Master Page Shigeru Ban Portfoliocopy by ddn50364






Modeling               Presentation

DAP 13
Table of Contents
1 Collage
                     2 Planning
3 Presentation
          4 Prototype
5 Prototype
          6 Building
7 Product

                                                          Designing Around Disaster
The following individuals participated in the mak-
ing of this book. Participants: Michelle Copeland,
Arrie Hurd, Claire Lorman, Geraldine Morizet,
Oluwafemi Morrisey, Jessica Boyd, Tynaa Boyd &
Grete Karuso. Volunteers: Kate McGill, Liz Guth-
rie, Gareth Hall, Anne Elkington, Vandana Sareen,
Monica Rivera & Catherine Hailey.

                                                          DAP 13
     We would like to dedicate this book to
              Ed Worthy Jr. Ph.D                     00
Tsunami                     Drought

Hurricane                   Earthquake

DAP 13
Designing Around Disaster
In DAP 13, planning and communicating were essential com-

                                                                                    Designing Around Disaster
ponents in the process of building models and structures. Be-
fore beginning timed design challenges, teams often needed to
brainstorm plans and ideas. Simply thinking independently was
not a good planning strategy in most cases. Sketching, building
models, and communicating ideas through words and gestures
were crucial to completing the design challenge. Before actual-
ly creating a structure, students had to develop ways of display-

                                                                                    DAP 13
ing plans to other team members. Loss of communication could
ruin the project as a whole.
Throughout the design process, we reevaluated our ideas on an

                                                                                          Designing Around Disaster
ongoing basis. The transition from planning to building a structure
takes hard work. Before actually fabricating a structure, students
took part in many activities to plan and evaluate their designs.
These activities include building precedent models without direc-
tions, understanding the cultural and environmental contexts within
which the shelters would be built, participating in mock disasters,
and exploring shelters created by other architects. As part of a

                                                                                          DAP 13
special event, Shigeru Ban provided feedback beneficial to plan-
ning and building team projects.                                                     03

                                                                          Designing Around Disaster
Students participated in a mock disaster workshop in order to
demonstrate how sturdy a structure would be in a real life catas-
trophe. Based on the structure’s performance in the mock disaster,
students determined the pros and cons of their design in order to
create their final project.

                                                                          DAP 13

                                                                                        Designing Around Disaster
Students also participated in a workshop to demonstrate how to
create instructions to build their design. Many students found out
that building without planned instructions is very difficult to do.

                                                                                        DAP 13
Using our designs and small-scale models as guides, we determined,

                                                                                   Designing Around Disaster
group by group, what materials would be most suitable for the full-scale
models. In ordering these materials, we bore in mind the constraints
of a real-life disaster situation when some materials, tools and facilities
would not be available. We built our full-scale models in the Museum’s
Great Hall, and quickly realized that not everything which had worked in
small-scale was as successful full-size. As our building time was criti-
cal, we had to make immediate design adjustments as we constructed.
This showed us that it is essential for initial designs and drawings to be

                                                                                   DAP 13
thoroughly analyzed before starting construction.                             06

Our group was assigned to design and build a relief structure for earthquake victims        Our group designed and built a relief structure for Tsu-
in Pakistan. The group chose to design a structure to be used during stage 1/stage          nami victims. Our shelter was designed to to accom-
2 of the relief and recovery process. We chose light-weight materials in their design       modate the three stages of a disaster. The shelter

                                                                                                                                                       Designing Around Disaster
(such as PVC pipe and coated plastic sheets) to prevent injury during possible after-       would be built using materials locally available in Sri
shocks as well as to ensure inexpensive and efficient transport to the area in need.        Lanka: bamboo, logs, palm fronds, which are readiily
The structure could be partially preassembled into panels and shipped to the area in        gathered and easily assembled. Although we encoun-
flat boxes easily. Due to the modular design of this structure, cultural and emotional      tered our own form of disaster withour final assembly,
needs could be addressed by adding additional rooms for women and children when             we were able to learn from the process!
needed. A hexagon was used for the shape of the basic structure to maximize the
interior space for the typically large (8+ people) families in this area. Ventilation and
insulation were both considered due to the extreme difference in temperature that

                                                                                                                                                       DAP 13
can occur in this region. To address these extreme climates, the students designed
the structure to include walls that could be filled with insulating materials to protect
against the cold, and designed windows and a roof flap that could be opened up for
ventilation when needed.

We designed a drought shelter for Stage 2 or 3 of a the disaster. Our         Our team created a finished model of a relief shelter for a
shelter was made out of PVC pipes because of the fact that they are           family in Gulfport, Mississippi who had a six-year old son
light and easy to transport. In the event of rain, they can also hold wa-     in a wheelchair. Our Stage 3 relief shelter was specifically
ter temporarily. When building this in the actual disaster site, we would     designed to address accessibility needs. Design features

                                                                                                                                               Designing Around Disaster
have to figure out a better and more efficient drainage system. The           included the construction of a one-story, open floor plan, ex-
roof of our structure is covered in a tarp. This is because it reflects       tra-wide openings between rooms, and accessible ramps and
heat and creates a well-ventilated indoors. Ventilation in crucial in a       doors to the house. Questions that we continue to research
drought area because there is little to no water available, and the heat      are what type of materials we will use, and how the shelter
is very extreme. In Ethiopia, where we were designing for, ventilation is     will be transported to the site.
crucial to the people who live there. If our shelter is transported, pack-
ing crates will be used, which will then serve as the floor of the shelter.

                                                                                                                                               DAP 13
This saves material and it also saves the construction time. The pieces
are easy to fit together, so skilled craftsmen are not needed to build
it. It would take about half a day to construct, and about forty five min-
utes to an hour to de-construct.
Julius Berry

                        Design Apprenticeship Program 13
Jessica Boyd
Copernicus Brown
Gillian Burz
Corinne Conn
Michelle Copeland
Daniel Drew
Jasmine Dunn
Alexander Faunteroy

                                                                                                                   DAP 13 Faculty and Volunteers
Paul Foreman
Arrie Hurd
Charles Johnson
Grete Karuso
Karl Kolk
Claire Lorman
Natalie Matthews
Nathan Matthews
Geraldine Morizet
Oluwafemi Morrisey                                         Raymond Barberousse - volunteer design professional
Miya Ratiff                                                Lauren Cochard - outreach programs facilitator
Nicolas Rojas                                              Carolina Dayer - volunter design student
Ricardo Rojas                                              Magdelina Egues - volunteer design student
                                                           Ann Elkington - photographer
Nathan Pierre Royster
                                                           Liz Guthrie - assistant outreach programs coordinator
Carl Tavares                                               Catherine Hailey - volunteer design professional
Justin Wallace                                             Gareth Hall - volunteer design professional
                                                           Susan Kennedy - volunteer design professional
                                                           Julian Looney - volunteer design professional
                                                           Kelly Malloy - volunteer design professional
                                                           Kate McGill - outreach programs coordinator
                                                           Monica Rivera - volunteer design student
                                                           Vandana Sareen - volunteer design professional
                                                           Liz Waites - volunteer design student

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