Docstoc

A SCHEME FOR GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ALLOWANCE IN BELGIUM - PowerPoint

Document Sample
A SCHEME FOR GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ALLOWANCE IN BELGIUM - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					A SCHEME FOR GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ALLOWANCE IN BELGIUM ?

Michel GREGOIRE Inspecteur général a.i. Ministère de la Région wallonne, D.G.T.R.E. Division de l ’Energie BELGIQUE
15 décembre 2003

1

CONTEXT

The context
 Decision of 14/6/2001: commitment of the Belgian Government to implement the necessary measures to meet a greenhouse gas emission reduction target of 7.5 % from the 1990 level in 2008-2012  The « National Programme for Reducing CO2 Emissions», adopted in 1994  The measures provided for in this plan have only been partially implemented and CO2 emissions in 2000 have exceeded their 1990 levels by 7.7% …
15 décembre 2003

2

INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT

An international context that has itself been in transition Political agreement during the second part of the Sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (Bonn, July 2001) : implementation of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action Marrakech Accords (November 2001) Fresh impetus to the real implementation of the Kyoto Protocol The establishment of a European climate policy has also been speeded up during 2001
15 décembre 2003

3

CONTEXT

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF BELGIUM
 three language-based Communities (Flemish Community; French Community; German-language Community)
 three territorial-based Regions (Flemish Region, Walloon Region and Brussels Capital Region)

 Responsibility for decision-making is shared by the Federal State, the Communities and the Regions, which are all on an equal footing and have specific powers.  Environmental policies are predominantly the responsibility of the Regions. Walloon region: DGRNE  (not DGTRE = Energy administration)
15 décembre 2003

4

CONTEXT

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF BELGIUM - 2

15 décembre 2003

5

CONTEXT

COOPERATION ISSUES
 Greenhouse gas emission reduction policies extend beyond the environmental framework as such  All the decision-making tiers are involved in this policy
 Various advisory and collaborative bodies ensure adequate coordination between the Federal State and the Regions in the field of climate change.

15 décembre 2003

6

CO2 Emisions

CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
 In 2000, the CO2 emissions in Belgium reached (excluding sinks), a 7.7 % rise compared with 1990  The manufacturing industry and construction are the primary source of CO2 in Belgium (26%), followed by the residential and commercial sector (22%), energy production and transformation (21%) and transport (19%).  Emissions from transport have increased most (+21,5%) over the past decade

15 décembre 2003

7

CO2 Emisions

DEVELOPMENTS IN GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
 83.4% of these emissions come from carbon dioxide (CO2), 7.2% from methane (CH4), 8.8% from nitrous oxide (N2O) and 0.6% from the new gases (HFCs, PFCs, SF6).

 Changes in greenhouse gas emissions in Belgium correlate with emissions of CO2.  Over 75% of greenhouse gas emissions in Belgium are related to the consumption of energy in Belgium.  The share of industrial processes, agriculture and waste treatment is 10.2%, 9.2% and 3.2% respectively of overall emissions.  Absorption by sinks (less than 1%) doesn’t compensate for overall emissions at all.
15 décembre 2003

8

Policies and measures

POLICIES AND MEASURES
 Set of master plans, established by the federal and regional authorities, laying down the political objectives as well as the strategies to achieve these objectives
 Federal Plan for Sustainable Development 2000-2004  Climate Policy Plan of the Flemish Region  Climate Change Action Plan of the Walloon Region (19 July 2001), part of a larger programme to combat air pollution (« Plan de l’Air »).  Brussels Capital Region: Mobility Plan (IRIS Plan), which aims at stabilising by 2005 the number of car journeys during the morning rush hour to the 1991 level, and the Programme to structurally improve air quality (« Plan Air »)

 Synergies between these different plans and programmes of the federal Government and the three regions. All the above measures combined make up the National Climate Plan that is currently in

preparation
15 décembre 2003

9

Policies and measures

Main actions that are implemented (or have been adopted) - ENERGY
 Liberalisation of the electricity market: a system of « green certificates» assures an increasingly larger proportion of electricity produced by renewable energy sources; eligibility of producers and consumers of «green » electricity to have access to the liberalised segment of the electricity market.
 Investment support: investments designed to improve energy efficiency, to increase the use of renewable sources of energy or cogeneration, and to promote the rational use of energy are encouraged by tax deductions or subsidies granted to companies and/or individuals.

 Voluntary agreements: the public authorities introduce a system of voluntary agreements for energy-intensive industries in order to optimise energy efficiency in these sectors.
 Series of provisions, in particular about energy audits, insulation standards for buildings, the promotion of renewable energy sources, new infrastructures (notably wind power plants).
15 décembre 2003

10

Allocation plan

National allocation plan
 For 31/03/04 : seems impossible ! Which sharing between the regions ? Up to now, there is no definitive solution.
Industry = 46% of final energy consumption in Wallonia : if Cockerill disappears  decrease of energy consumption without true efforts…

15 décembre 2003

11

Allocation plan

INDUSTRY
 Industrial activity in Belgium is dominated by iron and steel and by the chemistry and agri - foodstuff sectors Walloon region : industry = 46% final cons.
 The extractive industries have almost disappeared with the closure of the last coalmines

 The iron and steel sector and textile have remained relatively stable in spite of several closure and restructuring rounds.  Big energy consumers !
15 décembre 2003

12

Allocation plan

Allowances and voluntary agreements
 The Walloon region introduces a system of voluntary agreements for energy-intensive industries  The region aims to establish a link between existing instruments and allocation plan  Voluntary agreements are an implementation of such a concern. But : confidentiality of some data (production…)  Only 2 sectors have signed a voluntary agreement : paper and chemistry  Other sectors are now interested ! But energy audits are required. Finalization stage (before 29/2/04) could be admitted.
15 décembre 2003

13

Emissions permits

Scheme of greenhouse gas emission allowance  For GHG emissions permits (art. 4 to 6) : links with
existing legislations (global environment permits)  Administrative simplification for industries : one single permit for a set of legislation and for statistical energy questionnaires
 Emissions permit should be a modification of the environment permit, for integration of the “emissions permit” aspects

15 décembre 2003

14

Allowances

Allowances for actions beginning before the concerned period

 Will be possible, but with restricted standards
 1/1/90 to 31/12/97  1/1/98 to 31/12/03  Measurable CO2 emissions reduction which are not the result of a regulatory obligation

Risk =
 too big utilisation of the ET bubble  State aids  Will be adjusted according to the size of the ET sector
15 décembre 2003

15

Allowances

Other concerns
 Banking : only limited for internal actions with more ambitious targets that industrial agreement  New entrants : allowance according to a benchmarking
 Closing industries : no allowance for further years – Permit withdrawal  No utilization of the « opt in » clause nor of the « pooling » - « Opt out » will be analyzed

15 décembre 2003

16

Thank you for your attention
Michel Grégoire Ministère de la Région wallonne DGTRE Avenue Prince de Liège, 7 5100 Jambes BELGIQUE Tél. 081/33.55.01 E Mail : mi.gregoire@mrw.wallonie.be Web : http://energie.wallonie.be
15 décembre 2003

17


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:65
posted:4/28/2008
language:English
pages:17