Renewable energy – alternative to fossil fuels

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					Renewable energy – alternative to fossil fuels?

Stefan Liebing Shell International

www.brdo-co2nference.net

Slide 1

RENEWABLE ENERGY – ALTERNATIVE TO FOSSIL FUELS ?

Stefan Liebing Shell International

November 16, 2007

Slide 2

Growth Energy Demand
RISING GLOBAL ENERGY DEMAND
100= Global primary energy demand 2000
300
HIGH

CHANGING ENERGY MIX
Million barrels oil equivalent per day
400 350 300

200
LOW

250 200

100

150 100 50

0 2000
REST OF THE WORLD OECD
* Shell estimates

0
2025* 2050*
COAL OIL GAS

2000
NUCLEAR LARGE SCALE HYDRO ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES

2025*

Slide 3

The Energy Challenge - ‘Trilemma’
ENERGY DEMAND

•

Could more than double by 2050, as population rises and developing countries expand economies Hydrocarbons will continue to provide the foundation of world energy supply for at least the rest of this century As a result, management of the CO2 footprint is a priority

•

•

Slide 4

Renewables: Pursuing a Competitive Business
BIOFUELS SHELL WIND ENERGY

SHELL HYDROGEN

SHELL SOLAR

Leading in future biofuels

A leading wind operator

World’s largest public transport JV (NL) • Demonstration projects in US, Europe and China

New generation thin film technology (CIS) • Improved efficiency • 20 MW facility under construction

Second-generation • Iogen • Choren

416 MW installed capacity ( (Shell share) NoordZee Wind (50% Shell) • 108 MW • World’s 3rd largest offshore project

Slide 5

Global Wind Energy Resource
SHELL WIND ENERGY

Source: Emerging Energy Research

 Leading wind operator  412 MW installed capacity (Shell share)  NoordZee Wind (50% Shell), 108 MW  FID Mount Storm, West Virginia  Offshore permit London Array
Slide 6

Source: Wired, 2005

Wind Energy: Developer, Owner & Operator

White Deer, Texas 80MW Harburg, Germany 3.6MW

Cabazon Pass, California 41MW

Whitewater Hill, California 61.5 MW

Rock River, Wyoming 50MW

Brazos, Texas 160MW

La Muela, Spain 99MW

Mount Storm, West Virginia under construction 160MW

• •

Total capacity* 845 MW (Shell share: 412MW)

Colorado Green 162MW

Top of Iowa 80MW

NoordzeeWind, Netherlands 108MW
Slide 7

RENEWABLE ENERGY – ALTERNATIVE TO FOSSIL FUELS ?

Stefan Liebing Shell International

November 16, 2007

Slide 8

Leading in Current and Future Biofuels
TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOMORROW
Sunflower Rapeseed Soya Food crops Bio-esters Diesel

CHOREN

Residues

Conversion Biomass to Liquids

Diesel + 2nd generation

Wheat Sweet corn Sugar cane Residues

IOGEN

Enzymatic hydrolysis Cellulose, ethanol

Mogas + 2nd generation

Food crops

Ethanol

Mogas

Slide 9

Noordzeewind
• • • • • • • 3rd largest offshore windpark in the world. Largest windpark (on and offshore) in The Netherlands Developed by Shell and Nuon 36 turbines, 108 MW , 11-18 km offshore Clean power for over 100,000 homes E.g. of good collaboration between Government & industry On time, on budget and to exacting safety standards
Over € 200 million 330,000 – 360,000 MWh/yr or 0.3% of total Dutch electricity consumption

Total construction costs Energy production

CO2 emissions reduction
Number of person-years for construction Number of lost-time accidents Project design life

Over 140 million kg/yr
240 (NZW + BCE + subcontractors) 0 20 years

Slide 10

Shell Hydrogen
Phase

Early Commercial Lighthouse projects Isolated Demo

• World’s largest public transport JV (NL) • Demonstration projects in US, Europe and China H2 Manufacturing

2000

2005

2010

2015

2020

* Industry expectation

Isolated demonstrations: • Learning & Awareness • Operations & Safety Lighthouse projects: • Proof of concepts • Basis for expansion

Refining
SMR Excess H2 Streams

LNG

Coal

E&P

Biomass Solar

Wind

Reforming/Gasification

Electrolysis

Early commercial: • Commercial roll-out • Public-Private Partnerships
Slide 11

CO2 capture and sequestration

Shell Solar: New Generation CIS
 JV with Saint-Gobain in November ‘06  New generation thin film technology (CIS) o Improved efficiency o 20 MW facility under construction
Why CIS? • Highest efficiency of all thin-films: - Shell module has world record efficiency of 13.5 % • Superior energy yield • Better reliability • Low direct materials cost • Uniform appearance / aesthetics Why thin-film?
• • • •

Lower consumption of materials ½ the number of process steps Simplified materials handling Significantly streamlined assembly

Slide 12

Leadership in CO2 Management
MANAGING OUR OWN CO2 EMISSIONS
BASELINE EMISSIONS

ADDRESSING CO2 INTENSITY
• •

Increasing gas and LNG supply CO2 storage / EOR

Improving efficiency Reducing flaring Leading designs CO2 for enhanced oil recovery CO2 storage Renewables offsets CO2 allowance trading

•
• •

Clean coal technologies
Biofuels Renewables & Hydrogen

EXAMPLES Pernis CO2 ZeroGen

REDUCED NET EMISSIONS

Slide 13


				
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