The journalists English - Arabic Dictionary

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The journalists English - Arabic Dictionary Powered By Docstoc
					Ability, skill =‫ِٙاسج،لذسج،تشاػح‬
- journalistic skills =‫أُهبهاد اُظؾلُخ‬
Access =‫دخٛي،ٚفٛي‬
- access to information, to the internet = ًُ‫اُىطىٍ ا‬
‫أُؼِىٓبد، اُلفىٍ ػًِ االٗزوٗذ‬

Accreditation =‫ذفٛ٠ل،ِداص‬
- accreditation of correspondents =ٍ‫رلىَغ أُواٍَ اُظؾل‬
Account =‫زغاب‬
- 1 news account, account of an event = ،‫هظخ او وطق اُؾلس‬
‫وطق االفجبه‬
- 2 bank account =ٍ‫ؽَبة ٓظوك‬
Accountability, responsability =‫ِغإٌٚ١ح‬
Accountable =‫ِغإٚي‬
Accurate, accuracy =‫دل١ك،دلح‬
- Accuracy of information / names =‫كهخ أُؼِىٓبد او االٍٔبء‬
Accuse =ُٙ‫٠ر‬
- unfounded accusations =‫ارهبّ الاٍبً ُه‬
Achieve, to achieve =‫٠ٕدض‬
- achievement =‫اٗغبى‬
Acronym = ٜ‫اٌٍفظح االٌٚ١ح(اٌىٍّح اٌّشوثح ِٓ اٚائً اٌسشٚف االخش‬
                                                   )‫ٌٍىٍّاخ‬
Action =ً‫فؼ‬
- plan of action =َٔ‫فـخ اُلؼَ، فـخ اُؼ‬
Adapt =‫٠ى١ف،٠ٙ١ٝء، ٠ؼذي‬
- to adapt a text =‫َؼلٍ اُ٘ض‬
Administration =‫اداسج،زىِٛح‬
- government (US) =‫اُؾٌىٓخ االٓوٌَُخ‬
- administration matters =‫شإوٕ اكاهَخ‬
Advantage =‫ِقٍسح،فائذج‬
- technological advantage = ‫اُزلىم اُزٌ٘ىُىعٍ،اُلبئلح‬
‫اُزٌ٘ىُىعُخ‬
Advisor =‫اٌّغرؾاس،اٌّشؽذ‬
- marketing advisor =ٍ‫أَُزشبه اُزَىَو‬
Affair =ْ‫اِش،ِغأٌح،ؽأ‬
- current affairs =‫اُشإوٕ اُؾبُُخ‬
- political affairs =‫اُشإوٕ اَُُبٍُخ‬
- foreigns affairs =‫اُشإوٕ اُقبهعُخ‬
- day to day affairs =‫اُشإوٕ اُُىُٓخ‬
Age =‫ػّش،ػقش،عٓ،ىٛس‬
- the age of the readers =‫ٓزىٍؾ ػٔو اُوواء‬
- information age =‫ػظو أُؼِىٓبد‬
Agency =‫ٚواٌح‬
- press agency =‫وًبُخ طؾلُخ‬
- news agency =‫وًبُخ اٗجبء‬
- advertising agency =ٕ‫ٌٓزت اػال‬



                              1
Agenda =‫ِٕٙاج،خذٚي اػّاي،اخٕذج‬
- political agenda =‫االع٘لح اَُُبٍُخ‬
- agenda setting =ٍ‫رووَو او وػغ علوٍ االػٔب‬
Agreement =‫اذفاق،ِؼا٘ذج‬
- to reach an agreement =‫اُزىطَ اًُ ارلبم‬
- business agreement =َٔ‫ٓؼبهلح ػ‬
- international agreement =ٍُ‫ٓؼبهلح كوُُخ،ارلبم كو‬
Allege =‫٠سرح،٠رزسع‬
- to allege =ٍ‫َزنهع،َيػْ،َلػ‬
- allegedly =ْ‫َيػ‬
- a journalist allegation =ٍ‫اكػبء اُظؾل‬
Allusion =‫ذٕٛ٠ٗ،اؽاسج‬
Alter =)‫٠غ١ش(ػٓ لقذ،تاسادج‬
  - to change =)‫َـُو،َزـُو(ٖٓ ٗلَه‬
  - to temper with =‫َزالػت،َؾوف اُشٍء وَإصو ثبُوشىح‬
Amateur =‫٘اٚٞ،غ١ش ِسرشف‬
- the amateur type of journalism (in contrast to
professional) = ‫اُظؾبكخ اُهبوَخ(ػًِ اُؼٌٌ ٖٓ اُظؾبكخ‬
                          )‫أُؾزوكخ‬
Ambiguous =‫غاِل،ٍِرثظ‬
- ambiguity =ً‫ؿٔىع،اُزجب‬
Amplification =‫اىاٌح،ذٛع١غ،ِثاٌغح،اعٙاب‬
- to amplify =‫َؼقْ،َىٍغ،َجبُؾ‬
- amplifier =‫ٌٓجو‬
Analysis =ً١ٍ‫ذس‬
- analysis of strength and weaknesses = ‫رؾَُِ ٓىاؿٖ اُوىح‬
‫واُؼؼق‬
- to analyze =َِ‫َؾ‬
- financial analysis =ٍُ‫رؾَُِ ٓب‬
- analyst =َِ‫أُؾ‬
Column =‫ػّٛد فٟ فس١فح‬
- columnist =‫ًبرت اُؼٔىك،ٓؾوه اُؼٔىك‬
Comment =‫ذؼٍ١ك‬
Communication = ٚ‫ذثادي االفىاس ٚاٌؼٍِٛاخ ػٓ ىش٠ك اٌىالَ ا‬
‫اٌىراتح‬
Complaint =‫ؽىٜٛ،ذزِش‬
Correction =‫ذقس١ر‬
- corrections policy =‫ٍُبٍخ اُزظؾُؼ‬
Concept =‫ِفَٙٛ،فىشج‬
Confidential =ٞ‫خاؿ،عش‬
Off the record, on the record = ‫رظوَؼ ؿُو هٍٍٔ(ٓغ ػلّ مًو‬
                                     ٍٍٔ‫اٍْ أُظله)،رظوَؼ ه‬
Content =‫سامٟ،لأغ‬
- editorial content =‫ٓؾزىي اكززبؽُخ هئٌُ اُزؾوَو‬
Context =ّْٛ‫ع١اق اٌىالَ،اٌّن‬
Contribution =‫ِماٌح اٚ لقح ِؼذج ٌٍٕؾش فٟ خش٠ذج اٚ ِدٍح‬
- non/staff contributors =‫ٓوبالد او ٓىاك ٌُزبة ٖٓ ؿُو اٌُبكه‬


                              2
Copy =‫ٔغخح‬
- advertising copy =ٕ‫َٗقخ االػال‬
- hard copy =‫َٗقخ ٓـجىػخ،وههُخ‬
- free copy =َ‫ٓبكح ؿُو ٓوُلح،ٓبكح او ٓىػىع َٓزو‬
- to copy =‫ََزَ٘ـ‬
Correspondent =ً‫ِشاع‬
- war correspondent =ٍ‫ٓواٍَ ؽوث‬
- regional correspondent = ٍُِٔ‫ٓواٍَ اه‬
- foreign correspondent =ٍ‫ٓواٍَ اع٘ج‬
Cover =‫ذغي١ح‬
- to cover =ٍ‫َــ‬
Coverage =‫ذغي١ح‬
- election coverage =‫رــُخ االٗزقبثبد‬
- neutral coverage =‫رــُخ ٓؾبَلح،رــُخ ؿُو ٓ٘ؾبىح‬
Credible =‫ِٛثٛق تٗ،ِؼمٛي‬
- credibility of stories =‫ٓظلاهُخ اُوظخ‬
Cut =ً‫٠خرقش،٠ميغ،٠فق‬
- to cut needless repetition =ٌ‫َؾنف اُزٌواه ؿُو اُؼووه‬
Daily =ِٟٛ٠
- daily newspaper =‫طؾُلخ َىُٓخ‬
Data =‫ت١أاخ،ِؼٍِٛاخ‬
- necessary data =‫اُجُبٗبد اُؼووهَخ‬
Decide =‫٠سغُ،٠مشس‬
- to decide =‫َووه‬
- decision =‫هواه‬
Demand =‫اِش،ؽشه‬
- the demand for information =‫ؿت أُؼِىٓبد‬
Demonstration =‫ػشك،ِظا٘شج،اظٙاس‬
- protest =‫ٓظبهواد االؽزغبط،َُٓواد‬
- action =َ‫كؼ‬
Deputy editor =‫ٔائة سئ١ظ اٌرسش٠ش‬
Description =‫ذقٛ٠ش،ٚفف‬
- job description =َٔ‫ؿجُؼخ اُؼ‬
Design =ُ١ّ‫ذق‬
- newspaper design =‫رظُْٔ اُظؾُلخ‬
Desk editor (desk journalism) = َ‫أُؾوه أٌُزجٍ(َؼَٔ كاف‬
 )‫ٌٓزت اُظؾُلخ‬
Dispatch =‫سعاٌح ِثؼٛثح، سعاٌح اخثاس٠ح‬
Distort =‫٠ؾٖٛ،٠سشف‬
- distortion =‫رشىَه،رؾوَق‬
Document =‫ٚث١مح‬
- falsify documents =‫ريَُق اُىصبئن‬
Duty =‫ِّٙح،ٚاخة‬
E-commerce =‫ذثادي ذداسٞ ػثش االٔرشٔد‬
Editing =‫٠سشس،٠ٕؾش‬
- editing rules =‫هىاُٖٗ اُ٘شو،هىاُٖٗ اُزؾوَو‬



                             3
Edition =‫ىثؼح،ٔغخح‬
- first edition =ٍ‫اُـجؼخ االوًُ،اُؼلك االو‬
- latest edition =‫اُـجؼخ االفُوح،اُؼلك االفُو‬
Editorial =‫اٌّماٌح االفرراز١ح‬
Education =ُ١ٍ‫ذشت١ح،ثمافح،ذؼ‬
- Voter education =‫رضوُق اُ٘بفت‬
E-mail =ٟٔٚ‫تش٠ذ اٌىرش‬
Employer =ًّ‫فازة اٌؼ‬
- employee =‫اُؼبَٓ،أُىظق‬
Equality =‫ذغاٚ،ِغاٚاج‬
Equipment =‫ذدٙ١ضاخ،ِؼذاخ‬
Error =‫خيأ‬
- to apolgize for an error =‫َؼزنه ػٖ فـأ‬
Ethics =‫االخالق‬
- the difference between ethics and morals = ‫اُلوم ثُٖ االفالم‬
 ‫وأُىاػظ‬
Example =‫ِثاي‬
Exhibition =‫ِؼشك‬
Fax =‫خٙاص اٌفاوظ‬
Fact =‫زم١مح‬
- fact-based reporting =‫رووَو َٓز٘ل ػًِ اُؾوبئن‬
- factual mistake =‫فـأ كٍ اُجُبٗبد،فـأ كٍ اُؾوبئن أُؼووػخ‬
Feature = ‫لقح اٚ ذمش٠ش ِيٛي‬
Feuilleton =‫ففسح اٌرغٍ١ح فٟ خش٠ذج، ِغٍغً ِٕؾٛس ػٍٝ زٍماخ‬
Fiction =ٟ‫خ١اٌٟ،غ١ش ٚالؼ‬
- non-fiction (books, films etc) =ٍ‫واهؼ‬
Figures =‫ت١أاخ،اؽىاي‬
Financial news = Business news =‫االفجبه أُبُُخ‬
Flag =ٍُ‫سا٠ح،ػ‬
- newspapers flag =‫شؼبه اُظؾُلخ‬
Focus =‫ذشو١ض‬
- to focus on (childrens) problems =)ٍ‫َوًي ػًِ ٓشبًَ (االؿلب‬
Foreign =ٟ‫اخٕثٟ،خاسخ‬
- foreign news =‫االفجبه اُلوُُخ‬
- foreign editor =ٍ‫أُؾوه اُقبهع‬
Format =ُ١ّ‫ؽىً،زدُ،تٕ١ح،ذق‬
- the format of a television program = ‫شٌَ او هُئخ اُجوٗبٓظ‬
                                            ٍٗ‫اُزِليَى‬
Freedom =‫زش٠ح‬
- freedom of assembly =‫ؽوَخ اُزغٔغ‬
- freedom of association =‫ؽوَخ رٌىَٖ ارؾبك او عٔؼُخ‬
- freedom of the media, press =‫ؽوَخ االػالّ،اُظؾبكخ‬
- freedom of opinion =ٌ‫ؽوَخ اُوأ‬
- freedom of religion =َٖ‫ؽوَخ اُل‬
- freedom of speech =ّ‫ؽوَخ اٌُال‬
Genre =‫خٕظ،ٔٛع‬
- journalistic genre =ٍ‫اُغٌ٘ اُظؾل‬


                              4
Goal (aim, objective) =‫٘ذف،غا٠ح‬
Graphic =ٟٔ‫اٌشعُ اٌث١ا‬
- graphic layaout =‫رظُْٔ اُجُبٗبد‬
Guideline =ً١ٌ‫اٌذ‬
- guidelines for writing stories =‫كَُُ ًزبثخ اُوظض‬
Hardware (software) = ً‫االدٚاخ اٌّؼذٔ١ح اٌقٍثح(تشاِح اٌؼم‬
)ٟٔٚ‫االٌىرش‬
Human =ْ‫أغا‬
- human interest story =ٕ‫هظخ رهزْ ثبالَٗب‬
Idea =‫فىشج‬
- dominant ideas = ‫االكٌبه أُهُٔ٘خ‬
- ignored ideas =‫االكٌبه أُزغبهِخ‬
- story ideas =‫اكٌبه هظخ‬
Ideology =‫اد٠ٌٛٛخ١ا‬
- ideological =ٍ‫اكَىُىع‬
Ignorant =ً٘‫خا‬
- ignorant to facts =‫َغهَ ثبُؾوبئن‬
Image =ً‫فٛسج،ؽى‬
- the public image of a company =‫اُظىهح اُؼبٓخ ُِشوًخ‬
Independent =ً‫ِغرم‬
- independent from government =‫َٓزوَ ػٖ اُؾٌىٓخ‬
- independent political parties =‫اؽياة ٍُبٍُخ َٓزوِخ‬
Industry =‫ِقٕغ،فٕاػح‬
- newspaper industry =‫ط٘بػخ اُظؾق‬
- media industry =ّ‫ط٘بػخ االػال‬
Information =‫ِؼٍِٛاخ‬
- to share information =‫َشبؿو أُؼِىٓبد‬
- to clean information =‫ر٘وُخ أُؼِىٓبد‬
Initiative =‫ِثادسج‬
- to show more initiative =‫الظهبه أُيَل ٖٓ أُجبكهح‬
- personal initiative =‫ٓجبكهح شقظُخ‬
Input =‫ِغاّ٘ح‬
- the input of reporters =ٍُِٖ‫َٓبهٔخ أُوا‬
- the input in a desk story =‫أَُبهٔخ كٍ اُوظخ‬
- desk story =‫اُوظخ أٌُزىثخ وأُؾوهح كافَ أٌُزت‬
- story desk = ‫اُوظخ أُؾوهح كافَ أٌُزت‬
Issue =‫ِٛمٛع اٚ ِغأٌح‬
- political issue =‫َٓأُخ ٍُبٍُخ‬
- women's issue =ٍ‫ٓىػىع َٗبئ‬
- one issue group =‫ٓغٔىػخ ُهب َٓأُخ واؽلح‬
- the latest issue of a magazine =‫االطلاه االفُو ُِٔغِخ‬
Items =‫ِٛمٛع , ِادج ,تٕذ‬
- news item =‫ٓبكح االفجبه‬
Journalism = ‫اٌقسافح‬
- objective journalism =‫اُظؾبكخ أُىػىػُخ‬
- an ethical journalist =‫اُظؾبكخ االفالهُخ‬
Integrity =‫اعرماِح،عالِح‬


                              5
Know-how =‫ِؼشفح،اٌّؼٍِٛاخ‬
  - professional know-how =‫ٓؼوكخ ٓهُ٘خ‬
  - to share know-how =‫ٓشبؿوح أُؼوكخ‬
Legal =ٟ‫لأٟٛٔ،ؽشػ‬
  - illegal ways of getting information = ‫اُـوم اُوبٗىُٗخ‬
     ‫كٍ اُؾظىٍ ػًِ أُؼِىٓبد‬

Libel law =‫لأْٛ االدػاء‬
Library =‫ِىرثح‬
  - public library =‫ٌٓزجخ ػبٓخ‬
  - bookshop or library =‫ٌٓزجخ ُجُغ اٌُزت‬
  - library = bookshelves =‫ٌٓزجخ شقظُخ‬
Literate, illiterate =ِٟ‫ِرؼٍُ،ا‬
  - computer-literate =‫ٓزٔوً ػًِ أٌُجُىرو‬
Literature =‫االدب‬
  - (art)ٓ‫اٌف‬
  - (books, magazines, for example the literature about
     the war against Iran) ْ‫اٌىرة اٌّدالخ، ادب اٌسشب ِغ ا٠شا‬
     ‫ػٍٝ عث١ً اٌّثاي‬
Literary =‫االدب‬
- literary magazines, literary style = ‫ٓغِخ اكثُخ، اٍِىة‬
ٍ‫اكث‬
Magazine =‫ِدٍح‬
  - quality magazine =‫ٓغِخ ٓزُٔيح‬
Market =‫عٛق‬
  - the market share of a television station = ‫َٗجخ‬
     ‫أُشبهلَٖ اُنَٖ َزبثؼىٕ ٓؾـخ رِليَىُٗخ ٓؼُ٘خ‬

Material =‫ِادٞ،ِادج‬
  - conflicting material =‫ٓىاك ٓز٘بىع ػُِهب‬
Media =َ‫اػال‬
- media tycoon (owner of big media company such as Murdoch
or Maxwell) =ََ‫ٓبُي شجٌخ اػالُٓخ ًجُوح ٓضَ ٓوكوؿ او ٓبًَى‬
Misunderstanding =ُٙ‫عٛء ف‬
Mistake =‫خيأ‬
  - common mistakes of journalists =ُُٖ‫االفـبء اُؼبٓخ ُِظؾل‬
Motivate =‫٠سفض‬
Motive =‫دافغ‬
Motivation =‫زث،ذسف١ض‬
Mouthpiece =ْ‫إٌاىك تٍغا‬
  - Newspaper X is the mouthpiece of that political party
     =ُٖ‫اُظؾُلخ اُ٘بؿوخ ثبٍْ ؽية ٍُبٍٍ ٓؼ‬
Name =ُ‫اع‬
  - the name of the game =‫اطىٍ اُِؼجخ‬
Negative, positive =ٟ‫عٍثٟ،ا٠دات‬
Network =‫ؽثىح‬


                              6
  -  media network =ّ‫شجٌخ اػال‬
  -  personal network = ‫اُشجٌخ أُزٌىٗخ ٖٓ االطلهبء وأُؼبهف‬
                                             ُُٖ‫اُشقظ‬
  - networking = ‫اكآخ االرظبالد واُؼالهبد‬
News =‫اخثاس‬
News agency =‫وًبُخ االٗجبء‬
Agency news =‫افجبه اُىًبُخ‬
Hot news =‫افجبه ٍبف٘خ‬
Latest news =‫افو االفجبه‬
Local news (towns, cities) =‫االفجبه أُؾُِخ‬
Regional news =‫االفجبه االهُُِٔخ‬
Soft news =‫افجبه ؿوَلخ‬
Newsletter =‫سعاٌح خثش٠ح‬
Newspaper = ‫طؾُلخ،عوَلح‬
Affordable newspaper (cheap) =‫طؾُلخ ٓجزنُخ‬
Anti-government newspaper =‫طؾُلخ ٓؼبهػخ‬
Censor a newspaper =‫اُوهبثخ ػًِ أُـجىػبد‬
Discredit a newspaper =‫َوَِ اُضوخ ثظؾُلخ ٓب‬
Free advertising newspaper = ٍٗ‫طؾُلخ ُالػالٕ أُغب‬
General circulation newspaper =‫طؾُلخ واٍؼخ االٗزشبه‬
Government-friendly newspaper =‫طؾُلخ ٓىاُُخ َُِِـخ‬
Honest newspaper =‫طؾُلخ ٓىصىهخ‬
Independent newspaper =‫طؾُلخ َٓزوِخ‬
Newspaper audience =‫هواء اُغوَلح‬
Newspaper circulation =‫اٗزَبه اُظؾُلخ‬
Newspaper delivery =‫رىىَغ اُظؾُلخ‬
Newspaper design =‫رظُْٔ اُظؾُلخ‬
Newspaper edition (for example a morning and evening
edition of the same newspaper with slightly different front
page) = ‫ؿجؼخ اُظؾُلخ(اُـجؼخ اُظجبؽُخ ٓضال او أَُبئُخ ثىعىك‬
              )‫افزالف ثَُؾ ثُ٘هٔب‬
Newspaper market =‫ٍىم اُظؾُلخ‬
Newspaper owner/proprietor =‫ٓبُي اُظؾُلخ‬
Newspaper readership =‫هواء اُغوَلح‬
Newspaper's standards =‫اٌٍ اُظؾُلخ‬
Party newspaper =‫طؾُلخ ؽيثُخ‬
Quality newspaper = ‫طؾُلخ ٓزُٔيح‬
Newsroom =‫غشفح االخثاس‬
Newsroom department =‫هَْ ٓؼبُغخ االفجبه‬
Newsroom management =‫اكاهح ؿوكخ االفجبه‬
Newsroom planning =‫فـؾ ػَٔ ؿوكخ االفجبه‬
Newsworthiness =‫اهُٔخ اُقجو‬
Non-fiction = ٟ‫ٚالؼ‬
Non-staff = ‫غ١ش ِٕرُ اٌٝ اٌىادس‬
Non-staff author = ‫ٓإُق ػُق‬
Non-staff journalist = ‫طؾلٍ ػُق‬
Non-staff writer = ‫ًبرت ػُق‬


                              7
Norm = ‫ٓؼُبه‬
Laws and norms =‫اُوىاُٖٗ وأُؼبَُو‬
Legal norms =‫أُؼبَُو اُوبٗىُٗخ‬
Norms of conduct =‫هىاػل اَُِىى‬
Productivity norms (for example, a journalist in an
American weekly is told that he must write "six columns"
per week minimum) = ٍ‫أُؼبَُو االٗزبعُخ (ٓضال ػًِ طؾلٍ َؼَٔ ك‬
         )‫عوَلح آوٌَُخ ًزبثخ ٓبالَوَ ػٖ ٍذ ٓوبالد شهوَب‬
Note =‫ِالزظح‬
Notebook =‫دفرش اٌّالزظاخ‬
Objection =‫اػرشاك‬
Objective, aim, purpose = )‫ِٛمٛػٟ (٘ذف،غشك‬
Objective (adjective) =‫ٓلؼىٍ ثه‬
Measurable objective =ً‫ٓىػىػُخ هبثِخ ُِوُب‬
Objective criteria =ٍ‫ٓؼُبه ٓىػىػ‬
Objective journalism =‫اُظؾبكخ أُىػىػُخ‬
Realistic objective =‫أُىػىػُخ اُىاهؼُخ‬
Short-term objective =‫ٓىػىػُخ هظُوح أُلي‬
Objectivity =‫اٌّٛمٛػ١ح‬
Obligation, duty =‫اٌضاَ،ٚاخة‬
Obscene, obscenity, -ties =‫فازؼ،فسؼ‬
Observation =‫ِشالثح‬
Offense =ُ‫٠غٟء اٌٝ،٠ٙاخ‬
Grave professional offenses =‫ٓهبرواد ٓهُ٘خ فـُوح‬
Office =‫ِىرة،ِمش‬
Head office =ّ‫أُوو اُؼب‬
Office management =‫اكاهح أٌُزت‬
Electronic office =ٍٗ‫ٌٓزت اٌُزوو‬
Operation = ‫ػٍّ١ح‬
Cost-free cosmetic operation = َ‫ػُِٔخ رغُُِٔخ ٓغبُٗخ(ٓض‬
                           )‫ؿجبػخ اُظىه أُِىٗخ ثؾغْ اًجو‬
Newsroom operation =‫ػُِٔخ ٖٓ ػُِٔبد ؿوكخ االفجبه‬
Smooth operation =‫ػُِٔخ ثَُـخ‬
Operational =ٟ‫ػٍّ١اذ‬
Operational needs =‫االؽزُبعبد اُؼُِٔبرُخ‬
Operational costs =‫اُزٌبُُق اُؼُِٔخ‬
Operational responsibilities =‫أَُإوُُبد اُؼُِٔخ‬
Opinion =‫سأٞ،اػرماد‬
Balancing opinions = ‫ػوع االهاء أُقزِلخ‬
Freedom of opinion =ٌ‫ؽوَخ اُوأ‬
Opinion leaders =ٌ‫هبكح اُوأٌ،ىػٔبء اُوأ‬
Opinion page =‫طلؾخ االهاء‬
Opinion poll =‫اٍزـالع االهاء‬
Popular opinion =‫هأٌ شبئغ‬
Public opinion =ّ‫هأٌ ػب‬
Unpopular opinion =‫هأٌ ؿُو شبئغ‬
Opportunity =‫فشفح‬


                              8
Equal opportunity (for example equal opportunities for men
and women) = )‫كوص ٓزَبوَخ (ُِوعبٍ واَُ٘بء‬
Unique opportunity =‫كوطخ كوَلح‬
Organization =‫ِٕظّح‬
Chaotic organization =‫ٓ٘ظٔخ ٍُئخ االكاهح‬
Informal organization =‫ٓ٘ظٔخ ؿُو هٍُٔخ‬
Labor organization =ٍ‫ٓ٘ظٔخ اُؼٔب‬
Newspaper organization =)‫ٓ٘ظٔخ اُغوَلح (اُغوَلح ًٔإٍَخ‬
Non-governmental organization (NGO) =‫ٓ٘ظٔخ ؿُو ؽٌىُٓخ‬
Original =ٟ‫اعاعٟ،سئ١غ‬
The original source of the story = ‫أُظله اُوئٍَُ ُِوظخ‬
Output (means production, for example number of articles
written or published per month) = ٍ‫االٗزبعُخ(ػًِ ٍجَُ أُضب‬
                                  )‫ػلك أُوبالد أٌُزىثخ شهوَب‬
Outsiders = ‫اٌذخ١ً،اٌغش٠ة، ااٌالِٕرّٟ اٌٝ ِدّٛػح ِا‬
Media outsiders (people not working in the media but having
opinions on the media) = ْ‫اُـوثبء ػًِ االػالّ(ٌُٖ ُهْ اهاؤه‬
                              )ّ‫كٍ االػال‬
Social outsiders =‫اُالٓ٘زٔىٕ اًُ أُغزٔغ‬
Owner =‫اٌّاٌه‬
Page =‫ففسح‬
Cost per page =‫رٌبُُق اُظلؾخ اُىاؽلح‬
Editorial pages (the ones without advertising) = ‫اُظلؾخ‬
                                       )‫اُوئَُُخ(ثلوٕ اػالٗبد‬
Page deadline =)‫أُىػل اُ٘هبئٍ الرٔبّ اُظلؾخ(اُضوبكُخ ٓضال‬
Paperwork =)ًّ‫اٌؼًّ اٌٛسلٟ(اعرخذاَ اٌٛسق فٟ اٌؼ‬
Reduce paperwork =‫روُِض اٍزقلاّ اُىهم‬
Partnership =‫ؽشاوح‬
Pay =‫٠ذفغ‬
Payday =‫٠َٛ اٌذفغ‬
Pension =‫اٌرماػذ‬
Performance = ‫اداء،أداص،ذٕف١ز‬
Periodical =)ٞ‫دٚسٞ(ِيثٛع دٚس‬
Personality =‫ؽخق١ح‬
Personality profile =‫ٓالٓؼ اُشقظُخ‬
Personnel =‫وادس،ِالن‬
Personnel director/chief =‫ٓلَو أُالى او اٌُبكه‬
Perspective =‫هؤَخ‬
Broader perspective =َٔ‫هؤَخ اش‬
Long-term perspective =‫هؤَخ ؿىَِخ أُلي‬
Philosophy =‫كَِلخ‬
Company philosophy =‫كَِلخ اُشوًخ‬
Editorial philosophy =)‫كَِلخ رؾوَو (اُغوَلح‬
Share the same philosophy =‫َشزوًىٕ كٍ اُوؤَخ او اُلَِلخ‬
Phone =‫٘اذف‬
Phone directory =‫كَُُ اُهبرق‬
Photoarchives =‫اسؽ١ف اٌقٛس‬


                               9
Photo editor =‫اٌّسشس اٌخاؿ تاٌقٛس‬
Phrase =‫ػثاسج‬
Phraseology =‫ٌغح خٛفاء‬
Picture =‫فٛسج‬
Below the picture =‫اٍلَ اُظىهح‬
Full-color picture =ٕ‫طىهح ٓزؼلكح االُىا‬
Plagiarism =‫أرساي‬
Place =‫ِىاْ،ِٛلغ‬
Market place =‫ٌٓبٕ اَُىم، اَُىم‬
Workplace =َٔ‫ٓىهغ اُؼ‬
Plan =‫خيح‬
Business plan =‫فـخ اهزظبكَخ‬
Investment plan =‫فـخ اٍزضٔبهَخ‬
Marketing plan =‫فـخ اُزَىَن‬
Plan of action =َ‫فـخ اُلؼ‬
Planning =‫اٌرخي١و‬
Financial planning =ٍُ‫اُزقـُؾ أُب‬
Newsroom planning =‫اكاهح ؿوكخ االفجبه‬
Planning session =‫عَِخ رقـُـُخ‬
Point of view =‫ٚخٙح ٔظش‬
Policy =‫ع١اعح‬
Advertising policy =ٕ‫اَُُبٍخ أُزجؼخ كٍ االػال‬
Corrections policy =‫ٍُبٍخ اُزظؾُؼ‬
Editorial policy =)‫ٍُبٍخ رؾوَو(اُغوَلح ٓضال‬
Ethics policy =‫ٍُبٍخ االفالم‬
Policy decision =‫ٍُبٍخ ط٘غ اُوواه‬
Style policy =‫ٍُبٍخ االٍِىة‬
Wages and benefits policy =‫ٗـبّ اُووارت وأٌُبكئبد‬
Political=ٟ‫ع١اع‬
Political agenda = ‫االع٘لح اَُُبٍُخ‬
Political bias = ٍٍ‫اُزؾُي اَُُب‬
Political interests = ‫أُظبُؼ اَُُبٍُخ‬
Political issues = ‫أُىاػُغ اَُُبٍُخ‬
Political meddling = ٍٍ‫اُزلفَ اَُُب‬
Political opposition = ‫ٓؼبهػخ ٍُبٍُخ‬
Political pressure = ٍٍ‫اُؼـؾ اَُُب‬
Political talent =‫ٓىهجخ ٍُبٍُخ‬
Politician = )‫ع١اعٟ (سخً ع١اعح‬
Top politician =‫ٍُبٍٍ ثبهى‬
Politics =‫ػٍُ اٌغاعح‬
Petty politics = ٍٍ‫ٍُبٍبد ػُوخ، ُـؾ ٍُب‬
Social politics = ‫ػِْ اَُُبٍخ االعزٔبػُخ‬
Portrait =‫تٛسذش٠د،ذخي١و‬
Action portrait =َ‫شٌَ اُلؼَ،طُـخ اُلؼ‬
Portrait of an individual =ٍ‫ثىهروَذ شقظ‬
Position =‫ِٛلغ‬
Higher position =ًِ‫ٓىهغ اػ‬


                             10
Potential (capacity) =)‫ًبٖٓ (هلهح‬
Editorial potential =‫االٌٓبُٗبد اُظؾلُخ ُٔـجىع ٓب‬
Potential (possible) =)ٌٖٔٓ( َٔ‫ٓؾز‬
Potential advertiser =‫ىثىٕ ٓؾزَٔ ُظلؾخ االػالٗبد‬
Potential conflict =ٖٓ‫ٗياع ًب‬
Potential investor =َٔ‫َٓزضٔو ٓؾز‬
Potential journalist =‫طؾلٍ واػل‬
Potential lawsuit =‫ٓشووع كػىي هؼبئُخ‬
Potential source of conflict =‫ٓظله ًبٖٓ ُِ٘ياع‬
Power=‫لٛج،عٍيح‬
Misuse of power =‫ٍََء اٍزؼٔبٍ اَُِـخ‬
Power of journalists' team =ٍ‫هىح او ٗلىم كوَن طؾل‬
Power struggles =‫اُ٘ياػبد ػًِ اَُِـخ‬
Power which knowledge gives… =‫ٍالػ او ٍِـخ أُؼوكخ‬
Privileged knowledge is power =‫االٍجوُخ كٍ أُؼوكخ هىح‬
Seventh Power = ‫اَُِـخ اَُبثؼخ‬
Practice =‫ٓٔبهٍخ‬
Implement in practice =‫اُز٘لُن ثبُٔٔبهٍخ‬
Practices of professional journalism = ‫ٓٔبهٍبد اُظؾبكخ‬
                                         ‫أُؾزوكخ‬
Praise =‫ص٘بء‬
Give praise =ًِ‫َضٍ٘ ػ‬
Prejudice =‫فىشج ِغثمح‬
Presentation =‫رولَْ،ػوع‬
Graphic presentation =ٍٗ‫اُؼوع اُجُب‬
Press =‫طؾبكخ‬
Foreign Press =‫اُظؾبكخ االع٘جُخ‬
Prepress =‫ٓب هجَ اُظؾبكخ‬
Pressure =‫مغو‬
Pressure of day-to-day production = ًِ‫اُؼـؾ اُ٘لٍَ أُزورت ػ‬
                                      ‫االٗزبط اُُىٍٓ أَُزٔو‬
Time pressure =‫ػـؾ اُىهذ‬
Prestige =‫ِماَ، اػرثاس‬
Price =‫عؼش‬
Direct price =‫اُزٌِلخ او اَُؼو أُجبشو‬
Minimum price =ًٗ‫اَُؼو االك‬
Price per square cm =‫ٍؼو اَُ٘زٔزو أُوثغ اُىاؽل‬
Standard price =ٍٍٔ‫اَُؼو اُو‬
Price list =‫هبئٔخ االٍؼبه‬
Principle =‫ِثذأ‬
Principle of editorial independence = ٍ‫ٓجلأ االٍزوالُُخ ك‬
                                           ‫اُزؾوَو‬
Principles of freedom =‫ٓجبكٌء اُؾوَخ‬
Principle of liberty =‫ٓجلأ اُؾوَخ‬
Principle of logic =‫ٓجلأ أُ٘ـن‬
Principle of professional behavior =‫ٓجلأ اَُِىى أُؾزوف‬
Print =‫٠يثغ، ِيثٛع‬


                             11
Print media =‫االػالّ أُـجىع‬
Print run =‫ػُِٔبد اُـجغ ُغوَلح او طؾُلخ ٓب‬
Printer =‫خٙاص اٌيثاػح‬
Printing =‫ىثاػح،٠يثغ‬
Printing press =‫اُظؾبكخ أُـجىػخ‬
Printing company =‫كاه اُـجبػخ، شوًخ اُـجبػخ‬
Printing materials =‫ٓىاك اُـجبػخ‬
Printing mistake =ٍ‫فـأ ٓـجؼ‬
Printing technology =‫رٌ٘ىُىعُب اُـجبػخ‬
Printout =‫اٌّيثٛع‬
Privilege =‫اِر١اص‬
Procedures =‫ػٍّ١اخ، اخشاءاخ‬
Editing procedures =‫اعواءاد اُزؾوَو‬
Process =‫ػُِٔخ‬
Editing process =‫ػُِٔخ اُزؾوَو‬
Never-ending process =‫اعواءاد او ػُِٔبد الٓ٘زهُخ‬
Procedure = ‫ػُِٔخ‬
Privatization procedures =‫ػُِٔبد اُقظقظخ‬
Transition procedures =َ‫ػُِٔبد اُ٘وَ، اعواءاد اُ٘و‬
Product =‫أراج‬
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) =ٍُ‫االٗزبط أُؾٍِ االعٔب‬
Lucrative product =‫أُ٘زظ أُوثؼ‬
Production =‫أراج‬
Daily production =ٍٓ‫االٗزبط اُُى‬
Production costs =‫رٌبُُق االٗزبط‬
Cost of production = ‫رٌبُُق االٗزبط‬
Production of business cards = ‫اٗزبط اُجـبهبد اُزغبهَخ‬
Production timetable =ٍ٘ٓ‫علوٍ االٗزبط اُي‬
Productivity =‫االٔراخ١ح‬
Better productivity =َ‫اٗزبعُخ اكؼ‬
Hampering productivity =‫اٗزبعُخ ٓزؼضوح‬
Profession =‫زشفح،ِٕٙح‬
Professional association =‫هاثـخ ٓؾزوكخ‬
Professional attitude =‫ٓىهق ٓؾزوف‬
Professional behavior =ٍ٘‫ٍِىى ٓه‬
Professional conduct =ٍ٘‫رظوف ٓه‬
Professional newsroom management =‫اكاهح ٓؾزوكخ ُـوكخ االفجبه‬
Professional qualities =‫ٗىػُبد ٓؾزوكخ‬
Professional rules =‫هىاػل ٓهُ٘خ‬
Professional rules of journalism =‫اُوىاػل أُهُ٘خ ُِظؾبكخ‬
Professional secrecy =‫اَُوَخ أُهُ٘خ‬
Profile =‫ؽىً،ٌّسح‬
Profit =‫ستر‬
Achieve a bigger profit =‫رؾظَُ هثؼ اًجو‬
Profitability =‫اُوثؾُخ‬
Improve profitability =‫رؾَُٖ اُوثؾُخ‬
Program =‫تشٔاِح‬


                             12
Computer program =‫ثوٗبٓظ ًٔجُىرو‬
Software program =ٍٗ‫ثوٗبٓظ اُؼوَ اٌُزوو‬
Television program =ٍٗ‫ثوٗبٓظ رِليَى‬
Project =‫ِؾشٚع‬
Special project group =‫كوَن ػَٔ فبص‬
Promotion =‫ذشل١ح‬
Promotion of the newspaper =‫ػَٔ كػبَخ ُِظؾُلخ‬
Promotion of a staff worker =‫روهُخ اؽل أُالًبد‬
Proofreader = ‫لاسٞء ػٍٝ عث١ً اٌردشتح(اؽرشان ِدأٟ ٌفرشج‬
)‫ِسذدج‬
Protection =‫زّا٠ح‬
Protection of data =‫ؽٔبَخ اُجُبٗبد‬
Proverb =ً‫ِث‬
Public =ٟ‫ػاَ،ؽؼث‬
General public =ً‫ػبٓخ اُ٘ب‬
Impress the public =‫َإصو كٍ اُؼبٓخ‬
Public recognition =ٍ‫اػزواف شؼج‬
Public relations = ‫اُؼالهبد اُؼبٓخ‬
Publication =‫ٔؾش،إٌّؾٛس‬
Date of publication =‫ربهَـ اُ٘شو‬
Prior to publication =‫ٓب هجَ اُ٘شو‬
Publicity =‫دػا٠ح‬
Publisher =‫إٌاؽش‬
Publishing =‫ٗشو‬
Publishing date =‫ربهَـ اُ٘شو‬
Publishing house =‫كاه اُ٘شو‬
Publishing rights =‫ؽوىم اُ٘شو‬
Qualifications =‫اٌّإ٘الخ‬
The right qualifications = ‫أُإهالد أَُُِخ‬
Quality =‫اٌدٛدج‬
High quality articles =‫ٓوبالد او ٓىاك ػبُُخ اُغىكح‬
Personal qualities =‫أُهبهاد اُشقظُخ‬
Professional qualities =‫أُهبهاد أُؾزوكخ‬
Quantity =‫اٌىّ١ح‬
Questionnaire =ْ‫االعرفراء،االعرث١ا‬
Quotation =‫االلرثاط‬
Quotation marks =)ٍُٖ‫اهىاً االهزجبً (ٓبثُٖ هى‬
Quote =‫٠مرثظ‬
Full quote (Mr. Khoury said: "I am not afraid of a new
government") = ً‫االهزجبً اٌُبَٓ (هبٍ اَُُل فىهٌ:"اٗب الافش‬
               )"‫اُؾٌىٓخ اُغلَلح‬
Indirect quote (Mr. Khoury said that he was not afraid of a
new government) = ‫اهزجبً ؿُو ٓجبشو (هبٍ اَُُل ثأٗه الَقش‬
                    )‫اُؾٌىٓخ اُغلَلح‬
Supporting quote (Members of Khoury's party said they would
accept a long struggle and that they "were ready to go to



                             13
the end") = ْ‫االهزجبً اُلاػْ (هبٍ اػؼبء ٖٓ ؽية فىهٌ ثأٗه‬
    )"‫َٓزؼلوٕ ُ٘ياع ؿىََ واٗهْ"ٍُؾبهثىٕ ؽًُ اُ٘هبَخ‬
Radio =‫ِز٠اع‬
Local radio =‫االماػخ أُؾُِخ‬
Radio broadcast =ٍ‫اُجش االماػ‬
Radio channel =‫ه٘بح اماػُخ‬
Radio station =‫ٓؾـخ اماػخ‬
Rank=‫سذثح‬
The rank and file (all ordinary members, for example of a
party) =‫ٓغٔىع اُهُئخ واُؼبُِٖٓ او االػؼبء‬
Rate =‫ٔغثح، ِؼذي‬
Discount rate =ْ‫َٗجخ اُقظ‬
Inflation rate =ْ‫ٓؼلٍ اُزؼق‬
Interest rate =‫ٓؼلٍ اُلبئلح‬
Unemployment rate =‫َٗجخ اُجـبُخ‬
Readability =‫اٌغالعح فٟ اٌمشاءج اٚ ػذِٙا‬
Reader =‫لاسٞء‬
Ad-oriented reader =‫هبهٌء ٓهزْ ثبالػالٗبد‬
Average reader =‫اُوبهٌء اُؼبكٌ او أُزىٍؾ‬
Conservative reader =‫اُوبهٌء أُؾبكظ‬
First time reader =ٍ‫هبهٌء ٖٓ اُؼهل االو‬
Gain more readers =‫ٌََت أُيَل ٖٓ اُوواء‬
Incentive for readers =‫ٓؾلي او ٓضُو ُِوواء‬
News-oriented reader =‫هبهٌء ٓهزْ ثبالفجبه‬
Outraged reader =‫هبهٌء ٓزهغْ او ؿبػت‬
Potential reader =ٍِ‫هبهٌء َٓزوج‬
Readers' needs =‫اؽزُبعبد اُوواء‬
Typical reader =ٍ‫هبهٌء ٗٔىمع‬
Readership=‫اٌمشاء‬
Newspaper readership =‫هواء اُغوَلح‬
Readership studies =‫كهاٍبد اُوواء‬
Real estate=‫اٌساٌح اٌفؼٍ١ح، اٌٍّى١ح اٌفؼٍ١ح‬
Record=ْٚ‫عدً،٠ذ‬
Official record=ٍٍٔ‫اَُغَ اُو‬
Record number=ٍٍ‫اُوهْ اُوُب‬
Track a record=َ‫ٓواعؼخ اَُغ‬
Recruiting =‫زؾذ اٚ ذدٕ١ذ‬
Recruiting computer workers =‫َغٔغ اُؼبُِٖٓ ػًِ أٌُجُىرو‬
Recruiting students =‫ؽشل اُـِجخ‬
Reference =‫اؽاسج،اٌّشخغ‬
Reference list =‫هبئٔخ أُواعغ‬
Refining =‫٠ٕمر، ٠ٙزب‬
Refining the editorial line = ٌ‫َؼلٍ فؾ اُغوَلح،َؼلٍ هأ‬
                                                     ‫اُغوَلح‬
Refreshments =‫أؼاػ، أرؼاػ‬
Regulation (for example regulation of the press in election
time) =‫ر٘ظُْ (ٓضال ر٘ظُْ اُظؾبكخ اص٘بء االٗزقبثبد؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟‬


                             14
Relationship =‫ػاللح،فٍح‬
Human relationship =‫اُؼالهبد االَٗبُٗخ‬
Relationship between general manager and editor in chief =
‫اُؼالهخ ثُٖ أُلَو اُؼبّ وهئٌُ اُزؾوَو‬
Release =‫اىالق،ذسش٠ش‬
News release =‫ٗشو االفجبه‬
Press release =‫رؾوَو اُظؾبكخ‬
Release of report =‫ٗشو رووَو‬
Religion =ٓ٠‫د‬
Freedom of religion =َٖ‫ؽوَخ اُل‬
Remark =‫ِالزظح،ذؼٍ١ك‬
Critical remark =‫ٓالؽظبد ٗولَخ‬
Remuneration =‫ذؼٛ٠ل،ِىافأج‬
Rent =‫ذأخ١ش‬
Repair =ُِ‫٠قٍر،٠ش‬
Repetition =‫ذىشاس،اػادج‬
Needless repetition of words or ideas = ‫رٌواه الؽبعخ ُه‬
                                         ‫ٌُِٔبد او اكٌبه‬
Report =‫ذمش٠ش‬
Annual report =ٌ‫رووَو ٍ٘ى‬
Business trip report =‫رووَو ػٖ هؽِخ رغبهَخ‬
Country report =‫رووَو ػٖ كوُخ ٓب‬
Reportage =ٟ‫ذسم١ك فسف‬
Reporter =ً‫ِشاع‬
Economic reporter =ٌ‫أُواٍَ االهزظبك‬
Experienced reporter =ً‫ٓواٍَ ٓزٔو‬
Full-time reporter =‫ٓواٍَ ٓزلوؽ‬
Highly respected reporter =‫ٓواٍَ ٓؾزوّ ُِـبَخ‬
Reporting =‫رووَو،ًزبثخ اُزووَو‬
Factual reporting =‫رووَو واهؼٍ ٓلػْ ثبُؾوبئن‬
Fact-based reporting =‫رووَو ٓلػْ ثبُؾوبئن‬
Reporting techniques =‫روُ٘بد ػَٔ اُزووَو‬
Representative =ً١‫ٔائة،ِّثً،ٚو‬
Newspaper's representative =‫ٓٔضَ اُغوَلح‬
Sales representative =‫وًَُ أُجُؼبد‬
Reputation =‫عّؼح‬
Newspaper's reputation =‫ٍٔؼخ اُغوَلح‬
Professional reputation =‫أَُؼخ أُهُ٘خ‬
Request =‫ىٍة‬
Research request =‫ؿِت اُزؾوٌ واُجؾش‬
Requirement =‫ازر١اخاخ‬
Minimal requirements =‫اُؾل االكًٗ ٖٓ االؽزُبعبد‬
Technological requirements =‫االؽزُبعبد اُلُ٘خ‬
Research =‫تسث‬
Market research =‫ثؾش ؽبُخ اَُىم‬
Media research =ّ‫ثؾش ؽبُخ االػال‬
Research company =‫شوًخ اثؾبس‬


                             15
Sociological research =ٍ‫ثؾش اعزٔبػ‬
Telephone research =ٕ‫ثؾش ػٖ ؿوَن اُزِلى‬
Researcher =‫تازث‬
Resource =‫ِٛسد‬
Available resources =‫أُىاهك أُزىاكوح‬
Selecting resources =‫افزُبه أُىاهك‬
Response =‫اعرداتح،اخاتح‬
Email response =ٍٗ‫االعبثخ ػٖ ؿوَن اُجوَل االٌُزوو‬
Readers' response =‫اعبثبد اُوواء‬
Responsibility =‫اٌّغإٌٚ١ح‬
Author's responsibility =‫َٓإوُُخ أُإُق‬
Exclusive responsibility =‫َٓإوُُخ اٍزض٘بئُخ‬
The manager's responsibility =‫َٓإوُُخ أُلَو‬
Ultimate and complete responsibility =‫أَُإوُُخ اُزبٓخ‬
Restriction =‫زقش،ذم١١ذ‬
Economic restrictions for the newspaper = ‫أُؼىهبد أُُِخ‬
                                                ‫ُغوَلح ٓب‬
Political restrictions =‫هُىك ٍُبٍُخ‬
Result =‫ٔر١دح‬
Financial results =‫اُ٘زبئظ أُبُُخ‬
Long-term result =‫ٗزبئظ ؿىَِخ االٓل‬
Opinion poll results =ٕ‫ٗزبئظ االٍزجُب‬
Poor results =‫ٗزبئظ ػؾِخ‬
Revenue =‫س٠غ‬
Advertising revenue =‫هَغ االػالٗبد‬
Review =‫ِشاخؼح‬
Rewrite =‫اػادج اٌىراتح‬
Rewrite the headline =‫اػبكح ًزبثخ اُؼ٘بوَٖ اُوئَُُخ‬
Rewrite the story =‫اػبكح ًزبثخ اُوظخ‬
Right =‫زك‬
Right of free speech =‫اُؾن كٍ ؽوَخ اُزؼجُو‬
Right of participation in the editorial board meeting = ‫ؽن‬
‫االشزواى كٍ اعزٔبػبد اُهُئخ االكاهَخ‬

Right of the public to truth/to know the truth = ‫ؽن اُؼبٓخ‬
                                           ‫كٍ ٓؼوكخ اُؾوُوخ‬
Right of rewriting =‫اُؾن كٍ اػبكح اٌُزبثخ‬
Right to appoint and dismiss the editor in chief = ٍ‫اُؾن ك‬
                                ‫ؿوك او رؼُُٖ هئٌُ اُزؾوَو‬
Right to criticism =‫اُؾن كٍ اُ٘ول‬
Right to information =‫اُؾن كٍ اُؾظىٍ ػًِ أُؼِىٓبد‬
Right to fair comment =‫اُؾن كٍ ؿوػ اُزؼُِن اُظوَؼ‬
Right to freedom of speech =‫اُؾن كٍ ؽوَخ اُزؼجُو‬
The public's right to know =‫ؽن اُؼبٓخ كٍ إ رؼوف‬
Rights and duties =‫اُؾوىم واُىاعجبد‬
Right and responsibilities =‫اُؾوىم وأَُإوُُبد‬



                             16
Universal Declaration of Human Rights = ‫االػالٕ اُؼبٍُٔ ُؾوىم‬
                                                     ٕ‫االَٗب‬
Workers' rights and duties =ْ‫ؽوىم اُؼبُِٖٓ وواعجبره‬
Role =‫دٚس‬
Role of communication =‫كوه االرظبالد‬
Role of journalism =‫كوه اُظؾبكخ‬
Role of the press =‫كوه اُظؾبكخ‬
Role model =‫؟؟؟؟؟؟‬
Routine =ٓ١‫اٌشٚذ‬
Day-to-day routine =ٍٓ‫اُوورُٖ اُُى‬
Routine work =ٍُ٘‫ػَٔ هور‬
Rule =ْٛٔ‫لا‬
Break the rules =ُٖٗ‫ًَو اُوىاُٖٗ،اٗزهبى اُوىا‬
Company rules =‫هىاُٖٗ اُشوًخ‬
Rules of thumb = ‫اُوىاُٖٗ االٍبٍُخ‬
Rules of selling information =‫هىاُٖٗ ثُغ أُؼِىٓبد‬
Rules on publishing advertisements =‫هىاُٖٗ ٗشو االػالٗبد‬
Style rules =‫هىاػل االٍِىة‬
Universally recognized rules =‫هىاُٖٗ ٓؼزوف ثهب ػبُُٔب‬
Safety =‫اٌغالِح‬
Workplace safety =َٔ‫ٍالٓخ ٌٓبٕ اُؼ‬
Salary =‫ساذة‬
Basic salary =ٍٍ‫اُوارت االٍب‬
Sales =‫ِث١ؼاخ‬
Retail sales =‫ٓجُؼبد عيئُخ‬
Satisfaction =‫سما،لٕاػح‬
Job satisfaction =َٔ‫اُو٘بػخ كٍ اُؼ‬
Work satisfaction =َٔ‫اُو٘بػخ كٍ اُؼ‬
Scanner =‫فازـ،لاسٞء،عىٕش‬
Schedule =‫خذٚي‬
Deadline schedule =‫علوٍ ثبُٔىاػُل اُ٘هبئُخ‬
Secret =‫عش‬
Business secret =ٌ‫اٍواه اُؼَٔ اُزغبه‬
Secret ballot =ٌ‫االهزواع اَُو‬
Trade secret =ٌ‫اٍواه اُؼَٔ اُزغبه‬
Section =‫لغُ،ؽؼثح‬
Advertising section =‫هَْ االػالٗبد‬
Editorial section =‫هَْ اُزؾوَو‬
Special section =‫هَْ فبص‬
Weekend section =‫هَْ ػـِخ ٗهبَخ االٍجىع‬
Selectivity =‫االٔرمائ١ح‬
Editorial selectivity =‫االٗزوبئُخ اُزؾوَوَخ‬
Self =‫ٔفظ‬
Self-education =‫رضوُق اُناد‬
Self-esteem =‫اؽزواّ اُناد‬
Self-interest =‫أُظِؾخ اُشقظُخ‬
Seminar =‫ِإذّش،زٍمح دساع١ح‬


                              17
Seminar for journalists = ُُٖ‫ٓإرٔو او ٓ٘زلي ُِظؾل‬
Training seminar =ٍ‫ٓإرٔو او ٓ٘زلي رلهَج‬
Senior =‫االػٍٝ ِماِا، االوثش عٕا‬
Senior editor =ٍ‫أُؾوه أَُإو‬
Sense =‫زاعح،رٚق‬
Common sense =ّ‫اُنوم اُؼب‬
Sense of humor =‫ؽٌ اُلػبثخ‬
Sense of participation =‫اُشؼىه ثبُٔشبهًخ‬
Sentence =‫خٍّح‬
Incomplete sentence =‫عِٔخ ٗبهظخ‬
Long sentence =‫عِٔخ ؿىَِخ‬
Server =‫اٌخادَ، اٌّضٚد‬
Service =‫خذِح‬
Service to the public =‫اُقلٓخ اُؼبٓخ‬
Service to the readers =‫فلٓخ اُوواء‬
Shareholder =ُ٘‫اٌّغا‬
General meeting of the shareholders =ُٖٔ‫اعزٔبع ػبّ َُِٔبه‬
Silence =‫فّد، عىٛخ‬
Wall of silence =‫علاه ٖٓ اُظٔذ‬
Sketch =‫ذخي١و‬
Skill =‫ِٙاسج‬
Analytical skill = ‫أُهبهح اُزؾُُِِخ‬
Communication skill =َ‫ٓهبهح اُزىاط‬
Requisite skill =‫ٓهبهح اٍبٍُخ‬
Slander =‫افرشاء، لزف، ذؾٛ٠ٗ عّؼح‬
Slang =‫ٌغح ػاِ١ح، ػاِح‬
Journalists slang =‫اُِـخ اُظؾلُخ أُهُ٘خ‬
Social =ٟ‫اخرّاػ‬
Social group =‫كوَن اعزٔبػٍ، شوَؾخ ٖٓ أُغزٔغ‬
Social reality =ٍ‫اُىاهغ االعزٔبػ‬
Sociological =‫اخرّاػٟ، ِرؼٍك تؼٍُ االخرّاع‬
Sociological research =ٍ‫ثؾش اعزٔبػ‬
Software =ٟٔٚ‫اٌؼمً االٌىرش‬
Solidarity =ِٓ‫اٌرنا‬
Source =‫ِقذس‬
Quoting sources =‫أُظبكه أُوزجَخ‬
Relevant source =ْ‫ٓظله ٓه‬
Specialist =ٟ‫اخقائ‬
Spelling =ٝ‫٠رٙد‬
Spelling preferences =‫اكؼُِخ اُزهغٍ،اُـوَوخ االكؼَ ثبالٓالء‬
Spirit =‫سٚذ‬
Team spirit =‫هوػ اُؼَٔ اُغٔبػٍ، هوػ اُغٔبػخ‬
Sponsoring =ُ‫دػ‬
Staff =‫وادس‬
Motivating the staff =‫ؽش اٌُبكه، رؾلُي اٌُبكه‬
Standard =‫ل١اعٟ، ثاتد‬
Standard of language usage =‫ػىاثؾ اٍزقلاّ اُِـخ‬


                              18
State =‫زاٌح، ٠ؼٍٓ، ٠مشس‬
Statement =ْ‫ذقش٠ر، ت١ا‬
Mission statement = ‫ثُبٕ او رظوَؼ ػٖ ؿجُؼخ ػَٔ واهلاف ٓ٘ظٔخ‬
                                            ‫ٓب‬
Statistics =‫ازقائ١اخ‬
Financial statistics =‫االؽظبئُبد أُبُُخ‬
Status =‫زاٌح‬
Status of the economy =‫ؽبُخ االهزظبك‬
Statute =ٟ‫لأْٛ، ذؾش٠غ، ٔظاَ اعاع‬
Editorial statutes =‫هىاُٖٗ اُزؾوَو‬
Stockholder = shareholder = ْ‫أَُبه‬
Stakeholder (a group or a person with a stake, an interest
in something; for example the stakeholders of a company are
the shareholders, the managers, the workers, the people
from the neighborhood where the company is located, the
consumers of products of the company etcetera) = ‫شقض او‬
‫عٔبػخ رَزلُل ٖٓ شٍء ٓب او ُهْ ؽظخ كُه، ًبُشوًخ ٓضال‬
،ٕ‫كبُٔغٔىػخ اُزٍ رَزلُل ٓ٘هب هْ أَُبهٔىٕ، االكاهَى‬
.‫اُؼبِٓىٕ، أُ٘ـوخ أُؾُـخ، أَُزهٌِىٕ وٓب اًُ مُي‬

Story =‫لقح‬
Credibility of stories =‫ٓظلاهُخ اُوظض‬
Keeping the story short =‫ػلّ االؿبُخ كٍ اُؾلَش، االفزظبه‬
Story idea =‫كٌوح هظخ‬
Stories of real people's achievements = ً‫هظض اٗغبىاد اُ٘ب‬
                                                   ‫اُؾوُوُخ‬
Strategy =‫االعرشاذ١د١ح‬
Long-term strategy =‫اٍزوارُغُخ ؿىَِخ االٓل‬
Street =‫ؽاسع‬
Language in the street =‫ُـخ اُشبهع‬
Stringer (freelance correspondent) = ‫ِشاعً زش‬
Structure =‫٘١ىً، تٕاء‬
Company structure =‫هٌَُ اُشوًخ‬
Style =‫اعٍٛب‬
Appealig style =‫االٍِىة اُغناة‬
Casual style =ٍٍٔ‫اٍِىة ؿُو ه‬
Stylebook = ‫ًزبة َقزض ثبالٍِىة‬
Subcontractor =ٞٛٔ‫ِماٚي ثا‬
Subscriber =ٖ‫ِؾرشن فٟ فس١فح اٚ غ١ش‬
Attracting subscribers =ًُٖ‫عنة أُشزو‬
Subscription =‫اشزواى‬
Subsidy =‫دػُ، اػأح ِاٌ١ح‬
Suggestion =‫الرشاذ‬
Employees' suggestions =ُِٖٓ‫اهزواؽبد اُؼب‬
Summary =‫ِخرقش، ِٛخض‬
Summary of major events =‫ٓىعي فبص ثبالؽلاس اٌُجوي‬
Superficiality = ‫اٌغيس١ح‬


                              19
Superstition =‫خشافٟ، خشافح‬
Supervision =‫اؽشاف، ِشالثح‬
Close supervision =‫ٓواهجخ او اشواف كهُن‬
Supervisor =‫ٓواهت، ٓشوف‬
Supplement =‫ٍِسك، امافح‬
Special supplement =‫ِٓؾن فبص‬
Support =ُ‫دػ‬
Support of the government/party =‫كػْ اُؾٌىٓخ او اُؾية‬
Surname =‫اعُ االعشج، ٌمة‬
Survey =‫ِغر ِ١ذأٟ، ٔظشج ؽاٍِح‬
Market survey =‫َٓؼ ُٓلاٍٗ ػٖ ؽبُخ اَُىم‬
Readers' survey methods =‫وٍبئَ ثؾش اُوواء‬
System =‫ٔظاَ، ىش٠مح، ذشذ١ة‬
Legal system =ٍٗ‫ٗظبّ هبٗى‬
Undemocratic system =ٍ‫ٗظبّ ؿُو كَٔوواؿ‬
Talent =‫ِٛ٘ثح‬
Recruiting talent =‫ؽشل أُىاهت‬
Target =‫غشك، ٘ذف‬
Target group =‫أُغٔىػخ أَُزهلكخ‬
Task =‫ِّٙح‬
Easy task =‫ٓهٔخ ٍهِخ‬
Major task =‫ٓهٔخ ًجوي‬
Taste =ُ‫ذزٚق، ىؼ‬
Good taste =‫ٓنام عُل‬
Poor taste =‫ٓنام ؿُو عُل‬
Tax =ُ‫مش٠ثح، سع‬
Tax law =‫هبٗىٕ اُؼوائت‬
Team =‫فش٠ك، خّاػح‬
Build a team =‫ث٘بء كوَن‬
Teamwork =ٍ‫ػَٔ عٔبػ‬
Technique =‫ىش٠مح، ذمٕ١ح‬
Training technique =‫روُ٘خ اُزلهَت‬
Technological =ٟ‫ذىٌٕٛٛخ‬
Technological innovation =ٍ‫االثزٌبه اُزٌ٘ىُىع‬
Technology =ٍ‫رٌ٘ىُىع‬
Fall in love with technology = ّ‫اُشـق ثبُزٌ٘ىُىعُب، ٓـو‬
                                            ‫ثبُزٌ٘ىُىعُب‬
Telecommunications =‫ػٍُ االذقاالخ‬
Tension =‫ؽذ، ذٛذش‬
Creative tension =‫اُغهل اُقالم، اُشل اُقالم‬
Text =‫ٔـ‬
Make the text more fluent =‫عؼَ اُ٘ض اًضو ٍالٍخ‬
Theory =‫ٔظش٠ح‬
Media theory =ّ‫ٗظوَخ االػال‬
Time =‫ٚلد‬
Invest time =‫اٍزضٔبه اُىهذ‬
Overtime =‫اػبكٍ، ٍبػبد اُؼَٔ االػبكُخ‬


                             20
Part-time basis = ّ‫ٓجلأ اُؼَٔ اُغيئٍ (اُؼَٔ َُبػبد او اَب‬
                                                )‫ٓؾلوكح‬
Time of publication =‫ربهَـ اُ٘شو‬
Timetable =ٍ٘ٓ‫علوٍ ى‬
Production timetable =‫اُغلوٍ اُيٍٓ٘ ُالٗزبط‬
Tone =‫ٔغّح، ٔثشج‬
Negative tone =‫ٗجوح ٍِجُخ، ٗجوح اُوكغ‬
Tone of what was said =‫اُ٘جوح اُزٍ هَُ كُهب شٍء ٓب‬
Tool =‫ٚع١ٍح، اداج‬
Communication tool =ٍ‫وٍُِخ االرظب‬
Planning tool =‫وٍُِخ اُزقـُؾ‬
Training tool =‫وٍُِخ اُزلهَت‬
Top =‫لّح، سأط، رسٚج‬
Top 100 companies =‫اكؼَ ٓئخ شوًخ‬
Top official =‫َٓإوٍ هكُغ أَُزىي‬
Top reporter =‫ٓواٍَ ًجُو‬
Topic =‫ِٛمٛع، ِماٌح‬
National topic =ٍ٘‫ٓىػىع وؿ‬
Tour =‫خٌٛح، سزٍح‬
Tour of the company =‫هؽِخ اُشوًخ‬
Tradition =‫روُِل‬
Best journalistic tradition =‫اكؼَ اُزوبُُل اُظؾلُخ‬
Democratic tradition =ٍ‫روُِل كَٔوواؿ‬
Trainer =‫ِذسب‬
Transmission =‫ٔمً، أرماي، اسعاي‬
Transmission costs =َ‫رٌبُُق اُ٘و‬
Trend =ٗ‫ٔضػح، ذٛخ‬
Economic trend =ٌ‫رىعه اهزظبك‬
Market trend =‫َُٓ او ٗيػخ اَُىم‬
Trial period =‫كزوح االفزجبه، كزوح اُزغوثخ‬
Truth =‫زم١مح، فذق‬
Dedication to the truth =‫االفالص ُِؾوُوخ‬
Deny the truth =‫ٌَ٘و اُؾوُوخ‬
Respect for the truth =‫اؽزواّ اُؾوُوخ‬
Truth-bending information =‫ٓؼِىٓبد رظَِ اُؾوُوخ‬
Type =‫ٔٛع‬
Type of interview =‫ٗىع أُوبثِخ‬
Types of short news =‫اٗىاع او ٗٔبمط ٖٓ االفجبه اُوظُوح‬
Unit =‫ٚزذج‬
Business unit =‫وؽلح االػٔبٍ اُزغبهَخ‬
Updating = ‫ذسذ٠ث، ذدذ٠ذ‬
Continuous updating =‫رؾلَش َٓزٔو‬
Usage =َ‫اعرؼّاي، اعرخذا‬
Day-to-day usage = ٍٓ‫االٍزقلاّ اُُى‬
Language usage =ٌ‫االٍزقلاّ اُِـى‬
Value =‫ل١ّح، لذس‬
Shared values =‫اُوُْ أُشزوًخ‬


                             21
Society's values =‫اُوُْ االعزٔبػُخ‬
Verification =ِٓ ‫اٌرسمك‬
Veteran =‫ِساسب لذ٠ُ، ؽخـ ِرّشط‬
Radio veteran =ٍ‫اماػٍ ٓزٔوً، فجُو كٍ اُؼَٔ االماػ‬
View =‫ٔظشج، سؤ٠ح‬
Author's view =‫هؤَخ اٌُبرت‬
Public view =‫هؤَخ اُغٔبهُو، ٗظوح اُؼبٓخ‬
Visual =ٞ‫تقش‬
Visual information =‫ٓؼِىٓبد ثظوَخ، ٓؼِىٓبد ٓوئُخ‬
Vocabulary =‫اٌّؼدُ، ِدّٛع ِفشداخ اٌٍغح‬
Day-to-day vocabulary =‫أُلوكاد اُُىُٓخ‬
Voice =‫فٛخ‬
Giving voice to other ideas =‫اػـبء أَُبؽخ الهاء افوي‬
Watchdog =)‫زشاعح، زاسط (وٍة زشاعح‬
Watchdog role =‫كوه ًِت اُؾواٍخ‬
Web =‫ؽثىح، ٔغ١ح‬
Web-reader =‫هواء أُىاهغ االٌُزووُٗخ‬
Website =ٍٗ‫ٓىهغ اٌُزوو‬
Weekly =ٟ‫اعثٛػ‬
Word =‫وٍّح، ِفشدج‬
Key word = ٍ‫أٌُِخ أُلزبػ(أٌُِخ اُزٍ ثىاٍـزهب َزْ اُىطى‬
)‫اًُ ٓؼِىٓبد ٓؼُ٘خ ٓضال‬

Word game =‫ُؼجخ أٌُِبد‬
Working =‫ػًّ، خٙذ‬
Working conditions =َٔ‫شووؽ اُؼ‬
Working together =‫اُؼَٔ ٍىَخ‬
Workshop =ًّ‫ٚسؽح ػ‬
Workshops organized by a professional association = َٔ‫وهشخ ػ‬
                                   ‫ر٘ظٔهب ٓإٍَخ ٓؾزوكخ‬

Zapping =‫ذمٍ١ة(٠رٕمً ِٓ لٕاج الخشٜ تؾىً عش٠غ)،ذقفر عش٠غ‬
Zapping webreader =‫أُز٘وَ ثشٌَ ٍوَغ ثُٖ أُىاهغ االٌُزووُٗخ‬
Zapping spectators =‫اُجبؽش ػٖ أُزؼخ كٍ اُزوُِت اَُوَغ‬




                             22
توُٗخ= ‪Zapping webreader‬‬
‫اُجبؽش ػٖ ادلزؼخ يف اُزوُِت اَُوَغ= ‪Zapping spectators‬‬




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