Storm Water Pollution Prevention Training Storm Water, Just Passing Through Authorship and Disclaimer This training presentation on Storm Water Pollution Prevention is provided by the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services to aid Solid Waste facilities in compliance with the requirements of the USEPA’s NPDES Storm Water Program. It is not intended to be all inclusive. Facilities should modify it to make it site specific and appropriate to their own storm water plan. The information contained in this presentation is based on our understanding of the regulations. We can make no guarantee that it will meet the requirements of a regulatory agency. For comments, questions and suggestions, please contact Don Maurer, NHDES, 271-2928 or firstname.lastname@example.org Prevention Plan Training This facility has a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan that requires annual training Training covers: Storm Water Plan overview Spill Response and Notification Proper vehicle fueling techniques Used oil handling procedures Leaking vehicle reporting procedure Household Hazardous Waste handling procedures Universal Waste handling procedures NPDES Phase II NPDES is the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System By March 10, 2003, “Light Industrial” Facilities must: Obtain coverage under the Multisector General Permit (MSGP) or Submit a No Exposure Certification Regulatory History The original focus of NPDES was primarily point sources of pollution such as: Process wastewater from industrial or manufacturing facilities, Sewage treatment plants Regulatory History After 1972, EPA studies showed that a major contribution to surface water pollution was from Non-point sources such as storm water runoff from: Urban Rural Commercial and Industrial areas. So ….. The United States Environmental Protection Agency developed Storm Water Permitting rules that apply to non-point sources All facilities were covered but another rule exempted municipalities until March 2003. Our facility obtained a permit and wrote a plan to comply with the federal regulations. What Do the Regulations Mean in Plain English? “Only Rain in The Drain” No Oils or Chemicals No Concrete or Construction Wastes No Septic Wastes No Sediment ….Only Rain in the Drain Stormwater and Snowmelt Can carry pollutants off your site which can harm the water not just locally. Pollutants can be: Solids like dust and dirt Oils, antifreeze, gasoline, diesel fuel Chemicals like pesticides, fertilizers Road salt Leachates from materials Why bother? Storm water discharges are often the #1 source of ocean, bay, lake, and river pollution in the U.S. Some estimates show storm water contributing as much as 80 percent of the total water pollution in the U.S. One quart of oil can contaminate 250,000 gallons of water. One pint of motor oil can produce an oil slick one acre in size. According to the U.S. EPA, forty percent of all U.S. waters are not fishable or swimmable. Common Sources of Pollution Spilled materials or waste Outdoor welding, cutting, grinding, sanding Outside storage of parts/equipment contaminated with oil, grease or other material Uncovered scrap metal bins at sites that generate scrap metal contaminated with oil, grease or other material Damaged or cracked containment berms/walls Waste water from the washing of vehicles and equipment Open trash dumpsters Storage of drums/containers outside containment areas that could leak or may have spilled material on top of the drum/container Common Sources Of Pollution Common Sources Of Pollution What Can You Do? Control Spills: Spills must be immediately and thoroughly cleaned up. It is important to ensure that adequate spill control equipment is available at industrial sites. Spill response procedures should be in accordance with plans developed for your facility. Properly Handle and Store All Materials and Wastes: Use caution when handling materials and wastes to minimize the chance of spillage. It is also essential that all materials and wastes are stored properly and that exposure to storm water is limited. Wash Vehicles and Equipment in Designated Areas: All vehicles and equipment must be washed in a designated areas such as a car washes. These areas contain the waste water and prevent contact with storm water. What Can You Do? Regularly Inspect Containment Structures: Containment structures, such as spill pallets and secondary containment around tanks, should be inspected regularly to ensure that they are in good condition and emptied after spills or storm events. If these structures are not inspected and emptied when necessary, they may leak or overflow, discharging pollutants into the storm drain system. Cover Trash and Recycling Bins: All trash and recycling bins should be covered to prevent contact with storm water runoff. Trash and recyclable materials, such as scrap metal, may be contaminated with oil, grease, debris, or other potential pollutants. Storm water may become contaminated, if runoff is allowed to flow freely through the bins. What Can You Do? Regularly Inspect Storm Catch Basins and Storm Water Conveyance Systems: It is important to inspect storm drain conveyance systems, including catch basins, to ensure they are free of debris. Over time, catch basins and other conveyance structures can fill with sediment or other debris and clog. If these structures do not drain properly, storm water may back up and result in flooding. If problems are observed, personnel must notify their supervisor or environmental manager. Vehicle Fueling Don’t “top off”. This helps keep overflow off the ground Check for equipment leaks before fueling the vehicles Have a spill kit available, just in case Clean up any spills quickly Report any spills as soon as possible Used Oil Handling BMP Only facility personnel should put used oil in the collection container Containers should be closed and covered when not in use Spills should be reported and cleaned up immediately Check the container for leaks each time you use it Report, contain, repair leaking vehicles immediately Have spill containment equipment available Place drip pans and catch basins under leaks Hazardous/Universal Wastes Best Practices These are best kept indoors. Clean up any broken containers – do not wash out of buildings. Only allow trained staff to handle. Quiz 1. The primary purpose of a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) is to... a. b. c. d. Identify how the amount of hazardous waste generated at your facility can be reduced. Identify sources of storm water pollution and develop BMPs to control those sources. Identify where all the storm drains are at a facility. None of the above Good housekeeping Spill prevention and control Preventative maintenance All of the above 2. Procedural BMPs include... a. b. c. d. Quiz 3. Which of these is not a pollution prevention technique? a. b. Hose down your driveway. Dispose of used motor oil at a recycler, not in the storm drain. 4. Which of the following procedures is generally not considered a source of storm water pollution? a. b. c. d. Outdoor welding, grinding, cutting, sanding Open trash dumpsters Washing vehicles and equipment in a designated area Spilled materials and waste Quiz 5. A Best Management Practice (BMP) is a procedure developed to prevent or reduce the amount of pollution discharged to storm water runoff. True False 6. It is okay to dump mop water onto the ground or into a storm drain. True False Quiz 7. It is only the responsibility of supervisory personnel to implement BMPs. True False 8. Storm water runoff in residential areas also drains directly, without treatment to lakes, rivers and oceans. True False Quiz Industrial facilities are the only source of storm water pollution. True False 10. Oil and grease leaks from forklifts can be a common source of storm water pollution. True False 9. Summary Remember, keep it out of the drain!