The shift of Eurostat to Urban statistics Berthold Feldmann Urban Audit Day 2006 Content of my talk Eurostat‟s mandate Focus on comparability Work on behalf of other Commission users Focus on small area data Urban 2/16 rural Chapter 1 The mandate Urban Audit Day 2006 Our Mandate Eurostat’s mission is to provide the European Union with a high-quality statistical information service. Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions. This is a key task. Democratic societies do not function properly without a solid basis of reliable and objective 4/16 statistics. Urban Audit Day 2006 Eurostat tasks in the domain of regional and urban information Regular collection of regional and urban data from National Statistical Offices Half based on a Regulation/Directive Half based on gentleman agreement Harmonisation of results (as far as possible) Quality control Accuracy, timeliness, comparability, completeness Development of appropriate methodology Satisfy (ad-hoc) user needs, mainly methodological questions 5/16 Urban Audit Day 2006 Quality assurance (1) Relevance Can the Commission and other policy makers make use of the information? Accuracy Do the data show the true evolution of regional economic and social life? Timeliness Is the data up-to-date? Clarity more stringent definition of variables; clear 6/16 classifications? Urban Audit Day 2006 Quality assurance (2) Comparability Comparability with national data; comparability over time Coherence International standards and conventions? Other data collections? Completeness Exhaustive picture of reality? 7/16 Urban Audit Day 2006 Comparability Eurostat‟s main role is to process and publish comparable statistical information at European level. We try to arrive at a common statistical „language‟ that embraces concepts, methods, structures and technical standards The bottom line is we try to provide you with data that are comparable because apples have to be compared with apples - not with pears… 8/16 Chapter 2 The stakeholders Urban Audit Day 2006 Our main client: the Commission DG DG Environment REGIO DG Transport DG Enterprise DG Employment 10/16 DG Agriculture Chapter 3 Small area statistics Urban Audit Day 2006 Regional Statistics Traditionally orientated to the regional classification NUTS (3 levels) Main purpose: eligibility criteria for Structural Funds (GDP/head) Collection of comparable statistics for many economic and social domains, mainly at NUTS level 2 Partly base on legislation, often voluntary data 12/16 transmission Urban Audit Day 2006 Why Urban Statistics ? “Cohesion” is the basis of Regional EU Policy, aiming at fewer disparities between European regions Cities (urban agglomerations) play a specific and important role in this policy goal Hence: In the mid 90s, the Commission saw a growing need for reliable, quantitative urban data Eurostat was commissioned by DG REGIO to carry out the Urban Audit project Until then, no comparable urban statistics existed at a EU 13/16 level, very little at national levels Urban Audit Day 2006 Focus on small area data Start of the Urban Audit in 1999 UA declared “core business” by Eurostat end of 2004 Growing demand for small area data might in future be satisfied with grid data The other side of the coin: a pilot project to collect “quality of life” indicators for rural 14/16 areas started in 2005 Urban Audit Day 2006 Outlook Regular Urban Audit data collection every 3 years Increased focus on quality assurance Comparability is the key quality aspect for Eurostat Legislation? 15/16 Thanks for listening ! Any Questions ? Any questions?
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