Three Genres of Romantic Music by zoi14224

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									Three Genres of Romantic Music
   After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
       Define Art Song.
       Define Romance.
       Describe the solo piano music of the Romantic period.
Art Song
   Song for solo voice with piano accompaniment
   Called Lied by the Germans
   Drew from rich body of romantic poetry
   Voice and instrument often share the interpretation
       Piano often plays figures that represent some object or action in the poem


   Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
       Prolific composer of Lieder – over 600 songs
       Composed symphonies, string quartets, sonatas for piano, masses, and operas
Stop and Listen!             (no sound for this slide)
   Erlkönig (The Erlking) (CD 3:12-17) by Franz Schubert
       Listening Guide in text, page 219-221
       Read the plot summary on page 218
The Romance
   Romance often used for short, lyrical pieces for piano or solo instrument with piano
    accompaniment
   Clara Schumann’s Romances for violin and piano loved by King George V of Germany
Stop and Listen!             (no sound for this slide)
   Romance in G Minor for Violin and Piano (CD 3:22-26)
       Listening Guide in text, page 226-227
       Example of romantic chamber music
       ABA’ form (minor-major-minor)
Solo Piano Music
   Many styles and forms during the Romantic period
   Range from lengthy sonatas to short, descriptive pieces
   Composers include Robert Schumann, Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms
Robert Schumann
   Lived from 1810-1856
   Pianist, composer, music critic
   Pieces often in sets or cycles
   Imaginative titles
Stop and Listen!             (no sound for this slide)
   Estrella from Carnaval (CD 3:18-19) by Robert Schumann
       See text, page 223
   Reconnaissance from Carnaval (CD 3:20-21) by Robert Schumann
       See text, page 223-224
Frédéric Chopin
   Born in Poland in 1810, died in Paris, 1849
   Piano virtuoso
   Most works short, character pieces for solo piano
   Occasionally used Polish dance forms in his music (polonaise, mazurka)
The Nocturne
   Nocturne : one of many pieces with descriptive titles for instrumental music
   Usually refers to a slow, lyrical, intimate piece for piano; evocation of late evening

Stop and Listen!             (no sound for this slide)
   Nocturne in E Flat Major (CD 3:27-29) by Frédéric Chopin
       Listening Guide in text, page 229-231
       Great example of romantic music for solo piano
The Étude
   A study piece composed with a specific technical purpose in mind
   Written for all instruments
   Allows performer to practice specific techniques such as scales, arpeggios, particularly
    difficult keys, etc.
Stop and Listen!             (no sound for this slide)
   Étude in C Minor (CD 3:28) by Frédéric Chopin
       Listening Guide in text, page 230-231
       Designed for left hand development

								
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