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NATIONAL SMAP WORKSHOP Environmental Policy Integration and SMAP III

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					NATIONAL SMAP WORKSHOP Environmental Policy Integration and SMAP III

EU policies for environmental integration and sustainable development
Andrew Murphy DG Environment European Commission

Countdown to EU Sustainable Development policies
 1992  1992

 1997  1998

Rio Conference – Agenda 21 5th Environment Action Programme – Toward Sustainability Environmental Integration in the EC Treaty (Article 6) Cardiff Process for environmental integration launched by Heads of Government

Countdown to EU Sustainable Development policies


2000



2001

The European Council adopted the Lisbon Strategy toward aiming to making the EU the most advanced economy in the world by 2010 EU SDS adopted at Gothenburg European Council, adding an explicit environment dimension to Lisbon and reinforcing the importance of Cardiff and the integration strategies achieving SD

Toward EU Sustainable Development
Toward EU Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development Strategy
Long term Three pillars: Economic – Social – Environmental

Cardiff Process
Environmental Integration

Lisbon Process Economic Dimension Social and environmental dimensions added on

National SD Strategies







  
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All Member States have their own National Sustainable Development Strategies at various stages of implementation A first analysis of National SD Strategies by the European Commission April 2004 – Lessons: Getting the process right: institutional and procedural arrangements Creating a sense of ownership Finding a coherent vision for long term development International collaboration important Prioritisation and concretisation of policies needed

Assessment of the EU SDS
progress, to be finished in 2005  Eurostat sustainable development indicators will allow us to quantify progress  Public consultation process  Stakeholder forum held in November 2004
 In

Preliminary Results
 Progress made:   We have now several SD policies: Kyoto, REACH, Environmental Technologies Action Plan etc.  Improved coherence between our internal policies and our international commitments  Improved our capacity to deliver on our international commitments – ODA – Monterey commitments

Results of SDS assessment
Failures to date:
 Trends



in energy, transport, environment and health, biodiversity still unsustainable  Explain SD to the public in order to create a societal demand  Arrive at a firm political commitment for SD  Combine the three dimensions of SD into one coherent Strategy

Cardiff Process Environmental Integration
EU Council formations are required to: strategies and programmes to integrate environmental considerations into their policy areas  Implement them  Monitor and review them
 Prepare

Cardiff Process Environmental Integration
9 sectors covered:  Agriculture  Transport  Energy  Industry  Internal Market  Development Cooperation  Economic and Financial Affairs  Trade and Foreign Policy  Fisheries

Cardiff process Assessment
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

Although progress has been limited the Cardiff process remains one of the few tools available by which other sectors can be encouraged to systematically address environmental objectives. The focus should be on strengthening the process and supporting it through complementary measures at Union and Member State level so that it feeds through into real environmental improvements.

Cardiff: Way forward
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

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Annual stocktaking – Spring Council of Heads of Government – Continue providing strong political leadership Guidelines for implementation, monitoring and review of integration strategies to be issued in 2005 Sectoral Councils to:
  

Deliver existing integration commitments Set clear operational targets Monitor using indicators

Revitalising Cardiff
More practical steps to support Cardiff and take forward environmental integration: At Community level:




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Selling integration e.g. through promoting win-win’s Demonstrating feasibility of integration- minimising costs - Use of Market Based Instruments, ETAP, Extended Impact Assessment, Emissions Trading are good examples Illustrating need for integration- awareness raising, information, e.g. indicators - have much better information on Green House Gas emissions than a number of other environmental issues.

Revitalising Cardiff
At Member State level:
• Full implementation of Community legislation • Including Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) • Areas where there is Member State competence e.g. environmental taxes • More structured exchange of information - many good examples that other Member States could learn from

Conclusions
At EU level:
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Ensure a renewed, high-level political commitment to sustainable development; Put the environment back on the political agenda; and Reinvigorate the sustainable development approach to policy-making in the EU. Fusion of SDS, Lisbon and Cardiff processes into one SD process for the Union


				
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