APE HISTORY – ENLIGHTENMENT ASSIGNMENT QUESTIONS

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					                AP EUROPEAN HISTORY / ENLIGHTENMENT UNIT
                      Reading ASSIGNM ENT QUESTIONS


                               CANDIDE by Voltaire
Based on your reading of Candide, or Optimism, by Voltaire, thoroughly answer the
questions/prompts below citing to the book for support.

It must be typed, 12 point font and you should bring two copies to class on the due date -
one to turn in and one to use during the discussion.

It must also be turned in to Turnitin.com by midnight of the due date.

   1. Research the life of Voltaire and how he came to write Candide. Explain his
      purpose behind writing Candide. (3 points)

   2. Describe the scene that Voltaire depicts in Chapter 3 when the Bulgars fought the
      Abars. Explain what the message(s) of such a description is? (2 points)

   3. Through Chapter 11, explain 4 examples where Voltaire satirizes religion or
      religious figures. (4 points)

   4. What is the role of Eldorado in the story? What is Voltaire saying about human
      nature? Explain why Candide leaves Eldorado. Explain. (3 points)

   5. Explain why Voltaire created a character like Martin? (2 points)

   6. How is Voltaire’s view of France embodied through the experiences of Candide?
      (3 points)

   7. Explain why Candide feels Count Pococurante is happy. What is your opinion of
      this character? (2 points)

   8. Describe how Voltaire ends the story of Candide and explain why you think the
      book ends as it does? (2 points)

   9. Where do you see the following beliefs held by Voltaire exemplified in Candide:
      a) toleration; 2) rule of law; 3) freedom of opinion. (3 points)

   10. Analyzing 3 female characters depicted in Candide, determine whether Voltaire
       had a sympathetic view or misogynist view of women in 18th century European
       society. (6 points)

   11. What lessons can modern society take from the Candide? Discuss. (3 points)

   12. Prepare 5 open-ended discussion questions for the class to use in its roundtable
       and be prepared to lead the discussion on them. (5 points)

				
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