Teleworking / Telecommuting
A Presentation by James Bacon
What is Teleworking/Telecommuting
• Teleworking (also called Telecommuting) means using IT systems
to work from another place other than at an office (E.g. Home).
• Teleworking can be a full time arrangement or can be for a few
days each week and go into work the rest of the week.
• Its requires different skills that may not be required if teleworking is
not used normally.
• Can also include teleconferencing where the employee can talk
and see the person they are having the conference with.
What Conditions Are Needed
For teleworking there has to be certain things available to the
company and the employee. Such as:
• The employee needs a computer system at home or where ever
they work from, which needs to be of a high specification, with
• A high speed connection to the internet (ISDN, ADSL, DSL…etc).
• The company needs a computer system/network access from the
• The employee needs to have a suitable environment to work in.
• They need to have a secure connection to work network, with good
virus protection and spy ware & ad-aware detection.
Over the years new technologies have been created which make
teleworking faster, securer and easier to do. Such things are like:
• High speed internet which is now widely available all over the UK,
it comes in various way, Dial-up, ISDN and ADSL are most
commonly used by the general public.
• Faster processing speeds in computers (the CPU maximum about
• More secure ways to connect to system connected to the internet.
(Encryption & Virtual Private Networks [VPN])
• Software has evolved into easier, more reliable & less stressful
The Social &Economic Advantages
Teleworking brings advantages in many ways such as in social and
• Reduced traffic congestion on the countries roads and motorways.
• Reduced total travelling which consequently reduces pollution
transitions form vehicles.
• Increases employment/work opportunities. Access to job world
wide from home.
• Access to work for people with specific difficulties. For example
people who have difficulties getting to and from work or cant do a
normal nine-five working day.
The Social &Economic Disadvantages
Teleworking brings also disadvantages in ways such as in social and
• Employee not getting enough contact or interaction with other
• Employee doesn’t have a suitable environment to work in at home.
• Managers working in the office may not be trained well enough to
cope with ‘long distance’ management.
• Work maybe sometimes done better in team groups working
together in the same place.
Advantages For The Employee
Teleworking helps employees in different ways:
• Some may not be comfortable working in office type environments
and can work better in a more relaxed environment.
• They can’t drive to the office because they’ve got no transport of
• Reduces how much time they spend on travelling to work.
• More flexible time management is allowed with teleworking, if they
have lots of commitments.
• Better balance of work and home life with less disruptions with
• Gives them more chance to be involved in community activities
(e.g. the school governor for a rural school near by your home).
Advantages For Employers
Teleworking helps employers in different ways:
• They can save money on the cost of premises, travel expenditures
• Certain companies can increase productivity (some have reported
a 40% increase).
• With efficient and well designed programs employee’s motivation
can me improved.
• Employee’s that may sometimes have to quit their job because of
the family moving will be bale to stay with the same company.
• Flexible staffing, they can have people ‘on stand-by’ at home for
when they get high work loads and need more staff.
Disadvantages For the Employers
Teleworking also brings disadvantages to employer’s and employee’s
• Employers monitoring the employees is harder when they are
• The possibility someone gaining access to the teleworkers
computer or the system in the office connected to the internet and
been able to access sensitive data.
• Employee has the risk of home computer been infected by viruses
& spy ware because they are for most of the day connected to the
• Increased health problems because of improper usage of
computers, or lack of knowledge of how to proper use a computer
and what to do when using them for long periods of time.
Facts About Teleworking
1. 2.2million teleworkers in the UK (up by 65% over last four years) as of
Sept 2003 [according to government figures].
2. Over 70% of working mothers in the UK would like to work flexibly or
telework at least some of the week [2005 RAC Foundation UK study
3. 77% would jump at the opportunity to work from home if their
employers offered it to them [Flexible Working Survey 2004 ].
4. 74% convinced that it would enhance their relationship with their partner
[Flexible Working Survey 2004 ].
The End – “That’s all
This is the end of my presentation on
Teleworking / Telecommuting.
I hope you have enjoyed, because I haven't.