The Police The Hong Kong Police Force has distinguished by acslater


									                                                   The Police
The Hong Kong Police Force has distinguished itself as           at sea. Marine Region is also one of the main agencies in
one of the oldest, yet most modern, police forces in the         the Hong Kong search and rescue organisation geared
world.                                                           towards maritime operations both within and outside Hong
      Formed in 1842 with a total strength of 35, the Force      Kong waters.
evolved from an extremely broad-based role, embracing                 Marine Region has developed a new, two-part
such matters as fire-fighting, prisons and immigration, to       operational strategy called Versatile Maritime Policing
that of a traditional police service. As at May 1, 2008, the     Response (VMPR) which has come into operation in phase
Force had a strength of 27 437 of which 14 per cent              since 2007, providing an improved police service at
were women officers. It also had a backup of 4 683 civilian      reduced cost with an enhanced Command and Control
staff.                                                           System and faster craft offering a more flexible policing
      The Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force was originally        response.
formed in 1914 as a reserve to assist in times of natural
disaster or civil emergency. As at March 31, 2008, 3 842         Operations: Force operational matters are coordinated by
volunteer citizens supported the regular force to perform        the Operations Department, which comprises two wings, a
crowd control duties at public events and festivals. The         traffic headquarters and six regions. The department is
ability to assist during times of emergency is retained.         charged with the formulation and implementation of
      Police in Hong Kong operate within the traditional         policies, the monitoring of activities and the efficient
constabulary concept of preserving life and property,            deployment of personnel and resources.
preventing and detecting crime and keeping the peace,                  The Operations Wing coordinates counter terrorism,
with a strong emphasis on enlisting community support. In        internal security, anti-illegal immigration measures, bomb
times of emergency the Force has a paramilitary capability.      disposal commitments and contingency planning for
                                                                 natural disasters and is also responsible for the Police Dog
Structure: The Force is commanded by the Commissioner            Unit.
of Police who is assisted by two deputy Commissioners.                 The Police Tactical Unit (PTU) has an establishment
      One deputy Commissioner supervises all operational         of six companies (1 020 officers). The PTU provides an
matters and the other is responsible for the direction and       immediate manpower reserve for use in any emergency.
coordination of the management of the Force, including           PTU companies are attached to all land Regions and are
personnel, training and management services.                     available for internal security, crowd management, anti-
      The Force Headquarters is made up of five                  crime operations and disaster response duties throughout
departments: Operations; Crime and Security; Personnel           Hong Kong. The PTU also provides up-to-date instruction
and Training; Management Services; and Finance,                  and training in internal security and crowd management
Administration and Planning. For day-to-day policing, the        techniques for a wide cross-section of Force members.
Force is organised into six regions: Hong Kong Island,                 The Anti-Illegal Immigration Control Centre is
Kowloon East, Kowloon West, New Territories North, New           responsible for collecting intelligence and monitoring
Territories South and Marine. The Regions are largely            operations in respect of illegal immigrants from the
autonomous in their day-to-day operation and                     Mainland, Vietnam and South Asian countries.
management matters, and each has its own headquarters                  The Support Wing oversees the execution and staffing
which comprises administration and operation wings, and          of operational support matters, including the formulation of
traffic and criminal investigation units. Each region is         operational policies for both the regular and auxiliary
divided into districts and divisions and in a few cases sub-     forces. It is also responsible for the various licensing
divisions. Currently there are 23 districts.                     functions of the Force. The coordination of all public
      The policing of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the          relations activities is arranged through the Police Public
main towns of the New Territories follows a similar pattern.     Relations Branch.
      Responsibility for law and order on the underground              The Traffic Headquarters is responsible for
railway system, which runs through several police districts,     formulating Force priorities, policies and procedures on
is vested in the Mass Transit Railway District.                  traffic matters, coordinates their implementation and
      The Marine Region, with a fleet of 149 launches and        monitors their effects. It processes all traffic prosecutions
craft, patrols some 1 651 square kilometres of waters            and collects and maintains traffic-related data. The Traffic
within Hong Kong including the busy harbour and 261              Headquarters offers advice on traffic management matters,
outlying islands. This involves the control of some 13 000       monitors local traffic schemes and new major infrastructure
local craft, pleasure boats and ferries and a maritime           projects. It also formulates, supports and monitors road
population of 3 100. Shore patrols are regularly mounted to      safety educational and enforcement programmes.
maintain contact with inhabitants of small islands and                 The Transport Division is responsible for the
isolated communities.                                            management and deployment of the Force vehicle fleet of
      In addition to normal policing functions, the Marine       approximately 2 500 vehicles, the driver establishment
Police fleet is also responsible for maintaining effective law   and the acquisition of new police vehicles. It also
and order within Hong Kong waters with particular                administers all policy matters relating to police transport
emphasis on countering illegal immigration and smuggling         requirements.
Crime and Security: The Crime and Security Department           headquarters and other government departments
is responsible for the Force policy regarding the               informed, and provide additional resources and specialist
investigation of crimes and matters of a security nature.       services when required. Regular patrols are carried out by
Crime Wing consists of a number of operational bureaux          Uniform Branch beat constables and vehicles of the
and specialized units. The operational bureaux deal with        Emergency Units. Response time in emergencies is kept to
specific areas of criminal activity whereas the specialized     an absolute minimum by means of a beat radio system
units provide support services to operational units in the      which enables close contact with regional controllers and
Force and deal with policy matters on various issues            all patrol officers.
including child abuse, domestic violence and witness                 Regional traffic units are responsible for road accident
protection. Security Wing provides VIP protection and           investigation, road safety and day-to-day traffic
security co-ordination, including counter-terrorism and         enforcement. A Traffic Warden Corps assists in enforcing
related training.                                               laws relating to parking offences and in regulating traffic.
      The Organised Crime and Triad Bureau (OCTB)
investigates major organised and serious crime involving        Personnel and Training: The Personnel Wing is
all types of activities such as theft/smuggling of vehicles,    responsible for all core human resource management
human smuggling, firearms, vice, debt collection,               functions, including recruitment, promotion, career
syndicated gambling and extortion. It also investigates triad   development, conditions of service, staff relations and
societies and their hierarchies with particular emphasis on     welfare matters.
their involvement in organised crime.                                The Police College sets the overall training policy and
      The Criminal Intelligence Bureau (CIB) is the Force’s     coordinates all Force-wide training courses.Recruit and
central coordinating body for intelligence on crime and         continuation training, criminal investigation training, police
criminality which, after analysis and assessment, is            driving and traffic training, weapon tactics training and
disseminated to crime investigation units as required. In       periodic courses on firearms and first aid are provided at
addition, the CIB works closely with the OCTB and other         the Aberdeen and Fanling campus of the College.
Crime Wing bureaux in tackling triad and organised crime             Information technology training, command training,
syndicates. To strengthen the criminal intelligence             local and overseas management training as well as other
capability within the Force, the Bureau also organises          specialist courses are also provided by the Police College.
related training courses and seminars for investigators.
      The Commercial Crime Bureau investigates serious          Management Services: The Information Systems Wing
commercial and business fraud, computer-related crimes,         has two branches and one bureau dealing with
the forgery of monetary instruments, identity documents         communications, information technology and business
and payment cards, and the counterfeiting of currency and       services.
coins. It liaises very closely with international law                 The Communications Branch designs, acquires,
enforcement agencies on exchange of intelligence and in         examines and maintains all Force communications
actioning requests for investigation from other jurisdictions   networks and equipment including radio, video,
alleging criminal conduct in relation to commercial             navigational aids, speed detection radar, mobile phones,
transactions.                                                   pagers, office telephones and mini firing range equipment.
      The Narcotics Bureau investigates serious drug cases            The Information Technology Branch is responsible for
such as importation and manufacture of illicit drugs, and       the planning, development, implementation, operation and
gathers intelligence in relation to major drug activities. It   maintenance of information technology systems. It has
also conducts investigations in partnership with overseas       over 10 000 terminals installed throughout Hong Kong
law enforcement agencies whenever there is a Hong Kong          supporting the Force in the spheres of command and
connection to international drug trafficking. The Bureau is     control, criminal records, crime intelligence analysis,
also responsible for financial investigations arising out of    fingerprint identification, reports to Police, human and
the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) Ordinance,          financial resources planning and management, transport
Organized and Serious Crimes Ordinance and the United           management, licensing, and e-mail.
Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Ordinance.                          The Business Services Bureau coordinates the
     The Liaison Bureau coordinates all police-related          business needs of the five departments of the Force. It
inquiries from overseas police organisations and local          consists of the Business Services Division, the e-Police
consular officials. It also maintains close liaison with the    Division, the Security and Support Division, and the Major
mainland Public Security Bureaus, the Police Liaison Office     Systems Division which acts as the System 'Owner' for
of the Central People's Government and Macao Police. As         systems used Force-wide.
a sub-bureau of the China National Central Bureau China,              The Service Quality Wing is responsible for
it represents the Force in the International Criminal Police    spearheading initiatives to improve services provided to
Organization (ICPO). Liaison Bureau is also responsible for     Force customers both external and internal. The Wing
handling all overseas jurisdictions requests for Mutual         comprises two branches: Research and Inspections
Legal Assistance to Hong Kong and on the arrest and             Branch (RIB) and Complaints and Internal Investigations
extradition of fugitives.                                       Branch (C&IIB). The Wing is responsible for implementing
      The Support Group is made up of units which provide       the Force Strategy on Service Quality which aims at
a technical and professional service to support criminal        promoting efficiency, effectiveness and economy, whilst
investigation, including the Criminal Records Bureau, the       pursuing continuous improvement, by identifying issues
Identification Bureau, the Forensic Firearms Examination        which may have strategic policy significance and
Bureau, the Major Incident Investigation and Disaster           conducting research and inspections to seek out the best
Support System Unit, the Witness Protection Unit and the        practice. The C&IIB includes the Complaints Against Police
Child Protection Policy Unit. Besides, the Crime Prevention     Office (CAPO) and the Internal Investigations Office (IIO).
Bureau also provides advisory security services to the          CAPO oversees the investigation and successful resolution
Government, commerce and industry, and the public in            of all complaints made both externally and internally
general. The Group also fulfils a liaison responsibility for    against members of the Force. The work of CAPO is
the Forensic Pathology Service and the Forensic Science         closely monitored by the independent Police Complaints
Division of the Government Laboratory.                          Council to ensure that all complaints against Police are
      Day-to-day regional police operations are coordinated     fully and impartially investigated. IIO is responsible for the
at the four regional command and control centres which          investigation and monitoring of allegations of serious
are computer-assisted. They serve as information centres,       misconduct and corrupt activities against members of the
monitoring all events in the regions and keeping police         Force.
Finance, Administration and Planning: The Finance               development of new police buildings/facilities.Through
Wing is responsible for the financial management, forensic      monitoring the territory’s infrastructural development
accounting and support services, stores and internal            and population growth, P&D initiates planning strategies on
audit of the Force. The Administration Wing looks after         Force property and accommodation. The Branch
the management of civilian staff, and is also responsible       also oversees and organises maintenance programme
for Force establishment matters and the management of           for all existing police buildings, to improve cost-
the Police Museum. The Planning and Development                 effectiveness of the Force estate and meeting operational
Branch (P&D) is responsible for the planning and                requirements.

Published by the Information Services Department,               Hong Kong Police Force Home Page address:
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government
GovHK Website:
                                                                            July 2008
Information contained in this publication may be freely used.
No acknowledgement is necessary.

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