CITY, SUBURB, AND RURAL COMMUNITIES 2003 SchoolMedia, Inc.                                                                                                               TEACHER’S GUIDE

Learning Objectives                                                             minutes’ drive. Usually, rural areas do not have places to
                                                                                shop; people have to drive to a town to find stores where
                                                                                                                                               2)   Where do you want to live? After viewing the video,
                                                                                                                                                    draw three concentric circles on the board. Label the
1)      Know that a community is a place where people live, work,               they can buy food, clothing, and other items.                       innermost circle “City,” label the middle circle “Suburb,”
        and play.                                                            e) Transportation: Cities have a lot of roads to handle the            and label the outermost circle “Rural Area.” Then, have
                                                                                many cars that are moving about. Still, city roads are often        the students come up to the board and write their names in
2)      Identify the three types of communities discussed in the                very busy with automobile traffic. However, cities do have          the circle that represents the community in which they
        video. A city is a busy community made up of many                       buses, trains, and/or subways, which help to decrease the           want to live. Read the names in each circle, and ask the
        different neighborhoods. A suburb is a community that                   number of cars. Suburbs tend to have less traffic because           students to tell the class why they prefer the community
        surrounds a city. Suburbs tend to be more spacious and                  of their lower population. Suburban traffic can become              they chose; they should use examples from the video as
        have a lower concentration of people. Rural communities                 congested as people are driving to and from work or                 their support.
        surround the suburbs, and they are made up of farmland                  school. In rural communities traffic is not busy. They do
        and spacious country. A rural community (or “the                                                                                       3)   Community report: Have the class draw pictures, make
                                                                                not have as many roads as in cities and suburbs because
        country”) is not home to large numbers of people.                                                                                           dioramas, or put together collages that represent the
                                                                                they don’t need them.
                                                                                                                                                    communities they call home. When the projects are
3)      Explain the contrasting characteristics of each of the three         f) Attractions: Many people like the city because there are a
                                                                                                                                                    complete, each student should tell the class about his/her
        types of communities.                                                   lot of fun things to do and see. Cities have movie theaters,
                                                                                                                                                    community. The student should answer many questions
                                                                                lots of different restaurants, libraries, museums, operas,
     a) Population concentration: Cities have a high                                                                                                including: What type of community does she live in? Is her
                                                                                plays, and concerts. Some cities even have basketball,
        concentration of people. In fact, thousands-even millions-                                                                                  community busy or quiet? Does she live in a house or an
                                                                                baseball, and/or football teams. In addition, cities tend to
        of people live, work and play within the limits of a city. In                                                                               apartment? Are there any stores nearby? What activities
                                                                                have a lot of culture, because they are home to many
        the suburbs people are spread out, which increases the                                                                                      does she do for fun in her community?
                                                                                different people. Suburbs may not have the same kinds of
        amount of space that can be used for homes, parks, and                  attractions as a city, but they do have more land for parks
        places of business. In rural communities people are really              and natural areas where people can fish, ride their bikes,
        spread out, the nearest neighbor may be miles away. This                play sports, and walk on nature trails. Rural areas have a
        low population concentration allows for a lot of land to                lot of land, which allows people to do things like ride                               Vocabulary
        be used to grow crops or raise animals.                                 horses and raise animals. In fact, many rural children              Apartment — A building divided into many
     b) Jobs: Cities have many different businesses that offer                  belong to 4-H clubs; the children raise horses, cows, and
        many different jobs. Not a lot of business is done in the                                                                                   homes, or a home within an apartment building
                                                                                other animals, and have them compete for prizes at fairs.
        suburbs, so there are not many jobs. Often, people live in           g) Schools: Most communities have schools. However,                    Car pool — An arrangement in which a group
        the suburbs and work in the city. In rural areas people                 cities usually have schools that are within walking distance        of people commute together by car
        usually work on farms or ranches.                                       of where students live. Suburban schools may be spread
     c) Housing: City land is scarce and expensive, therefore,                  farther apart, students may have to ride their bikes or             Neighbor — A person who lives near another
        homes are small and they are built close together. Often,               carpool with their neighbors. Schools in rural                      person
        many homes are contained in one building called an                      communities can be far away from where people live, so
        apartment building. Apartments are home to individuals,                                                                                     Neighborhood — An area that is lived in by
                                                                                the students may have to take the bus to get to school.
        couples, and even entire families. Land in the suburbs is                                                                                   neighbors
        more abundant than in the city, so homes are larger, and                                                                                    Subway — A train that runs under the ground
        they even have yards. There is not a need for many
        apartment buildings in the suburbs. In rural communities        Suggested Activities                                                        Transportation — The movement of people
        houses are few and far between. Property owners have
                                                                        1)      Where do you live? Before viewing the video, ask the                and goods from one place to another
        more than just a yard on which their houses rest; they live
                                                                                students where they think they live (do they live in a city,
        on farms and ranches that can contain many acres of land.
                                                                                suburb, or rural community?). Have them supply reasons
     d) Shopping: Cities have many different places to shop.
                                                                                why they think the way they do. If the students have
        Each neighborhood has its own stores, where neighbors
                                                                                trouble, it’s O.K. After viewing the video, ask the question
        can buy the things they need and want. In fact, some
                                                                                again; they should have no problem labeling the type of
        apartment buildings contain their own grocery stores. The
                                                                                community in which they live.
        suburbs do not have as many places to shop, but they do
        have malls and shopping centers that are within a few

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