"Interoperability, International Standards, ISO TC 211"
Interoperability, International Standards, & ISO TC 211 David Danko email@example.com Interoperability ... As defined by ISO TC 211 • the ability to find information and processing tools, when they are needed, no matter where they are physically located • the ability to understand and employ the discovered information and tools, no matter what platform supports them, whether local or remote • the ability to participate in a healthy marketplace, where goods and services are responsive to the needs of consumers The Need for Interoperability • Geographic analysis – Multiple sources, multiple organizations – Distributed within a community – GIS is unique in merging diverse information • Enterprise GIS – GIS evolving beyond isolated communities – GIS merging with broader IT infrastructures • Web Services – Enabled by distributed networks • E-Government – Within government (G2G) – Between citizens and government (G2C) – Between business and government (B2G) • Spatial Data Infrastructures Interoperability Enablers • Infrastructure • Compatible Technology • Metadata • Security • Authorization • Privacy • Business • Information Assurance Agreements/MOUs • Certification • Copyright • Quality • Pricing/commerce/ • Standards Business Model Standards As defined by ISO http://www.iso.ch • Documented agreements: – Technical specifications or precise criteria – Rules, guidelines, definitions of characteristics • Ensuring materials, products, processes and services are fit for purpose – Reference documents used in public contracts or international trade • Indisputable reference clarifying the contractual relations between economic partners • Promote competition, commerce and free trade Standards & Specifications • Make things work – affect every aspect of life • Widespread use of Standards – Make things work around the world – Increase efficiency - globally – Enable global interoperability International Organization for Standardization • ISO from Greek ISOS meaning “equal” • Founded in 1947 • 146 member nations – 1 member per country (represented through national standards organization – ANSI, DIN, SABS, etc) – 13700 standards, 3000 technical bodies, 30000 experts • NGO – unlike UN – Delegates not national governments – May be mandated by government – Roots in private sector and industry associations • Able to bridge the gap – Consensus solutions meeting requirements of business and broader needs of society Benefits of ISO Standards (1) • Business – Wide acceptance of products and services – Free to compete in broader market • Government – Provides technical and scientific underpinnings for health, safety, environmental legislation • Consumers – Conformance of products and services provide assurance about quality, safety, & reliability Benefits of ISO Standards (2) • Trade – Remove technical trade barriers – Support political trade agreements • Planet – Standards for air, water, soil, emissions contribute toward environment • Everyone – Contribute to quality of life ensuring transport, machinery and tools are safe Hallmark of ISO Brand • Equal footing – Every ISO member institution has right to take part – 1 nation –1 vote regardless of size or economic strength • Voluntary – ISO has no legal authority – Adopted by nations – health, safety, etc • Market driven – Developed by experts from industry, technical, business, government, academic • Consensus – Ensures widespread applicability – Remain current ISO Committees and the Geographic Community • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 24 Computer graphics and image processing • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 32 Data Management and Interchange • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 35 User interfaces • ISO/TC 20 /SC 13 Space data and information transfer systems • ISO/TC 23/SC 19 Agricultural electronics • ISO/TC 46/WG 2 - Coding of country names and related entities • ISO/TC 82 Mining • ISO/TC 130 Graphic Technology • ISO/TC 204 Transport Information and Control Systems (WG3 GDF) • ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information/Geomatics ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information/Geomatics … building the foundation of the geospatial infrastructure, brick by brick ... Scope of ISO/TC 211 • Standardization in the field of digital geographic information. • This work aims to establish a structured set of standards for information concerning objects or phenomena that are directly or indirectly associated with a location relative to the Earth. • These standards may specify, for geographic information, methods, tools and services for data management (including definition and description), acquiring, processing, analyzing, accessing, presenting and transferring such data in digital/electronic form between different users, systems and locations. • This work shall link to appropriate standards for information technology and data where possible, and provide a framework for the development of sector-specific applications using geographic data. Who Are We ? ...Member List Active Members (P-members), 29 Countries Australia Italy Saudi Arabia Austria Japan South Africa Belgium Republic of Korea Spain Canada Malaysia Sweden China Morocco Switzerland Czech Rep. New Zealand Thailand Denmark Norway Turkey Finland Portugal United Kingdom Germany Russian Federation United States of America Hungary Yugoslavia Member List Observing Members 27 (20 O-members, 4 Corresponding Members) Argentina Iceland Pakistan Bahrain (corr.) India Philippines Brunei Darussalam Isl. Rep. of Iran Poland (corr.) Ireland Slovakia Colombia Jamaica Slovenia Cuba Kenya Tanzania Estonia (corr.) Mauritius Ukraine France Netherlands Uruguay Greece Oman Zimbabwe Hong Kong (corr.) External Liaisons, 1 of 2 • CEOS, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites • DGIWG, Digital Geographic Information Working Group • EPSG, European Petroleum Survey Group • FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations • FIG, International Federation of Surveyors • GSDI, Global Spatial Data Infrastructure • IAG, International Association of Geodesy • ICA, International Cartographic Association • ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization • IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society • IHB, International Hydrographic Bureau • ISCGM, International Steering Committee for Global Mapping • ISPRS, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing External Liaisons, 2 of 2 • JRC, Joint Research Centre, European Commission • OGC, Open GIS Consortium, Incorporated • PCGIAP, The Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific • PC IDEA, Permanent Committee on Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Americas • SCAR, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research UN Economic Commission for Europe, Statistical Division • UNGIWG, United Nations Geographic Information Working Group • WMO, World Meteorological Organization • UNGEGN, United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names • CEN/TC 287, Geographic information ISO/TC 211 Organization Chairman Olaf Østensen Secretary AG Strategy AG WSI Bjørnhild Sæterøy TMG Norway AG Outreach TF 211/204 MHT WG 4 WG 6 WG 7 WG 8 WG 9 Morten BorrebækDouglas O’Brien Antony Cooper John Rowley Hiroshi Imai Norway Canada South Africa UK Japan Geospatial Imagery Information Location Information services communities based management services ISO 6709:1983, Standard representation of latitude, ISO/RS 19124 - Imagery and gridded data longitude and altitude for geographic point locations components ISO 19101 - Reference model ISO 19125 - Simple feature access – Part 1-3 ISO 19102 – Overview - deleted ISO 19126 - Profile - FACC Data Dictionary ISO/TS 19103 - Conceptual schema language ISO 19127 - Geodetic codes and parameters ISO 19104 - Terminology ISO 19128 - Web Map Server Interface ISO 19105 - Conformance and testing ISO 19129 - Imagery, gridded and coverage data ISO 19106 - Profiles framework ISO 19107 - Spatial schema ISO 19130 - Sensor and data model for imagery ISO 19108 - Temporal schema and gridded data ISO 19109 - Rules for application schema ISO 19131 - Data product specification ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology ISO 19132 - Location based services possible standards ISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates ISO 19133 - Location based services tracking and navigation ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic ISO 19134 - Multimodal location based services identifiers for routing and navigation ISO 19113 - Quality principles ISO 19135 - Procedures for registration of ISO 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures geographic information items ISO 19115 - Metadata ISO 19136 – Geography Markup Language (GML) ISO 19116 - Positioning services ISO 19137 - Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and ISO 19117 – Portrayal of similar important other schemas ISO 19118 - Encoding ISO 19138 - Data Quality Measures ISO 19119 - Services ISO 19139 - Metadata - Implementation Specification ISO/TR 19120 - Functional standards + new rev ISO 19140 - Technical amendment to the ISO 191** Geographic ISO/TR 19121 Imagery and gridded data information series of standards for harmonization and ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification enhancements of personnel ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and functions ISO TC 211 Program of Work The Foundation • Framework/standards infrastructure – basic architecture • ISO 19101 – service architecture • ISO 19119 • Locate, understand – Metadata • ISO 19113, 14, 15 • Basic structure – Spatial, temporal schemas, CRS definition • ISO 19107-9, 11 • Access – Simple feature access, ISO 19125 • Data content descriptions – ISO 19103, 19109, 19110, etc Completed Standards The Building Blocks • ISO 19101:2002 - Reference model • ISO 19105:2000- Conformance and testing • ISO 19107:2003 - Spatial schema • ISO 19108:2003 - Temporal schema • ISO 19111:2003 - Spatial referencing by coordinates • ISO 19113:2002 - Quality principles • ISO 19114:2003 - Quality evaluation procedures • ISO 19115:2003 - Metadata • And several technical reports Draft International Standards ISO 19104 - Terminology ISO 19106 - Profiles ISO 19109 - Rules for application schema ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers ISO 19116 - Positioning services ISO 19117 - Portrayal ISO 19118 - Encoding ISO 19119 - Services ISO 19125 - Simple feature access – Part 1-2 The Challenge for ISO/TC 211... ... to retain a strong foothold in infrastructure requirements, while being flexible in responding to emerging needs ... location based services GSDI infrastructure information requirements communities .... enterprise systems eGovernment eCommerce .... Geographic Information Standards • ISO 19100 suite of • ISO TC 211 standards – Organizing for the – Maturing future – Providing the basics – Addressing broader – Adopted by nations community issues – Implementation by – Maintaining industry leadership role