Learning Arabic by dov51579

VIEWS: 18 PAGES: 8

									                                            Learning Arabic: Part 1
                                                          By Abu Bakr Salmaan ibn Nasir

                                                                          ‫نا‬        ‫ا ا‬

      T h e re    lig io n h a s b e e n d is to r te d a n d      c h a n g e d b e y o n d re c o     g n it   io          n b y th e P e o       p le        f D e s ir e s
                                                                                                                                                                o
     a n d In       n o v a tio n s u n til th e c o m m o n     M u s lim h a s c o m e to r          e g a r   d            in n o v a tio n s      a s     s u  n n a h s a n d
     th e S u    n n a h a s s o m e th in g s tr a n g e . G       e n e r a tio n s o f M u s lim      s h a         v   e liv e d in th e           d a     rk n e s s o f
    ig n o r a    n c e o f t h e Q u r ’a a n a n d o f t h e    r e lig io n o f A lla a h . T h      is c a     n        c e r h a s e a te n        a w      y a t th e
                                                                                                                                                                  a
     fle s h o     f th e M u s lim U m m a h le a v in g            it e x tr e m e ly w e a k a n   d h u          m        ilia te d . A n d      h o      w c o u ld it b e
    o th e rw        is e w h e n th e P r o p h e t ( ‫و‬                  ‫ا‬       ) to ld u s :

     A l l a a h r a i s e s u p p e o p l e s b y t h i s B o o k , a n d p u t s d o w n b y i t o t h e r s . (R e p o r t e d b y
    M u s l i m (n o . 8 1 7 ) , i b n M a a j a h (n o . 2 1 8 ) , A h m a d (1 / 3 5 ) , a n d a d -D a a r i m i (n o . 3 3 6 5 ) .

    S o w h e n t h e U m m a h n e g le c t e d A lla a h ’s b o o k , A lla a h lo w e r e d a n d h u m i li a t e d u s a s H e
    (     ‫و‬         ) in fo r m e d u s :

     T h a t is b e c a u s e A lla a h w ill n e v e r c h a n g e th e b le s s in g w h ic h H e h a s b e s to w e d
    o n a p e o p l e u n t i l t h e y c h a n g e w h a t i s i n t h e i r o w n s e l v e s . [ A l -A n f a a l (8 ) : 5 3 ]

 V e r      ily n       e v    e r w ill A lla a h c h a n g e th e c o n d itio n o f a p e o p le u n til th e y c h a n g e
  w h a       t is      in      t h e i r o w n s e l v e s . B u t w h e n A l la a h w i l l s a p e o p l e 's p u n i s h m e n t , t h e r e
c a n        b e n       o     tu r n in g it b a c k , n o r w ill th e y fin d , b e s id e s H im , a n y p r o te c to r . [A r-
   R a ’d      (1 3 )   :1 1   ]

S o i t i s i m p e r a t i v e t h a t w e r e t u r n t o t h i s Q u r ’a a n a n d b e o f t h o s e w h o m e m o r i z e i t a n d
 s t u d y i t . A n d , s a d l y , i t i s a c o m m o n p r a c t i c e a m o n g s t n o t o n l y t h e n o n -A r a b s b u t t h e A r a b s
  a s w e ll t o m e r e ly r e c i t e i t w i t h o u t c o n t e m p la t i o n o f i t s v e r s e s ! B u t t h e Q u r ’a a n i s :

A        B o o k w h ic h W e h a v e r e v e a le d to y o u , fu ll o f b le s s in g s , th a t th e y m a y p o n d e r
     its v e r s e s , a n d th a t m e n o f u n d e r s ta n d in g m a y r e c e iv e a d m o n itio n .
    [ S a a d (3 8 ) : 2 9 ]

     D o t h e y n o t t h e n p o n d e r u p o n t h e Q u r ’a a n , o r a r e t h e r e l o c k s o n t h e i r h e a r t s ?
    [ M u h a m m a d (4 7 ) : 2 4 ]

 D o t h e y n o t p o n d e r u p o n t h e Q u r ’a a n ? H a d i t b e e n f r o m o t h e r t h a n A l l a a h ,
t h e y w o u l d s u r e l y h a v e f o u n d i n i t m u c h c o n t r a d i c t i o n . [ A n -N i s a a ’ (4 ) : 8 2 ]

 I t is a b o o k w h ic h :N o fa ls e h o o d c a n a p p r o a c h it fr o m b e fo r e o r b e h in d it; it is
r e v e l a t i o n f r o m O n e F u l l o f W i s d o m , W o r t h y o f a l l P r a i s e . [ F u s s i l a t (4 1 ) : 4 2 ]

I n it is g u id a n c e fo r a ll th e a ffa ir s o f m a n k in d a s A lla a h (                                            ‫ )و‬t e l l s u s :

A n d W e h a v e n o t r e v e a le d th e B o o k to y o u e x c e p t th a t y o u m a y c la r ify to th e m
 th o s e th in g s in w h ic h th e y d iffe r , a n d a s a g u id a n c e a n d a m e r c y fo r a p e o p le



                                                                                                                                                                                     1
w h o b e l i e v e . [ A n -N a h l (1 6 ) : 6 4 ]

  A n d h a v e y o u n o t h e a r d , m y d e a r M u s lim b r o th e r , m a y A lla a h g u id e y o u to th a t w h ic h
 p le a s e s H im , th e w o r d s o f y o u r L o r d a d m o n is h in g y o u n o t to b e lik e th e P e o p le o f th e B o o k
b e fo r e y o u w h o n e g le c te d th e s c r ip tu r e :

 H a s is n o               t c o m e tim e fo           r th e B e lie v e r s th a t th e ir h e a                     r ts s h o u ld in                         a ll h u   m   ility
e n g a g e in                 th e r e m e m b r       a n c e o f A lla a h a n d o f th e T r u                       th w h ic h h a s                         b e e n
   r e v e a le d          ( to th e m ) , a n d            th a t th e y s h o u ld n o t b e c o m e                     lik e th o s e to                         w h o m      w a s
    g iv e n th e            B o o k a fo r e tim           e , b u t lo n g a g e s p a s s e d o v e r                  th e m a n d th                       e ir h e a      r ts
      g r e w h a r       d ? F o r m a n y a          m o n g th e m a r e r e b e llio u s tr a                         n s g r e s s o r s .                  K n o w       th a t
     A lla a h g i       v e s life to th e e              a r th a fte r its d e a th . A lr e a d y                  h a v e W e s h o                          w n th e       S ig n s
  p la in ly to               y o u , th a t y o u        m a y l e a r n w i s d o m . [ A l -H a d e e                d (5 7 ) : 1 6 -1 7 ]

 S o ju s t a s A lla a h b r in g s life to th e e a r th a fte r its d e a th , lik e w is e , A lla a h is th e o n e w h o g iv e s
 life to th e h e a r ts a n d h e a ls th e m a fte r th e ir d e a th . A n d th a t h e a lin g is in th is G lo r io u s
Q u r ’a a n :

 O h m a n k in d , th e r e h a s c o m e to y o u a n a d m o n itio n fr o m y o u r L o r d a n d a
  h e a lin g fo r w h a t is in th e c h e s ts , a n d a g u id a n c e a n d m e r c y fo r th e b e lie v e r s .
[ Y o o n u s (1 0 ) : 5 7 ]

A n d ta k e s te r n w a r n in g fr o m                  t h e s a y i n g o f t h e P r o p h e t (‫و‬                       ‫ا‬                   ):

 “ M o s t o f th e h y p o c r ite s o f m                       y U m      m   a h a r e its r e c ite r s .”
[ S a h e e h a l -J a a m i ’ n o . 1 2 0 3 ]

 T h e y r e c i t e t h e Q u r ’a a n , n o t s e e k i n g t o u n d e r s t a n d i t s o t h a t t h e y m a y g a i n A lla a h ’s
p le a s u r e b u t fo r s o m e w o r ld ly g a in :

“ W h o e v e r r e c i t e s t h e Q u r ’a a n , t h e n l e t h i m a s k A l l a a h b y i t , f o r v e r i l y t h e r e
 s h a l l c o m e a p e o p l e w h o s h a l l r e c i t e t h e Q u r ’a a n , a n d a s k t h e p e o p l e b y i t .”
  [ S a h e e h a l -J a a m i ’ n o . 6 4 6 7 ]

 S o i t i s c r i t i c a l t h e n t h a t w e r e c i t e t h is Q u r ’a a n s e e k i n g b y i t A lla a h ’s p le a s u r e . A n d i t i s
i m p e r a t i v e t h a t w e u n d e r s t a n d a n d a c t b y t h i s Q u r ’a a n a s t h e P r o p h e t ( ‫و‬                      ‫ا‬        ) s a id ,

 “ O n t h e D a y o f J u d g m e n t , t h e Q u r ’a a n a n d i t s p e o p l e w h o u s e d t o a c t b y i t i n
t h e w o r l d s h a l l b e b r o u g h t , b e i n g l e a d b y S o o r a h a l -B a q a r a h a n d A a l ‘ I m r a a n ,
  w h ic h s h a ll b e a r g u in g o n b e h a lf o f t h e ir c o m p a n io n s .” [ R e p o r te d b y M u s lim ]

     T h      e ir c o m p a n io n s -t h a t is , t h o s e w h o u s e d t o              re c   it e th e m a n d s       tu d      y t    h e      ir m        e a n in g s a n d a c t
  u p       o n th e m . H o w e v e r, fo r th e o n e w h o h a s b e                   e n d         p r iv e d o f th e
                                                                                                        e                       a b    ilit   y t      o u      n d e rs ta n d th e
    Q u         r ’a a n , i n a ll i t s s u b t le t i e s a n d t h e d e p t h s o   f its      k n o w le d g e , I f    e a r      th     a t     h e      s h a ll b e
   d e     p r iv e d o f th is g r e a t h o n o r a n d b le s s in g . A n               d th      e  k e y th a t w ill    o p     e n       th   e d      o o r to
 u n         d e r s t a n d in g t h e Q u r ’a a n i s t h e A r a b i c la n g          u a g    e fo r A lla a h (                ‫و‬                  ) h      a s r e v e a le d it a s
a n            A r a b i c Q u r ’a a n :




                                                                                                                                                                                               2
W        e h a v e s e n t i t d o w n a s a n A r a b i c Q u r ’a a n , i n o r d e r t h a t y e m                                                             a y le a r n w is d o m                    .
    [ Y o o s u f (1 2 ) : 2 ]

    T h u s h a v e W e s e n t i t d o w n a s a n A r a b i c Q u r ’a a n a n d e x p l a i n e d t h e r e i n i n
     d e ta il s o m e o f th e w a r n in g s , in o r d e r th a t th e y m a y fe a r A lla a h , o r th a t it m                                                                           a y
      c a u s e t h e m t o h a v e a l e s s o n f r o m i t . [ T a a H a a (2 0 ) : 1 1 3 ]

    A n A r a b i c Q u r ’a a n , w i t h o u t a n y c r o o k e d n e s s , s o t h a t t h e y m                                                          a y h a v e T a q w a .
     [ A z -Z u m a r (3 9 ) : 2 8 ]

    A   B o o k , w h e r e o f t h e v e r s e s a r e e x p l a i n e d i n d e t a i l a s a n A r a b i c Q u r ’a a n , f o r
    p e o p l e w h o k n o w . [ F u s s i l a t (4 1 ) : 3 ]

    S o it is im p e r a tiv e , m y d e a r b r o th e r o r s is te r , th a t y o u s tr iv e in le a r n in g th is b le s s e d
     la n g u a g e .

     A n d in s h a a A lla a h , th e n e x t in s ta llm e n t o f th is a r tic le s h a ll c o n ta in s o m e a d v ic e s o n h o w
    o n e s h o u ld g o a b o u t le a r n in g th e A r a b ic la n g u a g e .

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                                              Learning Arabic: Part 2
                                                          B y A b u B a k r S a lm                           a a n ib n N a s ir

                                                                                           ‫نا‬               ‫ا ا‬

  A ll P r a is e         is      d u e to A lla h , w     e p ra     is e     H im ,       a n d w e           s e e k H    is H e lp        . W      h o   m s o e v e r A lla h       g u id e s ,
 th e r e is n         o n      e to m is g u id e h       im , a   n d      w h o m         s o e v e r      A lla h m       is g u id     e s ,     th e    n n o n e c a n g u      id e h im
 a r ig h t. I b         e a     r w itn e s s th a t t   h e re    is n      o d e it     y w o rth           y o f w o     r s h ip ,    e x c     e p t     fo r A lla h , A lo   n e a n d
w ith o u t p           a r     tn e r, a n d I b e a r     w itn    e s s      th a t M       u h a m       m a d is       H is S la        v e    a n d       H is M e s s e n g    e r.

  T h e b    e s t     o f s       p e e c h is th e B o o k o f A lla h . A n d th e b e s t o f g u id a n c e is th e g u id a n c e o f
   M u h a     m m       a d      . A n d t h e w o r s t o f a f f a i r s (i n t h e r e l i g i o n ) a r e t h e n e w l y c r e a t e d m a t t e r s . A n d
e v e ry      n e w       ly     c r e a t e d m a t t e r i s a b i d ' a h (i n n o v a t i o n ) . A n d e v e r y b i d ' a h i s a f o r m o f
 m is g u       id a    n c e       . [1 ]

   Mu c h h a s tr a n s p ir               e d s in c e th e fir s t p a r t o f th                is     a r tic le w a s p o s         te d u p           o n o u r w e b s ite . F o        r
  o n  e , w e h a v e o p e n             e d u p a d a ' w a h c e n t e r -c u m                  -b       o o k s to re . A m o        n g s t o      u r o b je c tiv e s , a s m       a n y
o f  y o u a lr e a d y k n o                w , is to e d u c a te th e M u s lim                     s     a b o u t th e ir b le         s s e d r    e lig io n a n d to c o n v           e y
 k n  o w le d g e o f it to               th e m in e v e r y m a n n e r p o s                 s ib          le . K n o w le d g e         o f A ra      b ic o p e n s th e d o o r        s to
u n d e r s ta n d in g th e                   r e lig io n o f I s la m a n d its b              o o       k s . W ith o u t it,         o n e c a         n n e v e r h o p e fo r m            o re
th a n a b a s ic le v e l o                  f k n o w le d g e a n d u n d e r s ta              n d       in g .

 U n fo r tu n a te ly , h o w e v e r , m o s t g o a b o u t le a r n in g A r a b ic in th e w r o n g w a y a lto g e th e r , o r
 th e y d o n o t g iv e it th e im p o r ta n c e it is d u e . F o r th is r e a s o n , I h a v e la id o u t th e fo llo w in g
g u id e fo r le a r n in g A r a b ic :



                                                                                                                                                                                                         3
S e e k A l l a h 's H e l p

F i r s t , i t i s i m p e r a t i v e t o s e e k A lla h 's h e lp in t h is m a t t e r b y m a k i n g d u 'a t o H i m .

A lla h 's M e s s e n g e r ( ‫و‬    ‫ا‬                                  ) s a id : “ I n d e e d , w h o e v e r d o e s n o t a s k A lla h (                                                  ) ,
 H e b e c o m e s a n g r y w ith h im                              .” [2 ]

    A n d i b n ‘A b   b a s re p o   rt      s th a t    th e      P r     o p h e t ( ‫و‬              ‫ا‬         ) in s t    ru c   te        d h     im , s a        y in g : “   W      h e n
   y o u a s k , th      e n a s k      A      lla h ,   a n d         w      h e n y o u s e e k      h e l   p , th e      n s     e       e k      h e lp          in A lla         h . A n d
  k n o w th a t        if th e u     m         m a h     w e      r e       to g a th e r to b       e n e     fit y o     u w          i   th      s o m e          th in g ,        th e y
w o u ld n o t          b e n e fit       y    o u e x     c e p     t     w ith s o m e th in           g A    lla h h       a s      a      lr e     a d y w          r itte n        fo r
 y o u .” [3 ]

 A n d t h is i s t h e r e a s o n w h y t h e s e r v a n t o f A lla h r e c i t e s i n e v e r y r a k 'a h o f e v e r y p r a y e r , t h e
  v e r s e f r o m S u r a h a l -F a t i h a h : “ Y o u A l o n e w e w o r s h i p , a n d f r o m Y o u a l o n e w e s e e k
h e lp .”

K n o w in g W           h a t Y o u 'r e U p A g a i n s t

L e a r n in g a n y la n g u a g e e n c o m p a s s e s tw o m a in fa c e ts :

   * U n d e r s ta n d in g th e g r a m                            m      a r .
    * G a in in g V o c a b u la r y .

T h e g r a m m a r is th e s c h e m e a c c o r d in g to                          w h ic h t     h e la n g u a g w         o rk s         . A n y          g o     o d te x tb o o k w ill
   p e r fo r m tw o ta s k s : te a c h in g y o u th e g r a m                      m a r a n      d a d e c e n t a m          o u n          t o f v      o c     a b u la r y . T h e
    m o s t im p o r ta n t c r ite r io n fo r ju d g in g a n y                     te x tb o o     k is its a b ility          to h          e lp y      o u          u n d e rs ta n d th e
     g r a m m a r o f th e la n g u a g e . O n c e y o u k n o w                      h o w th       e la n g u a g e w       o rk s            a n d      b e     c o m e
  c o m fo r ta b le w ith th e c o n s tr u c tio n s it u s e                     s , y o u w        ill b e a b le to      u n lo           c k th      e d          o o r to
 u n d e r s ta n d in g th e la n g u a g e .

      W ith r e g a r d s to v o c a b u la r y , it is im p o r ta n                  t to n o te th a t n o a m o u n t o f te x tb o o k s c a n e v e r
     g iv e y o u a s u ffic ie n t a m o u n t o f v o c a b u la r y                     to b e p r o fic ie n t in th e A r a b ic la n g u a g e . N o
    m a tte r w h a t te x tb o o k y o u u s e , o d d s a re th                        a t y o u w ill p r o b a b ly n o t le a r n m o r e t h a n a 1 ,0 0 0
   o r 2 ,0 0 0 w o r d s . W h e n y o u c o n s id e r t h a t t                    h e n a tiv e s p e a k e r w h o r e a d s A r a b ic b o o k s
  p r o fic ie n tly h a s s p e n t a life tim e a m a s s in g                          a r u n n in g v o c a b u la r y o f a n y w h e r e fr o m 1 0 ,0 0 0
t o 2 0 ,0 0 0 w o r d s if n o t m o r e , y o u m u s t u n                           d e r s ta n d th a t m e r e ly s tu d y in g a te x tb o o k o n
 A r a b ic fo r a fe w h o u r s e v e r y w e e k o r e v e r y                          m o n th is n o t a s u b s titu te fo r a life tim e o f
im m e r s io n .

 H e n c e , le a r n in g th e b a s ic g r a m m a r th a t y o                         u w ill n e e d to b e a p r              o fic ie n t r e a d e r o f A r a b ic
    b o o k s is e a s y , a n d m a n y I k n o w h a v e le a r n                     e d it in a s little a s th r                 e e , fo u r m o n th s . O n c e y o u
  h a v e fin is h e d th e b a s ic te x tb o o k th a t y o u h                          a v e s tu d ie d , y o u w ill             h a v e to c o n tin u e w ith
   w o r k in g o n a m a s s in g v o c a b u la r y . T h e r e is                     n o s p e c ific b o o k o n e              c a n r e a d fo r th is . T h e o n ly
     w a y t o a t t a in t h is o b je c t iv e is t o s im p ly s t a                r t r e a d in g s im p le b o o                 k s w ith a d ic tio n a r y a lw a y s
       in h a n d a n d lo o k in g u p th e w o r d s y o u d o n                          o t k n o w , fin a lly w o r k               in g u p to m o r e d iffic u lt
      b o o k s . A t tim e s , th is w ill b e d iffic u lt, b u t a                 s lo n g a s y o u a r e d ilig                    e n t, y o u w ill fin d th e e ffo r t
p a y s o ff.




                                                                                                                                                                                                     4
             I t is im p o r ta n t to r e m e m b e r th a t th e m o s t im p o r ta n t o b je c tiv e is to le a r n to u n d e r s ta n d th e
            Q u r 'a n . S o , i n o r d e r t o u n d e r s t a n d t h e Q u r 'a n , o n e n e e d s k n o w le d g e o f t h e v o c a b u la r y o f
          t h e Q u r 'a n a lo n g w i t h a b a s ic k n o w le d g e o f g r a m m a r . I t i s v e r y h i g h ly r e c o m m e n d e d
           t h e r e f o r e t h a t a t w h a t e v e r s t a g e y o u a r e a t , y o u m a k e i t a p o i n t t o s t u d y t h e Q u r 'a n . T a k e
         S u r a h a l -B a q a r a h o r A a l ‘ I m r a n , w h i c h e v e r y o u p r e f e r , a n d s t u d y i t c l o s e l y . L i s t e n t o i t
        d a ily , in th e c a r , a t h o m e . R e a d fr o m it d a ily , r e a d its tr a n s la tio n , if p o s s ib le , its ta fs ir a s
       w e ll. D o n o t le t y o u r s e lf b e d is tr a c te d a n d m o v e o n to o th e r th in g s , n o t e v e n o th e r p a r ts o f
      t h e Q u r 'a n . L is t e n t o t h e o n e s u r a h y o u h a v e c h o s e n c o n s t a n t ly a n d c o n t i n u o u s ly . A n d r e a d
       th a t o n e s u r a h c o n s ta n tly . W ith in m o n th s , s im p ly b y d o in g th is , y o u w ill fin d th a t y o u h a v e
     p ic k e d u p m o s t o f its v o c a b u la r y . I n fa c t, y o u w ill b e s u r p r is e d to le a r n th a t if y o u s tu d y a l-
    B a q a r a h o r A a l ‘I m r a n i n t h is m a n n e r , y o u w i ll h a v e g a i n e d e n o u g h v o c a b u la r y t o
   u n d e r s t a n d la r g e p o r t i o n s o f t h e Q u r 'a n . A g a i n , I m u s t e m p h a s i z e , u s e t h e lo n g s u r a h s
  b e c a u s e th e y r e ly m o r e o n c o m m o n ly r e p e a te d w o r d s th a n th e s h o r te r s u r a h s d o , s o
s t u d y i n g t h e m w i l l b e e a s i e r a n d o f g r e a t e r b e n e f i t t h a n s a y s t u d y i n g J u z ' ‘ A m m a (t h e 3 0 t h
 J u z ') .

  K e e p in         m in d , e      a c h a r e a h a s its o w n s e le c                t v      o c     a b u la r y , if y o u            w a n t     to       u n    d e r     s ta n    d th        e
 Q u r 'a n ,        th e r e is        a c e r ta in s e t o f v o c a b u la r          y t     h a      t w ill c o m e in t             o p la y         in      d o     in g      th a   t. If     y o u
w a n t to          u n d e rs t      a n d th e H a d ith o f th e P r o                   p h      e t     ( ‫و‬              ‫ا‬                 ) th e r   e      is a       c e r    ta in     v o c     a b u la r y
  fo r d o in      g th a t. I      f y o u w a n t to u n d e rs ta n d                     th    e w        r itin g s o f th e            s c h o la      rs   , th      e re      a re    c e r t    a in s e ts
   o f v o c a b      u la r y fo      r d o in g th a t.

   A fte r     th e Q      u r 'a n ,   th e n      e x t m o s t im p o r ta n t               th in g to u n                 d e r s ta n d is th e S u n                  n a h        o f th e
  P ro p     h e t (          ‫و‬             ‫ا‬          ) . P r o b a b ly th e b e s         t b o o k to re                  a d fo r th a t is R iy a d                   h u s        -S a l i h i n o f
  Im a m         a n -N      a w a w    i. T h e        A r a b ic / E n g lis h D a           r -u s -S a l a m                e d itio n is a v a ila b le                   o n      o u r w e b s ite .
 R e a d       th e A     r a b ic a     n d th       e tr a n s la tio n . F o r y           o u U rd u re                 a d e rs , fre t n o t, w e h                     a v e      it in
A ra b       ic / U r d     u a s w       e ll. T    h is w ill h e lp to g a in                 s o m e o f th              e a d d itio n a l v o c a b u                    la r y      y o u n e e d .

F in a lly , m o v in g o n to b o o k s o f th e s c h o la r s . I t is b e s t to s ta r t w ith e a s y b o o k s , s o h e r e is a
lis t o f b o o k s th a t I s u g g e s t fo r th e b e g in n e r to r e a d :

            * K a s h f u s h S h u b u h a t , b y M u h a m                           m a d ib n ‘A b d u l W a h h a b . T h is i s a v e r y b a s ic , s h o r t
     b o o k r e la te d to S h ir k .
          * A l -U s o o l a t h -T h a l a t h a h , a l s o b y                        i b n ‘A b d u l W a h h a b . A b a s i c s h o r t b o o k r e l a t e d t o
  th e fu n d a m e n ta ls o f th e r e lig io n .
         * N e x t, o n e s h o u ld m o v e o n to S h a r h                             T h a la t h a t il U s o o l , th e e x p la n a tio n b y S h a y k h
    i b n ‘U t h a y m e e n o f t h e p r e v i o u s b o o k .
           * T h e n e x t b o o k o n th e lis t to r e a d is K                           ita      b u t      -T a w        h id b y Im a m ib                      n ‘A        b d u l W a h           h a b ,
   a l o n g w i t h a l -Q a w l u l -M u f i d , S h a y k h i b                       n ‘U         th a y    m e e n       's v e r y b e n e f i c i a              l e x   p la n a tio n           o f it.
  T h is is a lo n g e r b o o k a n d s ta r ts to g e t in                             to m         o re     c o m p        lic a te d m a tte r s ,                 b u t       it is in th e            u s u a l
s i m p le s t y le o f i b n ‘U t h a y m e e n w h ic h m                               a k e     s h is       b o o k     s s o b e n e fic ia l a n                   d s    o e a s y to
 u n d e r s ta n d . A n d th is w o n d e r fu l b o o k is                              w it   h o u t         e q u a   l c o n c e r n in g th e                    to p    ic o f T a w h          id a n d
  is a m u s t fo r e v e r y o n e w h o c a r e s a b o u t                           h is       D e e n         .

   R e m e m b e r to a            lw a y     s k e e p       y o u r d ic       tio n a r y h a n d y w             h ile        re a d     in g th e      s e b       o o k s to           lo o k     u p
 w o rd s y o u d o n             o t k n       o w . Y o        u m a y n       o t lik e it, b u t in              th e      e n d ,      th a t is      th e       o n ly w a            y to b       u ild
  y o u r v o c a b u la r       y a n d          u n d e r     s ta n d in     g . T h e s e b o o k s a            re p       a r tic    u la r ly g       o o d       to s ta r        t o ff w         ith d u e
  to th e s im p le la             n g u a     g e a n d          s ty le e m     p lo y e d b y b o th               Im a       m M        u h a m m          a d     i b n ‘A b          d u l W        a h h a b
a n d S h a y k h ib n               ‘U t h      a y m e e     n in th e        ir w r itin g s .



                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5
K n o w in g th e B o o k s Y o u W                        ill B e U s in g

 F ir s t, y o u m u s t c h o o s e a te x tb o o k to u s e . T h e r e a r e m a n y o u t th e r e , b u t h e r e , o n ly th r e e
s h a ll b e d is c u s s e d :

                                   * T h e A r a b i c C o u r s e f o r E n g l i s h S p e a k i n g S t u d e n t s , (c o m m o n l y r e f e r r e d t o a s
                             “ T h e M a d in a h B o o k s .” W e c a n o b t a in it f o r y o u if y o u w a n t , c a ll u s .) b y D r . V . A b d u r -
                           R a h im . T h is th r e e b o o k s e t is e s s e n tia lly th e s a m e a s th e b o o k s u s e d in th e U n iv e r s ity o f
                            M a d in a h A r a b ic P r o g r a m . T h e o n ly d iffe r e n c e is th a t a n E n g lis h k e y h a s b e e n a d d e d fo r
                           th e le s s o n s in th e fir s t tw o b o o k s . M o s t o f y o u h a v e p r o b a b ly h e a r d o f it. T h is s e t h a s th e
                          a d v a n t a g e t h a t i t p la c e s h e a v y e m p h a s i s o n Q u r 'a n i c a n d H a d i t h v o c a b u la r y . H o w e v e r , t h i s
                          is n o t in a n d o f its e lf a g o o d r e a s o n to b u y th is b o o k s e t. I f y o u d o n o t h a v e s o m e o n e w h o
                         w ill b e te a c h in g y o u , y o u a r e p r o b a b ly g o in g to h a v e a h a r d tim e le a r n in g fr o m th e s e b o o k s
                        e v e n w ith th e k e y s to th e le s s o n s in th e b a c k . T h e y w e r e s im p ly n o t d e s ig n e d fo r s e lf
                        te a c h in g . I n fa c t, th e le s s o n s th e m s e lv e s a r e c o m p le te ly in A r a b ic . T h e k e y s in th e b a c k a r e
                       h e lp fu l n o d o u b t, b u t fo r s o m e o n e w h o w a n ts to le a r n o n h is o w n , th e y a r e n o t s u ffic ie n t. I f
                     y o u h a v e s o m e o n e w h o w ill b e te a c h in g y o u o n th e o th e r h a n d , th e s e b o o k s w o r k
                      e x c e lle n tly . A g a in , th is is n o t to s a y th a t y o u c a n n o t le a r n A r a b ic o n y o u r o w n fr o m th e s e
                    b o o k s . I t is p o s s ib le . I k n o w a n u m b e r o f b r o th e r s w h o h a v e d o n e s o , b u t it is m u c h b e tte r
                    to u s e a b o o k th a t w a s o r ig in a lly d e s ig n e d fo r E n g lis h r e a d e r s . I f y o u a r e g o in g to u s e th is
                 b o o k , w h ic h m a n y o f y o u n o d o u b t w ill s in c e its p r o b a b ly a lr e a d y c o lle c tin g d u s t o n y o u r
                   s h e lf, th e n I h ig h ly r e c o m m e n d y o u u s e a g r a m m a r a id a s a r e fe r e n c e b e c a u s e I fin d th a t
                  m a n y p e o p le w h o g o th r o u g h th e fir s t tw o b o o k s c o m e o u t w ith a n e e d fo r m o r e g r a m m a r .
                                  * M o d e r n S t a n d a r d A r a b i c , b y P e t e r A b b o u d . T h i s b o o k i s d i v i d e d i n t o a t w o -v o l u m e
                s e t. I t h a s b e e n u s e d a t m a n y u n iv e r s itie s a r o u n d A m e r ic a . I t is v e r y th o r o u g h in its
              c o v e r a g e o f g r a m m a r a n d in p r o v id in g d r ill m a te r ia l to h e lp d r iv e th e c o n c e p ts h o m e . I t
               a ls o h a s a g o o d s e c tio n a t th e b e g in n in g o n le a r n in g h a n d w r itin g a n d p r o n u n c ia tio n . I f y o u
             g e t ju s t t h e fir s t v o lu m e a n d g o t h r o u g h t h a t , it w ill g iv e y o u m o s t o f w h a t y o u n e e d , b u t if
            y o u b u y th e s e c o n d o n e , th a t w o u ld b e b e tte r . T h is is a v e r y g o o d b o o k w e r e it n o t fo r th e
         o b s c u r e lin g u is tic te r m in o lo g y th a t th e a v e r a g e r e a d e r w ill fin d d iffic u lt to d e c o d e o n h is
          o w n . I f u s e d a lo n g w i t h a g r a m m a r a i d s u c h a s W i g h t w ic k 's , w h ic h s h a ll b e d i s c u s s e d
           s h o r tly , y o u m ig h t fin d th a t p r o b le m to b e a s u r m o u n ta b le o n e . T h is b o o k is b y n o m e a n s
         fla s h y . I t is n o t fu ll o f p ic tu r e s a n d fla s h y p r in t lik e th e o th e r b o o k s th a t a r e o u t th e r e , b u t if
        y o u a r e a b le to g o th r o u g h it fu lly , y o u w ill c o m e o u t w ith a g o o d g r a s p o f A r a b ic g r a m m a r ,
        in s h a a A lla h . A n d it is c e r ta in ly c h e a p e r th a n m u c h o f w h a t is o u t th e r e . I m y s e lf le a r n e d
       A r a b ic fr o m th e fir s t v o lu m e o f th is b o o k . T h is b o o k h a s a ta p e s e t th a t is s u p p o s e d to g o
      w ith it, b u t y o u a r e s u p p o s e d to w r ite to th e p u b lis h e r to r e q u e s t th e m , I a m n o t s u r e if th e y
     e v e n s till m a k e th e m a v a ila b le . C o n s e q u e n tly , I n e v e r b o th e r e d to g e t th e m .
                                 * A h la n w a S a h la n , b y M a h d i A lo s h . T h is is a n o th e r b o o k th a t is u s e d a s a u n iv e r s ity
    t e x t b o o k in A m e r ic a . M o s t w ill fin d it e a s ie r a s it is fille d w ith illu s t r a t io n s a n d h a s a m o r e
  “ u s e r -f r i e n d l y ” a p p r o a c h w h e r e a s p e o p l e c o m p l a i n a b o u t t h e A b b o u d b o o k b e c a u s e o f i t s
   “ d r y ,” a c a d e m ic s t y le a n d d iffic u lt y . T h is b o o k u t iliz e s s im p le r , e a s ie r t o u n d e r s t a n d
  te r m in o lo g y fo r g r a m m a r a s w e ll a s h a v in g th e a d d e d b e n e fit o f u s in g th e A r a b ic g r a m m a r
  te r m s . I t h a s a n e x te n s iv e ta p e / C D s e t to g o w ith th e le s s o n s a s w e ll. I f y o u a r e g o in g to
  te a c h y o u r s e lf, G E T T H E T A P E S , G E T T H E T A P E S , G E T T H E T A P E S . I f y o u h a v e n o t
 g o tte n th e id e a y e t, I m e a n G E T T H E T A P E S . T h e tr u th is , s o m e p e o p le c a n d o w ith o u t th e
t a p e s o r C D 's , b u t f o r m a n y , h a v i n g a u d i o r e in f o r c e m e n t o f w h a t e v e r t h e y a r e l e a r n i n g i s



                                                                                                                                                                             6
e s s e n tia l. T h is b o o k h a s th e d r a w b a c k o f b e in g e x p e n s iv e , e s p e c ia lly w h e n th r o w in g in th e
  c o s t o f th e C D s e t, h o w e v e r it d o e s h a v e a n u m b e r o f a d v a n ta g e s o v e r th e A b b o u d b o o k
 w h i c h m a k e i t m o r e f e a s i b l e f o r u s e a s a t e a c h -y o u r s e l f t e x t b o o k .

A lm o s t a       n y      te x tb o     o k c a n         b e u s e d      p r     o v id e d it g iv e s y o u th e p r o p e r b a c k g r o u n d in g e ttin g
 th e g ra m        m a     r d o w      n a n d s        o m e v o c       a b       u la r y , th e im p o r ta n t th in g is th a t y o u b e a b le to g o
 th ro u g h       it a   n d u n       d e rs ta n        d it p r o p        e r      ly . A s e a c h p e r s o n is d iffe r e n t, n o o n e c a n d e c id e
 d e fin itiv     e ly     w h ic h        w ill fit         b e s t fo r     y o      u .

T h e n e x t m o s t im p o r ta n t to o l fo r le a r n in g A r a b ic is th e d ic tio n a r y y o u u s e . T h e r e a r e tw o
 th a t a re re c o m m e n d e d :

             * A r a b i c -E n g l i s h D i c t i o n a r y : T h e H a n s W e h r D i c t i o n a r y o f M o d e r n W r i t t e n A r a b i c .
     T h is d ic tio n a r y is th e b e s t th e r e is . P e r io d . I t is e x tr e m e ly th o r o u g h in th e v o c a b u la r y it
      c o v e r s . I ts g r e a te s t a d v a n ta g e is a ls o its g r e a te s t d r a w b a c k . T h e w o r d s a r e o r g a n iz e d
       a lp h a b e tic a lly a c c o r d in g to th e ir r o o t le tte r s . K n o w in g th e r o o ts h e lp s o n e to g a in a b e tte r
        u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e w o r d s d e r iv e d . I t is a p r o b le m , h o w e v e r , fo r b e g in n e r s a s th e y w ill
    h a v e tr o u b le fin d in g th e w o r d th e y a r e lo o k in g fo r a t tim e s u n til th e y fig u r e o u t h o w to fin d
    th e r o o ts . A n d th a t is w h y th e y n e e d :
            * A l - M a w r i d , b y R u h i a l -B a ' a l b a k i . T h i s d i c t i o n a r y i s o r g a n i z e d i n a s i m p l e r m a n n e r
  a c c o r d in g to b a s ic a lp h a b e tic a l o r d e r . T h is m a k e s w o r d e a s y to fin d . T h e d r a w b a c k
 h o w e v e r is th a t th e d e fin itio n s a r e n o t v e r y th o r o u g h . I f y o u w a n t to tr u ly le a r n th e A r a b ic
   l a n g u a g e , r e l y o n t h e H a n s W e h r d i c t i o n a r y . A l -M a w r i d s h o u l d b e o n l y a s t h e l a s t r e s o r t . I
c a ll t h i s “ t h e c h e a t e r 's d i c t i o n a r y .” S u r e , y o u w i ll f i n d t h e w o r d s , b u t i f y o u c a n n o t a c c e s s
th e H a n s W e h r , y o u c a n n o t r e a lly a c c e s s th e A r a b ic L a n g u a g e . Y o u h a v e b e e n w a r n e d .

    A n o th e r a id y o u w              ill w a n t is A r a b ic V e r b s a n d E s s e n t ia ls o                                          f G r a m m a r : A P r a c tic a l
   G u id e to th e M a                     s t e r y o f A r a b ic b y J a n e W ig h tw ic k a n d M a                                           h m o u d G a a fa r . G o in g
    th r o u g h th is b o o k             w ill r e a lly h e lp y o u w ith g e ttin g th e fu n d a m e                                       n ta ls o f g r a m m a r d o w n
  s o lid ly . I t is p r o b a          b ly a g o o d id e a to g o th r o u g h th is th o r o u g h ly                                           o n c e a s a r e v ie w .
 A fte rw a rd s , y o u w                ill p r o b a b ly w a n t to r e fe r b a c k to it to c h e c k c                                      e r ta in th in g s u n til th e y g e t
   in g r a in e d in y o u r           m e m o r y . T h is b o o k a ls o h a s a h e lp fu l e x p la n a                                         tio n a b o u t th e o r g a n iz a tio n
o f d ic tio n a r ie s s u c             h a s H a n s W e h r 's D i c t i o n a r y w h i c h w i ll h e lp                                   in u s in g it m o r e e ffe c tiv e ly .

   T h e r e is   o n e fin a         l n o te          I w o u ld li k e t o m a k e w it h r e g a r d s t o t r a n s la t i o n s o f t h e Q u r 'a n . I f
  y o u a re g     o in g to        b e s tu          d y i n g t h e Q u r 'a n , t h e n t h e b e s t t r a n s la t i o n t o u s e i s p r o b a b ly t h e
 S a h e e h        I n te r n       a tio n           a l t r a n s la t io n . I ts la n g u a g e is s im p le a n d flo w s w e ll w h ile b e in g
a c c u ra te      in tr a n s         la tio n   .

    A n o th e r b o        o k y o u m ig h t w a n t to u s e is E                           a s y D         ic tio      n a r y o f       th e        Q u r 'a         n o f      A b d u l K a re e m
     P a re k h . T h      is b o o k fo llo w s th e o r d e r o f th                        e Q u r      'a n a n         d lis ts e a     c h w         o rd th       e fir s       t tim e it
  a p p e a r s in         t h e Q u r 'a n , g i v in g a s i m p le d e                       fin itio     n o f t      h e w o rd .        B y t     h e tim         e y o u           a re d o n e
   w ith S u r a t        a l -B a q a r a h , y o u w i l l h a v e l e a r                n e d ¼              o f th      e Q u r 'a n     's v o      c a b u la       ry . T     h a t 's a c t u a lly
 m o re th a n           it s o u n d s w h e n y o u c o n s id e r t                       h a t m       o s t o f          th o s e w o     rd s    a re a m            o n g s      t th e m o s t
 fr e q u e n tly       o c c u r r i n g w o r d s in t h e Q u r 'a n                         . T h is      b o o k        is a r e la t   iv e ly        c h e a p        a n d       h a n d y to o l fo r
 le a r n in g th        e m e a n i n g s o f t h e Q u r 'a n .
P itfa lls to A              v o id

U n fo r tu n a te ly , m a n y b r o th e r s fin d th a t th e y h it a b r ic k w a ll in te r m s o f le a r n in g A r a b ic in



                                                                                                                                                                                                             7
     s p ite o f h a v in g m a d e s o m e e ffo r t to le a r n . O fte n tim e s , th is is m o r e a m a tte r o f h o w                                                th e y
     tr ie d to le a r n th a n o f h o w h a r d th e y tr ie d to le a r n . M a n y b r o th e r s w ill tr y a n d s tu d                                            y s o m e
    o f t h e s t a n d a r d A r a b i c t e x t s f o r l e a r n i n g g r a m m a r s u c h a s a l -A j r u m i y y a h . W h i l e a                                l-
  A j r u m i y y a h i s a b e n e f i c i a l b o o k w i t h o u t a d o u b t , s t u d y i n g a n d m a s t e r i n g a l -A j r u m                                iy y a h
   a n d o th e r te x ts lik e it is n o t e n o u g h to b e a b le to u n d e r s ta n d th e A r a b ic la n g u a g e .
 R e m e m b e r , a ll y o u r e a lly n e e d to g e t s ta r te d is a n u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e b a s ic w o r k                                            in g s o f
A r a b ic g r a m m a r . M u c h m o r e im p o r ta n t is g a in in g th e v o c a b u la r y .

  W e m u s t k e e p in m in d th a t th o s e w h o u s u a lly s tu d y th e s e g r a m m a r te x ts a r e A r a b s . T h e y
 h a v e s p o k e n A r a b ic th e ir w h o le liv e s . T h e y a r e a lr e a d y c a p a b le o f r e a d in g a n d
u n d e r s ta n d in g b o o k s in A r a b ic .

     O n c e , I r a n in to a b r o th e r w h o w a s a s k in g m e fo r a d v ic e o n le a r n in g A r a b ic . H e h a d s o m e
          u n d e r s ta n d in g , b u t w a s u n a b le to r e a d b o o k s . W h e n I a s k e d h im w h e r e e x a c tly h e w a s in
         t e r m s o f h i s A r a b i c , h e b e g a n t o e x p l a i n t o m e h o w h e h a d s t u d i e d a l -A j r u m i y y a h t w i c e
        w it h h is “ s h a y k h .” A n d n o w h e w a s g o in g t o b e s t u d y in g s o m e o t h e r g r a m m a r t e x t w it h h im ,
      y e t h e c o u ld n o t e v e n r e a d b o o k s . I n itia lly , w h e n I tr ie d to a d v is e h im th a t h e s h o u ld w o r k
       o n h is v o c a b u la r y a n d n o t r e a lly w o r r y a n y m o r e a b o u t g r a m m a r , h e r e m o n s tr a te d , “ N o ,
           y o u s e e , I 'm s t u d y in g i t w i t h m y s h a y k h .” I k e p t t e lli n g h i m , “ Y e s , b u t I h a v e n e v e r s t u d i e d
    i t a t a ll a n d I r e a d Q u r 'a n , t h e b o o k s o f H a d i t h , t h e b o o k s o f t h e s c h o la r s s u c h a s i b n
   T a y m i y y a h a n d i b n u l -Q a y y i m , ” b u t h e w o u l d o n l y r e s p o n d w i t h , “ N o , y o u s e e , I a m
  s t u d y in g it w ith a s h a y k h .” F in a lly , a ft e r a le n g t h y e x c h a n g e fille d w it h th e r e fr a in “ b u t I
 a m s t u d y in g it w it h a s h a y k h ,” h e fin a lly b e g a n t o r e a liz e t h a t h is r e a l d e fic ie n c y w a s in
v o c a b u la r y .

    T h is is a d                ile m m a th a t m a n y             b r o th e r s fa ll in to . T h     e y w ill s tu d        y d iffe r e n t g r a m         m a r te x ts in
     th e ir q u e s           t to im p r o v e th e ir           A r a b ic . T h e y w ill s o m         e tim e s e v e n           k n o w fa r m o re          g ra m m a r
    th a n I c o u               ld e v e r k n o w o r c a          re to k n o w e v e n , y e t t      h e y c a n h a r         d ly p ic k u p a b o         o k a n d re a d .
   R e m e m b e                r , b e y o n d a r u d im        e n ta r y u n d e r s ta n d in g           o f th e g ra m         m a r , w h a t y o u     r e a lly n e e d is
   to d e v e lo p                 v o c a b u la r y . R e a d      b a s ic b o o k s w ith th e       a s s is ta n c e o          f th e H a n s W e h         r d ic tio n a r y
  a n d in tim                   e y o u w ill fin d th a           t y o u h a v e m a d e tre m            e n d o u s p ro        g r e s s , if A lla h w      ills . T h is m a y
 s e e m a te d                   io u s w a y to le a r n        th e la n g u a g e ; th a t is b           e c a u s e it is   . H o w e v e r , it is       a ls o th e o n ly
w a y .

F o o tn o te s

        1 . S e e   S a          h i h M u s l i m (n o . 8 6 7 , 8 6 8 ) .
      2 . R e p         o r    t e d b y a t -T i r m i d h i (n o . 3 3 7 3 )        , i b n M a j a h (n o . 3 8 2 7 ) , A h m a d (n o . 9 7 0 1 , 9 7 1 9 ,
1 0 1 7 8 ),         a n           d t h i s i s t h e w o r d i n g o f a t -T i r    m i d h i . D e c l a r e d h a s a n b y S h a y k h a l -A l b a n i i n a s -
  S ils ila h          a s     -S a h e e h a h (n o . 2 6 5 4 ) .
       3 . R e p         o r    t e d b y a t -T i r m i d h i (n o . 2 5 1 6 )       a n d h e s a id , “ T h is is a H a s a n S a h ih H a d ith ,” a n d
 b y A h m            a d           (n o . 2 6 6 9 , 2 7 6 3 , 2 8 0 3 ) . S h a y     k h a l -A l b a n i g r a d e d i t S a h i h i n D h i l a l u l -J a n n a h
   (n o . 3 1 6           -3      1 8 ).

S o u r c e : d k h -i s l a m                     .c o m




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