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					Red Cross   3/4/05   3:01 PM   Page 1




     Red Cross
     Disaster
     Preparedness
     Guide



            There is a Place in
               Stamford...
             Where People...
              Look out for                      I CAN’T STOP A HURRICANE. I CAN’T STOP A FLOOD.
                                                                          BUT I CAN STOP PANIC.
               each other




                      Generous Support From:



               American Red Cross, Stamford Chapter, Stamford, CT 06901 • (203) 363-1041
                                      www.stamfordredcross.org
Red Cross   3/4/05   3:01 PM   Page 2




            TABLE OF CONTENTS
     Disaster Preparedness              4
     HOUSEHOLD DISASTER PLAN
     EMERGENCY SUPPLIES IN
                                             Dear Fellow Resident:
          YOUR HOME
     DISASTER SUPPLIES KIT                   As you review this guide, the American Red Cross,
                                             Stamford Chapter urges you to ask yourself if you are
     Responding to Disasters            6    truly prepared for the unexpected. The disturbing fact is
                                             that most Americans are woefully unprepared.
     EVACUATION
     SHELTER IN PLACE                        Although comfortable and convenient to believe that dis-
     DISASTER SHELTERING                     asters only happen to other people in distant places; that
     UTILITIES DISRUPTIONS                   is not today's reality.

                                             Health and weather related emergencies, home fires,
     Hazard-Specific Information        7    flooding and even unthinkable terrorist attacks can affect
     WEATHER DISASTERS:                 7    anyone, anywhere at anytime. Being prepared and know-
     Thunderstorms                           ing how to effectively respond to these events can clearly
     Floods and Flashfloods                  make the difference between life and death.
     Tornadoes                               The Stamford Chapter has served our community for 90
     Winter Weather                          years and has been the City's most constant partner in
     Coastal Storms                          preventing and responding to emergencies.
     Extreme Heat
                                             We hope that by providing Stamford citizens with this
     FIRE                               10
                                             important information they will be empowered to take the
     EARTHQUAKES                        10   necessary common sense preparedness steps to protect
     CARBON MONOXIDE                    10   themselves and their loved ones.
     DISEASE OUTBREAKS                  11
           & BIOLOGICAL EVENTS               The American Red Cross of Stamford is dedicated to sav-
                                             ing lives and relieving suffering. We are continually
     RADIATION EXPOSURE                 11   working throughout the community to reverse the danger-
     HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OR                  ous reality of a public that is ill equipped to appropriately
           CHEMICAL SPILLS              12   respond to disasters and other unexpected events.
     BUILDING COLLAPSES                 12
                                             Sincerely,
           OR EXPLOSIONS
     TERRORISM                          13
     Information For You
          and Your Loved Ones           14   Phyllis Weinstein,                  Robert G. Brody,
                                             Executive Director                  Chairman
     SENIORS & PEOPLE
          WITH DISABILITIES             14
     MENTAL HEALTH                      14
     FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN             15
     COMMUNTERS                         16
     PET OWNERS                         16
     PREPARING YOUR COMMUNITY           17
     FIRST AID EMERGENCIES              18
     RESOURCES                          19
     Emergency Reference Card           19                                                             2
Red Cross   3/4/05   3:01 PM   Page 3




             Dear Fellow Resident:



             I   n the aftermath of the World Trade Center's attack we have all been living our daily
                 lives with a heightened awareness of the dangers we face. I know I reflect the senti-
                 ments of many in noting both my increased appreciation for human life and my
             recognition of its fragility.
                     In the three years since the attack I have redoubled my own commitment and the
             efforts of local government to prevent future terrorist acts, and to ensure an effective
             response should prevention fail. Towards those ends City personnel including police
             officers, fire fighters, health and public works employees have been developing plans that
             assure effective responses, not only to terrorism, but to a wide range of potential occur-
             rences ranging from acts of violence to weather-related disasters and infrastructure fail-
             ures, such as last summer's blackout.
                     We have not been working alone.
                     While government agencies are the logical focal point for emergency preparedness
             planning, the task is too all encompassing for government to be able to do it alone. The
             resources and expertise needed to plan most effectively and maximize the capacity to
             meet emergency needs call for community wide involvement. So does the underlying
             necessity to conduct the relentless preparation needed in order to ensure that profession-
             al responders as well as the public know their roles and are able to carry them out almost
             automatically when emergencies occur.
                     The lengthy list of organizations and individuals involved in creating our collective
             response is represented in this Red Cross Disaster Guide. I am impressed with the pro-
             fessionalism and commitment of the Red Cross, which has made a tremendous contribu-
             tion by pulling together information from so many disparate sources to prepare this one-
             stop guide to emergency planning for home and work. The Guide covers a range of pos-
             sible scenarios and explains in detail how to best be prepared. It should be circulated as
             widely as possible.
                     By reading the Guide thoroughly, understanding its contents, keeping it handy for
             immediate reference and reviewing it frequently with co-workers and family, each of you
             will become another de-facto partner in emergency preparedness.

                     I welcome you to the effort and thank you.




             Dannel P. Malloy, Mayor




                                                                                                             3
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                                                           DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
      Disaster preparedness is as simple as planning ahead. During           this booklet.
      an emergency, the more you have planned ahead, the more                Check and update your kits when you change your clocks
      assured you and your family will be. The following checklists          during daylight-saving times. Make sure they are complete
      will help you through the process. This advice should be               and ready to go.
      used when preparing for any of the emergencies mentioned in


                                                                                                 EMERGENCY
                                                                                                 SUPPLIES IN
                                                                                                 YOUR HOME
                HOUSEHOLD                                                                        What to Have on Hand
                DISASTER PLAN CHECKLIST                                                          Keep enough of these basic sup-
                                                                                                 plies in your home for each person
                What to Know                                                                     in the household for at least three
                                                                                                 days. If possible, keep these mate-
                Consider developing a disaster plan with your household                          rials in an easily accessible, sepa-
                members that outlines what to do, how to find each other, and                    rate container or special cupboard.
                how to communicate in an emergency. We've provided two                           You should indicate to your house-
                wallet-sized cards for this purpose on the EMERGENCY REF-                        hold members that these supplies
                ERENCE CARD on page 19 . Make photocopies if necessary.                          are for emergencies only. Also see
                Also see EVACUATION on page 6.                                                   SHELTER IN PLACE on page 6.
            ❏   Decide where your household will reunite after a disaster.                   ❏
                Choose two places to meet: one right outside your home for                       One gallon of drinking water per
                sudden emergency such as a fire, and another outside your                        person per day.
                neighborhood, such as a library, community center, or place of
                worship, incase you cannot return home or are asked to evac-                 ❏   Non-perishable, ready-to-eat
                uate your neighborhood.                                                          canned foods, and a manual can
                                                                                                 opener.
            ❏   Make sure everyone knows the address and phone number of
                your second meeting place.                                                   ❏   First-aid kit, medications, and
                                                                                                 prescriptions.
            ❏   Know and practice all possible exit routes from your home and
                neighborhood.                                                                ❏   Flashlight,battery-operated
                                                                                                 AM/FM radio, and extra batteries.
            ❏   Designate an out-of-state friend or relative that household
                members can call if separated during a disaster. If phone cir-               ❏   Regular, unscented household
                cuits are busy, this out-of-state contact can be an important                    bleach (for disinfecting water
                way of communicating between household members. When                             ONLY if directed to do so by
                local phone circuits are busy, long-distance calls may be easier                 health officials) and eyedropper
                to make.                                                                         (for adding bleach to water).
            ❏   Account for everybody's needs, especially seniors, people with               ❏   Sturdy shoes, heavy gloves, warm
                disabilities, and non-English speakers.
                                                                                                 clothes, a mylar blanket, and
                                                                                                 lightweight raingear.
            ❏   Practice your plan with all household members.

                Ensure that household members have a copy of your house-                     ❏   Extra fire extinguisher, smoke
            ❏   hold disaster plan.                                                              detectors, carbon monoxide detec-
                                                                                                 tors.
                Familiarize yourself with emergency plans for your workplace,
            ❏   school, and child's school or daycare.                                       ❏   Phone that does not rely on
                                                                                                 electricity.
                                                                                             ❏   Child care supplies, pet supplies
                                                                                                 or other special care items.

                                                                                                 Other supplies and tools.
                                                                                             ❏
                                                                                             ❏   Make sure your car's gas tank is
                                                                                                 always at least half full.
                                                                                                                                         4
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                                                             DISASTER PREPAREDNESS




                          DISASTER SUPPLIES
                          KIT CHECKLIST
                          What to Have to Go
                          Every household should consider assembling a disaster sup-
                          plies kit - a collection of items you may need in the event of
                          an evacuation.Each household member's disaster supplies kit
                          should be packed in a sturdy, easy-to-carry container such as a
                          backpack or suitcase on wheels. A disaster supplies kit should
                          be easily accessible if you have to leave your home in a hurry.
                          Make sure it is ready to go at all times of the year. Keep a
                          smaller version of this kit in your car incase you are unable to
                          return home. Also see EVACUATION on page 6.

                          Bottled water and non-perishable food such as energy or gra-
                     ❏    nola bars - enough to last each person three days.

                          Flashlight, battery-operated AM/FM radio, and extra batteries.
                     ❏    You can also buy wind-up radios that do not require batteries
                          at retail stores.

                          Copies of your important documents in a waterproof and
                     ❏    portable container (insurance cards, birth certificates, deeds,
                          photo IDs, proof of address, etc.).

                     ❏    Extra set of car and house keys.

                     ❏    Cash, especially in small denominations. We recommend you
                          keep at least $50-$100 on hand. Remember, in an emergency
                          involving a power outage, you will not be able to use ATM,
                          credit and debit cards.

                          Prescription and non prescription (such as aspirin, antacids,
                          etc.) medication for at least one week. Keep a list of the medi-
                     ❏    cations each member of your household takes, their dosages or
                          copies of all your prescription slips, and your doctor's name
                          and phone number.

                          Personal and hygiene items, such as toothbrush, toothpaste,
                     ❏    eyeglasses, contact lens solution, tissues and feminine sup-
                          plies.

                     ❏    First-aid kit.

                          A change of clothing, sturdy, comfortable shoes, lightweight
                     ❏    raingear, and a mylar blanket.

                          Contact and meeting place information for your household,
                     ❏    and a small regional map.

                          Child care supplies or other special care items.
                     ❏




                                                                                             5
Red Cross   3/4/05    3:01 PM    Page 6




                                                           RESPONDING TO DISASTERS
     EVACUATION                                        •Stay tuned to your radio or television for    If You Smell Gas:
                                                       emergency information and updates.
     In certain situations, it may be necessary        •Make use of your disaster supplies kit.       •Do NOT smoke or light lighters or
                                                       Also see DISASTER PREPAREDNESS on              matches. If the odor is very strong,
     to evacuate your home or neighborhood.                                                           do not use your phone or operate any
     Officials will tell you when to evacuate          page 4.
                                                                                                      light switches or electrical devices -
     through the media and direct warnings.                                                           any spark could cause a fire.
     Evacuation is used as a last resort when
     a serious threat to public safety exists.
                                                       DISASTER                                       •Open windows.
                                                       SHELTERING                                     •Evacuate immediately and call 911.
     Evacuate Immediately
     When You:                                         Some emergencies may require that you
                                                                                                      If There is a Power
                                                       leave your home and travel to an emer-
     •Are directedto do so by an                       gency shelter. Local officials will inform     Outage:
     emergency official.                               you through the media when sheltering
     •Are in immediate danger.                         is necessary and where the shelter loca-       •Call Connecticut Light & Power
                                                       tions are.                                     immediately to report the outage.
     Be Prepared to Evacuate:                                                                         CL&P's 24 hour number: 1-800-286-
                                                       Disaster Sheltering                            2000.
     •If there is time, secure your home.              Guidelines:                                    •Use the phone for emergencies only.
     •Close and lock windows and doors,                                                               Listening to a battery operated radio
     and unplug appliances before you                  •If you can, try to seek shelter with          can provide the latest information.
     leave. Authorities will instruct you if           friends or relatives outside the affected      Only call 911 to report a life threat-
     it is necessary to turn off utilities.            area.                                          ening emergency.
     •Wear sturdy shoes and comfortable,               •Evacuation shelters may be set up in          •Disconnect or turn off all appliances
     protective clothing such as long                  schools, municipal buildings and places of     that would otherwise go on automati-
     pants and long-sleeved shirts.                    worship. They provide basic food and           cally when service is restored. If sev-
     •Bring your disaster supplies kit with            beverages. If possible, bring clothing, bed-   eral appliances start up at once, they
     you.                                              ding, bathing and sanitary supplies, spe-      may overload the electric circuits.
     •Know your workplace, school, and                 cial food and pre-filled prescriptions and     •In order to prevent food spoilage,
     child's school evacuation plan.                   other medications to shelters.                 keep refrigerator and freezer doors
     •Remember, evacuation routes                      •Alcoholic beverages, firearms and illegal     closed as
     change based on the emergency                     substances are not allowed in disaster         much as possible. Each time the door
     so stay tuned to local TV and radio               shelters.                                      is opened, heat enters and speeds up
     for the latest information.                       •You cannot bring pets to shelters. Only       the thawing process.
                                                       service animals are allowed. See TIPS FOR      •Stay indoors if possible. Never
                                                       PET OWNERS on page 16 if you have              touch or go near downed power
     SHELTER IN PLACE                                  pets.                                          lines, even if you think they are safe.
                                                       •Take your disaster supplies kit to the        •Keep a battery-operated radio on for
     When evacuation to shelters is neither            shelter with you.                              updates on the electricity restoration
     possible nor appropriate, you may be              •Cooperate with shelter managers and           process.
     asked to shelter in place. This is a pre-         staff.                                         •If you lose power and/or heat in the
     caution aimed to keep you safe in many            •Stay tuned to the local news for the lat-     winter, insulate your home as much
     emergencies, especially ones involving            est information on the disaster.               as possible.
     contaminated air. However, you should                                                            •Only use a flashlight or electric
     only do this if directed by emergency             Also See DISASTER PREPAREDNESS on              lanterns for emergency lighting.
     officials.                                        page 4 .                                       Don't use candles due to the extreme
                                                                                                      risk of fire!
     If You Are Asked to Shelter                       UTILITIES                                      • Do not burn charcoal indoors and
     in Place:                                                                                        do not use your kitchen gas range to
                                                       DISRUPTIONS                                    heat rooms as this can lead to fire or a
     •Go inside your home or the nearest appro-        Phone Service:                                 hazardous smoke condition.
     priate facility (school, library, place of wor-                                                  •Always plan to keep the generator
                                                                                                      outdoors -- never operate it inside,
     ship, etc.).
     •Turn off all fans, heating and air condition-    • Keep a phone in your house that              including the basement or garage.
                                                       does not rely on electricity. If you have a    Without proper ventilation generators
     ing systems, and close the fireplace damper.      cordless phone or only use a cell phone,
     •Get your disaster supplies kit and take                                                         can create deadly carbon monoxide.
                                                       keep in mind that they may not work dur-       •Do not hook up a generator directly
     shelter in an interior, above-ground room         ing a power outage.                            to your home's wiring. The safest
     that has few doors or windows. Ideally, a
     room to shelter in place should allow at least
                                                       •If you lose service on a landline phone,      thing to do is to connect the equip-
                                                       use your cell phone, or borrow a friend or     ment you want to power directly to
     10 square feet per person and be equipped         neighbor's phone if possible,
     with a phone for emergencies.                                                                    the outlets on the generator.
                                                       and call your provider to report the out-
     •Seal all doors, windows and vents.               age.
     •Do not use the phone - keep the phone            •Fire alarm boxes will continue to work.
     line available for emergency calls.                                                                                                 6
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                                                 HAZARD-SPECIFIC INFORMATION

      WEATHER DISASTERS
      Severe weather should be taken seriously - it can be
      dangerous and harm both you and your property.                   During Severe Weather:
                                                                       •Dress appropriately for weather conditions.
      Thunderstorms                                                    •Stay updated by watching local TV or listening to the
                                                                       radio.
      •Avoid handling electrical equipment,                            •National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
      telephones, bathtubs, water faucets and sinks                    (NOAA) Weather Radio also broadcasts forecasts,warn-
      because lightning can follow the wires and pipes.                ings and other information 24 hours a day. Special
      Be especially careful with televisions. You can, however,        weather radios are available at local retail stores.
      use a battery powered TV or radio.
      •If you are outdoors, take cover immediately in a sub-
      stantial, permanent, enclosed structure. Avoid trees and
      large bodies of water.                                         National Weather Service Terms
      Floods and Flash Floods
                                                                     Severe Thunderstorm
      Before a flood or flash flood:                                 WATCH:
      •If you are a homeowner and live in a floodplain, talk         Severe thunderstorms are          Flood/Flash Flood WATCH:
                                                                     possible in or near the watch     Flooding due to heavy pre-
      to your insurance agent. Homeowner's policies do not           area. People in a watch area      cipitation is possible in the
      cover flooding. Ask about flood insurance.                     should keep informed and be       watch area.
      •If a flood or flash flood watch is issued, meaning that       ready to act if a severe thun-
      flooding is possible in your area, stay tuned to local TV      derstorm warning is issued.       Flood/Flash Flood
      or radio stations for the latest conditions.                                                     WARNING:
      •In a flood, water may become contaminated or water            Severe Thunderstorm               Flooding is imminent or is
      service disrupted. Before the flood, fill plastic bottles      WARNING:                          already occurring.
      with water for drinking. Also fill bathtubs and sinks          Severe weather has been
      with water for flushing the toilet, brushing teeth, or         reported by spotters              Freezing Rain Advisory:
      washing clothing.                                              or indicated by radar.            Minor accumulation of ice
                                                                     Warnings indicate imminent        due to freezing rain is expect-
      In a Flood or Flash Flood:                                     danger to life and property.      ed.
      •Seek high ground.                                             Tornado WATCH:                    Winter Weather Advisory:
      •Never attempt to drive your vehicle through standing          Tornadoes are possible in and     A minor accumulation of
      water. If your car stalls in high water and you can safely     near the watch area. People       snow, sleet and freezing rain
      get out of it, abandon it and move to higher ground.           in a watch area should review     is expected.
                                                                     their Family Disaster Plan,
      Tornadoes                                                      Get their disaster supplies       Snow Advisory:
                                                                     kit, and be ready to act if a     Accumulations of one to four
      In A Tornado:                                                  warning is issued or they sus-    inches expected within a 12-
      •Go to your basement or the lowest point of your resi-         pect a tornado is approach-       hour period.Blizzard
      dence, or an interior room or hallway without windows.         ing.                              Warning: Strong winds,
                                                                                                       blinding driven snow and
      If you cannot find shelter, lie flat in a ditch or other low   Tornado WARNING:                  dangerous wind chill are
      lying area and use your arms and hands to protect your         A tornado has been sighted        expected in next several
      head and neck.                                                 or indicated by weather           hours.
                                                                     radar. Tornado warnings indi-
      If you are asked to evacuate, do so immediately.               cate imminent danger to life      Winter Storm WATCH:
                                                                     and property. People in a         Significant accumulation
                                                                     warning area should go            of snow and/or ice is possible
      Some Measures to Help you                                      immediately to their safe         within 36 hours.
      Weather Major Storms                                           room. If they are in a vehicle,
                                                                     they should get out of the        Winter Storm WARNING:
      •Shutter or board windows.                                     vehicle and go to shelter in a    A storm with six or more
      •Secure outdoor objects such as lawn furniture                 nearby sturdy building or lie
                                                                     flat in a low spot away from
                                                                                                       inches of snow/sleet/
                                                                                                       freezing rain within a 24-
      or garbage cans that could blow away and cause
      damage or injury.                                              the vehicle.                      hour period is expected.
      •Never touch or go near downed power lines, even if
      you think they are safe.
      •In extreme conditions, consider shutting off power            See the National Weather Service website at
      and appliance gas switches to prevent damage to your             www.weather.gov for more information.
      appliances.
                                                                                                                                         7
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                                                 HAZARD-SPECIFIC INFORMATION

      WEATHER DISASTERS,                              continued...
      Winter Weather
     Dangerous winter weather includes winter storms and bliz-
     zards. These can involve a combination of heavy snow, ice
     accumulation and dangerous wind chills.
                                                                            Coastal Storms
     Dress Warmly and Stay Dry:
                                                                            •Coastal storms can cause severe damage and hazardous-
     •Wear layers, hats, scarves, and insulated, waterproof boots.          conditions in Connecticut, especially in low-lying areas
     Wear mittens instead of gloves; they are warmer.                       where flooding is more likely to occur. Keep in mind that if
     •Get out of any wet clothes immediately and warm the core body         you live within 10 blocks of a coastal area, it is more likely
     temperature with a blanket or warm fluids like hot cider or soup.      that you will be directed to evacuate before a severe coastal
     Avoid drinking caffeine or alcohol if you expect you or someone        storm or hurricane.
     you are trying to help has hypothermia or frostbite.                   •Pay attention to local weather forecasts and bulletins
     •Make sure small children and the elderly stay warm. These             issued by the National Weather Service on local radio and
     groups can easily become hypothermic                                   television stations.
     under conditions that would not necessarily be as
     dangerous for others.                                                  There are three types of coastal storms
                                                                            that typically affect Stamford:
     Avoid Overexertion:
                                                                            Nor’easters
     •Take your time while shoveling snow or pushing a car.
     Stretch before you go out and drink plenty of non-alcoholic,non-       •Nor'easters are extra tropical cyclones that can cause heavy
     caffeinated fluids.                                                    rain/snow, strong winds and coastal flooding.
     •Recognize the symptoms of hypothermia that can be a serious           •Nor'easters may occur at any time of the year but
     medical condition: confusion, dizziness, exhaustion, drowsiness,       are most common during fall and winter months
     slurred speech and severe shivering. Seek medical attention imme-      (September through April).
     diately if you or someone you know has these symptoms.
     •Recognize frostbite warning signs: gray, white or yellow skin dis-    Tropical Storms
     coloration, numbness, waxy feeling skin. Seek medical attention
     immediately if you or someone you know has these symptoms.
                                                                            A tropical storm is a tropical cyclone with sustained winds
     Car Safety:                                                            between 39 and 73 mph.

     •Avoid travel.   If you must travel, be sure to clear snow from your   Hurricanes
     tail pipe before you start
     your car to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning.                         •A hurricane is a tropical cyclone with sustained winds of
     •Travel with a fully charged cell phone.                               74 mph or greater.
     If you get stuck:                                                      •Hurricane season is the time of year when hurricanes
     •Stay with your vehicle. Do not leave the vehicle to search for        are expected to form in the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of
     assistance unless help is visible within 100 yards.                    Mexico. It lasts from June through November.
     •Display a trouble sign to indicate you need help. Hang a brightly     •During hurricanes, residents in hurricane evacuation
     colored cloth (preferably red) on the radio antenna and raise the      zones may be asked to evacuate. Specific evacuation and
     hood (after snow stops falling). You can also keep the overhead        sheltering information will be communicated to the public
     light on so you can be seen.                                           through local media or through direct warnings in the evac-
     •Run the engine and the heat for about 10 minutes every hour.          uation zone from emergency personnel.

                                                                            Hurricane/Tropical Storm WATCH:
     Safe Heating:
                                                                         There is a threat of hurricane/tropical storm conditions with-
                                                                                                 a watch area                their
     •Fuel-burning items (such as furnaces, boilers, hot water heaters in 36 hours. People inkeep informedshould review to act if a
                                                                         Family Disaster Plan,                  and be ready
     and clothes dryers) should be working ventilated and inspected by warning is issued.
     a professional regularly in order to prevent unintentional carbon
     monoxide poisoning.
     •Only buy electric heaters with a "UL listed" marking on them. Hurricane/Tropical Storm WARNING:
     These are safest. Electric heaters should be used with extreme cau- Hurricane/tropical storm conditions are expected in 24
     tion to prevent shock, fire and burns.                                                     warning is                 should
     •Materials near heaters should be kept at least three feet from the hours or less. When apreparationsissued, people threatened
                                                                         complete their storm                and leave the
     heat source to prevent fire.
     •Gas ovens and burners should never be used to heat your home. area if directed to do so by local officials.                  8
Red Cross   3/4/05   3:02 PM    Page 9




                                                HAZARD-SPECIFIC INFORMATION

       WEATHER DISASTERS,
       CONT....
        Exteme Heat
        Heat waves are particularly dangerous for chil-
        dren and people with special needs. Please
        check on your neighbors and offer them assis-
        tance.

        The terms listed below describe the illnesses
                                                                             FOLLOW THESE TIPS
        that extreme heat can cause. Heat-related ill-                         TO STAY COOL:
        nesses can become medical emergencies - call
        911, especially in the case of heat stroke.           •Stay out of the sun. When in the sun, wear sunscreen (at least
                                                              SPF 15).
        Heat Cramps:
                                                              •Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothes that cover as
        Heat cramps are muscular pains and spasms             much skin as possible to prevent sunburn.
        resulting from heavy exertion. Although heat
        cramps are the least severe heat-related illness,     •Give your body a chance to adjust to extreme temperature
        they are an early signal that the body is having      changes.
        trouble coping with heat and should be treated
        immediately with rest and cool fluids. Stretching     •Drink plenty of cool, non-alcoholic, non-caffeinated fluids.
        or massaging can also reduce cramps. Unless very
        severe, heat cramps do not require emergency          •Use shades or awnings.
        medical attention.
                                                              •Consider going to air-conditioned stores and malls or to a public
                                                              pool.
        Heat Exhaustion:
                                                              •Never leave children, pets, or those who require special care in a
        Heat exhaustion occurs when body fluids are lost      parked car during periods of intense summer heat.
        through heavy sweating due to vigorous exercise
        or working in a hot, humid place. Symptoms            •If you are used to working or exercising in the heat, start slow
        include: sweating; pale, clammy skin; fatigue;        and pick up the pace gradually. If exertion makes your heart
        headache; dizziness; shallow breaths; and a weak      pound or leaves you short of breath, stop, find a cool place to rest,
        or rapid pulse. Victims of heat exhaustion are        and drink cool fluids.
        tired but not confused.
        The condition should be treated with rest in a
        cool area, drinking water or sports drinks if the                            Heat Terms:
        person is fully awake and alert, elevating the feet   Heat Wave: Prolonged period of excessive heat often combined
        12 inches, and further medical treatment in severe    with excessive humidity.
        cases. If not treated, the victim's condition may
        escalate to heat stroke. If the victim does not       Heat Index: Number of degrees Fahrenheit that indicates how it
        respond to basic treatment, seek medical atten-       feels when relative humidity is factored into air temperature.
        tion.
                                                              Heat Advisory: When the heat index exceeds 100°F for less than
                                                              three hours a day for two consecutive days.
        Heat Stroke:
                                                              Excessive Heat Warning: When the heat index is expected to
        Sometimes called "sunstroke." The victim's tem-       exceed 115°F or when it exceeds 100°F for three or more hours for
        perature control system, which produces sweat to      two consecutive days.
        cool the body, stops working.
        Signs of heat stroke include red, hot and dry skin;   Excessive Heat Watch: A long-term alert for excessive heat.
        elevated body temperature; decreased alertness
        level or complete loss of consciousness; a rapid      Ozone Advisory: Issued when ozone levels are expected to
        and weak pulse, and rapid, shallow breathing.         exceed 0.08 parts per million of ozone over an eight-hour period.
        This is the most serious heat-related illness. If     People should limit their outdoor activity and those with respirato-
        someone is exhibiting these symptoms, call 911,       ry problems (such as asthma) should be especially careful and avoid
        remove them from the heat and cool them by            strenuous activity.
        removing clothing and placing cool, wet sheets on
        the body, especially on the torso and neck, in the
        armpits, and on wrists and ankles.
                                                                                                                                  9
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                                                  HAZARD-SPECIFIC INFORMATION


                                                                   EARTHQUAKES
                                                                       Although major earthquakes are uncommon in
                                                                       Connecticut, tremors occasionally occur and residents
                                                                       should be prepared. Note that after an earthquake
       FIRE                                                            your utilities may be disrupted.

                                                                       In The Event of an Earthquake:
            If your smoke detector goes off or if you
            notice a fire, remain calm.                                •Drop, Cover and Hold.       Drop to the floor when the
                                                                       shaking starts. Do not try to move more than a few steps
            •If a fire breaks out in your house or non-fire-           to take cover in a safe place, such as under a solid piece
            proof apartment building, get out as quickly as            of furniture or next to an interior wall. Hold on to the
            possible. Do NOT stop or go back to get any-               piece of furniture and be prepared to move with it. Stay
            thing.                                                     there until the shaking stops.
            •Feel doors with the back of your hand before              •Stay away from windows and large, unsecured objects,
            you open them. If they are hot, find another               such as tall bookcases.
            way out. Stay as close to the floor as possible -          •If you are in a car, pull over to a clear location, stop and
            smoke and heat rise and the air is clearer and             stay in the car with your seatbelt fastened.
            cooler near the floor.Close doors behind you.              •Be prepared for aftershocks, which often follow an
            •Use the stairs. Do not use the elevator.                  earthquake.
            •If your clothes catch on fire, Stop where you
            are, Drop to the ground, and Roll over and                  Also see RESPONDING TO DISASTERS on page 6.
            over to smother the flames.
            •If you live in a high-rise multiple dwelling,
            and the fire is not in your apartment, stay in
            your apartment rather than entering smoke-
            filled hallways.
            •In high-rise office buildings, only evacuate if
            the fire is on your floor or the one above it,
                                                                CARBON MONOXIDE
            and descend to the second floor below the fire
            floor. Other occupants should remain on             Dangerous levels of carbon monoxide - a colorless and odor-
            their floor and monitor the PA system for fur-      less gas - can be produced from improperly vented furnaces,
            ther instructions.                                  plugged or cracked chimneys, water heaters, fireplaces, stoves
            •If you are unable to get out for any reason,       and tail pipes.
            stay near a window and close to the floor.
            Close the door and stuff the bottom with a          If You Suspect Carbon Monoxide Poisoning:
            towel to avoid smoke. If possible, signal for       •Leave your home.
            help by waving a cloth or sheet outside the         •Call 911.
            window.                                             •Get any victims to fresh air immediately.
            •Call 911 from a safe place such as a neigh-        •Open windows.
            bor's house.
            •To prevent fires, keep an ABC fire extinguish-     Carbon Monoxide Safety Tips:
            er and working smoke detectors in the house.        •Make sure all fuel-burning items - furnaces, boilers, hot
            Check batteries twice a year at daylight-saving     water heaters, and clothes dryers - are properly ventilated.
            times.                                              •If you have a working fireplace, keep chimneys clean and clear
            •Consider renter's insurance or contents            of debris.
            insurance (if you are a home or condo owner)        •Never turn on your oven to heat your kitchen, or operate gas or
            to insure the contents of your home.                charcoal barbecue grills, kerosene- or oil-burning heaters inside
                                                                your home, basement, garage, or camper - or even outside near an
                       Also see RESPONDING                      open window.
                           TO DISASTERS                         •Make sure you have a working carbon monoxide detector.
                              on page 6.                        Check and change batteries often.
                                                                •Recognize signs of carbon monoxide poisoning: the most
                                                                common symptom is HEADACHE. Symptoms may also
                                                                include dizziness, weakness, confusion, chest pain, nausea and
                                                                vomiting.

                                                                        Also see FIRE on page 10 and RESPONDING
                                                                                 TO DISASTERS on page 6 .
                                                                                                                                       10
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                                                      HAZARD-SPECIFIC INFORMATION




        DISEASE OUTBREAKS
        and BIOLOGICAL EVENTS
                                                                 RADIATION EXPOSURE
        Connecticut is more prepared than ever to
        respond to potential situations involving disease        Small amounts of radiation - such as from X-rays - are con-
        outbreaks and biological events.                         sidered safe. In the unlikely event that this area is exposed
                                                                 to unsafe levels of radiation,authorities will monitor radi-
        •The CT Department of Public Health (DPH) regu-          ation levels, determine what actions to take, and instruct
        larly asks all healthcare providers in CT to be alert    the public accordingly.
        for any unusual disease clusters and to immediately
        report any such occurrences to both local and state      These 3 General Guidelines will
        health departments.                                      Minimize your Exposure to Radiation:
        •The public would be informed of a disease out-
        break or bioterrorist event through local media.         1) Time: Radioactive materials become less radioactive over
        Information would be provided on measures people         time. Stay inside until authorities alert you the threat has
        could take to protect their health. If antibiotics and   passed.
        vaccines were recommended, instructions would be
        provided on who should receive them and where to         2) Distance: The greater the distance between you and the
        receive them. This information would be available        source of the radiation the better. Authorities may call for an
        through local TV, radio, newspapers, and on the City     evacuation of people from areas close to the release.
        website.
        •Additional information can be found on the CT           3) Shielding: Put as much heavy, dense material between you
        DPH website: www.dph.state.ct.us.                        and the source of the radiation as possible. Authorities may
                                                                 advise you to stay indoors or underground for this reason.
                                                                 Close and seal your windows and turn off any ventilation.
                                                                 Protecting Yourself and Your Family:
                                                                 •Tune into local television and radio and read the newspa-
                                                                 per for information.
                                                                 •Authorities may advise you to shelter in place. Also See
                                                                 SHELTER IN PLACE on page 6.

                                                                 •A note on sheltering in place in radiation emergencies:
                                                                 Because you want to shield yourself as much as possible
                                                                 from radiation exposure, choose an underground room to
                                                                 shelter in place during a radiation emergency.
                                                                 •Authorities may direct you to evacuate, and post this infor-
                                                                 mation on local television, radio, and on the City's website.
                                                                 Follow the instructions given.
                                                                 •In a radiation emergency, authorities will advise the public
                                                                 when to take Potassium Iodide (known as KI). KI is a kind
                                                                 of salt that can prevent damage to your thyroid gland ONLY
                                                                 in the case of exposure to radioactive iodine (one kind of
                                                                 radioactive substance). It will not protect people from other
                                                                 radioactive substances, and must be administered within a
                                                                 few hours of exposure to be effective. KI distribution would
                                                                 only be considered in the extremely rare case that it would
                                                                 be appropriate and effective.
                                                                 •For more information, go to www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation.




                                                                                                                              11
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                                                        HAZARD-SPECIFIC INFORMATION



            HAZARDOUS
            MATERIALS OR                                           BUILDING COLLAPSES
            CHEMICAL SPILLS                                        OR EXPLOSIONS
                                                                   Building collapses or explosions can be the result
            We use hazardous materials in our homes and            of structural damage or an intentional act. Either
            businesses every day. Accidents involving these        way, you can prepare and respond similarly.
            substances do occasionally happen, but these
            incidents generally cause little more than traffic
            delays. In the event of a major spill authorities      Being Prepared:
            will instruct you on how to respond. You
            should know the following general information          If you live or work in a large or multi-level building
            listed below.                                          or visit one frequently, you should:

            For household incidents, call the Poison Control       •Know where emergency exits are located.
            Center at 1-800-222-1222. Also see FIRST AID
            EMERGENCIES on page 18.                                •Review and practice emergency evacuation proce-
                                                                   dures.
            General Guidelines:                                    •Make sure you know where to find the fire extin-
                                                                   guishers on your floor and you know how to use
            •Stay upwind of the material if possible.              them.
            •Seek medical attention as soon as possible if         •In your home of office's emergency kit, include a
            needed.                                                whistle and a dust mask.
            •If there's an event indoors, try to get out of the    If you are in a Building Collapse or
            building without passing through the contaminated
            area. Otherwise, it may be better to move as far       Explosion:
            away from the event as possible and shelter in
            place. See SHELTER IN PLACE on page 6.                 •Get out as quickly and calmly as possible. Take the
                                                                   stairs - not an elevator.
            •If exposed, remove outer layer of clothes, separate
            yourself from them, and wash yourself.                 •If you can't get out of the building, get under a
                                                                   sturdy table or desk.
            •In some circumstances, after being exposed to
            hazardous materials, it may be necessary to be         If there is a Fire:
            "decontaminated."
                                                                   •Fires often occur after a building explosion.
            •Specially trained emergency personnel will per-       Also see FIRE on page 10 .
            form decontamination procedures, which may
            include the removal of personal items and cleansing    If you are Trapped by Debris:
            of exposed areas of the body. They will provide for
            medical attention if necessary.
                                                                   •Cover your nose and mouth with your dust mask,
                                                                   or a cloth or clothing.

                                                                   •Move around as little as possible to avoid kicking
                                                                   up dust, which is harmful to inhale.

                                                                   •If possible, use a flashlight so that you can see your
                                                                   surroundings.

                                                                   •Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can hear where
                                                                   you are. Use a whistle if one is available. Shout only
                                                                   as a last resort as shouting can cause you to inhale
                                                                   dangerous amounts of dust.



                                                                                                                             12
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                                               HAZARD-SPECIFIC INFORMATION




      TERRORISM
                                                                                    A       Parcel or letter may be considered
                                                                                            suspicious when it has more than
                                                                                            one of the following characteristics:

                                                                                    •Handwritten or poorly typed address,
                                                                                    incorrect titles or titles with no name,
      Devastating acts of terrorism         •Also see DISEASE                        or misspellings of common words.
      have left many concerned about        OUTBREAKS & BIOLOGICAL                  •Addressed to someone no longer with your
      the possibility of future inci-       EVENTS on page 11. For specif-          organization or not addressed to a
      dents in the United States and        ic information on biological            specific person.
      their potential impact. They          agents, go to www.bt.cdc.gov.           •Strange return address or no return address.
      have raised uncertainty about                                                 •Marked with restrictions, such as
      what might happen next,                                                       "Personal," "Confidential" or "Do not X-ray."
      increasing      stress     levels.    Chemical Attacks                        •Excessive postage.
      Nevertheless, there are things
                                            •The intentional release of haz-        •Powdery substance on the outside.
      you can do to prepare for the
                                            ardous materials constitutes            •Unusual weight given its size, lopsided, or
      unexpected. Taking preparatory                                                oddly shaped.
                                            an act of terrorism, however acci-
      action can reassure you and your
                                            dents involving hazardous materi-       •Unusual amount of tape on it.
      family that you can exert a mea-
                                            als may also occur. Your course of      •Odors, discolorations or oily stains.
      sure of control even in the face
      of such events. Keep in mind          action should be the same in
                                            either case.                                 IF YOU RECEIVE A SUSPICIOUS
      that accidents can sometimes                                                          PACKAGE OR ENVELOPE:
      appear to be terrorist events and
      vice versa. Your preparedness         •Also see HAZARDOUS MATE-               •PUT IT DOWN - preferably on a
      and response should be similar        RIALS or CHEMICAL SPILLS
                                            on page 11 for more informa-            stable surface.
      in either case.
                                            tion on this type of emergency.         •Cover it with an airtight container like a
                                                                                    trash can or plastic bag.
      Know the Facts and be                 Radiological Attacks                    •Call 911 and alert your building's
      Responsible:                                                                  security officials.
                                            •Radiological attacks occur when        •Alert others to the presence of the
                                                                                    package and evacuate the area.
      •Know the facts of a situation        radioactive material is intentional-    •Wash your hands with soap and water if
      and think critically. Confirm         ly released.                            you have handled the package.
      reports using a variety of reliable                                           •Make a list of the people who were in the
      sources of information, such as       •Radiological Dispersion                room or area where the suspicious package
      the government or media.              Device (RDD): An RDD is                 was recognized, and give it to authorities.
                                            designed to scatter amounts of          •Do not stray far from the area if you believe
      •Do not spread rumors.                radioactive material over a wide        you have been exposed.
                                            area. In most cases, the amount
      •Do not accept packages from          of material is unlikely to be lethal.       IF YOU RECEIVE A BOMB THREAT:
      strangers and do not leave luggage
      or bags unattended in public          •"Dirty Bomb": A Dirty Bomb is          Ask the caller as many of the following
      areas.                                a kind of RDD that combines con-        questions as possible:
                                            ventional explosives and radioac-       1) When is the bomb going to explode?
      Explosions                            tive material. The explosive is         2) Where is the bomb right now?
                                            intended to scatter the radioactive     3) What does the bomb look like?
      •Also see BUILDING                    material. More damage and casu-         4) What kind of bomb is it?
      COLLAPSES or EXPLOSIONS               alties may result from the explo-       5) Where are you calling from?
      for more information on               sion than from the radiation itself.    6) Why did you place the bomb?
      page 12.
                                            •Also see RADIATION EXPO-               •Keep the caller on the line for as long as
      Biological Attacks                    SURE on page 11 for more                possible and try to write down or record the
                                            information.                            conversation.
      •A biological attack occurs when                                              •Write down the exact time and length of
      a terrorist intentionally causes a                                            call.
      disease epidemic.                                                             •Listen carefully to the caller's voice and
                                                                                    background noise.
                                                                                    •After you hang up, call 911 IMMEDIATELY.


                                                                                                                                13
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                                  INFORMATION FOR YOU AND YOUR LOVED ONES



        SENIORS & PEOPLE WITH
        DISABILITIES                                              MENTAL HEALTH
        Seniors and people with disabilities may need to
        take additional steps to prepare for emergencies.         Disaster victims are likely to experience at
        If you or someone in your household has special           least one of several emotional responses:
        needs, consider the following tips when preparing         anger, fatigue, loss of appetite, sleeplessness,
        your disaster plans:                                      nightmares, depression, inability to concentrate,
                                                                  hyperactivity, or increased alcohol or drug use.
        •Keep a 7-14 day supply of necessary medications
        on hand at all times.                                     Mental Health Experts Suggest a
        •Develop a personal disaster plan for each place          Number of Ways to Relieve the
        where you spend time - at home, work, school and in       Symptoms of Emotional Distress.
        the community.
        •Evaluate your capabilities, limitations, needs and       •Talk about your feelings with family, friends and
        surroundings to determine what type of support you        neighbors. Sharing common experiences helps peo-
        may need in an emergency.                                 ple overcome anxiety and feelings of helplessness
        •Include your home care attendant and other people        and isolation.
        in your network in your planning process.                 •Get back into daily routines as soon as you can,
        •If you or someone in your household are dependent        and try to maintain a healthy diet and get plenty of
        on electricity for your wheelchair, breathing machine     sleep.
        or any other life-sustaining device, plan for a loss of   •Get some physical exercise every day.
        power. Your plan should include an alternate source       •If you continue to have the symptoms described
        of power such as a battery system or generator, emer-     above for an extended period of time, think about
        gency phone numbers (doctors etc.), and a planned         consulting a mental health professional.
        and rehearsed procedure to vacate your home during        For more information, a referral, or if you need
        a prolonged outage.                                       someone to talk to, call Connecticut's Infoline by
        •To alert CL&P that you or someone in your home           dialing 211 from anywhere in Connecticut.
        relies on electrically-operated life support equipment,
        contact them at 1-800-286-2000.
        •The hearing impaired may need to make special
        arrangements to make sure they receive emergency
        warnings.
        •Mobility impaired people may need assistance to
        get to a shelter or to evacuate from buildings. Keep in
        mind elevators will not work in a power outage.
        Technologically dependent people should check in
        with 911 or their doctors.
        •People with special dietary needs should have an
        adequate emergency food supply.
        •It is a good idea to write down your support needs
        and numbers. Medical conditions, medications and
        dosages, allergies, special equipment, medical insur-
        ance, Medicare insurance cards as well as personal
        and medical contact details are important to have
        available. Keep this list with you in emergencies and
        supply a friend with a copy.
        •If you have a service animal, make sure that it is
        registered for a service tag.




                                                                                                                     14
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                                   INFORMATION FOR YOU AND YOUR LOVED ONES

                                                                       How to Purchase Red Cross Disaster
                                                                       Supplies and First Aid Kits
                                                                       The American Red Cross, Stamford Chapter has a variety
       FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN                                          of First Aid kits available for your home, work, car or boat.
                                                                       Disaster supplies starter kits are also available. For a list-
       Include your children in planning for an emergency.             ing of our kits and prices go to www.stamfordredcross.org.
       Teach them how to recognize danger signals, how to get
       help and what to do in different emergencies. Practice
       your family disaster plan with your children and quiz
       them about preparedness information.

       Every Child Should Know:
       •How and when to call 911.
       •Family contact information for use in an emergency.
       •Never to touch wires lying on the ground or hanging
       from poles.
       •How to identify the smell of gas. Tell them that if they
       smell it, they should tell a grown-up or leave the building.

       Information You Should Know About
       Your Child’s School or Daycare Facility:
       •Find out what your child's school does in the event of an        The Emergency Preparedness Kit sells for about $65
       emergency and know the school's emergency plans.                  and includes all the basics to start a disaster supplies
       •Find out where you can pick up your child during an              kit, such as food bars, water pouches, flashlight,
       evacuation.                                                       portable radio, batteries and first aid kit and more.
       •Ensure that the school has up-to-date contact information
       for you and at least one other relative or friend.
       •Find out how you can authorize a friend or relative to
       pick up your children in an emergency if you cannot.
       Some schools require written authorization.
       In Your Disaster Supplies Kit:
       •Pack child care supplies as well as games and small toys          The Safety Tube sells for $5 and includes a water packet,
       in your family's disaster supplies kit.                            light stick, dust mask, whistle and hook and loop to fasten
                                                                          the tube under a desk or table. Perfect for commuters or
       After the Disaster-Time for Recovery                               for the office.

       •Children depend on daily routines. When emergencies
       or disasters interrupt this routine, children may become
       anxious and afraid. After a disaster, children are most
       afraid that the event will happen again, someone will be
       injured or killed, they will be separated from the family, or
       they will be left alone.

       •Immediately after the disaster, try to reduce your child's
       fear and anxiety by calmly explaining the situation and
       what the family is going to do next, keeping the family
       together, encouraging them to talk about the disaster and
       describe their feelings, and comforting them.

       •Return your child to school and their normal routine as
       soon as possible. Your children will realize that life will
       eventually return to normal.                                        The Family First Aid Kit sells for $25 and includes ban-
                                                                           daging supplies, a cloth sling, a rescue blanket and a
                                                                           first aid instruction card.



                                                                                                                                      15
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                                      INFORMATION FOR YOU AND YOUR LOVED ONES




            PET OWNERS                                                       COMMUTERS
            Pet owners should include provisions for their                   Disasters can happen anywhere. If
            pet in a household disaster plan. Pets are not allowed in        you are caught on the train or
            Red Cross or any other shelters - only service animals           subway during any kind of emer-
            are allowed in shelters. Therefore, it is important that
            you have a plan for your pet in the case of an evacua-           gency, follow the guidelines
            tion.                                                            below.
            Pet Emergency Planning Tips:                                     •Stay as calm and quiet as possible so that you
                                                                             can hear any instructions.
            •Contact friends or relatives outside your area to see if they   •Do not leave the train unless you are instruct-
            would be willing to accommodate you and your pets in an          ed to do so. The safest place is usually in the rail
            emergency. Also, ask a neighbor, friend or family member if      car.
            they will look after your pet if you cannot return home due      •Tracks are dangerous. Never exit a train onto
            to a disaster.                                                   the tracks unless directed to do so by the train
            •See if your veterinarian, groomer or local kennel provides      crew or emergency response personnel. While
            shelter for animals during an emergency. Some hotels and         being escorted by emergency response person-
            motels also let pets stay with their owners for a small addi-    nel, be careful to avoid the larger third rail,
            tional charge.                                                   which carries a dangerous electrical current.
            •Transport your pets in a carrier for the duration of the        •Think before you pull the emergency cord.
            disaster. This makes pets feel safer and more secure.            Only pull the cord when the train is in motion if
            •Know your pets' hiding places so that you can easily find       someone gets caught between closing car doors
            them in times of stress.                                         and is being dragged.
            •Make sure each pet has a license and ID tag.                    •If your train is between stations and you pull
                                                                             the cord, the train will stop, preventing or delay-
                                                                             ing medical or any other kind of assistance from
            Assemble a Pet Disaster Supplies Kit That                        reaching the train. If there is an emergency on
            Can Be Ready to Go if You are Evacuting                          the train, alert a conductor.
            Your Pet to a Kennel or to Friends or
            Family. You Should Include:
            •Water, food and containers.
            •A leash/muzzle/harness.
            •A copy of all current vaccination and health records,
            license numbers and microchip numbers.
            •Medication for your pet (if needed).
            •A pet carrier or cage (a luggage carrier can be used to
            wheel the carrier around).
            •Plastic bags for pick-up.
            •Photo of your pet.




                                                                                                                                    16
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                                      INFORMATION FOR YOU AND YOUR LOVED ONES




                                                                                 Make a Donation
                                                                                 •Making a financial contribution the American
                                                                                 Red Cross is often the most sensible and
            ONCE YOU'RE PREPARED,                                                efficient way of helping people in need after a
            HELP PREPARE                                                         disaster. Call (203) 363-1041, ext. 29 or visit
                                                                                 www.stamfordredcross.org to make a secure
            YOUR COMMUNITY                                                       online donation.

                                                                                 •Before donating any goods, including food or
            Get Trained                                                          clothing, check with the Red Cross or other orga-
                                                                                 nizations. Most disaster relief organizations do
            •Emergencies happen every day. Learning simple first aid             not accept small, individual in-kind donations of
                                                                                 canned food or clothing for a disaster operation.
            techniques can give you the skills and confidence to help            Unneeded items overwhelm the recovery effort
            anyone in your home, your neighborhood and at work.                  and may go to waste.

            •When a major disaster occurs, your community can
            change in an instant. Loved ones can be hurt and emergen-
            cy response can be delayed. Make sure that at least one
            member of your household is trained in first aid and CPR
            and in how to use an automated external defibrillator (AED).

            •Contact your local American Red Cross chapter for class
            descriptions, times and dates.                                      Give Blood
            Volunteer                                                           •Blood is needed in times of emergency, but the ongo-
                                                                                ing need is also great.
            •Red Cross volunteers help people in emergencies; they
            teach first aid classes; help at blood drives, and countless        •Every two seconds someone needs a blood transfu-
            other activities.                                                   sion - cancer patients, accident victims, premature
                                                                                infants, people with chronic diseases.
            •It is best to affiliate with a Red Cross chapter before a dis-
            aster happens. This way you will be fully trained and know          •Whole blood only has a shelf life of 42 days. That is
            how best to help the organization.                                  why it is so important to become a regular and fre-
                                                                                quent blood donor.
            •Before going directly to volunteer at a relief organization,
            hospital or disaster site after a disaster, wait for instructions   •One donation can be separated into 3 components
            from local officials, or check with specific organizations.         and used to treat several patients.
            •Be patient. In the wake of a disaster, there are often many        •Giving blood is safe and easy. Your body replaces
            people waiting to volunteer. However, there may be a greater        the blood you give. The entire process of donating
            need for volunteers in the weeks and months after a disaster.       takes only an hour, and the actual donation time is
                                                                                usually less than 10 minutes.
            •Contact the Stamford chapter to find out about volunteer
            opportunities and to register. (203) 363-1041, ext. 29 or           •If you are 17 years or older and weigh at least 110
            www.stamfordredcross.org                                            pounds, you are eligible to donate blood.

                                                                                •Call 1-800 GIVE LIFE (1-800-448-3543) and make
                                                                                an appointment to donate blood.




                                                                                                                                   17
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                                    INFORMATION FOR YOU AND YOUR LOVED ONES


            FIRST AID                                                     toxic product such as the exact product name on the
                                                                          label, the total volume of the container, the strength as
            EMERGENCIES                                                   listed on the label or ingredients, the length of exposure
                                                                          and the amount involved in the exposure. If possible,
            In an emergency, remain calm and follow the emergen-          have the container nearby when you call and be ready to
            cy action steps: CHECK-CALL-CARE.                             answer these questions.

                                                                          Shock
            CHECK:
            The scene - for safety, to find out what happened, to         •Signs of shock are restlessness and irritability, nausea
            determine how many victims there are, and for bystanders      and vomiting, an altered level of consciousness, pale or
            who may be able to assist.                                    ashen, cool, moist skin; rapid breathing and rapid pulse.
            The victim - for consciousness
                                                                          • Call 911. Have the victim lie down and elevate their
            •CALL: 911 or, if at work, your workplace emergency           legs about 12 inches if a head, neck or back injury or bro-
            number.                                                       ken bones in the hips and pelvis are not suspected. Keep
                                                                          the victim from getting chilled or overheated. Do not give
            •CARE: For life threatening conditions.                       the victim anything to eat or drink.

            For any serious emergency have someone call 911. The          Seizures
            following are quick references for what to do in emergen-
            cy situations.                                                •Call 911. Remove any nearby objects that may cause
                                                                          injury. Cushion victims head with folded clothing or a
            Poisoning                                                     small pillow. Roll victim on side if vomiting. DO NOT
                                                                          restrain victim or place anything in between the victim's
            If the victim is unconscious or is not breathing, call 911.   teeth. Reassure the victim when the seizure is over.

            •Swallowed Poison- Call the Poison Control Center             Bites and Stings
            at 1-800-222-1222. Follow their directions. The Poison
            Control Center can call 911 for you if necessary. Watch       •Animal Bites- Do not try to hold or catch the animal.
            for any changes in the way the victim looks or feels. Save    If bleeding is minor, wash with soap and water. Control
            any vomit in a container for EMS.                             bleeding, apply antibiotic ointment and cover.
                                                                          If bleeding is severe or if rabies is suspected, control
            • Inhaled Poison- If safe, remove victim from source of       bleeding first, do not clean wound and call 911.
            poison to fresh air. Check their level of consciousness,
            breathing and pulse. Call the Poison Control Center at
            1-800-222-1222. They can call 911 for you if necessary.
                                                                          •Stings- Remove stinger. Wash wound and cover with a
                                                                          dressing. Apply a cold pack and watch for signs of an
            Place the victim on their side in case of vomiting and        allergic reaction.
            monitor until EMS arrives.
                                                                          Contact your local chapter of the American Red Cross for
            •The Poison Control Center will ask you many questions        additional information and to take a First Aid Basics
            when you call to gain information about yourself and          course.
            your relationship to the victim, information about the vic-
            tim and their condition, as well as information about the




                                                                                                                                        18
Red Cross   3/4/05   3:02 PM   Page 19




            Family Disaster Plan                  Family Disaster Plan                Family Disaster Plan

      Work# ________________                 Work# ________________              Work# ________________
      School#_______________                 School#_______________              School#_______________
      Cell Phone_____________                Cell Phone_____________             Cell Phone_____________
      Emergency Meeting Place outside        Emergency Meeting Place outside     Emergency Meeting Place outside
      of your home _________________         of your home _________________      of your home _________________
      Meeting Place outside of your          Meeting Place outside of your       Meeting Place outside of your
      neighborhood _________________         neighborhood _________________      neighborhood _________________
      Addresss _____________________         Addresss _____________________      Addresss _____________________
               ______________________                 ______________________              ______________________
      Family Contact ________________        Family Contact ________________     Family Contact ________________
      Phone Day: ( ) ______________          Phone Day: ( ) ______________       Phone Day: ( ) ______________
      Phone Evening: ( ) ___________         Phone Evening: ( ) ___________      Phone Evening: ( ) ___________


            Family Disaster Plan                 Family Disaster Plan                 Family Disaster Plan

      Work# ________________                Work# ________________               Work# ________________
      School#_______________                School#_______________               School#_______________
      Cell Phone_____________               Cell Phone_____________              Cell Phone_____________
      Emergency Meeting Place outside       Emergency Meeting Place outside      Emergency Meeting Place outside
      of your home _________________        of your home _________________       of your home _________________
      Meeting Place outside of your         Meeting Place outside of your        Meeting Place outside of your
      neighborhood _________________        neighborhood _________________       neighborhood _________________
      Addresss _____________________         Addresss _____________________      Addresss _____________________
               ______________________                ______________________               ______________________
      Family Contact ________________       Family Contact ________________      Family Contact ________________
      Phone Day: ( ) ______________         Phone Day: ( ) ______________        Phone Day: ( ) ______________
      Phone Evening: ( ) ___________        Phone Evening: ( ) ___________       Phone Evening: ( ) ___________


                                         ADDITIONAL RESOURCES ON
      Resources                          EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS:
      LOCAL RESOURCES                                                            TEACHING TOOLS FOR
                                         American Red Cross–National website:    PARENTS AND TEACHERS:
                                         www.redcross.org
      American Red Cross, Stamford
      Chapter
                                                                                 American Red Cross –
                                         Federal Emergency Management Agency     Children & Disasters
      112 Prospect Street, Stamford      (FEMA):
      203-363-1041                                                               www.redcross.org. On the sidebar,
                                         www.fema.gov                            click on “Disaster Services”, “Be
      www.stamfordredcross.org           To order FEMA’s guide to                Prepared”, “Children & Disasters for
                                         emergency preparedness,                 information and a list of publications.
      City of Stamford                   “Are You Ready?
      www.cityofstamford.org                                                     Or contact your local Red Cross chap-
                                         A Guide to Citizen Preparedness”,       ter for brochures, coloring books and
                                         call FEMA’s distribution center at:     more.
      Stamford’s local radio stations:   1-800-480-2520
      96.7 FM or 1400 AM                 or visit www.fema.gov/library.
      Stamford’s local TV station:                                               FEMA:
      News 12                                                                    www.fema.gov/kids/
                                         U.S. Department of Homeland Security:
                                         1-800-BE-READY (1-800-237-3239) or      The Sesame Workshop’s safety page:
      CT Office of Emergency             www.ready.gov
      Management:                                                                www.sesameworkshop.org/parents/solu
      www.ct.gov/oem                                                             tions/safety
                                         U.S. Centers for Disease Control
                                         & Prevention:                           American Academy of Pediatrics:
      CT Department of Public            1-800-311-3435 or www.cdc.gov
      Health:                                                                    www.aap.org
      www.dph.state.ct.us                National Weather Service
                                         www.weather.gov
                                         NOAA Akk Hazards Radio;
                                         www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr
Red Cross   3/4/05      3:02 PM       Page 20




                  Make a Plan                                                  Build a Kit                                          Get Trained


                                            Stamford Chapter                                          Stamford Chapter                                    Stamford Chapter




                      Volunteer                                                Give Blood                                      Pledge to Take Action




                                           Stamford Chapter                                           Stamford Chapter                                    Stamford Chapter




            American Red Cross, Stamford Chapter
                                  112 Prospect Street, Stamford, CT 06901
                                              (203) 363-1041
                                                               www.stamfordredcross.org



      Another Thank you to all our Sponsors:                                                              Newfield Green Merchants: Beldotti Bakery, Full line Bakery
                                                                                                          from Breads to Fine Pastries; Grade A Super Market, Family
                                                                                                          Owned and operated; CVS-Open 24 hrs., Peter Coppola Salon-
                                                                                                          Experience the Difference; Cafe Bria; A Comfortable place to
                                                                                                          enjoy Homemade Wholesome Food; Sound Federal Savings
                                                                                                          Bank, We Care Because it’s Our Town Too; Newfield
                                                                                                          Cleaners,Not Just a C leaners, We Care; Stamford Wine and
                                                                                                          Liquor, Stamford’s only Boutique Wine Shop Established 1970;
        This publication was designed and produced by The Advocate/Greenwich Time Custom Publishing       Frascati Italian Restaurant, Not Just Pizza.