The difference between ERP and SAP

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					The difference between ERP and SAP
The difference between ERP and SAP
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1. Enterprise Resource Planning
ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning, ERP), can be defined at three levels:
Management thinking: ERP is a well-known U.S. computer technology consulting
and Assessment Group Gartner Group Inc. Proposed a set of enterprise management
system system standard, and its essence is in the MRPII (Manufacturing Resources
Planning, "Manufacturing Resource Planning") based on the
further development of into the supply chain-oriented (Supply Chain) of management
thinking;
Software products: the integrated application of the client / server systems, relational
database structures, object-oriented technology, graphical user interface, fourth
generation language (4GL), network communications and other information industry
results, to ERP management as the soul of software products ;
Management System: is an integrated enterprise management concepts, business
processes, basic data, human resources, computer hardware and software in the
enterprise resource management system.
2. Material Requirements Planning
MRP (Material Requirement Planning, MRP) refers to enterprise information
management system to manage product mix, with the computer's
processing power and system customer orders, in the library of materials, product
composition of the management capacity to achieve according to customer orders, by
product Expand the list structure and calculate the material requirements planning. To
achieve reduced inventory, optimizing inventory management objectives.
3. MRP II
Material Requirements Planning II (Material Requirement Planning II, MRP II) refers
to the technological, managerial and economic set up effectively a process, through
the market distribution, product design, manufacturing processes, production planning,
material supply, production operations and control, warehouse management and
financial costs of such links.
4. Supply Chain Management
Supply Chain Management (Supply Chain Management, SCM) refers to finished
products from raw material purchase to sales, supply chain management, design,
planning, control, coordination and possible factors while optimizing logistics, capital
flow, information flow, focusing on suppliers, manufacturers, wholesale retailers and
service providers and customers co-ordination between the treatment.
5. BPR Business Process Reengineering
BPR (Business Process Reengineer, BPR) refers to the use of information technology
and human resources management tools substantially improve the performance of the
revolutionary method of business processes.
6. Performance Management System
Performance Management System (Key Performance Indicator, KPI) refers to a cyclic
process, including the "goal setting", "tracking
report",       "Analysis        of     adjustment"        and
"assessment and encouragement of the" four major management
areas.
7. System Application Products
System applications (System Applications Products, SAP) refers to a German ERP
software company developing ERP applications, is the English System Applications
Products in Data Processing abbreviation, translation of data processing systems,
applications and products.
8. SAP R / 3
SAP R / 3 refers to a based on client / server architecture and open systems, integrated
enterprise resource planning system; its functions covered in the financial, logistics
(engineering, procurement, inventory, production, sales and quality, etc.) and human
resources management aspects.
Second, SAP module name
1. Financial Accounting
Financial Accounting (Financial Accounting, FI) that must be in accordance with
relevant provisions of the shareholders, creditors, labor and public disclosure and
provide the necessary information, and effective management control and accounting
must include the transfer of functions. Financial accounting module consists of
general ledger, accounts receivable and accounts payable and fixed assets, statutory
merger and formed a special statistical accounting functions.
2. Management Accounting
Management Accounting (Controlling, CO) that provides internal management
control and internal examination of various information needed to evaluate, through
sales, purchasing module, financial accounting integration, production and
management in all kinds of information carried out in CO analysis and comparison of
costs from the general cost accounting, production costing and profitability analysis
sub-module.
3. Sales and Distribution
Sales and Distribution (Sales and Distribution, SD) SAP system refers to a solution
selling process for business operations related to highly integrated modules, integrated
with the financial module, all information can be reflected in real-time billing system.
Mainly by the sales order management, credit control, shipping management, invoice
management and functional components.
4. Materials Management
Materials Management (Material Management, MM) refers to R3 an integral part of
logistics system; This module provides the functions of logistics management
operation based materials: acquisition, procurement, demand planning, inventory
management, physical inventory management and invoice management.
5. Warehouse Management
Warehouse Management (Warehouse Management, WM) refers to a sub-MM module
module, using WM system, companies can manage complex stock structure. This
structure may include different warehouses in the region (ie storage type), such as in
the elevated position of idle memory, available storage, frozen storage and extraction
of regional fixed positions, as well as production and supply, shipping and receiving
areas, etc.. Using WM system that can simultaneously have a random structure and
has a fixed position in the warehouse management.
6. Production plan
Production Plan (Production Planning, PP) refers to logistics systems to plan, control
and manage the production of modules, provide a comprehensive mode of treatment
to meet a variety of manufacturing, such as duplication of production, order, assemble
to order, process type production, batch production and production for inventory.
Integrated supply chain, such as MRPII, electronic billboards, plans estimates of
device, workshop controllers, process control systems, PDM and so on.
7. Plant Maintenance
Plant Maintenance (Plant Maintenance, PM) that is responsible for maintenance of
complex plant control system; support the graphical expression of the plant can be
connected and geographic information systems, including detailed diagrams of
factories; of equipment preventive maintenance program can be, defect warranty,
maintenance, spare parts management.
8. Human Resources
Human Resources (Human Resources, HR) SAP system that the human resources
module, the management of personnel files, staff wages and training and travel costs,
and the resulting financial information will be integrated into the accounting module.
9. Integrated Logistics
Logistics Integration (Material Repair Operation, MRO) refers to spare parts, raw
materials, finished goods and other materials procurement, supply, inventory, sales
and other state management.
10. Oil industry solution
Oil Industry Solutions (Industry Solution-OIL, IS-OIL) refers to a specifically
developed oil and gas industry solutions, SAP, with its many strategic partners to
establish a global oil and gas industry, the Council is to support SAP SAP oil and gas
industry products and development of oil and gas business user interaction. Regular
meetings of the Council, the focus centered around the development of oil and gas
industry management standards and the corresponding SAP product development
strategy to meet the oil and gas industry, the changing management needs. By SAP
and its strategic partners more than twenty years of painstaking research, reflecting
today's top oil production and management experience of "best
practices" is preset in the SAP systems. These best practices covering the
majority of oil companies in production and management of various types of demand,
but also for the oil companies for the organization, management, the reform process
provide a useful reference to help with expert style.
11. Advanced Planning Optimizer
Advanced Planning Optimizer (Advanced Planning Optimizer, APO) means the part
of SAP supply chain management, supply chain management can be optimized
through advanced planning optimizer can provide a better procurement solutions for
the Enterprise, through the APO and ERP integration to do as soon as possible good
and get the lowest cost supplier of raw materials to make products more quickly
deliver to customers.
12. Data Warehouse
Data Warehousing (Business Information Warehouse, BW) refers to business
management and decision-making subject-oriented, integrated, time-related,
non-modified data set. Different from other database applications, the data warehouse
is more like a process of distribution throughout the business within the enterprise
data integration, processing and analysis process.
13. Strategic Management
Enterprise Strategy Management (Strategic Enterprise Management, SEM) Zhi
provide a means and means (such as by comparison with the historical period, or pairs
of Wei Lai's reasonable to expect a certain period) so that in strategic
decisions Buduandeyou ideas into reality.
14. Master Production Schedule
Master Production Schedule (Master Production Schedule, MPS) is a pre-established
plans, master production scheduler is responsible for maintaining. Master production
schedule is a set of plan-driven MRP data, which reflect the company intends to
produce what, when the number of manufacturing and production. Master production
schedule must take customer orders and forecasts, outstanding orders, the number of
available materials, the existing capacity, management policies and objectives and so
on.
3, SAP implementation
1. SAP implementation method: rapid implementation of SAP
Rapid implementation of SAP (Accelerated SAP, ASAP) that provides the
implementation of SAP solutions. Accelerated SAP integration of several components,
these components of the joint work to support R / 3 system is fast and effective
implementation.
2. Change Management Change Management
Change Management (Change Management) refers to the concept of using existing
programs and the enterprise into a new situation and gradual process of changing the
management.
3. Demonstrate the key processes
The key processes demonstrated (Conference Room Pilot, CRP) means the SAP
implementation process, on the key business processes on the system to achieve
demonstration unit to be implemented on the implementation of SAP's
preliminary approval.
4, SAP System Settings
1. Group
Group (Client) means the SAP system, the highest level of organizational unit, is a
master database and the establishment of a fully integrated system to be composed of
all forms.
2. Company Code
Company Code (Company Code) refers to an independent accounting entity with a
complete accounting Zhang Tao. Is submitted outside the statutory balance sheet and
income statement of the smallest unit.
5, SAP development tools
1. Advanced business applications
Advanced business applications (Advanced Business Application Programming,
ABAP) that SAP developed for Reports, Screens, Interfaces, Data conversions and
other applications designed a programming language. R / 3 of all applications and
even some of its BASIS system components are developed by the ABAP. It is the
fourth generation of graphical programming language. So often called ABAP / 4.
6, system application
1. Key users
Key users (Key User) refers to the process of ERP implementation, business
requirements made on behalf of the implementation side, full participation in the
project, responsible for end-user training, and implementation of the system
maintenance personnel.
2. End User
End User (End user) that after the implementation of the ERP, the ERP systems to
input vouchers, reports, queries, etc. The system uses the daily business operations
staff.
3. Role
Role (Role) refers to certain privileges in accordance with the appropriate individual
action.
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