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Integrating climate change adapt


									                                     CC DARE Proposal Form
This form is for use by organizations and individuals interested in applying for support from the CC
DARE Programme. The present template lists key topics which need to be included in a project
proposal under the CC DARE Programme. The bullet points under each topic are not exhaustive
and, where relevant, other issues may be added.

Once you have ensured that all sections are fully completed, please return this form to CC DARE
progamme manager Bubu Jallow: and to the UNFCCC focal point.

Section 1: General Information

 Full name of               Department of Forestry & Horticulture, Bunda College of Agriculture
 Type of organization       Public University
 Organization address       Department of Forestry & Horticulture, Bunda College of Agriculture, P.O.
                            Box 219 Lilongwe, Malawi
 Organization website
 Previous experience        Since its establishment in 1999, Department of Forestry and Horticulture has carried
 within climate change      out a number of climate change related assignments that were timely completed to
 and adaptation (attached   the satisfaction of its clients. Some of the selected completed assignments are:
 CV of project leader and   Since March 2009: The Department through its senior member Steve Makungwa is
 key members of team).      the focal point for the African Region Coordination Unit on Forests and Climate
 Portfolio of the           Change under Forestry Research Network for Sub-Saharan Africa (FORNESSA).
 organization               This network aims at enhancing research in adaptation and mitigation roles of
                            forests to climate change.
                            January to September 2008. Provided leadership and secretariat in organizing
                            an international symposium on “Mainstreaming climate change in tertiary
                            Education” under the African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural
                            Resources Education (ANAFE) from 27th July to 1st August, 2008. The symposium
                            attracted participants from Sub-Saharan African countries who are members of
                            ANAFE and currently the department is producing proceedings on the symposium.
                            December 2007 to May 2008: Development of Second Communication for
                            Malawi to UNFCCC- The project aimed at determining the extent and quantity
                            green house gases (GHGs) released and sequestered by the Malawi forests both
                            plantations and indigenous woodlands.
                             2004 to 2005: Development of National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)
                             For Malawi for Environmental Affairs Department. The project was designed to
                             document national initiatives in the adaptation to climate change. The Department
                             was involved in documenting and analyzing adaptation strategies for Climate
                             change in the Forestry sector.
 Contact person:
    - Name:                 Weston F. Mwase
    - Telephone             (265) 1277361 (office) (265) 999 669920 (mobile) (265) 1277364
    - E-mail address:       Email: OR
    - Replacement in
        case of absence:    Joyce P. Njoloma; Tel (265) 1928656 Email:

Section 2: Project Description
 Project title: Integrating climate change adaptation in the Agriculture and Natural Resource Curriculum in

 Project Summary: Bunda College of Agriculture (with three Faculties of Agriculture, Development
 Studies and Environmental Sciences) is a leading constituent college of the University of Malawi that
 offers research and training related to agriculture, environment and natural resources. Bunda College
 has a long history of planning and implementing research in cooperation with its National Agricultural
 Research Stations (NARS), partners throughout Southern Africa and international partners like
 Norwegian Council for Higher Education, Consultative Group in Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
 centres such as International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), International Centre for Research
 in Arid and Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) among others. The
 Department of Forestry and Horticulture has been working with National Agricultural Research Stations
 and Government Departments in trying to find solutions facing farmers in the agriculture and natural
 resource sectors. One of the major problems faced by farmers and communities is lack of
 contextualized information on adaptation to climate change. Curricula and teaching strategies for both
 secondary and tertiary education in Malawi does not have contextualized information in the local
 African environment because professional development in climate change adaptation is in its infancy.
 Issues dealing with climate change are fragmented as topics in different courses offered across the
 faculties. There is great need to identify how institutions and stakeholders in Government and Non
 governmental Organizations can embed a response to climate change within educational programmes.
         The Department wishes to partner with different stakeholders including the Environmental
 Affairs Department to develop capacity of stakeholders, communities, students and professionals in
 agriculture and natural resource sectors in adaptation strategies for climate through mainstreaming
 climate change adaptation in curriculum for tertiary education and modules for the stakeholders. The
 Department plans to guide and support the development of responsive training programmes and enhance
 more research work to address climate change issues. The proposed project targets some of the most
 vulnerable communities in Lower Shire (Chikwawa and Nsanje districts) in Southern Malawi where the
 impacts of droughts and floods as a result of climate change are high. In each district about 150 to 300
 households will be targeted to collect indigenous knowledge on coping and adaptation strategies to
 climate variability and climate change. Specifically the proposed project will identify core competencies
 for communities and institutions in climate change adaptation; assess the current needs in training in
 climate change adaptation for development of modules and curriculum; identify relevant ways of
 improving quality of professional development in climate change adaptation for agricultural and natural
 resources sectors. The modules and curriculum that shall be developed shall be used to teach using
 different methods which shall include guest lectures, seminars, group discussions, visits to sites
 demonstrating impacts of climate change, demonstration of best practices in adaptation.
         The project will bring the following outcomes: raised awareness amongst stakeholders about the
 need to use education to address and integrate climate change adaptation ; enhanced opportunities of
 scaling up adaptation strategies; knowledge and information gaps in climate change adaptation will be
 bridged; improved access to resources and information on climate change adaptation relevant to the
 Malawian situation; improved partnership amongst organizations dealing with issues of climate change
 in the education, agriculture and natural resources sectors of the national economy; changes in
 institutional policies to embrace climate change issues and adaptation responses; improved attention to
 education for climate change adaptation in national reviews of tertiary education policy and decision
 making and enhanced recognition of stakeholders and agencies by partners of the need for urgency in
 developing links with others to facilitate greater understanding of impacts of and adaptation to climate
 change. The project will also result in formulation of strategies for sharing and dissemination of climate
 change information and resources through establishment of a clearinghouse which would disseminate
 resources, offer advice on accessing quality assured information and facilitates multi-sector professional
 development activities.

 Estimated duration: 5 months

Background and rationale: the problem
Mainstreaming climate change is to engage in a systematic comprehensive effort to reduce the negative impacts
of climate change through integration of adaptation in national and regional decision making processes.
Mainstreaming adaptation into development frameworks refers to the integration of the adaptation objectives,
policies, strategies or measures such that they become part and parcel of national and regional development
policies, processes and budgets at all levels and at all stages in such a way that they complement or advance the
broader objectives of poverty reduction and sustainable development. Recent climate change reports have
highlighted the scientific and economic basis for urgent action to prepare for climate change through adaptation
responses. Climate change is becoming a challenge to agricultural production because it increases risks and
uncertainties for farmers. The uncertain and complex nature of climate change require practical skills across
many sectors to reflect on the adequacy of knowledge and skills required to effectively prepare and respond and
build resilience in communities. Key among the conditions for success in adaptation strategies is the availability
of well trained extension professionals and communities in all sectors but particularly in Agriculture. The Malawi
Government and several Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are taking part in creating awareness to
communities on different methods of adaptation to climate change. It has been difficult to coordinate the
activities of different organizations to adapt to climate change. The strategies employed by organizations are
fragmented and the responses are mostly reactionary and not well coordinated. Education for climate change
adaptation is about the development of adaptive capacity- thus increasing the abilities of individuals, groups or
organizations to adapt to changes associated with climate change. This approach promotes the development of
critical skills necessary for understanding the complexity associated with climate change issues and systematic
changes needed to address these. Malawi is heavily dependent on agriculture and natural resources and there is
need to synthesize the different adaptation strategies employed by government, (NGOs) and communities into
modules and curriculum for training of extension staff communications and students at tertiary education levels.
Building capacity for adapting to climate variability and long-term climate change is one of the objectives of the
Malawi National Adaptation Programmes of action (NAPA). The Malawi Government through the National
Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) and NAPA recognizes that environmental education is the major
and remedial and preventive measure of the current environmental problems. This is confirmed in the National
Environmental Policy (2004) which seeks to promote among other things enhanced public and political
awareness and understanding of the need for sustainable environmental protection. The project activities links up
with activities of Climate Change and Development- adapting by Reducing Vulnerability (CC DARE) through
enhancing knowledge, skills and partnership among stakeholders involved in reducing vulnerability in climate
change in Malawi.

The project goal is to build capacity of institutions and communities to support the development of
effective and targeted climate change adaptation strategies in dealing with agriculture and natural
resources management. The specific objectives of the project are:
   i.   To identify core competencies in best practices for extension services, communities and
        institutions in the consideration of climate change adaptation in agriculture and natural resources
        sectors of Malawi.
  ii.   To enhance capacity of graduates and stakeholders in developing and implementation of
        adaptation measures for climate change.
 iii. To develop and implement an effective advocacy and outreach strategy on climate change
 iv.    Identify relevant ways of improving quality of professional development in climate change
        adaptation for agricultural and natural resources sectors.
  v.    To influence policy development through the preparation of a Policy Paper to carry the results of
        this study forward for the information, knowledge and implementation by policy and decision-

What are the linkages to other ongoing initiatives (e.g. NAPA, SNC, PRSP etc.)?
The proposed project activities are in line with requirements of Malawi National Adaptation Programme
of Action (NAPA) which include synthesis of available information, participatory assessment of
vulnerability to current climate variability and extreme events and of areas where risks would increase

due to climate change, identification of key adaptation measures as well as criteria for prioritizing
activities and selection of a prioritized short list of activities. The NAPA was formulated through
synthesis of vulnerabilities of eight economic sectors in relation to international and national local
policies including Agenda 21, Multilateral Environmental agreements (MEAS), SADC Biodiversity
Strategy National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP), Vision 2020, Malawi Poverty
Reduction Strategy (MPRS), Malawi Economic Growth Strategy , National Environmental Action Plan
(NEAP), UNEP(2003), UNFCCC(2003), among other documents.

Methodology and implementation:
The first step would involve gathering data and information on awareness gaps and capacity needs of important
stakeholders in the agriculture and natural resources sectors as related to knowledge and applications of climate
change information and data in their daily operations. The project will target to benefit communities that are very
vulnerable to climate change in Malawi and this includes the Lower Shire River Valley where incidence of floods
and droughts are high. The Shire River generates 98% of Malawi’s electricity, supports abundant fisheries,
irrigation projects and the conservation of forests and wildlife yet it is very prone to drought and floods. Scoping
study will be conducted where communities living in vulnerable areas shall be interviewed to document
indigenous knowledge in dealing with past and present vulnerabilities to climate extremes and other stresses. Key
informants such as leaders of Community Based Organizations (CBOs), Area Development Committees, Village
Development Committees, Chiefs and Village Heads would be interviewed. Focus group discussions will be
conducted with various stakeholders within the chosen survey sites of Nsanje and Chikwawa districts with
various stakeholders including extension services and community representatives in the Agriculture, Water,
Forestry sectors, leaders of Non Governmental organizations, Community Based Organizations members of
Village Natural Resources Management Committee (VNRMCs). The survey approach shall target already
existing government structures in scoping as well as implementation of project activities. The team will be
working with decentralized structures such as Village Implementation Committees, (VIC), Village Development
Committees (VDC), Area development Committees (ADC) in the Lower Shire area to increase sustainability of
project activities. As opposed to many African countries many farmers are literate and benefit from technical and
scientific discussions and materials.
      During this effort, the relationship between government implementing partners and the project team will be
strengthened and involvement of grass root government structures at the District assembly such as in the Water,
Forestry, Agriculture and Health sectors will improve ownership of project activities and shall improve
sustainability of project activities; this will also have multiplier effects through creation of awareness on climate
change adaptation strategies that shall be provided to communities. The team of scientists from the Department of
Forestry and Horticulture shall also identify key players at country level regarding climate change knowledge
management issues. Possible stakeholders will include - the Commission for Disaster Preparedness and
Management in the Office of the President and Cabinet, Environmental Affairs Department, Ministry of
Education Planning Department, Meteorology Department, Forestry Department, Department of Irrigation, Parks
and Wildlife; Parastatal Organizations like Electricity Supplies Corporation of Malawi (ESCOM), Water Boards;
Malawi Institute of Education, Non –Governmental Organizations such as OXFAM, Christian Aid, Action Aid
Malawi, World Vision International, Coordination Unit for the Rehabilitation of the Environment (CURE), Wild
Life and Environmental Society of Malawi (WESM), World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and Concern
Universal among others. The key issues to be collected from stakeholders include knowledge and skills on
strategies in adaptation, policy and international dialogue, planning and financing and local level implementation.
Thus organizations and communities shall be assessed as regards extent of knowledge in climate change issues,
global warming agrobiodiversity, adaptation strategies and global policy issues such as Kyoto Protocol, United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Malawi’s National Adaptation Programmes
of Action (NAPA). Participatory training needs assessment shall be conducted for the members in the areas of
climate change to identify areas requiring attention of training institutions.
      The second step shall involve synthesis of the data and information on awareness gaps and capacity needs
gathered during the first step. Training needs would be analyzed and validated through a one week stakeholder’s
workshop. The synthesized information from the surveys and the analyzed and validated training needs would be
used for the development of draft modules for short courses (two to four weeks) and Master of Science
curriculum for Climate change and Risk Management. These modules for short courses and curriculum shall
outline key constraints and competencies to address the problems in climate change and are expected to be

 approved by the University of Malawi through the Faculty of Environmental Sciences.

       Bunda College has been consulted by the Ministry of Education to contribute to curriculum review for
 secondary schools and this has come at an opportune time where, based on the information and materials gathered
 and developed under this CC DARE and Bunda College collaborative project, climate change adaptation and risk
 management shall be integrated in the secondary school curriculum to be reviewed in the next six months. Hence,
 despite the fact that CC DARE funds are not going to be used to review the secondary school curricula,
 information gathered and materials developed with CC DARE funding will be utilized in the review.

 Technical support
 CC DARE financial support is just adequate to cover the development of materials that will facilitate
 the integration of climate change adaptation in the Agriculture and Natural Resource Curriculum in Malawi for
 the benefit of students, extensions services and farmers. Upon development of the curriculum and modules
 that shall be used for training – there shall be the need to use the findings of the study including the
 teaching material in the design and development of a Policy paper to be submitted to policy makers such
 as the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Education and the Malawi Institute
 of Education, to influence change of policy to integrate climate change in the primary and secondary
 school curriculum either as a standalone course or as part of topics in Science Courses. This requirement
 could be estimated to cost between US$10,000- $12,000. It is anticipated that CC-DARE might have the
 expertise or be able to source it out as national, regional of international consultancy to put together the
 findings and develop the required Policy Paper.

Section 3: Expected results

 Outcomes, outputs and dissemination of results:
 The results of project would strengthen information access and data resources for key stakeholders, support a
 public education and outreach programme towards improving decision-making, and encourage policy changes.,.
 The information shall be disseminated to stakeholders at workshops where electronic and print media shall be
 invited to cover findings and best technologies and practices in adaptation to climate change. Public awareness
 modules will be developed and these would be aimed at specific target audiences for instance the secondary
 schools, stakeholders from Non Governmental Organizations and Governmental policy makers and planners. The
 project will result in development of effective advocacy and outreach adaptation strategies to climate change. This
 will form a basis for mainstreaming climate change issues in sectoral policies and programmes

 Planned Activities             Period                   Planned outputs   Expected outcomes        Indicators
 Identify stakeholders in       September 2009           3 consultative    Enhancement of        Adaptation
 climate change adaptation                               meetings & up     collaboration&        action plans
                                                         to 60             human resource        50- 80
                                                         participants      capacity              stakeholders
 Identify best practices in     October2009              Study             best practices in     Improved
 adaptation                                              instruments &     adaptation identified agricultural
                                                         Documentation     & promoted            practices for
                                                         of adaptation                           better use of
                                                         strategies                              the natural
 Develop modules in Climate     Dec 2009                 Increased         Increased competency 5 modules
 change for stakeholders                                 Modules in        in development of     developed
                                                         climate change    climate change
                                                         adaptation,       adaptation
                                                         policy issues

 Enhance capacity of               December 2009            Stakeholder      Experiences and best    70 participants
 Stakeholder on adaptation                                  capacity in      practices shared in     trained & over
 strategies                                                 adapatation      adaptation shared       8 stakeholders
                                                            strenghted                               in partnership
 Training and sensitization of     January 2010             A compendium     Farmers &               30 officers &
 rural agricultural instructors,                            of useful        communities aware       40 farmers
 extension services agents                                  resource         of adaptation           trained in
 and farmers                                                material         strategies              adaptation to
                                                                                                     climate change
 Conduct joint seminar             February 2010            Guidelines in    Cooperation among       2 Reports, 2
 groups, symposia and talks                                 climate change   stakeholders            policy briefs,
 to students in schools, policy                             adaptation       enhanced
 makers, media practitioners                                developed
 Develop graduate                  One year after project   Course work      Enhanced capacity in    1 Approved
 curriculum in Climate             initiation               outlines for     climate change          MSc
 change & Risk mitigation                                   graduate work    adaptation for          curriculum &
                                                            programme        Government &            programme
                                                                             development agencies    running
 Monitoring and evaluation:
 How will project achievements be monitored and evaluated to ensure proper management and effective learning?
 Bunda College has the overall responsibility for ensuring the objectives of the project are achieved by ensuring
 proper participatory monitoring and evaluation with project stakeholders. Communities will have their own
 methods of evaluating the project effectiveness. In addition bimonthly technical and financial reports will be used
 as a monitoring tool

Section 4: Budget

 The preliminary budget should specify following budget headlines:
 Item                                             Unit           Quantity Unit cost (US$)   Amount
 Human resources
 Enumerators                                      10 days                4               30                      1200
 Researchers                                      20 days                3               50                      3000
 Project coordination
 Driver                                           20 days                2               30                      1200
 Consultants                                      15 days                1              100                      1500
 Administrative/support staff                      18 days               2               25                       900
  Transportation (mileage vehicle hire)           kilometres       3000km               0.5                     1500
 Fuel expenses                                    litres              1000             1.65                     1,650
 Meetings & Workshops
 Training needs assessment of institutions &
 communities                                       days                  3             800                      2,400
 Development of climate change adaptation
 modules                                          days                   3            1200                      3,600
 MSc Curriculum development and approval           days                  4            1250                      5,000
 Training of institutions and communities          days                  3            1200                      3600
 Office materials & supplies
  Secretarial services                            50 days                1               20                      1000
  Stationery                                      various        various                                          700
 Monitoring & Evaluation (media, )

Communication (media, consultative meeting
& dissemination)                               various         2   various         3,000
SUBTOTAL                                                                          29,250
Other (specify) College Administrative costs
(5% cost recovery)                                                                 1463
Consultancy Services for the development of
a Policy Paper required to initiate policy               CC DARE Team
TOTAL                                                                        US$31,713


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