Teaching with Florida Archaeology Month by dov51579

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									Teaching with Florida
Archaeology Month
         What is Archaeology?
• Scientific study of the human by examining
  remains and artifacts that people left behind
• Archaeological sites are messengers from the
  past
• We try to reconstruct the past by studying the
  artifacts and their relationship to one another
• Learn about the process of culture
• Often the only way to learn about the people
  that came before us both those without written
  history or those who are not discussed in the
  historical record
                  How old are sites?
Time Scale Years Ago                  • First people 12,000
•   0 years ago = Present             • Europeans here 500 of
•
    (500 y.a. European)
    1000      Mississippian
                                        12,000 years =5% of
•   2000      Woodland                  history we have a
•   3000      Late Archaic
•   4000                                written record
•
•
    5000
    6000
              Middle Archaic
              Modern Environments     • Earliest sites rare
•
•
    7000
    8000      Early Archaic           • Over time sites increase
•
•
    9000
    10,000 End Glacial, End Paleo
                                        in
•   11,000 Paleo-Indians                 –   size
•   12,000
•   13,000 First People in Americas      –   number
•   14,000
                                         –   complexity
•   15,000
•   16,000                               –   environmental setting
•   17,000
•   18,000 Full Glacial, megafauna
                    Manufacturing
• Compare and contrast Try comparing and contrasting
  these two canoe manufacturing methods:
   – Bobby Henry gives and a description of making a
     Seminole canoe-
     http://www.flheritage.com/preservation/folklife/awardDetails.cfm?id=36


   – A great article on canoe manufacturing -
     http://www.fruitlands.org/collections/Dugout_Canoe_Article.pdf
      Transportation and Trade
• Using maps of the southeast, have students create trades routes via
  the water to various locations.
• Discuss the types of resources unique to Florida. What types of
  resources aren’t available in Florida that Native Floridians would
  trade for?
• Why were waterways so important for transportation? How do we
  transport goods today?
• What are the mechanisms used to propel a canoe? Pole, paddle,
  sail.
               Subsistence
• What types of resources did canoes allow
  Florida’ people to access?
• Using the resources that were available to them,
  how did Native Floridians make nets, spears,
  and hooks to hunt and fish with?
• Research what a fishing weir is.
• Can you name any cultures in Florida did not
  practice subsistence agriculture and instead
  relied on wild plants, animals, and aquatic
  resources for food?
               Toy Canoes
• Talk about toys that the students might have.
• Discuss the use of models to design bigger
  objects.
• What is the differences in materials used to
  make toys and tools over time?
• What types of artifacts would an archaeologist
  find that would indicate the presence of children
  in the archaeological record?
• Make a model canoe.
     Canoes at Newnan’s Lake
• Visit the web site for information
  http://www.flheritage.com/archaeology/projects/canoes

• Links to video and audio clips
  http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/expfl/canoes.html
  http://www.flheritage.com/preservation/folklife/voices.cfm

• This a great theme to tie in geography- locate Newnan’s
  Lake, why is the area an important area to make and use
  canoes, map the waterways from Newnan’s Lake to other
  resources.
• Research the types of dating techniques archaeologist use
  (brings in science).
• How do archaeologists use statistics? Use the dating data
  and graph as an example.
• What are droughts and what are the causes in nature. How
  would a drought affect Native Floridians?
   Apalachicola Trader’s Canoe
• Visit the web site for more information
   http://www.flheritage.com/archaeology/apalachicola/
• How would you go about moving something that was 50ft in length?
• Why is the Apalachicola River geographically important to historic
  and modern Floridians?
• Research historic trading companies that operated in Florida.
  Panton & Leslie, John Forbes.
• What items did Native groups trade with the Spanish, British, and
  French?
                Seminole Canoes
• Have students search the web for primary and
  secondary documentation on Seminole canoes
  Florida Memory Collection - http://www.floridamemory.com/
  Everglades Digital Library-
  http://cwis.fcla.edu/edl/SPT--Home.php

• How to the Seminoles make canoes today?
• Listen to the audio clip about Seminole canoe
  use
     Stewardship/Preservation
• How do archaeologists preserve wooden objects
  like canoes?
  http://nautarch.tamu.edu/CRL/Report14/index.htm

• Research state laws that protect archaeological
  sites and artifacts on state land.
  http://www.flheritage.com/preservation/compliance/laws/


• Find out how to record an archaeological site.
  http://www.flheritage.com/preservation/sitefile/

								
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