# SDAA Released WMR K12 Combine

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```							State-Developed Alternative Assessment
Instructional Levels K, 1, and 2

Writing
Instructional Level K/1/2 ................................................................................................2

Mathematics
Instructional Level K ......................................................................................................4

Instructional Level 1........................................................................................................8

Instructional Level 2......................................................................................................12

Instructional Level K ....................................................................................................13

Instructional Level 1......................................................................................................23

Instructional Level 2......................................................................................................26

1
Writing Instructional Level K/1/2
The Instructional Level K/1/2 writing test requires students to complete five separate
performance tasks: writing numbers, writing the student’s name, writing lower- and
uppercase letters, labeling sample pictures of common objects, and writing a story.
The test administrator moves students through each task by verbally prompting them
to respond in specific ways. For example, he or she dictates the six numbers and six
letters students should write.

Using these test administration directions with the scoring guide, the released test
development and the strengths and weaknesses of your K/1/2 writing program.

Sample
Examiner says:
For this example, students were told to write the number 1 on the line.

Writing Numbers
Examiner says:
Find the circle. On the line next to the circle, write the number 12.

Examiner says:
Find the square. On the line next to the square, write the number 17.

Examiner says:
Find the triangle. On the line next to the triangle, write the number 5.

Examiner says:
Find the star. On the line next to the star, write the number 13.

Examiner says:
Find the diamond. On the line next to the diamond, write the number 8.

Examiner says:
Find the house. On the line next to the house, write the number 6.

2
Writing Names
Examiner says:
There is a long line next to the number 1 on this page. On the line, write your first

Writing Letters
Examiner says:
Find the number 2. On the line next to the 2, print the small letter e, as in the word
eraser.

Examiner says:
Find the number 3. On the line next to the 3, print the capital letter M, as in the girl’s
name Mary.

Examiner says:
Find the number 4. On the line next to the 4, print the small letter u, as in the word
umbrella.

Examiner says:
Find the number 5. On the line next to the 5, print the capital letter D, as in the girl’s
name Donna.

Examiner says:
Find the number 6. On the line next to the 6, print the capital letter R, as in the girl’s
name Rebecca.

Examiner says:
Find the number 7. On the line next to the 7, print the small letter g, as in the word
game.

Labeling Illustrations (Items 8 –12)
Examiner says:
Look at the picture. On the line under the picture, write the word that tells what you
see.

Responding to a Prompt
Using a student test booklet, the test administrator reads the writing prompt aloud.

3
Mathematics Instructional Level K
The Instructional Level K mathematics test requires students to answer
multiple-choice questions that are designed to assess students’ skills in one of the five
objectives. The test administrator reads the question and/or direction line to the
students for each item, prompting them to respond. For example, he or she dictates the
directions for a measurement item and then allows the students time to respond.

Using these test administration directions with the released test booklet, answer key,
development and the strengths and weaknesses of your mathematics program.

Sample A
Examiner says:
Look at the counting pattern. What number is missing? Now look at the numbers
under the pattern. Mark the number that is missing from the pattern.

Item 1
Examiner says:
Look at this calendar of the month of January. Find the day of the week that is the last
day of January. Mark the day of the week that is the last day of January.

Item 2
Examiner says:
Look at the graph. It shows the number of spaghetti dinners that were sold at
Restaurants A, B, C, and D. Each picture of a spaghetti dinner means 1 spaghetti
dinner. Find the number that tells how many spaghetti dinners were sold at
Restaurant B. Below the graph, mark the number that tells how many spaghetti
dinners were sold at Restaurant B.

Item 3
Examiner says:
Look at the pattern. Now look at the pictures below the pattern. Find the 2 trees that
should come next in the pattern. Mark the 2 trees that should come next in the
pattern.

4
Item 4
Examiner says:
Look at the parrots. Count all of the parrots. Mark the number that tells how many
parrots in all.

Item 5
Examiner says:
Look at the row of objects on the table. Now look at the objects below the table. Find
the object that has the same shape as the objects on the table. Mark the object that
has the same shape as the objects on the table.

Item 6
Examiner says:
Look at this calendar of the month of May. Find the day of the week that is May 13.
Mark the day of the week that is May 13.

Item 7
Examiner says:
Look at the windows. Find the widest window. Mark the widest window.

Item 8
Examiner says:
Look at the graph. It shows the number of kittens playing in a box, playing with a ball
of yarn, and playing with a toy mouse. Each picture of a kitten means one kitten. Find
the number that tells how many kittens are playing with the toy mouse. Mark the
number that tells how many kittens are playing with the toy mouse.

Item 9
Examiner says:
Look at the table and the chairs. Find the fourth chair from the table. Mark the fourth
chair from the table.

Item 10
Examiner says:
Look at the number twenty. Now look at the groups of football helmets below the
number twenty. Find the group that has twenty football helmets. Mark the group that
has twenty football helmets.

5
Item 11
Examiner says:
Look at the pattern. Now look at the pictures below the pattern. Find the picture that
should come next in the pattern. Mark the picture that should come next in the
pattern.

Item 12
Examiner says:
Look at the circles. Find the circle that is divided into 4 equal parts. Mark the circle
that is divided into 4 equal parts.

Item 13
Examiner says:
Look at this calendar of the month of January. Find the day of the week that is
January eighteenth. Mark the day of the week that is January eighteenth.

Item 14
Examiner says:
Look at the can of soup. Now look at the objects below the can of soup. Find the object
that has the same shape as the can of soup. Mark the object that has the same shape
as the can of soup.

Item 15
Examiner says:
Look at the graph. It shows the number of cookies in Lunch Bag A, Lunch Bag B, and
Lunch Bag C. Each picture of a cookie means one cookie. Find the lunch bag that has
the fewest cookies. Below the graph, mark the letter of the lunch bag that has the

Item 16
Examiner says:
Look at the number forty-five. Now look at the numbers below the forty-five. Find the
number that is one less than forty-five. Mark the number that is one less than forty-
five.

6
Item 17
Examiner says:
Look at the shapes. Find the shape that has exactly four sides. Mark the shape that
has exactly four sides.

Item 18
Examiner says:
Look at this calendar of the month of February. Find the day of the week that is the
first day of February. Mark the day of the week that is the first day of February.

Item 19
Examiner says:
Look at the graph. It shows the number of shells in 3 different buckets. Each picture of
a shell means 1 shell. Find the bucket that has the most shells. Below the graph,
mark the bucket that has the most shells.

Item 20
Examiner says:
Look at the counting pattern. A number is missing. Now look at the numbers below the
pattern. Mark the number that is missing from the pattern.

7
Mathematics Instructional Level 1
The Instructional Level 1 mathematics test requires students to answer
multiple-choice questions that are designed to assess students’ skills in one of the five
objectives. The test administrator reads the question and/or direction line to the
students for each item, prompting them to respond. For example, he or she dictates the
directions for a measurement item and then allows the students time to respond.

Using these test administration directions with the released test booklet, answer key,
development and the strengths and weaknesses of your mathematics program.

SAMPLE A
Examiner says:
Look at the number 57. Now look at the other numbers. Find the number that is less
than 57. Mark the number that is less than 57.

Item 1
Examiner says:
Look at the food. Find the food that is shaped like a triangle. Mark the food that is
shaped like a triangle.

Item 2
Examiner says:
Look at the globes. Find the group that has 5 shaded globes out of 6 globes. Mark the
group that has 5 shaded globes out of 6 globes.

Item 3
Examiner says:
Look at the balls in the box. There are three tennis balls and three baseballs. Gary will
reach into the box and choose two balls without looking. Now look at the balls below
the box. Find the balls that Gary could choose. Mark the balls that Gary could choose.

8
Item 4
Examiner says:
Look at the clocks. Find the clock that shows one o’clock. Mark the clock that shows
one o’clock.

Item 5
Examiner says:
Look at the numbers eighteen and twenty-seven. Now look at the numbers below the
eighteen and the twenty-seven. Find the number that is between eighteen and
twenty-seven. Mark the number that is between eighteen and twenty-seven.

Item 6
Examiner says:
Look at the graph. It shows how many apples David picked in 4 days. Now look at the
days below the graph. Find the day David picked the fewest apples. Mark the day
David picked the fewest apples.

Item 7
Examiner says:
Look at the can. Now look at the numbers below the can. Find the number that tells
how many flat surfaces the can has. Mark the number that tells how many flat
surfaces the can has.

Item 8
Examiner says:
Look at the pattern. Now look at the shapes below the pattern. Find the 2 shapes that
should come next in the pattern. Mark the 2 shapes that should come next in the
pattern.

Item 9
Examiner says:
Look at the pencil and the paper clips. Now look at the numbers below. Find the
number that tells how many paper clips in a row will be as long as the pencil. Mark
the number that tells how many paper clips in a row will be as long as the pencil.

9
Item 10
Examiner says:
Look at the circles. Find the circle that has two shaded parts out of three equal parts.
Mark the circle that has two shaded parts out of three equal parts.

Item 11
Examiner says:
Look at the counters in a sack. There were three white counters and two red counters.
Lynn reached into the sack and chose two counters without looking. Now look at the
counters below the sack. Find the two counters that Lynn could have chosen. Mark the
two counters that Lynn could have chosen.

Item 12
Examiner says:
Look at the clock. Now look at the times below the clock. Find the time that is shown
on the clock. Mark the time that is shown on the clock.

Item 13
Examiner says:
Look at the groups of apples and bananas. Find the group that has more bananas
than apples. Mark the group that has more bananas than apples.

Item 14
Examiner says:
Look at the graph. It shows how many students play the triangle, the flute, the drum,
and the horn in the school band. Now look at the instruments below the graph. Find
the instrument that is played by the fewest students. Mark the instrument that is
played by the fewest students.

Item 15
Examiner says:
Look at the subtraction fact, nine minus two equals seven. Now look at the other
subtraction facts. Find the subtraction fact that is in the same fact family. Mark the
subtraction fact that is in the same fact family as nine minus two equals seven.

10
Item 16
Examiner says:
Look at the ball. Now look at the food below the ball. Find the food that has the same
shape as the ball. Mark the food that has the same shape as the ball.

Item 17
Examiner says:
Look at the lightbulbs. Find the row of lightbulbs that shows all even numbers. Mark
the row of lightbulbs that shows all even numbers.

Item 18
Examiner says:
Look at the crackers. Find the cracker that is shaped like a rectangle. Mark the
cracker that is shaped like a rectangle.

Item 19
Examiner says:
Look at the coins. Find the coin with a value of ten cents. Mark the coin with a value
of ten cents.

Item 20
Examiner says:
Look at the buckets and the shovel. Now look at the numbers below the buckets and
the shovel. Find the number that tells how many buckets in a row are as long as the
shovel. Mark the number that tells how many buckets in a row are as long as the
shovel.

11
Mathematics Instructional Level 2
The Instructional Level 2 mathematics test requires students to answer
multiple-choice questions that are designed to assess students’ skills in one of the
seven objectives. The test administrator reads the question and/or direction line to the
students for each item, prompting them to respond. For example, he or she dictates the
directions for a measurement item and then allows the students time to respond.

understand your students’ mathematics development and the strengths and

Note: To administer the Instructional Level 2 mathematics test, the test administrator
reads aloud the test questions that are printed in the student booklet.

12
questions that are designed to assess students’ skills in one of the three objectives. The
test administrator reads the directions for each item to the students, prompting them
to respond. For example, he or she reads words aloud and directs students to identify
which words/objects have the same beginning sound.

Using these test administration directions with the released test booklet, answer key,

SAMPLE A
Examiner says:
Look at the pictures next to the letter k. The pictures are sun, kite, and fish. Mark
under the picture that begins with the /k/ sound.

Item 1
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that begins with the same sound as rake. Put your finger next to
each pair of pictures as I name them: rake — pin, rake — bat, rake — ring. Mark next
to the picture that begins with the same sound as rake.

Item 2
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that ends with the same sound as bus. Put your finger next to each
pair of pictures as I name them: bus — tent, bus — mouse, bus — cane. Mark next to
the picture that ends with the same sound as bus.

Item 3
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that has the same number of syllables, or beats, as envelope.
Put your finger next to each pair of pictures as I name them: en-ve-lope — buck-et,
en-ve-lope — hand, en-ve-lope — di-no-saur. Mark next to the picture that has the
same number of syllables, or beats, as envelope.

13
Item 4
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that has the same number of syllables, or beats, as children. Put
your finger next to each pair of pictures as I name them: chil-dren — li-on, chil-dren —
pi-an-o, chil-dren — eggs. Mark next to the picture that has the same number of
syllables, or beats, as children.

Item 5
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that rhymes with bed. Put your finger next to each pair of pictures
as I name them: bed — frog, bed — sled, bed — gate. Mark next to the picture that
rhymes with bed.

Item 6
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that rhymes with sock. Put your finger next to each pair of
pictures as I name them: sock — clock, sock — house, sock — tree. Mark next to the
picture that rhymes with sock.

Item 7
Examiner says:
Find the letter W. Mark under the letter W.

Item 8
Examiner says:
Find the letter r. Mark under the letter r.

Item 9
Examiner says:
Find the letter y. Mark under the letter y.

Item 10
Examiner says:
Look at the pictures next to the letter l. The pictures are lemon, window, and hat.
Mark under the picture that begins with the sound that the letter l makes.

14
Passage for Items 11–13
Examiner says:

The Small Kitten

1    Sara’s cat had four kittens.

2    Three of the kittens were big and had fluffy fur the color of snow.

3    The fourth kitten was small and had short fur dotted with white spots.

4    One day Sara sat down with all the kittens.

5    She brushed them with a soft brush.

6    The big kittens then looked even fluffier, but the small kitten looked the
same.

7    Then Sara tied a bow around each kitten’s neck and said, “Now it’s time
for you to go to wonderful new homes.”

8    Soon a man came to choose one of the kittens for his family.

9    The big kittens rubbed against his legs, but the small kitten just sat in
the corner.

10   When the man noticed the small kitten, he picked her up and cuddled her
close to him.

11   “This is the one I want,” he said, “because she is so tiny and has such a
pretty spotted coat.”

12   So the small kitten was the first one chosen to go to a new family.

15
Item 11
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that helps you know what the
word dotted means.

3    The fourth kitten was small and had short fur dotted with white spots.

Which picture shows what the word dotted means?

Mark under the picture that shows what the word dotted means.

Item 12
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that tells what Sara put around
each kitten’s neck.

7    Then Sara tied a bow around each kitten’s neck and said, “Now it’s time
for you to go to wonderful new homes.”

Which picture shows what Sara put around each kitten’s neck?

Mark under the picture that shows what Sara put around each kitten’s neck.

Item 13
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that tells where the small kitten
probably went.

11   “This is the one I want,” he said, “because she is so tiny and has such a
pretty spotted coat.”

12   So the small kitten was the first one chosen to go to a new family.

Which picture shows where the small kitten probably went?

Mark under the picture that shows where the small kitten probably went.

16
Passage for Items 14–16
Examiner says:
Listen while I read a story about the life cycle of a butterfly.

1    There are four stages in the life cycle of a butterfly.

2    The first stage is a tiny, round egg.

3    A female butterfly lays her eggs on the leaf or stem of a green plant.

4    The second stage is the larva, a caterpillar that comes out of the egg.

5    A caterpillar is long and looks something like a worm but usually has
colorful stripes.

6    The caterpillar eats lots of leaves and stems so it can grow.

7    After it is fully grown, the caterpillar attaches itself to a branch, covers
itself with a hard, round case, and becomes a pupa.

8    During this third stage the caterpillar changes into a butterfly inside the
case.

9    Finally, in the last stage, the new butterfly emerges from the case and
unfolds its wings.

10   Then it flies away to look for food and a mate.

11   The butterfly goes from flower to flower and sips sweet nectar.

12   The female butterfly looks for the kind of plant that caterpillars like to
eat.

13   She lays her eggs there so the cycle of life can begin again.

17
Item 14
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that helps you know what the
word larva means.

3    A female butterfly lays her eggs on the leaf or stem of a green plant.

4    The second stage is the larva, a caterpillar that comes out of the egg.

5    A caterpillar is long and looks something like a worm but usually has
colorful stripes.

Which picture shows a larva?

Mark under the picture that shows a larva.

Item 15
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that tells what caterpillars eat.

4    The second stage is the larva, a caterpillar that comes out of the egg.

5    A caterpillar is long and looks something like a worm but usually has
colorful stripes.

6    The caterpillar eats lots of leaves and stems so it can grow.

Which picture shows what caterpillars eat?

Mark under the picture that shows what caterpillars eat.

18
Item 16
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that tells what butterflies do
after they fly away.

9    Finally, in the last stage, the new butterfly emerges from the case and
unfolds its wings.

10   Then it flies away to look for food and a mate.

11   The butterfly goes from flower to flower and sips sweet nectar.

12   The female butterfly looks for the kind of plant that caterpillars like to
eat.

Which picture shows what butterflies do after they fly away?

Mark under the picture that shows what butterflies do after they fly away.

19
Passage for Items 17–19
Examiner says:
Listen while I read a story about what happened when Marco heard a strange noise.

1    One very windy night as Marco climbed into his bed, he heard a strange
noise.

2    It sounded like something was trying to get in through his window.

3    Marco felt worried and afraid.

4    Was a bear trying to open the window with its big claws?

5    Was a giant eagle scratching at the glass with its long, sharp talons?

6    Was a woodpecker knocking on the window with its pointed beak?

7    Marco went into the kitchen where Dad was sitting at the table reading a
fishing magazine.

8    “Dad, something’s trying to get into my room through the window,” said
Marco.

9    Dad went into Marco’s room and listened.

10   Then Dad went into the garage and got a flashlight and a pair of branch
cutters.

11   Outside, Marco held the flashlight while Dad cut the tree branch that had
been scraping against Marco’s window.

12   Marco and Dad laughed together as they went back inside the house.

20
Item 17
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that tells which animal Marco
imagined first when he heard the noise at the window.

2   It sounded like something was trying to get in through his window.

3   Marco felt worried and afraid.

4   Was a bear trying to open the window with its big claws?

5   Was a giant eagle scratching at the glass with its long, sharp talons?

6   Was a woodpecker knocking on the window with its pointed beak?

Which picture shows the animal Marco imagined first when he heard the noise at the
window?

Mark under the picture that shows which animal Marco imagined first when he heard
the noise at the window.

Item 18
Examiner says:
probably likes to do.

7    Marco went into the kitchen where Dad was sitting at the table reading a
fishing magazine.

Which picture shows something Dad probably likes to do?

Mark under the picture that shows something Dad probably likes to do.

21
Item 19
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Now I will read the part of the story that tells where Dad got the
flashlight.

9    Dad went into Marco’s room and listened.

10   Then Dad went into the garage and got a flashlight and a pair of branch
cutters.

Which picture shows where Dad got the flashlight?

Mark under the picture that shows where Dad got the flashlight.

22
questions that are designed to assess students’ skills in one of the four objectives. For
the first 14 items of the test, the test administrator reads the directions for each item
to the students, prompting them to respond. For example, he or she reads words aloud
and directs students to identify which words/objects have the same beginning sound.
The students complete the remainder of the assessment independently.

Using these test administration directions with the released test booklet, answer key,

SAMPLE A
Examiner says:
Look for the picture that matches the word in the box. The pictures are string, ship,
thumb. Mark under the picture that matches the word in the box.

Item 1
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that begins with the same sound as flower. The pictures are flag,
giraffe, robe. Mark under the picture that begins with the same sound as flower.

Item 2
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that ends with the same sound as desk. The pictures are spoon,
peach, and mask. Mark under the picture that ends with the same sound as desk.

Item 3
Examiner says:
Listen to the syllables, or beats, of the word radio: ra-di-o. Mark under the number
that tells how many syllables, or beats, are in radio.

23
Item 4
Examiner says:
Listen for the word that rhymes with string. The pictures are king, fish, star. Mark
under the picture that rhymes with string.

Item 5
Examiner says:
Look for the picture that matches the word in the box. The pictures are smile, school,
smoke. Mark under the picture that matches the word in the box.

Item 6
Examiner says:
Look for the word that matches the picture. Mark under the word cherry.

Item 7
Examiner says:
Look at the three words. Find the word open. Maria will open her window in the
morning. Mark under the word open.

Item 8
Examiner says:
Look at the three words. Find the word because. Ling missed school because she was
sick. Mark under the word because.

Item 9
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. It is wet. You can drink it or take a bath in it. Mark under the word
that tells what it is.

Item 10
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. People do this with soap and water. They do it to keep clean. Mark
under the word that tells what they do.

24
Item 11
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. This is something that you write with. It has an eraser on one end.
Mark under the word that tells what it is.

Item 12
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Taylor was playing outside. He saw dark clouds. He heard loud
thunder. Taylor stopped playing and went inside his house. What most likely caused

Item 13
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Lawanda picked some flowers from her yard. First she picked some
roses. Next she picked a few daisies. Last she picked a bunch of buttercups. Which

Item 14
Examiner says:
Listen carefully. Noah’s friends all came to his house for a party. They played games.
They sang songs. Then Noah’s mother brought them some cookies. What will Noah and

Note: For items 15–20 the students will read the passages and answer the questions
independently.

25
questions that are designed to assess students’ skills in one of the four objectives. For
the first four items of the test, the test administrator reads the directions for each item
to the students, prompting them to respond. For example, he or she reads words aloud
and directs students to identify the word in writing. The students complete the
remainder of the assessment independently.

Using these test administration directions with the released test booklet, answer key,

SAMPLE A
Examiner says:
Look at the three words. Find the word rungs. The firefighter climbed up the rungs of
the ladder. Mark under the word rungs.

Item 1
Examiner says:
Look at the three words. Find the word sleep. I am tired and want to go to sleep.
Mark under the word sleep.

Item 2
Examiner says:
Look at the three words. Find the word enough. The teacher had enough stickers for all
the students in the class. Mark under the word enough.

Item 3
Examiner says:
Look at the three words. Find the word mine. The brown dog is mine. Mark under the
word mine.

26
Item 4
Examiner says:
Look at the three words. Find the word have. I have a new notebook for school. Mark
under the word have.

Note: For items 5–20 the students will read the passages and answer the questions
independently.

27

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