanical Service and that outlines our goals and plans. This written program will be communicated to all required personnel. It is designed to establish clear goals and objectives. SECTION IV GENERAL REQUIREMENTS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Dillett Mechanical Service shall be responsible for the safe condition of electrical tools and equipment used by its employees, including tools and equipment which may be furnished by employees. Dillett Mechanical Service will develop assured grounding operational procedures through the use of this document. After tool and equipment selection and evaluation, equipment will be used and maintained in a safe condition. Supervisors will ensure that equipment utilized at each job site is maintained in a safe condition. A. Installation – Equipment grounding conductors shall be installed as follows: 1. All 120 volt, single phase, 15- and 20- ampere receptacles shall be of the grounding type and their contacts shall be grounded by connection to the equipment grounding conductor of the circuit supply the receptacle in accordance with the applicable requirements of the National Electrical Code. 2. All 120 volt cord sets (extension cords) shall have an equipment grounding conductor which shall be connected to the grounding contacts of the connector(s) on each end of the cord. 3. The exposed concurrent-carrying metal parts of the 120 volt cord and plug-connected tools and equipment that are likely to become energized shall be grounded in accordance with the applicable requirements of the National Electrical Code. B. Visual Inspection Field employees shall be instructed to visually inspect receptacle, flexible cord sets (extension cords), except those that are fixed and not exposed to damage and equipment connected by cord and plug before each day’s use for external defects such as deformed or missing pins or insulation damage, the damaged item shall be taken out of service and tagged until tested and any required repairs have been made. C. Equipment Testing All 120 volt, single phase, 15- and 20- ampere receptacles which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure, 120 volt flexible cord sets and 120 volt cord and plug connected equipment required to be grounded shall be tested as follows: 1. All equipment grounding conductors shall be tested for continuity and shall be electrically continuous. 2. Each receptacle and attachment cap or plug shall be tested or correct attachment of the equipment grounding conductor. The equipment grounding conductor shall be connected to its proper terminal. D. Testing Schedule All required tests shall be performed: 1. Before first use. 2. Before equipment is returned to service following any repairs. 3. Before equipment is used after any incident which can be reasonably suspected to have caused damage (for example, when a cord set is run over). 4. At intervals not to exceed 3 months, except that cord sets and receptacle which are fixed and not exposed to damage shall be tested at intervals not exceeding 6 months. E. Test Records Test verification shall be by means of numeric or color coded marking tape on the receptacle, cord set or equipment to identify that it has passed the test and to indicate the date (month or quarter) in accordance with section 5.0 Coding Scheme. SECTION V MONTHLY COLOR SCHEME MONTHLY COLOR SCHEME Assured Equipment Grounding Conductor Program Color Code Month # Month Tested Color of Tape(s) to Apply to Cord 1 January White 2 February White + Yellow 3 March White + Blue 4 April Green 5 May Green + Yellow 6 June Green + Blue 7 July Red 8 August Red + Yellow 9 September Red + Blue 10 October Orange 11 November Orange + Yellow 12 December Orange + Blue SECTION VI POWER TOOL AND ACCESSORIES SELECTION, EVALUATION AND CONDITION POWER TOOL AND ACCESSORIES SELECTION, EVALUATION AND CONDITION The greatest hazards posed by power tools usually results from misuse and or improper maintenance. Tool selection sometimes is not considered a priority when arrangements are made to begin work. All employees will consider the following when selecting tools: 1. Is the tool correct for the type of work to be performed? 2. Are grounding methods sufficient when working in wet conditions? 3. Is the grounding terminal present on the plug? 4. Is the polarity of connections correct? No grounded conductor can be attached to any terminal or lead, which results in a reversed designated polarity. 5. Are grounding terminals or grounding-type devices on receptacles, cord connectors or attachment plugs used for the intended purpose? 6. Are grounding terminals or grounding-type devices on receptacles, cord connectors or attachment plugs defeated in any way? 7. Are all receptacles and attachment caps or plugs tested for correct attachment of the equipment grounding conductor? The equipment grounding conductor must be connected to its proper terminal. 8. Are grounding terminals or grounding-type devices on receptacles, cord connectors or attachment plugs defeated in any way? 9. Are all 12 volt, single-phase 15 and 20 ampere receptacle outlets on construction sites, which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure equipped with approved ground-fault circuit interrupters for personnel protection? 10. Are conductors used as a grounded conductor identifiable and distinguishable from all other conductors? 11. Is each cord set, attachment cap, plug and receptacle of cord sets and any equipment connected by cord and plug, visually inspected daily before use for external defects, such as deformed or missing pins or insulation damage and for indications of possible internal damage? (Exception – cord sets and receptacles which are fixed and not exposed to damage). 12. Is equipment found damaged or defective removed from service until repaired or replaced? 13. Are guards installed properly and in good condition? 14. Are all required tests performed? 1. Before first use; 2. Before equipment is returned to service following repairs; 3. Before equipment is used after any incident which can be reasonably suspected to have caused damage (for example, when a cord set is run over); and; 4. At intervals not to exceed 3 months, except that cord sets and receptacles which are fixed and not exposed to damage must be tested at intervals not to exceed 6 months. 15. Are all required tests documented, maintained and include the following: (See Appendix B) 1. Identity of all equipment having passed the test? 2. The last date tested or the testing interval? 3. Is the test documentation maintained until replaced by a more current record? 16. Does the tool create sparks or heat? Has this been considered when working around flammable substances? 17. Are cutting tools sharp? Dull tools are more hazardous than sharp ones. 18. Is the tool used on the proper working surface? Tools used on dirty or wet working surfaces can create a multitude of hazards. 19. Are tools stored properly when not being used? Saw blades, and like sharp tools should be stored so that sharp edges are directed away from aisles and coworkers. SECTION VII POWER TOOL PRECAUTIONS POWER TOOL PRECAUTIONS Power tools can be hazardous when improperly used, this company several types. The following precautions will be taken by employees of this company to prevent injury. 1. Power tools will always be operated within their design limitations. 2. Eye protection, gloves and safety footwear are recommended during operation. 3. Tools will be stored in an appropriate dry location when not in use. 4. Tool work will only be conducted in well illuminated locations. 5. Tools will not be carried by the cord or hose. 6. Cords or hoses will not be yanked to disconnect it from the receptacle. 7. Cords and hoses will be kept away from heat, oils and sharp edges or any other source that could result in damage. 8. Tools will be disconnected when not in use, before servicing, and when changing accessories such as blades, bits and cutters. 9. Observers will be kept at a safe distance at all times from the work area. 10. Work will be secured with clamps or a vice where possible to free both hands to operate tools. 11. To prevent accidental starting, employees should be continually aware not to hold the start button while carrying a plugged-in tool. 12. Tools will be maintained a clean manner and properly maintained in accordance with the manufacturers guidelines. 13. Ensure that proper shoes are worn and that the work area is kept clean to maintain proper footing and good balance. 14. Ensure that proper apparel is worn. Loose clothing, ties or jewelry can become caught in moving parts. 15. Tools that are damaged will be removed from service immediately and tagged “Do Not Use”. They will be reported and turned over to the shop for repair or replacement. 16. Cracked saws. All cracked saws will be removed from service. SECTION VIII METHODS OF GUARDING METHODS OF GUARDING One or more methods of guarding shall be provided where required to protect the operator and other employees in the area from hazards such as those created by point of operation, in-running nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks. Examples of guarding methods are: barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety devices, etc. The guard shall be such that it does not offer an accident hazard in itself. Employee’s will: 1. Inspect tools without guards for signs of guard removal, if it is evident that a guard is required. Tag-out the tool and obtain a replacement. Tools will not be energized during inspection. 2. Inspect tools having guards for proper operation and maintenance prior to use. Tools will not be energized during inspection. 3. Never remove a guard during use. SECTION IX TRAINING TRAINING A. Initial Training Training shall be conducted prior to job assignment. Dillett Mechanical Service shall provide training to ensure that the grounding requirements, purpose, function and proper use of tools to be used in the normal function of their jobs is understood by employees and that the knowledge and skills required for the safe application and usage is acquired by employees. This standard practice instruction shall be provided to and read by all employees receiving training. The training shall include, as a minimum the following: 1. Grounding requirements for tools and associated site electrical equipment. 2. Types of tools appropriate for use. 3. Recognition of applicable electrical hazards associated with work to be completed. 4. Tool selection requirements. 5. Procedures for removal of an electrical tool/accessory from service. 6. All other employees whose work operations are or may be in an area where tools which could present a hazard to other than the user, will be instructed to an awareness level concerning hazards. 7. Tools identification. Tools having identification numbers will be checked for legibility. 8. Certification. Dillett Mechanical Service shall certify that employee training has been accomplished and is being kept up to date. The certification shall contain each employee’s name and dates of training. B. Refresher Training This standard practice instruction shall be provided to and read by all employees receiving refresher training. The training content shall be identical to initial training. Refresher training will be conducted on as required basis or when the following conditions are met, whichever event occurs sooner. 1. Retraining shall be provided for all authorized and affected employees whenever (and prior to) there being a change in their job assignment, a change in the type of tools used or when a known hazard is added to the work environment. 2. Additional retraining shall also be conducted whenever a periodic inspection reveals or whenever Dillett Mechanical Service has reason to believe that there are deviations from or inadequacies in the employee’s knowledge or use of tools. 3. The retraining shall re-establish employee proficiency and introduce new or revised methods and procedures, as necessary. 4. Certification. Dillett Mechanical Service shall certify that employee training has been accomplished and is being kept up to date. The certification shall contain each employee’s name and dates of training. SECTION X APPENDICES APPENDIX A EQUIPMENT TEST CHECKLIST EQUIPMENT TEST CHECKLIST COMPANY NAME: Dillett Mechanical Service, Inc. EQUIPMENT LOCATION: VEHICLE # ___________ SHEET METAL SHOP ___________ SHOP ___________ MAIN OFFICES ___________ ID OF EQUIP DATE ACTION, IF REASON – TESTED BY TESTED TESTED ANY A-B-C-D (SIGNATURE) *REASON FOR TEST: A. BEFORE FIRST USE B. BEFORE EQUIPMENT IS RETURNED TO SERVICE FOLLOWING ANY REPAIRS C. BEFORE EQUIPMENT IS USED AFTER ANY INCIDENT WHICH CAN REASONABLY BE SUSPECTED TO HAVE CAUSED DAMAGE D. AT INTERVALS NOT TO EXCEED 3 MONTHS, EXCEPT THAT CORD SETS AND RECEPTACLES WHICH ARE FIXED AND NOT EXPOSED TO DAMAGE SHALL BE TESTED AT INTERVALS NOT EXCEEDING 6 MONTHS COMPANY AUTHORIZED SIGNATURE: APPENDIX B HEALTH EFFECTS HEALTH EFFECTS EFECTS OF AMOUNT OF AC CURRENT AT 60 CYCLES PER SECOND More than 3 mA - Painful shock which can cause indirect accidents More than 10 mA - Muscle contraction, “No-Let-Go” danger More than 30 mA - Lung paralysis, usually temporary More than 50 mA - Possible ventricular fibrillation (heart dysfunction, usually fatal) 100 mA to 4 A - Certain ventricular fibrillation, fatal Over 4 A - Heart paralysis, but may be temporary; severe burns. Usually caused by voltages above 600 volts “mA” = Milli-amp A = Ampere 1 mA = 1/1000 Ampere = .001 Ampere