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Adult Literacy and Continuing Education by iva20935


									 Adult Literacy and
Continuing Education

Issues and Practices
                                      Overall situation
Home to half of the world’s 774                                  Literacy rate increased, but still
  million illiterate                                                lower than world average
South/West Asia                                                100
     Sub-Saharan Africa

                                                              Adult Literacy Rate (%)
     East Asia/Pacific
           Arab States                                                      50

                                                                                                          Data not available

                                                                                                                                                Data not available
                                                                                                                                                                     Data not available

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Data not available
                                                                                                                                                                                             Data not available
           Latin                                                            40
     America/Caribbean                                                      30
        Central/Eastern                                                     20
        North America/
        Western Europe                                                                  0
                                            1985-1994                                       1991 2001                          1991 2007 1990                                             2001                    2007                        2001

            Central Asia                    1995-2004
                                                                                            Bangladesh   Bhutan                  India   Maldives                               Nepal                    Pakistan                Sri Lanka

                           0   100   200   300   400    500

                                Adult illiterates, million
                Issues: Disparities

• Gender
   – Strongest disparity in the world

• Poverty
   – Between countries
   – Between households

• Location of residence
   – Urban - rural

• Underserved population groups with specific needs
  scheduled caste, tribe, people with disabilities, etc.
Issues: Funding and institutionalization
Poorly funded by the       Lack of coordination
  government                 among stakeholders:
                           • GO
• 1% of national           • NGOs
  education budget         • Non-education sectors

             Ad hock & short term courses
             - lack of sustaining effort of
               literacy through:
             • Post-literacy
             • Continuing education
             • Skill training
Issues: Literacy assessment and data

• Conventional literacy data overstate ‘true’
  literacy levels
• The gap between indirect and direct assessment
  is highest among least educated and where
  school quality is weakest
• Literacy skills vary between official and local
  languages (mother tongues)
• Important for identifying literacy needs of more
  disadvantaged populations
                    Issues: Quality
Standardized curriculum
  and localized content • Relevance
                         • Language
                         • LGM, FGM
                         • Number
 Primary education         • Status
                           • Qualification
 • Prevent adult           • Training
   illiterates of
Literacy: a three-pronged approach
 1. Universal quality    2. Scale up youth       3. Develop rich
   basic education         and adult literacy      literate
   for girls and boys      programmes              environments

     Reducing fees       National coordination     School textbooks

       Teachers              Partnerships           Local language
                           Literacy educators
                                                   Book publishing
                            Good curricula
     Inclusion and
       language             Language policy      Public broadcasting

  Health and nutrition      Public spending            Libraries

    Public spending                              Access to information

         Strong political commitment is the starting point
              Practices in the region
Literacy Initiatives for       Linking literacy and skill
   Empowerment (LIFE)             training e.g. IGP for
                                  poverty reduction
• Systematizing
  literacy programmes
• Capacity

Equivalency programmes         Reliable data and
• Drop out children & youths     management
• Flexible delivery
• Synergy of                   • LAMP
  formal and NFE
                               • Literacy survey
                               • NFE-MIS
             Practices and approaches
Mother tongue                          ICT
 based literacy


                                       • Distance learning
• First language                       • Context based
  first                                  materials
• Towards socio                        • Diverse learning
  economic         • Multi-functions     activities
  development      • Community owned
                   • Networking
              Right based approaches
        to promote literacy as a human right
• Intervention strategies
   – Identifying the needs and orientation on the rights
   – Starting with development aspects through community
     ownership and government support
   – Developing strategies to ensure the right to literacy
     through government actions (security aspects)

• Added values
   –   Comprehensiveness
   –   Identification of gaps
   –   Ensuring the role of duty bearers
   –   Participation of right holders
         Benchmarks for better policies and
              effective programmes

• Understanding literacy    • Recruiting & training
• Developing baselines        facilitators/support
  and evaluating literacy     systems
• Building partnerships     • Teaching/learning
• Financing literacy          methodologies/language
• Delivering programmes     • Monitoring and
  locally                     evaluation
• Organizing literacy       • Creating a learning
  provision                   environment
  Narrow View             Broad View
  of Education           of Education

                                     orm on
                                  Inf ati
                           NO      Edu
                           Ed FOR
                             uc     M
                               ati AL

                         Lifelong Learning:
   Schooling is only
                           School is only
component of education
                            one component

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