Terminology 1. Enterprise Resource Planning ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning, ERP), can be defined at three levels: Management thinking: ERP is a well-known U.S. computer technology consulting and Assessment Group Gartner Group Inc. Proposed a set of enterprise management system system standard, and its essence is in the MRPII (Manufacturing Resources Planning, &quot;Manufacturing Resource Planning&quot;) based on the further development of into the supply chain-oriented (Supply Chain) of management thinking; Software products: the integrated application of the client / server systems, relational database structures, object-oriented technology, graphical user interface, fourth generation language (4GL), network communications and other information industry results, to ERP management as the soul of software products ; Management System: is an integrated enterprise management concepts, business processes, basic data, human resources, computer hardware and software in the enterprise resource management system. 2. Material Requirements Planning MRP (Material Requirement Planning, MRP) refers to enterprise information management system to manage product mix, with the computer&#39;s processing power and system customer orders, in the library of materials, product composition of the management capacity to achieve according to customer orders, by product Expand the list structure and calculate the material requirements planning. To achieve reduced inventory, optimizing inventory management objectives. 3. MRP II Material Requirements Planning II (Material Requirement Planning II, MRP II) refers to the technological, managerial and economic set up effectively a process, through the market distribution, product design, manufacturing processes, production planning, material supply, production operations and control, warehouse management and financial costs of such links. 4. Supply Chain Management Supply Chain Management (Supply Chain Management, SCM) refers to finished products from raw material purchase to sales, supply chain management, design, planning, control, coordination and possible factors while optimizing logistics, capital flow, information flow, focusing on suppliers, manufacturers, wholesale retailers and service providers and customers co-ordination between the treatment. 5. BPR Business Process Reengineering BPR (Business Process Reengineer, BPR) refers to the use of information technology and human resources management tools substantially improve the performance of the revolutionary method of business processes. 6. Performance Management System Performance Management System (Key Performance Indicator, KPI) refers to a cyclic process, including the &quot;goal setting&quot;, &quot;tracking report&quot;, &quot;Analysis of adjustment&quot; and &quot;assessment and encouragement of the&quot; four major management areas. 7. System Application Products System applications (System Applications Products, SAP) refers to a German ERP software company developing ERP applications, is the English System Applications Products in Data Processing abbreviation, translation of data processing systems, applications and products. 8. SAP R / 3 SAP R / 3 refers to a based on client / server architecture and open systems, integrated enterprise resource planning system; its functions covered in the financial, logistics (engineering, procurement, inventory, production, sales and quality, etc.) and human resources management aspects. Second, SAP module name 1. Financial Accounting Financial Accounting (Financial Accounting, FI) that must be in accordance with relevant provisions of the shareholders, creditors, labor and public disclosure and provide the necessary information, and effective management control and accounting must include the transfer of functions. Financial accounting module consists of general ledger, accounts receivable and accounts payable, fixed assets, statutory merger and formed a special statistical accounting functions. 2. Management Accounting Management Accounting (Controlling, CO) that provides internal management control and internal examination of various information needed to evaluate, through sales, purchasing module, financial accounting integration, production and management in all kinds of information carried out in CO analysis and comparison of costs from the general cost accounting, production costing and profitability analysis sub-module. 3. Sales and Distribution Sales and Distribution (Sales and Distribution, SD) SAP system refers to a solution selling process for business operations related to highly integrated modules, integrated with the financial module, all information can be reflected in real-time billing system. Mainly by the sales order management, credit control, shipping management, invoice management and functional components. 4. Materials Management Materials Management (Material Management, MM) refers to R3 an integral part of logistics system; This module provides the functions of logistics management operation based materials: acquisition, procurement, demand planning, inventory management, physical inventory management and invoice management. 5. Warehouse Management Warehouse Management (Warehouse Management, WM) refers to a sub-MM module module, using WM system, companies can manage complex stock structure. This structure may include different warehouses in the region (ie storage type), such as in the elevated position of idle memory, available storage, frozen storage and extraction of regional fixed positions, as well as production and supply, shipping and receiving areas, etc.. Using WM system that can simultaneously have a random structure and has a fixed position in the warehouse management. 6. Production plan Production Plan (Production Planning, PP) refers to logistics systems to plan, control and manage the production of modules, provide a comprehensive mode of treatment to meet a variety of manufacturing, such as duplication of production, order, assemble to order, process type production, batch production and production for inventory. Integrated supply chain, such as MRPII, electronic billboards, plans estimates of device, workshop controllers, process control systems, PDM and so on. 7. Plant Maintenance Plant Maintenance (Plant Maintenance, PM) that is responsible for maintenance of complex plant control system; support the graphical expression of the plant can be connected and geographic information systems, including detailed diagrams of factories; of equipment preventive maintenance program can be, defect warranty, maintenance, spare parts management. 8. Human Resources Human Resources (Human Resources, HR) SAP system that the human resources module, the management of personnel files, staff wages and training and travel costs, and the resulting financial information will be integrated into the accounting module. 9. Integrated Logistics Logistics Integration (Material Repair Operation, MRO) refers to spare parts, raw materials, finished goods and other materials procurement, supply, inventory, sales and other state management. 10. Oil industry solution Oil Industry Solutions (Industry Solution-OIL, IS-OIL) refers to a specifically developed oil and gas industry solutions, SAP, with its many strategic partners to establish a global oil and gas industry, the Council is to support SAP SAP oil and gas industry products and development of oil and gas business user interaction. Regular meetings of the Council, the focus centered around the development of oil and gas industry management standards and the corresponding SAP product development strategy to meet the oil and gas industry, the changing management needs. By SAP and its strategic partners more than twenty years of painstaking research, reflecting today&#39;s top oil production and management experience of &quot;best practices&quot; is preset in the SAP systems. These best practices covering the majority of oil companies in production and management of various types of demand, but also for the oil companies for the organization, management, the reform process provide a useful reference to help with expert style. 11. Advanced Planning Optimizer Advanced Planning Optimizer (Advanced Planning Optimizer, APO) means the part of SAP supply chain management, supply chain management can be optimized through advanced planning optimizer can provide a better procurement solutions for the Enterprise, through the APO and ERP integration to do as soon as possible good and get the lowest cost supplier of raw materials to make products more quickly deliver to customers. 12. Data Warehouse Data Warehousing (Business Information Warehouse, BW) refers to business management and decision-making subject-oriented, integrated, time-related, non-modified data set. Different from other database applications, the data warehouse is more like a process of distribution throughout the business within the enterprise data integration, processing and analysis process. 13. Strategic Management Strategic Enterprise Management (Strategic Enterprise Management, SEM) refers to a means and ways to provide (for example, compared with the same period of history or a future period reasonably expected), so that strategic decisions of enterprises continuously by the vision into reality. 14. Master Production Schedule Master Production Schedule (Master Production Schedule, MPS) is a pre-established plans, master production scheduler is responsible for maintaining. Master production schedule is a set of plan-driven MRP data, which reflect the company intends to produce what, when the number of manufacturing and production. Master production schedule must take customer orders and forecasts, outstanding orders, the number of available materials, the existing capacity, management policies and objectives and so on. 3, SAP implementation 1. SAP implementation method: rapid implementation of SAP Rapid implementation of SAP (Accelerated SAP, ASAP) that provides the implementation of SAP solutions. Accelerated SAP integration of several components, these components of the joint work to support R / 3 system is fast and effective implementation. 2. Change Management Change Management Change Management (Change Management) refers to the concept of using existing programs and the enterprise into a new situation and gradual process of changing the management. 3. Demonstrate the key processes The key processes demonstrated (Conference Room Pilot, CRP) means the SAP implementation process, on the key business processes on the system to achieve demonstration unit to be implemented on the implementation of SAP&#39;s preliminary approval. 4, SAP System Settings 1. Group Group (Client) means the SAP system, the highest level of organizational unit, is a master database and the establishment of a fully integrated system to be composed of all forms. 2. Company Code Company Code (Company Code) refers to an independent accounting entity with a complete accounting Zhang Tao. Is submitted outside the statutory balance sheet and income statement of the smallest unit. 5, SAP development tools 1. Advanced business applications Advanced business applications (Advanced Business Application Programming, ABAP) that SAP developed for Reports, Screens, Interfaces, Data conversions and other applications designed a programming language. R / 3 of all applications and even some of its BASIS system components are developed by the ABAP. It is the fourth generation of graphical programming language. So often called ABAP / 4. 6, system application 1. Key users Key users (Key User) refers to the process of ERP implementation, business requirements made on behalf of the implementation side, full participation in the project, responsible for end-user training, and implementation of the system maintenance personnel. 2. End User End User (End user) that after the implementation of the ERP, the ERP systems to input vouchers, reports, queries, etc. The system uses the daily business operations staff. 3. Role Role (Role) refers to certain privileges in accordance with the appropriate individual action. on.
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