Docstoc

NATIONAL WORKSHOP Environmental Policy Integration and SMAP III

Document Sample
NATIONAL WORKSHOP  Environmental Policy Integration and SMAP III Powered By Docstoc
					NATIONAL WORKSHOP Environmental Policy Integration and SMAP III

EU experience in environmental legislation instruments Carmen Falkenberg Ambrosio DG Environment European Commission
1 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Environment Policy - Trends


 

 

1973 First Action Programme; 1987 Treaty Provisions; 1996 Maastricht, A Community Policy 1999 Amsterdam Treaty Environmental Protection became a guiding objective and a pillar of Sustainable Development Move from Pollution Abatement to Preventive Measures Wider involvement of Stakeholders and Public More focus on Implementation Integration of Environment into other Policies
2 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Decision making process
Commission Proposal Parliament Opinion Council Decision
Member State transposition to National Law Implementation

Commission Control
3

Possible Court of Justice involvement

DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

Cooperation with the Mediterranean countries
European Neighbourhood Policy  Inspired by EU enlargement  Goal: Strengthen further cooperation of EU with Mediterranean countries  Use lessons learned in the enlargement process  Use differentiation principle  Achieve Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area by 2010
4 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

The Challenge for Enlargement Adoption of the acquis in environment was a major challenge:
– Legislative
more than 200 pieces of legislation; over 140 Directives  need to transpose AND implement


– Institutional – Financial
5 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Accession Strategy for the Environment - COM (1998)294
 


  

transpose all the legislation by accession and set in place the administrative structures first priority for full implementation: framework legislation: air, water, waste, EIA and Access to Information, nature protection legislation international conventions, trans-boundary pollution reduction industrial and single market related legislation all new investments should comply with acquis
6 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Environment Policy Sectors

“Horizontal” Legislation
– Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) – Strategic Impact Assessment (SEA)


example

– Access to Information – Public Participation

7

DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Environment Policy Sectors Air Quality
Targets for 13 main pollutants plus international obligations
Reduce emissions from stationary sources (power plants/local district heating installations, refineries)  Traffic problem in cities  Reinforce institutions for monitoring and data collection


8

DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Environment Policy Sectors Waste
Legislation developed on requirements of waste disposal facilities and on specific types of waste
directives dealing with the management of municipal and hazardous waste present significant challenge  landfill directive requires important investments  packaging waste directive - targets for recycling  waste incinerators will need retrofitting and restructuring  national waste management plans

9 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Environment Policy Sectors Water
One of the most comprehensively regulated areas of EU Environment Policy
– Major investment programmes required for the management of waste water to improve drinking water quality – Coordination of policy within basins. - Water Framework Directive
10 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Environment Policy Sectors Industrial Pollution Control
– Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control directive – integrated permitting and Best Available Technology – Control of Major Accidents Hazards (Seveso II)

Nature Protection
– Birds and Habitats Directives -> Natura 2000 network – Rich biodiversity in the new Member States – Perceived conflict with infrastructure development goals
11 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU Environment Policy Institutional Challenges in Accession countries


Administrative structure – ministries, local and regional bodies, and enforcement/inspection agents

 

Inter-ministerial cooperation Involvement of stakeholders, including private sector, NGOs, and … citizens

 All needed strengthening in accession countries
12 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

Results Alignment with EU standards
 
 

nearly 100% transposition of EU acquis Administrative reinforcement (inspectorates, agencies, monitoring systems, …) Implementation plans with financing strategies Improving and developing environmental infrastructure

13

DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

Results
Improved state of the Environment
Air and water pollution reduction:





60-80% reduction in main air pollutants (acidifying substances) 50% reduction toxic metals Up to 80% reduction in organic matter pollution in water

(EEA report for the Kiev conference in May 2003, on the State of the Environment in Europe)

14

DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU policies toward Mediterranean countries



Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
– Association Agreements – Environment Subcommittees

European Neighbourhood Policy – National Action Plans  Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area to be fully implemented by 2010

15 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

Operational Steps

 

 


Establishment of Environment Subcommittees under the Association Agreements with each partner country Agreement with partner country on a National Action Plan (NAP) under the European Neighbourhood Policy Implementation of NAPs through the Subcommittees DG Environment study to establish an implementation plan of the NAP with each partner country – Special visits SMAP National Workshops Priorities in NAP implementation plan: Country needs in legislative, administrative and financial areas
16 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

Elements of a National Action Plan
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  completion of administrative structures and procedures to ensure strategic planning of sustainable development  Take further steps for the integration of environmental considerations into other policy sectors

ENVIRONMENT  Take steps to ensure that conditions for good environmental governance are set and implemented  Take action for prevention of deterioration of the environment, protection of human health, and achievement of rational use of natural resources  Enhance co-operation on environmental issues including regional and international aspects

17

DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

EU-led implementation mechanisms
Policy area  Use of Environment Subcommittee  Cooperation with DG Environment, other DGs and the Commission Delegation as appropriate Financial area  Use resources of National MEDA programme  SMAP III  EIB – FEMIP for MEDA subsidised loans
18 DG-ENV/E/3 Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:61
posted:4/28/2008
language:English
pages:18