Clean Energy for Sewanee

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					Clean Energy for Sewanee?

Where Are We Now?
• Sewanee consumes lots of energy • 14,049,998 KWh in 2002 • Cost: $1,606,956.21 in 2002 (or approx. $1250/student)

Where Are We Now?
Hydro 7% Nuclear 29% Coal 64%

• Our energy is produced by TVA (TN Valley Authority) • Power content:
– Coal 64% – Nuclear 29% – Hydro 7%

Coal-fired power plants are dirty. They are affecting human health, the environment, and our quality of life…

Paradise, Kentucky

Mountain Top Removal
• • • • Surface coal mining Blasts off mtn. top Dumps excess into valley Economically, culturally, and environmentally destructive • Destroys entire communities throughout Appalachia

Energy & Air Pollution
-Acidifies Lakes and Streams -Forest Damage -Extreme Weather -Reduced Crop Yields -Increased Diseases -Premature Mortality -Lung and Heart Disease -Soil and Water Pollution -Toxic to Humans -Excess in Water Bodies -Harms Aquatic Life -Respiratory Harm -Crop Damage -Reduces visibility in places like the Grt. Smokey Mtns.

NOx, SO2 --> Acid Deposition CO2 --> Climate Change

NOx, SO2 --> Fine Particulates Hg --> NOx --> NOx --> Mercury Deposition Nitrogen Deposition Ozone Smog

NOx, SO2 --> Regional Haze

America’s 10 Most Ozone-Polluted Cities
1. Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA 2. Fresno, CA 3. Bakersfield, CA 4. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA 5. Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX 6. Sacramento-Yolo, CA 7. Merced, CA 8. Atlanta, GA 9. Knoxville, TN 10. Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC

Energy & Air Pollution
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)

7.74 lbs/MWh

108,746.98 lbs

Nitrogen Oxide 3.44 lbs/MWh (NOx) Carbon Dioxide 1,350 lbs/MWh (CO2)

48,331.99 lbs
18,967,495 lbs

QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.

Impacts on Tennessee
• All 16 counties with air quality monitors in Tennessee have an “F” for air quality. • 3.4+ million Tennesseans are at risk for bad air. • In 1999 particulate matter shortened the lives of 1,440 Tennessee residents. • In 1999…
– 4,500 Tennessee residents were admitted for emergency room for ozone-related health effects. – 180,000 asthma attacks were directly attributable to ozone.

What‟s The Solution? Clean, Renewable Energy!
• Energy produced with little environmental impact… • Wind • Solar

Green Power Switch
• TVA renewable energy program • Developed with the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy • Purchase “blocks” of green power • $ funds GPS program and further production of clean, renewable energy

First Commercial Wind Power Plants in the Southeast

Buffalo Mountain- Oliver Springs, TN (near Oak Ridge, TN)
Three 660 kilo-watt turbines. Generate enough electricity to power 400 homes that use an average of 1200 kWh of electricity per month.

Why Sewanee?
• Leading institution in higher education • Signatory of Talloires Declaration • Committed to environmental sustainability • Educational opportunity • Shift markets to make clean energy economically feasible • Remain competitive with other institutions

Other Schools…
American University University of Illinois Carnegie Mellon University Penn State University University at Buffalo (SUNY) University of Wisconsin

Michigan State University
Catholic Univ. of America Concordia University Connecticut College

University of Tennessee
Lewis and Clark University Wesleyan University University of Colorado (Boulder)

Trinity College
Duke University University of Pennsylvania Unity College

Vanderbilt University
UNC Chapel Hill Oberlin College Drexel University

Allegheny College
Bucknell University Dickinson College University of Utah

Swarthmore College
Temple University Maryville College All the Ivy League Schools

Please Support Sewanee’s Purchase Of Green Power!
• 5% by 2005 = $15/student ($19.5K) • 10% by 2006 = $30/student ($39K) • 15% by 2007 = $45/student ($58.5K) • Not much considering what we now spend and the benefits that would result!

Any Questions?

Sewanee Student Assembly Renewable Energy Resolution March 31st, 2004 Concerned  by air pollution and global climate change caused by the use of fossil fuels as an energy source,  that the U.S. emits around one-fifth of the world‟s greenhouse gases and has rejected international initiatives to reduce these emissions,  that the countries with the fewest resources and least ability to adapt are the ones likely to be most severely impacted by the effects of global climate change, such as extreme weather conditions, rising sea-levels, altered agricultural productivity, and increased disease susceptibility, Concerned  that Sewanee currently uses zero percent renewable energy and consumes a large amount of energy each year (14,049,998 KWH in 2002) at a high cost ($1,606,956.21 in 2002, or approximately $1250/student),  that 60% of Sewanee‟s energy is generated by coal-fired power plants,  that burning coal releases sulfur dioxide (a contributor to acid rain and regional haze), carbon dioxide (the principle global-warming gas), nitrogen dioxide (which forms ground-level ozone), and mercury (a known toxic pollutant),  that power plant pollution causes severe health problems for Tennessee residents, Whereas  these impacts may be reduced through use of renewable energy,  renewable energy can now be easily and inexpensively purchased through the Tennessee Valley Authority‟s Green Power Switch Program,  many of our peer institutions, including Duke, UNC-Chapel Hill, Maryville College, Connecticut College, University of Pennsylvania, University of Colorado-Boulder, Carnegie Mellon, and Cornell University have committed to using a percentage of renewable energy,  many other campuses, including Vanderbilt and UT-Knoxville, will likely soon be participating in TVA‟s Green Power Switch Program, Whereas  Sewanee is a leading institution in higher education,  Sewanee has signed the Talloires Declaration, thus committing itself to environmental sustainability and to respond to ecological problems such as energy-related pollution,  it is the duty of the University to address the pressing issues facing our world through responsible strategies that ensure the well being of current and future generations, Be it resolved  that the Sewanee Student Assembly supports the initiative to purchase a percentage of the University‟s energy from renewable sources through an increase in student fees,  that this purchase would take place on a gradated scale of 5% by 2005, 10% by 2006, and 15% by 2007, translating into fees of $15/student

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