Sea Shield Assured Access in the Littoral by mre41824

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									                          UNCLASSIFIED




Spirit of ‘76




                Sea Shield : Assured Access
                            in the
                          Littoral
                        23 October 2003


                                         CAPT Ray Spicer, N76E
                                         Deputy for Surface Ships


                          UNCLASSIFIED                              1
                                     55% of the Fleet Deployed during OIF:
                                         Predominantly in the Littoral
                                                  Providing Access
                                             Projecting Power Over Land
                                                 Protecting the Force




Recent Maritime Operations Highlight the Need for Assured Access in the Littoral
    We Must Operate Here, and Counter Asymmetric Access-Denial Threat
                                                                                   2
                                                                                   2
           Sea Shield Mission

• Assure access and sustainability
  throughout the battle space
• Project robust defense
• Provide a sea-based layer for Homeland
  Defense



                                           3
                  Sea Shield
                    Pillars

                        Sea
                       Shield


  Force      Surface        Under Sea   Theater Air and
Protection   Warfare         Warfare    Missile Defense




                                                          4
        Surface Warfare Issues

• Over the Horizon surface threats
• Small Boat Threats
• Wide Area MIO
• Protection of MIW / EXW / CLF/
  MPF-F Forces




                                     5
                               Threat vs. Current Capability
                                       BB Round
                                       (10nm)
                                                                Armed Helo

                MK 45
                                                                             Hellfire(4nm)
                 GUN
               (6.5nm)



                                                                       .50 Cal (1nm)

                         Small Arms
          MK 38          (>1000 yds)
        (1500 yds)


     CIWS IB
     (2nm)                                        5   10
                                                           NM
       RPG/Small Arms
         (>1000yds)




The Threat
                                                      ASCM (10nm)
                             Wake Homing
                             Torpedo (7nm)
                                                      Layered Defense is key
                                                                                             6
        Future SUW Warfighting
• Dispersed force of smaller networked platforms with
  distributed, unmanned sensors
• Directed-energy weapons, to provide protection both
  at sea and pierside.
• 5 Inch Force Protection Projectile to increase range
  and lethality
• CIWS 1B to provide inner layer defense against
  small boats
• Stabilized 25mm Gun to provide more accuracy and
  range

                                                         7
       Under Sea Warfare Issues

• Mine identification and neutralization
• Neutralize submarine threats to
  operations in the littorals
• Provide self-defense against sub-
  surface threat weapons
• ‘Hold at Risk’ submarine threat
  throughout the theater

                                           8
              TF ASW Tasking
• CNO directed N6/N7 to conduct a focused ASW study
  to examine technology opportunities.
• Task Force ASW will provide options to the CNO for
  research and development, science and technology,
  CONOPS and training.             Science &
                                  Technology

  - Team A – S&T and
  R&D opportunities
                                                  POR/
  and capabilities                               Systems

  - Team B – CONOPS
  and Training                    CONOPS



       Goal – Technologies and CONOPS to
               fundamentally change ASW
                                                           9
              Future ASW Warfighting

   Anti-Submarine Warfare Supremacy: Render an opposing
   submarine force incapable of interfering with mission
   accomplishment:
         detect submarines anywhere,
         engage submarines rapidly, and
         neutralize submarine weapons.
                                                              ASW CONSTRUCT
Hold at Risk                                    Orange
                                               Naval Base


 – Achieve mission denial against         Orange
                                         Naval Base
                                                            Hold at Risk
   adversary submarines and destroy
   enemy submarines at times and
   places of our choosing
Protected Passage
 – Assure access with safe transits in
   the face of submarine threats                              Maritime
                                                               Shield
Maritime Shield
                                                                              10
                      Takeaways

• Sea Shield
  – Concept is core to Joint Warfighting
  – Most critical and most challenged in the littoral
    environment
  – ASW, MIW, SUW
• ASW
  – Move from mass force to mass effects
• SUW
  – Early detection and a layered defense is key
  – Stabilized 25mm fills capability gap until CIWS 1B is fully
    fielded

                                                                  11
Backups




          12
           Littoral Warfare Issues
• Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)
  – Neutralize submarine threats to operations in the littorals
  – Provide self-defense against sub-surface threat weapons
  – ‘Hold at Risk’ submarine threat throughout the theater
• Surface Warfare (SUW)
  –   Over the Horizon (OTH) surface threats
  –   Swarming Small Boat Threats
  –   Wide Area MIO
  –   Protection of MIW / EXW / CLF/ MPF-F Forces Against Surface
      Threats
• Mine Warfare (MIW)
  – Counter Mines From Deep to Shallow Water
  – Counter Minefields, Obstacles and Barriers from VSW to the
    Beach Exit Zone

                                                                    13
                       TF ASW Team A Concepts
                                       Background / Context
         Today - Mass Forces                                                                                  Tomorrow – Mass Effects
Team B Current CONOPS Thoughts                                                                            Team A Technology panel tasking - identify
                                                                                                          technology innovations so that we can mass
“We can’t do ‘effects based ASW’- must mass                                                               effects not forces
force and carve out an area for Battle Force                                                               provide quantum improvements in ASW
      • Time-constrained large area search                                                                   capabilities
      problem                                                                                              seek solutions:
      • CPF: 130 false contacts per day*                                                                         without reliance on force on force
           *Consistent with Falklands Conflict                                                                   maximum compression of the ASW
Very sensor, weapon and numbers of platforms                                                                      OODA loop
limited”                                                                                                          –   highly responsive detect to engage sequence


Mid-Term Concepts                      Task Force ASW Integrated Mid-term
                                              Technology Concept
                                                                                                          Far -Term Concepts (including
                             Rapidly deployable,
                              Rapidly deployable,
                                active/passive
                                                                                                          systems needing further definition)
Distributed Fields,
                                active/passive            Long-endurance,
                                                          Long-endurance,
                           distributed field; using
                           distributed field; using     low-altitude capable,
                                                        low-altitude capable,
                           reliable acoustic path
                            reliable acoustic path
                             (RAP) in deep water
                             (RAP) in deep water
                                  (RAP field)
                                  (RAP field)
                                                          tactical UAV with
                                                          tactical UAV with
                                                          MAD/EO sensors
                                                          MAD/EO sensors
                                                             (LE UTUAV)
                                                             (LE UTUAV)
                                                                                   Compact rapid-
                                                                                   Compact rapid-
                                                                                   attack weapon
                                                                                   attack weapon
                                                                                       (CRAW)
                                                                                       (CRAW)
                                                                                                           Large-N, Large
Tactical UAV,                                                                                              Area Non-acoustic
Rapid Attack Weapon          Accurate (<10 sqnm),
                               frequent datums        Target confirmation
                                                      and accurate attack
                                                          localization
                                                                                   Effective kill,
                                                                                compatible with UAV
                                                                                                           Search, Long
                             Integrated Technology Concept
                                                                                                           Range Stand-off
Decoys /
                                                      Draft Review Copy                               4



                                                                                                           Weapon, Tagging
Countermeasures                                                                                                                                                 14
                            Sea Shield Capabilities
                                              Sea Shield

     Under Sea                    Force                    Surface             Theater Air and
      Warfare                   Protection                 Warfare             Missile Defense
             CDR Brennan                CDR Kadowaki            CDR Sullivan             LCDR Cegielski
             MR Smith

Provide Self-Defense         Protect Against SOF       Provide Self-Defense    Provide Self-Defense
Against Subsurface           and Terrorist Threats     Against Surface         Against Air and Missile
Threats                                                Threats                 Threats
Neutralize Submarine         Mitigate Effects of
                             CBRNE                     Conduct Offensive       Provide Maritime Air
Threats in the Littorals                               Operations against      and Missile Defense
Neutralize Open Ocean                                  Surface Threats
                                                                               Provide Overland Air
Submarine Threats
                                                                               and Missile Defense
Counter Minefields from
Deep to Shallow Water                                                          Conduct Sea-Based
                                                                               Missile Defense
Breach Minefields,
Obstacles, and Barriers
from Very Shallow Water
to the Beach Exit Zone
Conduct Mining Operations

14 Capabilities
                                                                                                         15
         Sea Shield POM-06 Gaps

Protect the Naval Force
   1. Platform Defense Against Undersea Threats
   2. Platform Force Protection
   3. Sea Based Ballistic Missile Defense
Assure Access in Contested Littorals
   1. MIW Capacity to Clear Large Areas
   2. ASW Cueing and Search
   3. (Excess) Maritime Air Defense Capability

Project Defensive Power Over Land
   1. MIW Assault Breaching Capability

                                                  16
                  Force Protection Projectiles
 Requirements:       800 – 8,000 yards            Cargo           13-Grain
                                                                Tungsten Alloy
     Near-term enhanced SuW capability           Projectile
                                                    Body          Shot Shell     MK 432 Fuze
                                                                    Pellets
     High level interest in the program                           (~ 9000)
     Short turnaround
         At sea test Jul 03; Oct SWARMEX
         One-time procurement of 6000 rounds                  Aluminum
                                                                Spacers
                                                                                  WC294
                                                                                 Expelling
 Status: Completing Mk-160 & Mk-86 integration                                   Charge


             HE-CVT or HE-ET                                   KE-ET




                                                                                             17
              Force Protection Projectiles

 5”/54 BB-round
    At-sea Testing 30 July (CG-57)
    Effective Range 500-8,000 yds
    Procured 6000 BB-rounds (IOC Spring 04)




  Twice the Lethal Area (for topside personnel) of current HE round.
                                                                       18
                            Phalanx Block 1B
Key Capabilities                   Highly effective vs Small Boat Swarm Threat
  • 4-5 ASM Engagements without reload
  • 8-10 Surface Engagements without reload       RF SEARCH
  • Integrated Radar & Infra-red Sensors                            EO TRACK
  • Increased Kill Range against                  RF TRACK
     advanced maneuvering ASM threats.
  • Autonomous or Integrated with CDS
  • Provides critical Low Elevation detection and
     tracking data to the ships CDS
           Target Mix
• Anti-ship Missiles:
      All Altitudes
      Subsonic / High Supersonic
      High-G Maneuvering
• Fixed-wing Aircraft
• Helicopters
• Surface Threats including small craft and mines.

17 Mounts in Fleet, All Ships by 2011
                                                                             19
                              25mm Stabilized vs Unstabilized

                             Probability of hit (16'x16' billboard)
                                    Empirical Data (Modeling)
 1


0.9


0.8


0.7


0.6


0.5


0.4


0.3
                                           Stabilized with E/O sight & LRF
                                               (Composite of STARC 25, Typhoon, Valkyrie)
0.2


0.1
          Unstabilized 25mm Mount
                   (MK 38)

 0
      0                500              1000   Range (yds)       1500                       2000   2500


          6 mounts to Fleet by Summer 2005; ramp up to 46 ships by 2007
                                                                                                          20
                                    Small Arms


         Purchased GOTS to close the Gap
 MK38 Chain Gun (Unstabilized 25mm)
     POR now supports 2 guns per deployer
 Mk44 GAU-17 Gatling Gun (3000 rds/min)
     Delivered 90 guns
     Training Commands FCTC Dam Neck & FTC San Diego
 Mk 95 Twin .50 cal Machine Gun Mounts (1100 rds/min)
     Delivered 255 mounts - 135 more on contract
          Arriving 50/month to deployers
 Mk 99 Twin M240 Machine Gun (1500 rds/min)
     Increased reliability over M-60 - Delivered 10 for Fleet demo
     Positive feedback - possible low-cost alternative to GAU-17



            All deployers now have 2 MK38 Chain Guns and
            either 2- GAU-17 or 2-Twin .50 cal machine guns
                                                                      21

								
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