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Upsr-Writing-Techniques-and-Model-Answers by Cynthia C James

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Upsr-Writing-Techniques-and-Model-Answers by Cynthia C James Powered By Docstoc
					FIRST EDITION (2010)*

   PREPARED BY:
 CYNTHIA C. JAMES
  ENGLISH PANEL
    SK KUNAK 2
ccj/skk2/2010




                UPSR WRITING TIPS AND MODEL ANSWERS
                 BY CYNTHIA C JAMES (English Panel, SKK2)

UPSR FORMAT FOR PAPER 2

NO.    SUBJECT                          PAPER 2
1.     Type of instrument               Subjective type
2.     Type of items                    Section A:
                                        Sentence Construction (Based on
                                        the given words and graphics)

                                        Section B:
                                        Information Transfer

                                        Section C:
                                        Note Expansion
3.     Number of questions              Question 1: Section A
                                        Write complete sentences based
                                        on a picture with the words given.

                                        Question 2: Section B
                                          a) Information transfer
                                          b) Choose one item and give
                                             reasons for the choice

                                        Question 3: Section C
                                        Write sentences in paragraphs
                                        based on a series of visual stimuli.

                                        Total: 3 questions
                                        Answer all questions
4.     Marks                            Section A: 10 marks
                                        Section B: 15 marks
                                        Section C: 15 marks

                                        Total: 40 marks


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                QUESTION 1
                (SECTION A)

         SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION




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QUESTION 1: SECTION A
SAMPLE SENTENCES AND MODEL ANSWERS

PLACE / EVENTS
This is a canteen.
This is a classroom.
This is a hospital.
This is an accident.
This is a football match.

NOUNS (people, things, animals)
There is a boy in the picture.
There are many boys in the picture.
There is a cat under the tree.
There are many pupils in the canteen.
There is some food on the table.

VERBS (activities)
The boy is reading.
The girl is listening to the radio.
The men are talking.
The women are shopping.
Mother is cooking in the kitchen.
Brother is playing computer games.

ADJECTIVES (looks, feelings)
The classroom is clean.
The food is delicious.
The clothes are beautiful.
The children are happy.
The family is busy.




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MODEL QUESTION AND ANSWER

Model 1




Sample sentences:

   1. This is a beach.
   2. There are many people at the beach.
   3. There is a tree in the picture.
   4. There is a bag under the tree.
   5. The mother is feeding the little boy.
   6. The girl is building a sandcastle.
   7. The father is eating a sandwich.
   8. The boys are swimming.
   9. The beach is beautiful.
   10. The people look happy.



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Score more marks by following these tips:

Tip number 1: Use adjectives

This is a beautiful beach.
This is a crowded beach.

Tip number 2: Use adverbs
The boys are swimming happily.
The girl is building a sandcastle diligently.
The mother is feeding the little boy lovingly.

Tip number 3: Combine two or three simple sentences to form a compound
sentence.

This is a beautiful but crowded beach.
There is a tree and a bag in the picture.
The girl is building a sandcastle and the family is enjoying their meal.
The mother is feeding the little boy while the father is eating a sandwich.
The people are swimming, playing volleyball, building sandcastles and having a
picnic under the tree.

Finally, choose the best 5 sentences as your final answer.

Your final answer may look something like this:

1. This is a beautiful but crowded beach.
2. There are many people at the beach.
3. The people are swimming, playing volleyball, building sandcastles and
having a picnic at the beach.
4. The girl is building a sandcastle diligently while the family is having a
picnic under the tree.
5. The mother is feeding the little boy while the father is eating a sandwich.



Excellent 10! 


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Model 2




Sample sentences:

   1.   This is a classroom.
   2.   There is a teacher in the classroom.
   3.   There are many pupils in the classroom.
   4.   The teacher is writing on the blackboard.
   5.   The pupils are reading book.
   6.   The boy is sleeping.
   7.   The classroom is big.



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   8. The pupils are busy.

Try to follow the tips to score more marks:

Tip number 1: Use adjectives
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

Tip number 2: Use adverbs
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

Tip number 3: Form compound sentences
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________



Final Answer (Choose the BEST sentences!):

1. ______________________________________________________
   ______________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________
   ______________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________
   ______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
   ______________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________



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  ______________________________________________________

TRY MORE EXERCISES!

EXERCISE 1




      Hisham         celebrating      Hari Raya     shopping   trying on


       shoes           clothes       Baju Melayu      like       wear


First, try to write as many sentences as you can:

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________



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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

Now, reread the sentences. Are there any adjectives or adverbs that you
can add in?

Are there any sentences that you can combine to form a compound
sentence?

Check for any mistakes:

1. Plural nouns – (many shoes not many shoe; remember the ‘s’!)
2. Punctuation and capitalisation – Capital letter at the beginning of
sentences; a full stop at the end.
3. Make sure you use the correct articles – check the article ‘a’. Do you put
‘a’ in the correct places? (e.g.: Writing “The woman is a shopping” is wrong!
Remember, ‘a’ and ‘an’ means ONE).
4. Do you use ‘is’ and ‘are’ correctly? (Remember: is – singular, are – plural).
5. ‘There’ or ‘They’? (Do not confuse these two words!)
5. Make sure every sentence you write is related to the picture. (Do not
write any sentence that is not related to the picture!)
6. Spelling – Check and double-check!

Rewrite your improved sentences below:

1. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________




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EXERCISE 2




      dinner       helping        lay     table       serve


   roast chicken   happy          wash    dry         dishes


Draft:

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________



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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
Final answer:

1. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________

2. _______________________________________________________
  _______________________________________________________

3. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________

4. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________

5. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________




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EXERCISE 3

Now, try to apply everything that you have learned. Write your best 5
sentences for the picture below.




         busy           market           morning       bargaining       fishmonger


        handcart        buying            meat          butcher         vegetables


1. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________



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EXERCISE 4




       celebrating   twelfth        birthday     holding     party


         home         cake          games      photographs   enjoy


1. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________




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EXERCISE 5




      canteen    recess          pupils   queuing up   shouting


      helper     buying      ice-cream    scolding     running


1. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
   _______________________________________________________




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             QUESTION 2(B)
       MAKING A CHOICE AND GIVING
                REASONS

                (I WOULD CHOOSE…)




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QUESTION 2(B): SECTION B (I would choose…)

CHOOSING A PRODUCT

INTRODUCTION
I would choose X because   I think it is the best.
I would choose X because   it is the most suitable.
I would choose X because   I like it very much.
I would choose X because   my mother likes it very much.

PRICE
It is cheap.
It is reasonable.
It is not very expensive.
I can afford it.
It is expensive, but worth it.

COLOUR
The colours are my favourite.
The colours are my father’s favourite.
The colours are nice.
It is attractive.
I like the colours.

MATERIALS
The quality is good.
It is long-lasting.
It is beautiful.
I like the materials.

FREE GIFT / OFFERS
It is useful.
I can use the free gift.
My brother can use the free gift.



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It is interesting.
I like the free gift.



MODEL QUESTION AND ANSWER

Model 1




You would like to buy a handbag for your mother. Which handbag would you
choose? Give reasons for your choice.

Model answer:

I would choose Coco Leather Handbag because I think it is the most
suitable. Firstly, the price is RM105.00. It is expensive, but worth it.
Secondly, the material is soft leather. The quality is good. Thirdly, the



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colours are black, brown and red. The colours are my mother’s favourite.
Finally, the free gift is a lipstick case. My mother can use the free gift. I
hope my mother will be happy with my choice.

Try to answer this question again. Choose another handbag. Use the sample
sentences and model answer to guide you.

I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________




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CHOOSING AN ACTIVITY

TYPE OF ACTIVITY
Outdoor:
I am an active person, so I prefer outdoor activities.
My friend is an active person, so I recommend outdoor activities.

Indoor:
I am usually quiet and inactive, so I prefer indoor activities.
My friend is a quiet person, so I recommend indoor activities.

THINGS NEEDED
I already have the things needed.
My friend already has the things needed.
The things needed are not difficult to find.
I can get all the things needed easily.
My friend can get all the things needed easily.

BENEFITS / ADVANTAGES
I like the benefits.
My friend will like the benefits.
I like to learn new things.
My friend likes to learn new things.
I can improve myself.
My friend always wants to improve himself.

OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
It is a very interesting activity.
It is a challenging activity.
It is good for health.
It is good for mental health.
It is a good way to spend leisure time.
It is a good hobby.




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Model 2




You want to introduce your friend to an activity. Based on the information
given, which activity would you choose? Give reasons for your choice.

I would choose football because it is the most suitable for my friend.
Firstly, the type of activity is outdoor activity. My friend is an active
person, so I recommend outdoor activity. Secondly, the things needed are a
ball and football boots. My friend can get the things needed easily. Thirdly,
the benefit is it is a good form of exercise. My friend will like the benefit.



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Finally, the advantage is my friend can learn football skills. My friend likes
to learn new things. This is the best choice for my friend.



Try to answer this question again. Choose another activitiy. Use the sample
sentences and model answer to guide you.

I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________




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CHOOSING A PERSON

AGE
We have the same age, so we will have many things in common.
I want to make friends with someone younger.
I want to make friends with someone older.

COUNTRY / NATIONALITY
I want to learn more about Britain.
Japan is an interesting country.
I hope to visit Australia one day.

HOBBIES / INTEREST
We have the same hobbies.
We can discuss our hobbies.
The hobbies are interesting.

AMBITION
I also want to be a pilot.
We can talk about our ambitions.
I want to know more about his ambition.

OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
I hope we can become good friends.
We can exchange ideas.
I can tell him about our country.




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Model 3




Which pen pal would you choose to write to? Give reasons for your choice.

I would write to Sam Richards because I like him. Firstly, he is 12 years old.
We have the same age, so we will have many things in common. Secondly, he
is from Britain. I want to learn more about Britain. Thirdly, he likes to read
and collect stamps. The hobbies are interesting. Finally, he wants to be a
pilot. I also want to be a pilot. I hope we can become good friends.




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Try to answer this question again. Choose another person. Use the sample
sentences and model answer to guide you.

I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________




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CHOOSING A FOOD PRODUCT

PRODUCT OF / COUNTRY / MADE IN
I want to try products from Australia.
I prefer Malaysia product.
My sister likes product from England.

TASTE
The taste is nice.
I like the taste.
It is my favourite.
It is my sister’s favourite.
It is delicious.

NUTRIENTS
The nutrients are good for health.
It is nutritious.
My body needs the nutrients.
It is a healthy product.
I like to take care of my health.

OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
I prefer this product.
This product is better.
I like this product.
It is a high-quality product.
I will enjoy eating the biscuits with my family.




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Model 4




You want to buy some biscuits. Based on the information given, which packet
of biscuits would you prefer? Give reasons for your choice.

I would choose Milk Cookies because I think it is the best. Firstly, the price
is RM4. It is not very expensive. Secondly, it is imported from Australia. I
want to try products from Australia. Thirdly, the taste is milky and it melts
in the mouth. I like the taste. Finally, it is high in calcium. My body needs the
nutrients. I will enjoy eating the biscuits with my family.



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Try to answer this question again. Choose another food product. Use the
sample sentences and model answer to guide you.

I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________




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CHOOSING A HOUSE FOR RENT

TYPE OF HOUSE
I prefer to stay in a bungalow.
I like wooden house better.
An apartment is more suitable for my family.

DESCRIPTION OF THE HOUSE
It has enough bedrooms for all the members in our family.
It has enough bathrooms for our family.
My family likes a large porch.
My family likes the balcony.

LOCATION
The location is very nice.
The location is beautiful.
I like the location.
My family likes the location.

ADVANTAGES
It is convenient for my family.
It can make our life easier.
It can make our life more comfortable.

RENT
It is not very expensive.
It is reasonable.
My family can afford it.
It is expensive, but worth it.

OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
My family will like the house.
We will enjoy staying in the house.
It is a beautiful house.



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It is a comfortable house.




Model 5




You are helping your father to choose a house to rent. Based on the
information given, which house would you choose? Give reasons for your
choice.

I would choose House A because it is the most suitable for my family.
Firstly, the type of house is a bungalow. I prefer to stay in a bungalow.
Secondly, it has 4 bedrooms. It has enough bedrooms for all the members in
our family. Thirdly, it is located close to the beach. The location is beautiful.



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Fourthly, it is near to a school and town. It is convenient for my family.
Finally, the rent is RM500 per month. My family can afford it. We will enjoy
staying in the house.

Try to answer this question again. Choose another house for rent. Use the
sample sentences and model answer to guide you.

I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________




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CHOOSING A PET

PHYSICAL FEATURE
I like the physical feature.
It is cute and nice.
It is beautiful.
I like it.

PLACE TO STAY
It is easy to accommodate.
It is easy to look after.
It is convenient.

FOOD
It is easy to feed.
The food is easy to find.
It does not cost much.

CARE
It is not difficult to take care of.
I can take care of it well.
I can look after it easily.

OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
I always love rabbit.
I prefer goldfish.
I can play with my pet.
My pet will make me happy.




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Model 6




Try to answer this question using the sample sentences as your guide:

     I would choose __________________________________ because
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________



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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
PRACTISE MAKES PERFECT! HERE ARE MORE EXERCISES FOR YOU
TO DO:
EXERCISE 1




       Tales from India                  Tales from China                 Tales from Africa

        Price: RM16.00                     Price: RM10.00                   Price: RM12.00

  Publisher: Andra Publishing       Publisher: Tai Publishing         Publisher: Kang Publishing
            Malaysia                Republic of China(R.O.C)                     Singapore

 Available at: AWK Bookshop       Available at: A & S Bookshop        Available at: RBK Bookshop

Free gift: Colourful Bookmark       Free gift: Colouring book          Free gift: Colourful pocket
                                                                                  file
     Discount: 30% given                 Discount: 40% given              Discount: 20% given


(A) Complete the table base on the advertisement given.


    Title             Tales from China             _______________          Tales from Africa


   Price           __________________              ________________             RM12.00


 Publisher           Andra Publishing                Tai Publishing      ___________________


Available at       __________________               A & S Bookshop           RBK Bookshop


  Free gift         Colourful bookmark             ________________       _________________




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 Discount                 30%                   ____________                 20%

                                               Republic of China
  Country       ______________________             (R.O.C.)         ____________________


(B) If you want to buy a birthday present for your younger sister, which book would you
like to buy? Give reasons based on your choice.

       I would like to buy the _________________________________________because
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________




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EXERCISE 2



           Island Surprise             Hawaiian Chicken             Beef Barbecue




                RM35.90                      RM39.50                    RM40.00

           •    Size: Medium             •    Size: Medium          •   Size: Large
           •    Toppings: Shrimp,        •    Toppings:             •   Toppings: Beef
                tuna and Thousand             Chicken,                  sausages,
                island dressing               pineapple and             mushrooms and
           •    Drinks: 2 orange              bell peppers              barbecue sauce
                juice                    •    Drinks: 2 iced-       •   Drinks: 2 soft
                                              lemon tea                 drinks




(A) Complete the table based on the menus given.



Menus               _______________           Hawaiian Chicken          Beef Barbecue


Price                    RM35.90               _____________            _____________


Toppings               1. Shrimp                  1. ___________    1. ______________
                       2. _________               2. Pineapple      2. Mushrooms
                       3. _________               3. Bell peppers   3. ______________


Drinks                  orange juice         _________________      __________________




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(B) You and your mother want to have pizza for lunch, which set would you choose?
Give reasons based on your choice.

      I would choose _________________________________________because
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
______________




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EXERCISE 3


                            Mr. Vadetto                               Master Johan
                       •    Price: RM80                           •   Price: RM90
                       •    Material:                             •   Material: silk
                            leather                               •   Made in
                       •    Made in Italy                             Indonesia
                       •    Colour: black                         •   Colour: red and
                            and brown                                 blue
                       •    Discount: 20%                         •   Discount: 10%



                                                         Anwar’s Batik
                                                   •     Price: RM100
                                                   •     Material: silk
                                                   •     Made in Malaysia
                                                   •     Colour: yellow
                                                         and blue
                                                   •     Discount: 30%



(A) Complete the table based on the information given.

   Brand            Price         Material       Product of       Colour      Discount


Mr. Vadetto     ____________     __________        Italy          black       ______
                                                                  and
                                                                  brown



___________        RM90             silk         __________    ____________    10%




  Anwar’s       ___________     ____________     Malaysia      ____________   _______
   Batik




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(B) You want to give your father a present on his birthday. Which present would you
     choose? Give reasons for your choice.

      I would choose _________________________________________because
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
______________




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EXERCISE 4




       SWIMMING                     PLAYING CHESS                    READING

    Outdoor activity                Indoor activity              Indoor activity
    Swimsuit/swimming               Chess                        Books, magazines,
     trunks, goggles,                Mental exercise,              comics
     swimming cap                     fun                          Fun, relaxing
    A full-body exercise,           Strategies, goal             Creativity,
     fun                              setting,                      knowledge
    Time management,                 self confidence
     goal setting, self
     confidence



(A) Complete the table below based on the advertisements given.


 Name of activity       SWIMMING            ________________            READING


 Type of activity   _________________            Outdoor           _________________


 Things needed      1. Swimsuit            1. _____________        1. Books
                    2. Swimming trunk                              2. Magazines
                    3. ______________                              3._______________


     Benefits       1. _______________     1. _______________.     1. _______________

                    2._______________      2. Goal setting         2._______________

                    3. Self confidence     3. Self confidence




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(B) You want to take part in one activity. Which activity would you choose? Give
reasons based on your choice.


      I would choose ____________________________________________ because
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_____________




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EXERCISE 5




                Hi there! My name is Akiko Myama. I am
                eleven years old. I live with my parents in
                Tokyo, Japan. I enjoy swimming and
                writing. I love to play bowling, too. When I
                grow up, I want to be a singer like Utada
                Hikaru. I wish to have a response from
                someone with the same interest.
                My email address:
                akikomyama@yahoo.com


                Hello, I am Anthony McGee. I live in East
                London. I am twelve years old. I enjoy
                swimming very much. I enjoy football and
                badminton, too. I also like to play computer
                games. I want to be a doctor. Hope to hear a
                good response from you soon.
                Email me at: anthonymcgee@aol.com




                I am Sarsono Budianto. I am eleven years
                old. I live in West Bali, Indonesia. I like to
                surf very much. Besides that, I also love to
                draw and write. I am a part time dancer in
                our culture community. I enjoy it very much.
                I wish that I could be an artist someday.
                Email me if you are interested to be my
                friend: sarsono177@hotmail.com




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(A) Complete the table below based on the information given.



                Name       Akiko Myama         ______________ ____________


                Age        _____________       twelve years old   ____________


            Hobbies        swimming            swimming           surf
                           writing             football           draw
                           _____________       badminton          write
                                               computer games     _____________


            Ambition             singer        _____________      ____________


            Country        ______________          England        ____________



(B) You want to have a pen friend oversea. Which one will you choose? Give reason
based on your choice.

      I would like to be friends with _________________________________ because
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
______________




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                  QUESTION 3
                   SECTION C

                NOTE EXPANSION




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QUESTION 3: NOTE EXPANSION

Model 1




    Noni - walking – school – saw –             beggar – shivering – hungry – took
    beggar - tree                                - lunch box – gave - him




0



                         ate up – food – eating – smiled
                         - thanked – kindness



STEP 1: What is the story about?

           It is about a girl who gave her food to a beggar.




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STEP 2: Look at the verbs given. Try to identify the correct tense to use.

Find the verbs in the story:
walking             Continuous Tense
saw                 Past Tense
shivering           Continuous Tense
took                Past Tense
gave                Past Tense
ate                 Past Tense
eating              Continuous Tense
smiled              Past Tense
thanked             Past Tense

What is the Tense to be used?

                Simple Past Tense and Past Continuous Tense

STEP 3: Write the story.

Introduction

Noni was a kind and helpful girl. She liked to help other people in trouble.

Picture 1

                                            SUBJECT       VERB           ROS
                                            Noni          was walking    to school
                                            She           saw            a beggar
                                            The beggar    was sitting    under a tree

                                                One day, Noni was walking to school. On
                                            her way, she saw a beggar. The beggar was
                                            sitting under a tree.


Noni - walking – school – saw –


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beggar - tree




Picture 2

                                             SUBJECT        VERB           ROS
                                             The beggar     was
                                                            shivering
                                             He             was            hungry
                                             Noni           took out       her lunch
                                                                           box
                                             She            gave           the food to
                                                                           him

                                                The beggar was shivering. He was very
beggar – shivering – hungry – took           hungry. Noni felt sorry for him. She took out
- lunch box – gave - him                     her lunch box from her bag and gave the
                                             food to him.


Picture 3

                                             SUBJECT        VERB           ROS
                                             The beggar     ate up         the food
                                             He             finished
                                                            eating
                                             He             smiled
                                             He             thanked        Noni for her
                                                                           kindness

                                                 The beggar ate up all the food. After he
                                             finished eating, he smiled and thanked Noni
      ate up – food – eating – smiled
                                             for her kindness.
           - thanked – kindness

Ending:

   Noni felt happy because she had helped the beggar. She continued her
walk to school with a big smile on her face.

STEP 4: Read the story again. Can you make it better?




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Try to add some adjectives and adverbs. Change nouns to pronouns wherever
appropriate. Form compound sentences. You may also try to add         similes,
idioms and proverbs* to make your writing more interesting.

*Refer to Appendix 7-8.
Model 2




 Halim – washes – hands – before –              – weekend – he – breakfast
 meals –                                         – together – parents




                          – after breakfast – helps – mother –
                          clear – table –

Identify the Tense: ___________________________

Introduction:

  Halim is a _______________________________ boy. He likes to
__________________________________. He also likes to
____________________________________________________.




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Picture 1:


                                     SUBJECT     VERB        ROS
                                     Halim       washes      his hands
                                                             before
                                                             meals

                                     ____________________________________
                                     ____________________________________
                                     ____________________________________
                                     ____________________________________
                                     ____________________________________
 Halim – washes – hands – before –
 meals –




Picture 2: Try to answer these questions:

                                      _
                                      SUBJECT     VERB        ROS
                                      He          eats        breakfast
                                                              together
                                                              with his
                                                              parents

                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
   – weekend – he – breakfast         ____________________________________
    – together – parents




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Picture 3: Try to answer these questions:

                                      SUBJECT     VERB        ROS
                                      Halim       helps       his mother
                                      He          clears      the table

                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
                                      ____________________________________
 – after breakfast – helps – mother   ____________________________________
 –clear – table –




Ending:
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________




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MORE EXERCISES!

EXERCISE 1




- Aswad – Sports Day – parents -                 - took part – high jump - 200
 came – support -                                metres race – first – both - events




                        -received – trophies – headmaster -
                        parents - proud – Aswad – tired – happy-



_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________


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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
EXERCISE 2




   holidays – theme park – morning -         father – entrance – excited - rides
               restaurant




   ride – spaceship – stars – got off        train ride – driver – places - lunch



_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________



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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
EXERCISE 3




  week – took – bus – airport –          Kinabalu Park – rafflesia – biggest –
  flew – Kota Kinabalu                   Mount Kinabalu – highest – South
                                         East Asia - photographs




                    Manukan Island – boat – seawater
                    – beautiful – snorkeling – marine
                    life – corals - enjoyed

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________


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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
EXERCISE 4




   Lotter - friend – went – bird              -evening – home - lost – way – tired –
   watching – jungle -                        frightened - decided – spend night




                            heard - voices – woke up – happy –
                            parents – hugged


_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________


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_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_____________
EXERCISE 5




 - crow – found – meat – flew - tree           fox – saw – wanted – told – sing
 - chicks -                                    sweetly




                         - proud crow – opened mouth –
                         dropped –meat – fox - ran away




 _______________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________


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 _______________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________
 _______________________________________________________________________
                                                                ________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
                                                            APPENDIX 1
ADJECTIVES

FEELINGS        PERASAAN   CHARACTER          SIFAT       LOOKS          RUPA
angry                      arrogant                       attractive
anxious                    brave                          beautiful
bored                      clumsy                         big
shy                        courageous                     nice
scared                     diligent                       dark
puzzled                    hardworking                    elegant
surprised                  intelligent                    fair
happy                      clever                         gorgeous
sad                        smart                          handsome
excited                    funny                          tall
gloomy                     strict                         short
joyful                     selfish                        small
sleepy                     pleasant                       spacious
tired                      rude                           neat
hungry                     polite                         large
ill                        talkative                      tiny
worried                    quiet                          good-looking
confident                  humble                         ugly
hungry                     friendly                       hideous

CONDITIONS      KEADAAN    FEATURES           CIRI-CIRI
dirty                      long-lasting
clean                      expensive
tidy                       cheap
neat                       high-quality
cold                       delicious
hot                        modern
crowded                    old-fashioned
empty                      challenging
hectic                     easy
bad                        difficult
good                       interesting
terrible                   suitable


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excellent       reasonable
new             useful
old             educational
comfortable     nutritious
enjoyable       heavy
dull            light
hectic          affordable
                                    APPENDIX 2
ADVERBS

accurately      surely
beautifully     truly
carefully       clearly
diligently      lovingly
excellently     gently
faithfully      excitedly
gracefully      joyfully
hungrily        cheerfully
loudly          sadly
nicely          fast
neatly          well
obviously       badly
pleasantly      terribly
quickly         quietly
soundly         busily
tidily          attentively
skillfully      accidentally
slowly          proudly
softly          comfortably
definitely      patiently




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                                                                      APPENDIX 3
SC CARDS

                                   SC CARD 1

                1.   Place / Location / Event
                     This is a (name of place / location / event).

                2. People / Animals / Things / Plants
                   There is a (singular noun).
                   There are (plural noun).

                3. Activities
                   (Singular subject) is (verb + ing).
                   (Plural subject) are (verb + ing).

                4. Adjectives (Feelings / Look)
                   (Singular subject) is (adjectives).
                   (Plural subject) are (adjectives).




                                   SC CARD 2

                1.   Add adjectives
                     (beautiful, big, happy, excited, angry, busy,
                     etc.)

                2. Add adverbs
                   (busily, happily, soundly, gracefully, sweetly,
                   etc.)

                3. Write compound sentences
                   - Use conjunctions: and, but, while, because, or

                4. Write complex sentences (if you can)
                   The (subject), who/which (is/are)
                   (verb+ing/adjective), (is/are)
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                                                                                    Appendix 4
    SUBJECT GROUPS

         Group 1                I                   am               do                have
                                                    was              did               had
         Group 2               He
                              She                    is             does                has
                               It                   was              did                had
                           Ali (SN)
         Group 3              You
                              We                     are             do                have
                              They                  were             did               had
                          Ali and Abu
                              (PN)



    FORMS OF VERBS

         Present Tense                 Continuous     Past Tense    Perfect Tense       Future     Notes
                                         Tense                                          Tense
Every day I…    Every day he…       Now I am/he     Yesterday      Already I        Tomorrow       Malay
(G1 & G3)       (G2)                is/they are…    I/he/they…     have/he          I/he/we
                                    (G1, G2, G3)    (G1, G2, G3)   has/they have…   will...
                                                                   (G1, G2, G3)     (G1, G2, G3)
bathe           bathes              bathing         bathed         bathed           bathe
beat            beats               beating         beat           beaten           beat
begin           begins              beginning       began          begun            begin
bend            bends               bending         bent           bent             bend
bite            bites               biting          bit            bitten           bite
blow            blows               blowing         blew           blown            blow
borrow          borrows             borrowing       borrowed       borrowed         borrow
break           breaks              breaking        broke          broken           break
bring           brings              bringing        brought        brought          bring
brush           brushes             brushing        brushed        brushed          brush
build           builds              building        built          built            build
burn            burns               burning         burnt/burned   burnt/burned     burn




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bury             buries         burying         buried          buried           bury
buy              buys           buying          bought          bought           buy
climb            climbs         climbing        climbed         climbed          climb
catch            catches        catching        caught          caught           catch
comb             combs          combing         combed          combed           comb
come             comes          coming          came            come             come
cycle            cycles         cycling         cycled          cycled           cycle
dig              digs           digging         dug             dug              dig
         Present Tense             Continuous      Past Tense    Perfect Tense       Future     Notes
                                     Tense                                            Tense
Every day I…    Every day he…   Now I am/he     Yesterday       Already I        Tomorrow       Malay
(G1 & G3)       (G2)            is/they are…    I/he/they…      have/he          I/he/we
                                (G1, G2, G3)    (G1, G2, G3)    has/they have…   will...
                                                                (G1, G2, G3)     (G1, G2, G3)
dive            dives           diving          dived           dived            dive
do              does            doing           did             done             do
dance           dances          dancing         danced          danced           dance
draw            draws           drawing         drew            drawn            draw
drink           drinks          drinking        drank           drunk            drink
drive           drives          driving         drove           driven           drive
eat             eats            eating          ate             eaten            eat
fail            fails           failing         failed          failed           fail
fall            falls           falling         fell            fallen           fall
fight           fights          fighting        fought          fought           fight
fly             flies           flying          flew            flown            fly
forget          forgets         forgetting      forgot          forgotten        forget
get             gets            getting         got             got              get
give            gives           giving          gave            given            give
go              goes            going           went            gone             go
grow            grows           growing         grew            grown            grow
hang            hangs           hanging         hung            hung             hang
hide            hides           hiding          hid             hidden           hide
hold            holds           holding         held            held             hold
keep            keeps           keeping         kept            kept             keep
kick            kicks           kicking         kicked          kicked           kick
kneel           kneels          kneeling        knelt           knelt            kneel
leave           leaves          leaving         left            left             leave
lie             lies            lying           lay             lain             lie
make            makes           making          made            made             make
pay             pays            paying          paid            paid             pay
ride            rides           riding          rode            ridden           ride
ring            rings           ringing         rang            rung             ring
sell            sells           selling         sold            sold             sell
run             runs            running         ran             run              run
say             says            saying          said            said             say
see             sees            seeing          saw             seen             see
sell            sells           selling         sold            sold             sell
send            sends           sending         sent            sent             send
sew             sews            sewing          sewed           sewn             sew




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shake             shakes         shaking         shook          shaken           shake
shine             shines         shining         shone          shone            shine
shout             shouts         shouting        shouted        shouted          shout
shoot             shoots         shooting        shot           shot             shoot
show              shows          showing         showed         shown            show
skip              skips          skipping        skipped        skipped          skip
sing              sings          singing         sang           sung             sing
smile             smiles         smiling         smiled         smiled           smile
          Present Tense             Continuous     Past Tense    Perfect Tense       Future     Notes
                                      Tense                                           Tense
Every day I…     Every day he…   Now I am/he     Yesterday      Already I        Tomorrow       Malay
(G1 & G3)        (G2)            is/they are…    I/he/they…     have/he          I/he/we
                                 (G1, G2, G3)    (G1, G2, G3)   has/they have…   will...
                                                                (G1, G2, G3)     (G1, G2, G3)
sit              sits            sitting         sat            sat              sit
sleep            sleeps          sleeping        slept          slept            sleep
smile            smiles          smiling         smiled         smiled           smile
speak            speaks          speaking        spoke          spoken           speak
spend            spends          spending        spent          spent            spend
stand            stands          standing        stood          stood            stand
steal            steals          stealing        stole          stolen           steal
strike           strikes         striking        struck         struck           strike
sweep            sweeps          sweeping        swept          swept            sweep
swim             swims           swimming        swam           swum             swim
take             takes           taking          took           taken            take
talk             talks           talking         talked         talked           talk
teach            teaches         teaching        taught         taught           teach
tear             tears           tearing         tore           torn             tear
tell             tells           telling         told           told             tell
think            thinks          thinking        thought        thought          think
throw            throws          throwing        threw          thrown           throw
try              tries           trying          tried          tried            try
tie              ties            tying           tied           tied             tie
wear             wears           wearing         wore           worn             wear
win              wins            winning         won            won              win
wind             winds           winding         wound          wound            wind
write            writes          writing         wrote          written          write
add              adds            adding          added          added            add
allow            allows          allowing        allowed        allowed          allow
arrive           arrives         arriving        arrived        arrived          arrive
breathe          breathes        breathing       breathed       breathed         breathe
brush            brushes         brushing        brushed        brushed          brush
carry            carries         carrying        carried        carried          carry
change           changes         changing        changed        changed          change
close            closes          closing         closed         closed           close
copy             copies          copying         copied         copied           copy
cook             cooks           cooking         cooked         cooked           cook
cry              cries           crying          cried          cried            cry
divide           divides         dividing        divided        divided          divide




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drop              drops          dropping        dropped        dropped          drop
fit               fits           fitting         fitted         fitted           fit
hand              hands          handing         handed         handed           hand
drop              drops          dropping        dropped        dropped          drop
fit               fits           fitting         fitted         fitted           fit
hand              hands          handing         handed         handed           hand
hope              hopes          hoping          hoped          hoped            hope
hop               hops           hopping         hopped         hopped           hop
          Present Tense             Continuous     Past Tense    Perfect Tense       Future     Notes
                                       Tense                                          Tense
Every day I…     Every day he…   Now I am/he     Yesterday      Already I        Tomorrow       Malay
(G1 & G3)        (G2)            is/they are…    I/he/they…     have/he          I/he/we
                                 (G1, G2, G3)    (G1, G2, G3)   has/they have…   will...
                                                                (G1, G2, G3)     (G1, G2, G3)
hurry            hurries         hurrying        hurried        hurried          hurry
join             joins           joining         joined         joined           join
drive            drives          driving         drove          driven           drive
jump             jumps           jumping         jumped         jumped           jump
laugh            laughs          laughing        laughed        laughed          laugh
live             lives           living          lived          lived            live
lock             locks           locking         locked         locked           lock
open             opens           opening         opened         opened           open
read             reads           reading         read           read             read
reply            replies         replying        replied        replied          replied
row              rows            rowing          rowed          rowed            row
stop             stops           stopping        stopped        stopped          stop
study            studies         studying        studied        studied          study
type             types           typing          typed          typed            type
use              uses            using           used           used             use
walk             walks           walking         walked         walked           walk
wait             waits           waiting         waited         waited           wait
cut              cuts            cutting         cut            cut              cut
hit              hits            hitting         hit            hit              hit
hurt             hurts           hurting         hurt           hurt             hurt
let              lets            letting         let            let              let
put              puts            putting         put            put              put
push             pushes          pushing         pushed         pushed           push
shut             shuts           shutting        shut           shut             shut
pull             pulls           pulling         pulled         pulled           pull
sink             sinks           sinking         sank           sunk             sink




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                                                                  APPENDIX 5
                 TENSES, SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND
                       TYPES OF SENTENCES

All English sentences are made up of three basic parts:


  Subject              Verb                  The Rest of the Sentence
        Ali            kicks                    the ball.
      The girl          is                      pretty.



Study the sentences below:

             Subject             Verb           The rest of the       Time
                                                   sentence
 1.              Ali              kicks            the ball         every day.
 2.              Ali           is kicking          the ball            now.
 3.              Ali             kicked             the ball        yesterday.
 4.              Ali            will kick           the ball        tomorrow.


Sentence 1 is in Simple Present Tense (happens daily or regularly).
Sentence 2 is in Present Continuous Tense (is happening now).
Sentence 3 is in Simple Past Tense (happened in the past).
Sentence 4 is in Future Tense (will happen in the future).



These four tenses are the basic tenses that you may use in writing English
sentences.




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Besides the four tenses above, there are another two important tenses that
you should know:

Past Continuous Tense

Ali was kicking the ball when I reached the field yesterday (was happening
at some time in the past).
Perfect Tense

Ali has    already kicked the ball (has already happened).



TYPES OF SENTENCES

1. Active and Passive Sentences

Active sentence:

Subject              Verb              Object
Ali                  kicks             the ball.   (Simple Present Tense)

Passive sentence

Object               Verb              Subject
The ball             is kicked         by Ali.

More examples:

Active sentences                        Passive sentences
Ali kicked the ball.                    The ball was kicked by Ali.
Mother cooks the vegetables.            The vegetables are cooked by mother.
He drove the car.                       The car was driven by him.
Siti tears the book.                    The book is torn by Siti.
The policeman caught the thief.         The thief was caught by the policeman.




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2. Simple and Compound Sentences

Simple sentence 1: Ali goes to school.
Simple sentence 2: Abu goes to school.

Compound sentence: Ali and Abu go to school.

A compound sentence is formed by joining two or more simple sentences
using conjunctions (and, but, or, because, so, while).

Another example:

Simple sentence 1: Ali is sick.
Simple sentence 2: Ali does not go to school.

Compound sentence: Ali is sick, so he does not go to school.



3. Complex sentence

A complex sentence is formed by adding a clause.

Example:

Sentence 1: The girl is my sister.
Sentence 2. The girl is wearing a blue dress.

Complex sentence: The girl   who is wearing a blue dress is my sister.




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                                              clause




PRACTISE!

Sentence                           Subject             Verb   Tense
I like to go to school.

One of the girls is missing.

Abu and Ali came here yesterday.

She sells seashells by the
seashore.

The water is clear.

They were walking to the bus
stop.

The children are dancing around
the rose bush.

My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

She has already given the names
to the teacher.

Father cooks breakfast every
Sunday.

Wendy and her brothers played
badminton last week.

My sister and I will visit
grandmother next Tuesday.

I will get 5A in UPSR.



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The cat was jumping over the
fence.

The dogs were chasing the cat.



We were happy and excited.



                                                                 APPENDIX 6
PRACTISE!

Every day            Now             Yesterday    Tomorrow          Already
I come               I am coming     I came       I will come       I have come
She buys             She is buying   She bought   She will buy      She has bought
We eat
It flies
He gives
You grow
They sing
I hold
The girls go
My father drives
The water flows
The man rests
One of the ladies
shouts
The thief runs
The boat sinks
The flowers bloom
The postman comes
All of them see
Most girls play
The tiger roars
Both boys win
The fan turns
I sing
Many teachers
scold
More people leave
Each one brings
Everyone tells
Nobody pushes



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No one keeps
Somebody hits
Several man see
Most of them put
It shines
The baby cries
The plant grows




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                                       APPENDIX 7
                             SIMILES
as agile as a monkey
as alike as two peas
as angry as a wasp
as bald as an egg
as bashful as a schoolgirl
as beautiful as a rainbow
as big as an elephant
as black as coal
as blind as a bat
as busy as a bee
as careless as the wind
as clear as crystal
as cold as ice
as cool as a cucumber
as cunning as a fox
as deep as the sea
as easy as ABC
as faithful as a dog
as fast as lightning
as fit as a fiddle
as gentle as a dove
as graceful as a swan
as green as grass
as happy as a lark
as hard as iron
as playful as a kitten
as sweet as honey
as proud as a peacock
as quiet as a mouse
as steady as a rock
as tall as a giant
as tough as a leather
as white as snow
as wide as the ocean
as wise as an owl
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                                                                              APPENDIX 8
                     ENGLISH IDIOMS AND EXPRESSIONS

Bird in the Hand Is worth Two in the Bush: Apa yang sudah pasti lebih baik dari apa yang
belum pasti.

A Blessing In Disguise: Hikmah dalam kesusahan yang berlaku.

A Piece Of Cake: Sesuatu yang sangat mudah.

A Slip Of The Tongue: Tersilap cakap.

A Wolf In Sheep's Clothing: Kejahatan yang menyamar sebagai kebaikan.

Absence Makes The Heart Grow Fonder: Apabila jarang bertemu, semakin sayang.

Actions Speak Louder Than Words: Perbuatan lebih berkesan dari perkataan.

All That Glitters Is Not Gold: Tidak semua yang nampak menarik itu baik.

As Light As A Feather: Sangat ringan, seperti bulu burung.

Beating Around The Bush: Putar-belit.

Better Late Than Never: Lebih baik lambat, dari tidak ada langsung / tidak pernah.

Birds Of A Feather Flock Together: Orang yang mempunyai persamaan akan berkumpul
bersama.

Burning The Midnight Oil: Bekerja hingga lewat malam.

Cross Your Fingers: Mengharapkan yang terbaik.

Cry Over Spilt Milk: Menyesal atas sesuatu yang sudah berlaku.

Curiosity Killed The Cat: Perasaan ingin tahu yang membawa kesusahan.

Don't Count Your Chickens Until They're Hatched: Jangan mengira hasil sebelum berusaha
(angan-angan Mat Jenin).

Don't Put All Your Eggs In One Basket: Jangan letakkan semua harapan pada satu tempat
sahaja.

Every Cloud Has A Silver Lining: Setiap kesusahan yang berlaku ada hikmahnya.

Great Minds Think Alike: Pemikiran yang sama.

Have No Idea: Tidak tahu langsung.

Head Over Heel: Jatuh cinta.

Icing On The Cake: Perkara yang baik / menggembirakan.

It Takes Two To Tango: Setiap pergaduhan melibatkan dua pihak.

Lend Me Your Ear: Tolong dengar apa yang saya ingin katakana.



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Let Bygones Be Bygones: Yang berlalu biarlah berlalu.

Let The Cat Out Of The Bag: Membocorkan rahsia.

Out Of The Blue: Secara tiba-tiba

Out Of the Frying Pan and into the Fire: Dari satu kesusahan, ke satu kesusahan yang lain.

Practice Makes Perfect: Latihan berterusan akan memahirkan kita.

Pulling Your Leg: Bergurau.

Rome Was Not Built In One Day: Tidak ada jalan pintas ke arah kejayaan.

Second Nature: Kemahiran yang sudah menjadi satu kebiasaan harian.

Start From Scratch: Bermula dari bawah.

The Apple Of Your Eye: Kesayangan.

The Early Bird Catches The Worm: Orang yang awal bangun dan bekerja akan mendapat lebih
hasil.

The Pot Calling The Kettle Black: Orang yang bersalah tetap mempersalahkan orang lain.

The Pros And Cons: Kebaikan dan keburukan.

The Sky Is The Limit: Tidak ada batas.

Turn Over A New Leaf: Berubah / Insaf.

Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right: Jangan membalas kejahatan dengan kejahatan.

Under The Weather: Kurang sihat.

Variety Is The Spice Of Life: Kepelbagaian menjadikan kehidupan lebih menarik.

Without A Doubt: Tanpa sebarang syak-wasangka.

You Can't Judge A Book By Its Cover: Jangan menilai seseorang daripada luarannya sahaja.




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                                                PROVERBS


Where there’s a will there’s a way:

When a person really wants to do something, he will find a way of doing it.

First come, first served:

The first in line will be attended to first.

A friend in need is a friend indeed:

A friend who helps when one is in trouble is a real friend.

Discretion is the better part of valor:

If you say discretion is the better part of valor, you mean that avoiding a dangerous or unpleasant situation is

sometimes the most sensible thing to do.




A hungry man is an angry man:

A person who does not get what he wants or needs is a frustrated person and will be easily provoked to

rage.

Empty vessels make the most noise:

Those people who have a little knowledge usually talk the most and make the greatest fuss.

A man is as old as he feels:

A person’s age is immaterial – it is only when he thinks and feels that he is ageing that he actually becomes

old.

Great talkers are little doers:

Those people who talk a lot and are always teaching others usually do not do much work.

An idle brain is the devil’s workshop:

One who has nothing to do will be tempted to do many mischievous acts.



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An ounce of discretion is worth a pound of wit:

It is better to be careful and discrete than to be clever.

Faint heart never won fair lady:

To succeed in life one must have the courage to pursue what he wants.

A penny saved is a penny gained:

By being thrifty one will be able to save up.

A rolling stone gathers no moss:

A person who never settles in one place or who often changes his job will not succeed in life ; one who is

always changing his mind will never get anything done.

As you sow, so you shall reap:

One will either enjoy or suffer the consequences of his earlier actions or inactions.

Barking dogs seldom bite:

Those who make loud threats seldom carry them out.

Better late than never:

To do something that is right, profitable, or good a little late is still better than not doing it at all.




A bird in hand is worth two in the bush:

Something that one already has is better than going after something seemingly more worthwhile that one

may not be able to get.



Birds of a feather flock together:

People of the same sort of character or belief always go together.

Call a spade a spade:

If you say that someone calls a spade a spade, you mean that they speak frankly and directly, often about

embarrassing or unpleasant subjects; an informal expression.




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Charity begins at home :

A person’s first obligation should be to help the member of his own family before he can begin thinking of

talking about helping others.

A great talker is a great liar:

A smooth and persuasive talker may be a good liar.

Every cloud has a silver lining:

If you say that every cloud has a silver lining, you mean that every sad or unpleasant situation has a positive

side to it. If you talk about silver lining you are talking about something positive

that comes out of a sad or unpleasant situation.




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