CITY OF CHARLOTTE ZONING ORDINANCE

Document Sample
CITY OF CHARLOTTE ZONING ORDINANCE Powered By Docstoc
					CITY OF CHARLOTTE ZONING ORDINANCE




                     Prepared by:

   CHARLOTTE-MECKLENBURG PLANNING COMMISSION
              600 E. Fourth Street (8th Floor)
                Charlotte, North Carolina
                      (704)-336-2205
                   www.rezoning.org




                   JANUARY, 1992

           CODIFIED THROUGH JUNE 21, 2010

         RECENT AMENDMENTS IN APPENDIX 4
                            CITY OF CHARLOTTE ZONING ORDINANCE

                                               TABLE OF CONTENTS



                                                                                                                        PAGE

CHAPTER 1: PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY

       1.101.         Title ................................................................................................... 1-1
       1.102.         Authority and purpose ...................................................................... 1-1
       1.103.         Jurisdiction........................................................................................ 1-2
       1.104.         Zoning Maps ..................................................................................... 1-2
       1.105.         Exceptions to applicability ............................................................... 1-2
       1.106.         Relation to other ordinances ............................................................. 1-4
       1.107.         Relation of this ordinance to any pending actions ............................ 1-4
       1.108.         Separability ....................................................................................... 1-5
       1.109.         Effective date .................................................................................... 1-5
       1.110.         Procedures for establishing a vested right ........................................ 1-5


CHAPTER 2: DEFINITIONS AND RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

Part 1. Rules of Construction

       2.101.         General rules of construction ............................................................ 2-1
       2.102.         Interpretation of Zoning Maps .......................................................... 2-2
       2.103.         Fractional requirements .................................................................... 2-4
       2.104.         Additions to existing development ................................................... 2-4

Part 2. Definitions

       2.201.         Definitions ........................................................................................ 2-5
                                                                                                                     PAGE



CHAPTER 3: DECISION-MAKING AND ADMINISTRATIVE BODIES

Part 1. City Council

       3.101.      Powers and duties ............................................................................. 3-1

Part 2. Planning Commission

       3.201.      Powers and duties ............................................................................. 3-2
       3.202.      Membership; officers ........................................................................ 3-2
       3.203.      Meetings, hearings, and procedures .................................................. 3-2
       3.204.      Staff................................................................................................... 3-3

Part 3. Board of Adjustment

       3.301.      Powers and duties ............................................................................. 3-4
       3.302.      Membership; officers ........................................................................ 3-5
       3.303.      Meetings, hearings and procedures................................................... 3-5
       3.304.      Staff................................................................................................... 3-5

Part 4. Historic District Commission

       3.401.      Powers and duties ............................................................................. 3-6
       3.402.      Membership; officers ........................................................................ 3-6
       3.403.      Meetings, hearings, and procedures .................................................. 3-6
       3.404.      Staff................................................................................................... 3-7

Part 5. Professional Staff

       3.501.      Planning Commission Staff; powers and duties ............................... 3-8
       3.502.      Land Use & Environmental Services Agency
                      (LUESA); powers and duties ....................................................... 3-9
       3.503.      Engineering & Property Management; powers and duties ............... 3-9
       3.504.      Utility Department; powers and duties ........................................... 3-10
       3.505.      Parks and Recreation Department; powers and duties ................... 3-11
       3.506.      Department of Health; powers and duties ...................................... 3-11
       3.507.      Department of Environmental Protection; powers and duties ........ 3-12
       3.508.      Fire Department; powers and duties ............................................... 3-12
       3.509.      Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Staff; powers and duties ............. 3-12
       3.510.      Department of Transportation; powers and duties.......................... 3-13
       3.511       Neighborhood Development, powers and duties ............................ 3-13
                                                                                                                    PAGE



CHAPTER 4: DEVELOPMENT APPROVAL

       4.101.      General .............................................................................................. 4-1
       4.102.      Building permit required................................................................... 4-1
       4.103.      Certificate of occupancy required ..................................................... 4-2
       4.104.      Zoning review ................................................................................... 4-2
       4.105       [RESERVED] ................................................................................... 4-2
       4.106       Public notification process for certain land uses .............................. 4-2
       4.107.      Delegated authority for development approval based upon
                     existing conditions ........................................................................ 4-4


CHAPTER 5: APPEALS AND VARIANCES

       5.101.      Authority of City of Charlotte .......................................................... 5-1
       5.102.      Initiation of an appeal or variance .................................................... 5-2
       5.103.      Filing of notice of appeal .................................................................. 5-2
       5.104.      Filing of variance petition ................................................................. 5-3
       5.105.      Determination of completeness ........................................................ 5-3
       5.106.      Staff review ....................................................................................... 5-3
       5.107.      Notice and hearing ............................................................................ 5-3
       5.108.      Standards for granting a variance ..................................................... 5-3
       5.109.      Standards for granting an appeal ...................................................... 5-4
       5.110.      Action by the Board of Adjustment .................................................. 5-5
       5.111.      Effect of grant of variance or reversal or modification of
                      administrative decision ................................................................. 5-5
       5.112.      Rehearing .......................................................................................... 5-5
       5.113.      Appeal from Board of Adjustment ................................................... 5-6


CHAPTER 6: AMENDMENTS

Part 1: Provisions of General Applicability

       6.101.      Purpose ............................................................................................. 6-1
       6.102.      Authority ........................................................................................... 6-1
       6.103.      Initiation ............................................................................................ 6-1
       6.104.      Preliminary meeting with staff ......................................................... 6-2
       6.105.      Filing of petitions .............................................................................. 6-2
       6.106.      [RESERVED] ................................................................................... 6-2
       6.107.      Staff review ....................................................................................... 6-3
       6.108.      Withdrawal and amendment of petition ........................................... 6-3
       6.109.      Notice of hearing .............................................................................. 6-5
       6.110.      Hearing ............................................................................................. 6-5
       6.111.      Action by City Council ..................................................................... 6-5
                                                                                                                   PAGE


       6.112.      Effect of denial of petition ................................................................ 6-7
       6.113.      Protest petitions ................................................................................ 6-8

Part 2: Conditional Zoning Districts

       6.201.      Purpose ........................................................................................... 6-10
       6.202.      Plans and other information to accompany petition ....................... 6-11
       6.203.      Required community meeting before public hearing ..................... 6-13
       6.204.      Approval of conditional zoning district .......................................... 6-13
       6.205.      Conditions to approval of petition .................................................. 6-14
       6.206.      Effect of approval ........................................................................... 6-14
       6.207.      Alterations to approval ................................................................... 6-15
       6.208.      Review of approval of a conditional zoning district ...................... 6-18
       6.209.      Protest petitions ............................................................................. 6-18


CHAPTER 7: NONCONFORMITIES

       7.101.      Purpose; applicability ....................................................................... 7-1
       7.102.      Nonconforming uses ......................................................................... 7-1
       7.103.      Nonconforming structures ................................................................ 7-2
       7.104.      Nonconforming accessory uses and accessory structures ................ 7-3
       7.105.      Nonconforming vacant lots............................................................... 7-3


CHAPTER 8: ENFORCEMENT

       8.101.      Enforcement ...................................................................................... 8-1
       8.102.      Enforcement procedures ................................................................... 8-1
       8.103.      General enforcement provisions ....................................................... 8-1
       8.104.      Criminal penalties ............................................................................. 8-2
       8.105.      Citations ............................................................................................ 8-2
       8.106.      Civil judicial remedies ...................................................................... 8-3
       8.107.      Other remedies .................................................................................. 8-4


CHAPTER 9: GENERAL DISTRICTS

Part 1: Table of Uses and Hierarchy of Districts

       9.101.      Table of uses ..................................................................................... 9-1
       9.102.      Hierarchy of districts ........................................................................ 9-1
       9.103.      Classification of Zoning Districts ..................................................... 9-2
                                                                                                                  PAGE



Part 2: Single Family Districts (R-3, R-4, R-5, R-6 and R-8)

       9.201.       Single family districts established; purposes .................................... 9-3
       9.202.       Uses permitted by right ..................................................................... 9-3
       9.203.       Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ..................................... 9-3
       9.204.       Permitted accessory uses and structures ........................................... 9-8
       9.205.       Development standards for single family districts ......................... 9-11

Part 3: Multi-Family Districts (R-8MF, R-12MF, R-17MF,
                  R-22MF and R-43MF)

       9.301.       Multi-family districts established; purposes ................................... 9-19
       9.302.       Uses permitted by right ................................................................... 9-19
       9.303.       Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................... 9-20
       9.304.       Permitted accessory uses and structures ......................................... 9-29
       9.305.       Development standards for multi-family districts .......................... 9-32

Part 4: Urban Residential Districts (UR-1, UR-2, UR-3 and UR-C)

       9.401.       Urban Residential districts; location; purposes .............................. 9-35
       9.402.       Established ...................................................................................... 9-36
       9.403.       Uses permitted by right ................................................................... 9-37
       9.404.       Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................... 9-38
       9.405.       Accessory structures ....................................................................... 9-40
       9.406.       Area, yard and height regulations ................................................... 9-40
       9.407.       Development standards for various uses ........................................ 9-46
       9.408.       Off-street parking and loading standards ........................................ 9-52

Part 5: Institutional District (INST)

       9.501.       Institutional district established; purpose ....................................... 9-54
       9.502.       Uses permitted by right ................................................................... 9-54
       9.503.       Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................... 9-55
       9.504.       Permitted accessory uses and structures ......................................... 9-59
       9.505.       Development standards for the institutional district ....................... 9-60

Part 6: Research Districts (RE-1 and RE-2)

       9.601.       Research districts established; purposes ......................................... 9-62
       9.602.       Uses permitted by right ................................................................... 9-62
       9.603.       Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................... 9-63
       9.604.       Permitted accessory uses and structures ......................................... 9-68
       9.605.       Development standards for research districts ................................. 9-69
                                                                                                                PAGE



Part 7: Office Districts (O-1, O-2 and O-3)

       9.701.      Office districts established; purposes ............................................. 9-72
       9.702.      Uses permitted by right ................................................................... 9-72
       9.703.      Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................... 9-74
       9.704.      Permitted accessory uses and structures ......................................... 9-81
       9.705.      Development standards for office districts ..................................... 9-82

Part 8: Business Districts (B-1, B-2, B-D and BP)

       9.801.      Business districts established; purposes ......................................... 9-86
       9.802.      Uses permitted by right ................................................................... 9-87
       9.803.      Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................... 9-93
       9.804.      Permitted accessory uses and structures ....................................... 9-101
       9.805.      Development standards for business districts ............................... 9-101

Part 8.5: Mixed Use Development District (MUDD)

       9.8501.     Mixed Use Development district established; purpose;
                      options ..................................................................................... 9-110
       9.8502.     Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 9-110
       9.8503.     Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 9-114
       9.8504.     Accessory uses .............................................................................. 9-115
       9.8505.     Area, yard and height regulations ................................................. 9-116
       9.8506.     Urban design and development standards .................................... 9-117
       9.8507.     Parking and loading standards ...................................................... 9-123
       9.8508.     (Optional); purpose ....................................................................... 9-125
       9.8509.     (Optional); application .................................................................. 9-126
       9.8510.     (Optional); review and approval ................................................... 9-127
       9.8511.     (Optional); effect of approval; alterations .................................... 9-127
       9.8512.     (Optional); relationship to other ordinances ................................. 9-128

Part 9: Uptown Mixed Use District (UMUD)

       9.901.      Uptown Mixed Use district established; purpose;
                      periodic review ........................................................................ 9-129
       9.902.      Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 9-130
       9.903.      Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 9-132
       9.904.      Accessory uses .............................................................................. 9-136
       9.905.      Area, yard and height regulations ................................................. 9-136
       9.906.      Urban design and development standards .................................... 9-138
       9.907.      Parking and loading standards ...................................................... 9-157
       9.908.      (Optional); purpose ....................................................................... 9-159
       9.909.      (Optional); application .................................................................. 9-160
       9.910.      (Optional); review and approval ................................................... 9-161
                                                                                                                   PAGE


       9.911.       (Optional); effect of approval; alterations .................................... 9-161
       9.912.       (Optional); relationship to other ordinances ................................. 9-162
       9.913.       Previously approved UMUD-O zoning ........................................ 9-162


Part 10: Urban Industrial District (UI)

       9.1001.      Urban Industrial district established; location; purposes .............. 9-163
       9.1002.      Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 9-163
       9.1003.      Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 9-165
       9.1004.      Permitted accessory uses .............................................................. 9-166
       9.1005.      Area, yard and height requirements .............................................. 9-166
       9.1006.      Development standards ................................................................. 9-166
       9.1007.      Off-street parking.......................................................................... 9-167
       9.1008.      Signs ............................................................................................. 9-167

Part 11: Industrial Districts (I-1 and I-2)

       9.1101.      Industrial districts established; purposes ...................................... 9-168
       9.1102.      Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 9-168
       9.1103.      Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 9-173
       9.1104.      Permitted accessory uses and structures ....................................... 9-186
       9.1105.      Development standards for industrial districts ............................. 9-187

Part 12: Transit Oriented Development Districts

       9.1201       Purpose ......................................................................................... 9-191
       9.1202       Establishment of Transit Oriented Development Districts ........... 9-191
       9.1203       Rezoning to a TOD Zoning District ............................................. 9-194
       9.1204       Applicability and Exceptions ........................................................ 9-194
       9.1205       Uses Permitted by Right ............................................................... 9-197
       9.1206       Uses Permitted Under Prescribed Conditions............................... 9-200
       9.1207       Accessory Uses ............................................................................. 9-201
       9.1208       Development Standards ................................................................ 9-202
       9.1209       Urban Design Standards ............................................................... 9-216
       9.1210       Administrative Approval .............................................................. 9-223
       9.1211       Board of Adjustment..................................................................... 9-223
       9.1212       Transit Oriented Development Zoning Districts (Optional) ......... 9-224
       9.1213       Preliminary Review ...................................................................... 9-225
                                                                                                                       PAGE



CHAPTER 10: OVERLAY DISTRICTS

Part 1: Purpose

       10.101.         Purpose ........................................................................................... 10-1

Part 2: Historic Districts (HD-O)

       10.201.         Purpose and applicability................................................................ 10-2
       10.202.         Designation of Historic Districts .................................................... 10-2
       10.203.         Certificate of Appropriateness required.......................................... 10-3
       10.204.         Exterior features.............................................................................. 10-4
       10.205.         Minor works.................................................................................... 10-4
       10.206.         Duration of certificate of appropriateness ...................................... 10-4
       10.207.         Interior arrangement ....................................................................... 10-5
       10.208.         Procedure ........................................................................................ 10-5
       10.209.         Notice .............................................................................................. 10-5
       10.210.         Standards......................................................................................... 10-5
       10.211.         Ordinary maintenance ..................................................................... 10-7
       10.212.         Demolition or removal .................................................................... 10-8
       10.213.         Appeal to Zoning Board of Adjustment ......................................... 10-9
       10.214.         Enforcement .................................................................................... 10-9
       10.215.         Submission of site plan and compliance with the Zoning
                          Ordinance and other applicable laws ........................................ 10-10
       10.216.         Revocation of building permit ...................................................... 10-10
       10.217.         Denial or revocation of certificate of compliance and
                          occupancy ................................................................................. 10-11

Part 3: Airport Zone

       Subpart A: Airport Height Restriction Zones

       10.301.     Airport height zones established; purpose .................................... 10-12
       10.302.     Height restrictions ......................................................................... 10-15
       10.303.     Additional use restrictions ............................................................ 10-15
       10.304 - 10.310 [RESERVED] ........................................................................ 10-15

       Subpart B: Airport Noise Disclosure Overlay District

       10.311.         Airport noise disclosure overlay district established; purpose ..... 10-16
       10.312.         Boundaries of overlay ................................................................... 10-16
       10.313.         Definitions .................................................................................... 10-16
       10.314.         Building permit and certificate of occupancy notice .................... 10-17
                                                                                                               PAGE




Part 4: Manufactured Home Overlay (MH-O)

      10.401.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 10-18
      10.402.    Procedures for district designation; additional application
                   content requirements ................................................................. 10-18
      10.403.    Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 10-19

Part 5: Mountain Island Lake Watershed Overlay

      10.501.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 10-20
      10.502.    General definitions........................................................................ 10-20
      10.503.    Exceptions to applicability ........................................................... 10-25
      10.504.    Mountain Island Lake Watershed Overlay District
                   Subareas established ................................................................. 10-25
      10.505.    Uses and standards established ..................................................... 10-27
      10.506.    Development Standards for Mountain Island Lake
                   Watershed Overlay Districts ..................................................... 10-34
      10.507.    Cluster Development .................................................................... 10-35
      10.508.    Buffer areas required .................................................................... 10-35
      10.509.    High Density Option ..................................................................... 10-37
      10.510.    Appeals and Variances ................................................................. 10-40

Part 6: Catawba River/Lake Wylie Watershed Overlay

      10.601.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 10-43
      10.602.    General definitions........................................................................ 10-43
      10.603.    Exceptions to applicability ........................................................... 10-47
      10.604.    Catawba River/Lake Wylie Watershed
                   Overlay District Subareas ......................................................... 10-48
      10.605.    Uses and standards established ..................................................... 10-48
      10.606.    Development Standards for the Catawba River/Lake Wylie
                   Watershed Overlay ................................................................... 10-50
      10.607.    Cluster Development .................................................................... 10-52
      10.608.    Buffer areas required .................................................................... 10-52
      10.609.    High Density Option ..................................................................... 10-54
      10.610.    Appeals and Variances ................................................................. 10-57

Part 7: Lower Lake Wylie Watershed Overlay

      10.701.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 10-60
      10.702.    General definitions........................................................................ 10-60
      10.703.    Exceptions to applicability ........................................................... 10-64

      10.704      Lower Lake Wylie Watershed Overlay District
                                                                                                                  PAGE


                      Subareas established ................................................................ 10-66
       10.705.     Uses and standards established ..................................................... 10-66
       10.706      Development standards for the Lower Lake Wylie
                     Watershed Overlay ................................................................... 10-68
       10.707.     Cluster development ..................................................................... 10-69
       10.708.     Buffer areas required .................................................................... 10-69
       10.709.     Mitigation ..................................................................................... 10-71
       10.710.     High density option....................................................................... 10-72
       10.711.     Appeals and variances .................................................................. 10-75

Part 8: Pedestrian Overlay District

       10.801.     Purpose ......................................................................................... 10-78
       10.802.     Uses............................................................................................... 10-78
       10.803.     Development standards ................................................................. 10-79
       10.804.     Urban design standards ................................................................. 10-84
       10.805.     Applicability ................................................................................. 10-88
       10.806.     Administrative approval ............................................................... 10-91
       10.807.     Board of Adjustment..................................................................... 10-91
       10.808.     Pedestrian Overlay District (Optional); purpose .......................... 10-91
       10.809.     Pedestrian Overlay District (Optional); application ..................... 10-92
       10.810.     Pedestrian Overlay District (Optional); review
                     and approval.............................................................................. 10-92
       10.811.     Effect of approval; alterations ...................................................... 10-92
       10.812.     Preliminary review........................................................................ 10-92

Part 9: Transit Supportive Overlay District

       10.901.     Purpose ......................................................................................... 10-93
       10.902.     Applicability ................................................................................. 10-93
       10.903.     Conflicts ........................................................................................ 10-93
       10.904.     Rezoning to a Transit Supportive Overlay District (TS) .............. 10-94
       10.905.     Uses............................................................................................... 10-94
       10.906.     Accessory Uses ............................................................................. 10-96
       10.907.     Development Standards ................................................................ 10-96
       10.908.     Urban Design Standards ............................................................. 10-112
       10.909.     Exceptions................................................................................... 10-119
       10.910.     Administrative Approval ............................................................ 10-124
       10.911.     Board of Adjustment................................................................... 10-124
       10.912.     Transit Supportive Overlay District (Optional) .......................... 10-125
       10.913.     Preliminary review...................................................................... 10-125
                                                                                                                 PAGE



CHAPTER 11: CONDITIONAL ZONING DISTRICTS

Part 1: Purpose

       11.101.    Purpose ........................................................................................... 11-1

Part 2: Mixed Use Districts (MX-1, MX-2 and MX-3)

       11.201.    Purpose ........................................................................................... 11-1
       11.202.    Uses permitted by right ................................................................... 11-2
       11.203.    Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................... 11-2
       11.204.    Permitted accessory uses and structures ......................................... 11-7
       11.205.    Development standards for MX-1, MX-2 and MX-3 districts ....... 11-8
       11.206.    Density limitations .......................................................................... 11-9
       11.207.    Common open space; density bonus............................................... 11-9
       11.208.    Innovative development standards ............................................... 11-11
       11.209.    Development standards of general applicability........................... 11-11

Part 3: Manufactured Housing District (R-MH)

       11.301.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 11-12
       11.302.    Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 11-12
       11.303.    Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 11-12
       11.304.    Development standards; density; common area requirements ..... 11-13
       11.305.    Streets and utilities ........................................................................ 11-14
       11.306.    Foundations, patios, and walkways .............................................. 11-14
       11.307.    Development standards of general applicability........................... 11-15
       11.308.    Compliance with other regulations ............................................... 11-15
       11.309.    Replacement of existing mobile homes and manufactured
                    homes ........................................................................................ 11-15

Part 4: Commercial Center District (CC)

       11.401.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 11-16
       11.402.    Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 11-16
       11.403.    Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 11-18
       11.404.    Permitted accessory uses and structures ....................................... 11-19
       11.405.    Development standards ................................................................. 11-20
       11.406.    Accessways ................................................................................... 11-23
       11.407.    Development standards of general applicability........................... 11-23
                                                                                                                PAGE



Part 5: Neighborhood Services District (NS)

       11.501.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 11-24
       11.502.    Applicability ................................................................................. 11-24
       11.503.    Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 11-24
       11.504.    Permitted accessory uses and structures ....................................... 11-24
       11.505.    Development standards ................................................................. 11-25
       11.506.    Parking requirements .................................................................... 11-26
       11.507.    Streetscape requirements .............................................................. 11-26
       11.508.    Development standards of general applicability........................... 11-27
       11.509.    Sign requirements in NS………………….. ................................. 11-28

Part 6: Hazardous Waste District (HW)

       11.601.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 11-29
       11.602.    Use permitted under prescribed conditions .................................. 11-29
       11.603.    Additional application requirements............................................. 11-30
       11.604.    Development standards of general applicability........................... 11-30

Part 7: RE-3 Research District

       11.701.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 11-31
       11.702.    Uses permitted by right ................................................................. 11-31
       11.703.    Uses permitted under prescribed conditions ................................. 11-31
       11.704.    Permitted accessory uses and structures ....................................... 11-32
       11.705.    Development standards ................................................................. 11-32
       11.706.    Development standards of general applicability........................... 11-36


CHAPTER 12: DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY

Part 1: Supplemental Development Standards

       12.101.    Every lot must abut a street ............................................................ 12-1
       12.102.    Special lot, setback, yard and building envelope requirements ...... 12-2
       12.103.    Requirements for lots along thoroughfares..................................... 12-5
       12.104.    Computation of density................................................................... 12-8
       12.105.    Effect of certain street and public land dedications on
                    computation of density ............................................................... 12-8
       12.106.    Uses and structures prohibited and allowed in
                    required setbacks and yards ........................................................ 12-9
       12.107.    More than one principal building per lot ...................................... 12-12
       12.108.    Height limitations ......................................................................... 12-13
       12.109.    Clear sight triangles at street intersections ................................... 12-22
       12.110.    Obstructions of public right-of-way ............................................. 12-24
                                                                                                                PAGE


       12.111.    [RESERVED] ............................................................................... 12-24
       12.112.    Existing Nonconforming Accessory Utility Structures ................ 12-24


Part 2: Off-Street Parking and Loading

       12.201.    Purpose; parking plans .................................................................. 12-25
       12.202.    Required number of off-street parking spaces
                     and bicycle spaces..................................................................... 12-25
       12.202A.   Bicycle parking standards ............................................................. 12-27
       12.203.    Shared parking .............................................................................. 12-29
       12.204.    Size of required parking spaces and aisles ................................... 12-33
       12.205.    Required carpool spaces for certain employment uses ................. 12-34
       12.206.    Location of required parking ........................................................ 12-34
       12.207.    Parking barriers ............................................................................. 12-36
       12.208.    Interior landscaping requirements ................................................ 12-36
       12.209.    Allowable reductions and restrictions of parking ......................... 12-37
       12.210.    Maintenance responsibility for landscaped areas ......................... 12-37
       12.211.    Parking lot screening requirements .............................................. 12-37
       12.212.    Parking deck standards ................................................................. 12-37
       12.213.    Underground parking structures ................................................... 12-45
       12.214.    Number, size, and location of loading spaces............................... 12-45
       12.215.    Restriction on use of off-street parking and loading spaces ......... 12-46
       12.216.    Configuration of off-street parking and
                     loading ingress and egress ........................................................ 12-48
       12.217.    Driveways and street access ......................................................... 12-48
       12.218.    Commercial vehicle parking in residential areas .......................... 12-48

Part 3: Buffers and Screening

       12.301.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 12-50
       12.302.    Buffer requirements ...................................................................... 12-50
       12.303.    Screening requirements ................................................................ 12-57
       12.304.    Alternative buffer and screening requirements............................. 12-60
       12.305.    Maintenance responsibility for buffers and screening .................. 12-60
       12.306.    [RESERVED] .............................................................................. 12-61
       12.307.    Buffer requirements for residential uses adjoining
                    Class I streets with full control of access.................................. 12-61
       12.308.    Screening requirements when a development does not propose
                    two tiers of buildable lots ......................................................... 12-62
                                                                                                                PAGE


Part 4: Accessory Uses and Structures

       12.401.    General requirements .................................................................... 12-65
       12.402.    Outdoor lighting............................................................................ 12-65
       12.403.    Solid waste containers compactors recycling containers, solid
                     waste and recycling handling areas and service entrances ....... 12-65
       12.404.    Active Adult Retirement Community........................................... 12-67
       12.405.    Land Clearing and Inert Debris landfills (LCID); on-site ............ 12-68
       12.406.    Fences and walls in residential districts........................................ 12-68
       12.407.    Elderly and disabled housing ........................................................ 12-69
       12.408.    Customary home occupations ....................................................... 12-70
       12.409.    Marinas ......................................................................................... 12-72
       12.410.    Private kennels .............................................................................. 12-73
       12.411.    Private stables ............................................................................... 12-73
       12.412.    Guest houses and employee quarters ............................................ 12-73
       12.413.    Drive-in and drive-through service lanes / windows .................... 12-74
       12.414.    Automobile, truck and trailer rental.............................................. 12-75
       12.415.    Helistops, limited .......................................................................... 12-76
       12.416.    Information pillars ........................................................................ 12-76
       12.417     Outdoor sales, accessory ............................................................... 12-77
       12.418     Public flags on permanent flag poles ............................................ 12-79

Part 5: Special Requirements for Certain Uses

       12.501.    Purpose ......................................................................................... 12-81
       12.502.    Adult care homes, adult care center, childcare centers,
                     childcare centers in a residence, childcare homes,
                     and large childcare centers....................................................... 12-81
       12.503.    Land Clearing and Inert Debris landfills (LCID): off-site............ 12-86
       12.504.    Public utility structures ................................................................. 12-89
       12.505.    Quarries......................................................................................... 12-90
       12.506.    Religious institutions in residential districts ................................. 12-93
       12.507.    Sanitary landfills ........................................................................... 12-96
       12.508.    Cemeteries, public and private ..................................................... 12-98
       12.509.    Public utility transmission and distribution lines.......................... 12-99
       12.510.    Mobile food vending services ..................................................... 12-100
       12.511.    [RESERVED] ............................................................................. 12-101
       12.512.    Riding academies and boarding stables ...................................... 12-102
       12.513.    Bus stop shelters ......................................................................... 12-102
       12.514.    Equestrian oriented subdivisions ................................................ 12-103
       12.515.    Special requirements for facilities located on or adjacent to the
                    Catawba River and its impoundments (Lake Norman,
                    Lake Wylie and Mountain Island) .......................................... 12-104
       12.516.    Open space recreational uses ...................................................... 12-110
       12.517.    Group homes ............................................................................... 12-111
       12.518.    Adult establishments ................................................................... 12-111
                                                                                                                   PAGE


       12.519.      Outdoors seasonal sales .............................................................. 12-113
       12.520.      Boarding houses.......................................................................... 12-114
       12.521.      Bed and Breakfasts (B & B's) ..................................................... 12-115
       12.522.      Short-Term Care Facility ............................................................ 12-116
       12.523.      Beneficial fill sites ...................................................................... 12-117
       12.524.      Construction and Demolition (C & D) landfills ......................... 12-119
       12.525.      Medical waste disposal facilities ................................................ 12-119
       12.526.      Solid Waste Transfer Stations .................................................... 12-123
       12.527.      Single Room Occupancy (SRO) residences ............................... 12-125
       12.528.      Enclosure at foundation for structures ........................................ 12-126
       12.529.      Sidewalk connections to public streets ....................................... 12-126
       12.530.      Day labor service agencies… ..................................................... 12-128
       12.531       Commercial Rooming Houses .................................................... 12-129
       12.532       Donation drop-off facilities ........................................................ 12-130
       12.533       Funeral Homes, with accessory embalming
                      in the Institutional Zoning District ......................................... 12-131
       12.534       Periodic retail sales events, off-premise ..................................... 12-132
       12.535       Periodic retail sales events, on-premise ...................................... 12-134
       12.536       Accessory shelters ...................................................................... 12-134
       12.537       Emergency shelters ..................................................................... 12-134
       12.538       Homeless shelters ....................................................................... 12-135
       12.539       Outdoor seasonal fresh produce stands....................................... 12-135
       12.540       Outdoor recreation ...................................................................... 12-138

Part 6: Stormwater Drainage

       12.601.      Drainage plan approval required ................................................ 12-140
       12.602.      Required contents of drainage plan ............................................ 12-140
       12.603.      Standards for plan approval ........................................................ 12-141

Part 7: Nuisances

       12.701.      Noise ........................................................................................... 12-142
       12.702.      Fumes and odors ......................................................................... 12-142
       12.703.      Vibration ..................................................................................... 12-142
                                                                                                                PAGE



Part 8: S.W.I.M. (Surface Water Improvement and Management) Stream Buffers

      12.801.     Purpose ....................................................................................... 12-143
      12.802.     Definitions .................................................................................. 12-143
      12.803.     Applicability ............................................................................... 12-145
      12.804.     Buffer Standards ......................................................................... 12-146
      12.805.     Incentives .................................................................................... 12-149
      12.806.     Mitigation ................................................................................... 12-150
      12.807.     Appeals and Variances ............................................................... 12-154

Part 9: Other Applicable City Code Land Development Provisions

                  Other applicable City Code Land Development
                  Provisions ................................................................................... 12-155



CHAPTER 13: SIGN REGULATIONS

      13.101.     Intent and purpose........................................................................... 13-1
      13.102.     Definitions ...................................................................................... 13-1
      13.103.     Procedures..................................................................................... 13-14
      13.104.     General Provisions ........................................................................ 13-20
      13.105.     Prohibited Signs ............................................................................ 13-21
      13.106.     Signs not requiring permit ............................................................ 13-22
      13.107.     Temporary signs and banners requiring permits .......................... 13-26
      13.108.     Specifications for permanent signs requiring a permit ................. 13-28
      13.108a.    Specifications for permanent signs in Uptown Mixed
                     Use District requiring a permit ................................................. 13-32
      13.108b.    Specifications for off-premise signs located on
                     information pillars requiring a permit....................................... 13-35
      13.109.     District regulations for permanent on-premises signs .................. 13-36
      13.110.     Creation of Special Sign Regulations ........................................... 13-42
      13.111.     Regulations for Outdoor Advertising Signs ................................. 13-54
      13.112.     Removal of certain signs .............................................................. 13-59
      13.113.     Enforcement .................................................................................. 13-61
      13.114.     Variances and Appeals ................................................................. 13-62
                                                                                                                      PAGE



CHAPTER 14: SPECIAL USE PERMITS

Part 1: [RESERVED]

Part 2: [RESERVED]

Part 3: Cancellation by Surrender and Termination, Modification and Revocation
        of Special Use Permits

         14.301.         Cancellation by surrender of a special use permit .......................... 14-1
         14.302.         Termination of a special use permit................................................ 14-2
         14.303.         Modification of an approved special use permit............................. 14-2
         14.304.         Revocation ...................................................................................... 14-2


CHAPTER 15: SUBJECT INDEX ............................................................................... 15-1

APPENDICES:

         Appendix 1: Reserved ........................................................................................ A-1
         Appendix 2: Zoning Maps Conversion Process................................................. A-1
         Appendix 3: N.C. General Statute Article 26A (Sec. 14.202.10)
                      Adult Establishments ................................................................... A-4
         Appendix 4: Amendments (since this printing) ................................................ A-6
         Appendix 5: Watershed Buffer Guidelines for Mecklenburg County ............... A-7