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Tadao Ando &lt;TADAOANDO&gt; ? Basic information Tadao Ando &lt;TADAO ANDO&gt;, 1995 Annual General Legislative Venzke Prize winner, born in 1941 in Osaka, Japan. 1962 a 1969, he was in the United States, Europe and Africa travel and self-learning architecture. In 1969 he opened his architectural firm. From this beginning, he has held a number around the world exhibition. He has worked in the United Kingdom, Norway and the United States as visiting professor at University College, also served as the jury of many international competitions. Professional practice of his success has been a lot of reward and encouragement. Construction of the Enlightenment Ando is a self-taught architect, he did not receive any degree, nor derived from any of the master taught, Ando&#39;s success was due to his wide range of reading and travel extensively, to experience these historic buildings and get inspired Even today he is still ongoing and continuous. Ando first time I felt the presence of architectural space is the exposure to the Roman Pantheon into. Ando has said: &quot;I feel there is a real space. When the construction of its simple geometrical shapes, are from the central dome with a diameter of 9 meters in holes, the penetration of light illuminated, this building The space really exist. Under these conditions the objects and light in nature is not felt that feeling that only by building an intermediary to get, really impressed me, is this building strength. &quot; Dramatic experience Tadao Ando&#39;s success is the dramatic and legendary. Compared with Kenzo Tange &lt;Kenzo Tange&gt; in the fifties, has won almost every competition he participated in the competition map, completed a series of magnificent public buildings and state affairs core facilities and other large design project. However, Ando&#39;s career, but no similar experience. When the long house Sumiyoshi, a only 65 square meters of private homes and large buildings under Dan works simultaneously in Hiroshima exhibition by people of great interest, and for the year 1979, Ando won the Architectural Institute of Japan Award. Craftsman Ando Tadao Ando&#39;s works, in addition to some of the early period of the works of tile, the other all to the performance of concrete with water works, Tadao Ando plain concrete has become the unique personal style. Tadao Ando, the original thick, rough-concrete surface, transforming into a fine delicate texture to the Japanese aesthetic sense to present. This precise, pure characteristics are consistent with the characteristics of the Japanese pursuit of perfection. In Ando&#39;s work, plain concrete with a dense, almost homogeneous texture to render, and Ando-concrete is to establish long-term cooperation in a group of artisans on the basis, in the eyes of some European and American architectural critic, Tadao Ando not so much an architect (Architect), rather it is closer to medieval craftsmen (Builder). &quot;Architectural Achievements&gt; The integration of East and West Ando wandering around the world four tourism purpose is to be seen and heard with his own form of combination, Ando that Pantheon of static geometric forms of the vertical layout of the development of space, and the level of Japanese architecture has obvious spatial orientation In contrast to the concept; Japan, Pantheon is a typical representative of the Western architectural space, there is a strong conflict between the two. Ando is the space to the concept of two opposing integration, make it unique. The critique of modern functional Ando&#39;s building has been criticism of modernism. He borrowed the form of modernism, and the transformation of the modern critique. Ando modern doctrine of materials, vocabulary, and in the construction of a social influence of the dogma, to the functionalist attack paranoid thoughts. Ando anti-functionalist, is for all households with air conditioning and the relative elevation of the building, he thinks that cutting the building comfortable and natural connection. Ando, the building is the intermediary between man and nature is a fragile, rational shelters. He repeated reproduction &quot;Sumiyoshi long house&quot; style, because in this design, he built in the city another world, people&#39;s life seems to return to the embrace of nature. Ando that really should not exist in the post-modern culture negative, pleasure-seeking, to over-service to meet the needs of consumer culture, but should be included in the asceticism of the &quot;Tao&quot;. Sumiyoshi prototype of the long house, that is the way of life at that time Ando reflection and protest. He believes that in modern society, the rise of consumerism to the decline of the spirit must be resisted, and that traditional forms of tenure in their lives, and on this basis, development, and beyond, and then create a new culture. Closed ~ ~ open city concept Tadao Ando has been early on the city to adopt a closed attitude, Ando is actually &quot;urban guerrilla warfare&quot; advocates, who do not pay attention to social and urban advocate position. Ando&#39;s work, people began to realize that urban public space character should be high in 1984, Kyoto, Segawa commercial side of the complex nature of Time&#39;s. Ando in addition to fixed line to play his usual migration approach, the more open the building toward the river, build a multi-level space, the face of nature to be open, to bridge the past, people have created a new public space. In Time&#39;s after the city began to expand Ando various positive proposals, he targeted in a historic building in Osaka city (Central Public Hall) is located in the island region to plan, his city and the formation of nuclear urban Egg room space Strata The concept of historical buildings in the internal embedded in egg-based members of the public theater, use of basement space and ground excavation of a large hydrophilic Square links create a lively and interesting urban space. In this case, read out the planning Tadao Ando, the response to the surrounding environment, the attitude has been different from the previous close, he adopted a &quot;embedded&quot; and &quot;hollowing out&quot; of two methods in the context of the existing texture. Construction groups in the organization, he was originally limited to only moving within the building line of migratory practices, expand the scale of urban space, pedestrian trails through the streets, re-route the city fabric. Constitute the three elements of construction Ando believes constitutes a building must have three elements: The first element is a reliable material, is the real thing; the real material can be as simple and pure cement, or painting of wood and other substances. The second factor is the geometric form completely authentic, this form provide the basis and framework for the construction, so construction show in the eyes of the world; it may be a subjective vision of the object, often a three-dimensional structure of objects. When the geometry used in architecture, the building form in the whole nature of the position of the escape can be very clearly defined, interactive nature and geometry. Geometry form the overall framework, but also as a screen around the landscape, people walking on it, stay, not the event of the encounter, or even the expression of light can be closely linked. Read by the light through the shadow of the spatial distribution of density level. After such processing, natural and architectural coexistence of opposites. The final factor is the &quot;natural&quot;; here is not referring to the original nature of nature, but the person had arranged a disorder of the natural or from nature in general from the order of nature. Artificial nature Ando so-called natural, not generally refers to the concept of planting, but to be artificial in nature, or the construction of a natural. He believes that planting is only a beauty of a reality, only garden and seasonal changes in plants as a symbolic means of extremely rough. Abstract light, water, wind. This is a natural material and geometry-based architecture common to be imported simultaneously presented. Awards 1979 Architectural Institute of Japan Award &lt;Sumiyoshi long house&gt; 1983 Japanese Cultural Design Award &lt;Lioujia cluster of houses a&gt; Association of Finnish architect Alvar Aalto in 1985 Awards Japanese Art Award 1986 Minister of selected new tour &lt;Zhongshan Di&gt; Daily Art Awards 1987 &lt;Rokko Mountain Church&gt; Yoshida 1988, 58 tours &quot;Cheng Togasaki Di&gt; French Architectural Institute of Architecture Award 1989 Osaka Art Awards 1990 1991 Honorary Member of American Institute of Architects American Academy and Institute of Literature and Art presented Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize, the Danish Carlsberg Architecture Prize Pu Li Venzke Award 1995 &lt;Important works&gt; Title: Long House, Sumiyoshi Architect: Tadao Ando Construction Location: Osaka Construction time: 1976 Base Environment: Osaka City neighborhoods Expression means: &quot;Sumiyoshi long house&quot; can be said to fame for Tadao Ando. The building floor area of only about 15 small house, the embodiment of Tadao Ando&#39;s usual all-concrete, iron, glass, wood, stone and other architectural vocabulary, the seemingly symmetrical plane, with tortuous routes, and by outdoor set out by the left atrium, the seasonal changes of natural, everyday guide to living space. By a closed rectangular posed Sumiyoshi long room, equal split after three formed the court, the expansion of residential areas, and become life-core: from the living room to a restaurant to go through this in court, or must be made through the atrium staircase to the living room to the bedroom and out of court by this way of life, to make residents feel the gradual loss of contacts in the city of wind, rain, light. Access to natural factors; even in rainy days, umbrella by the user still be accessible across the courtyard. Central Court to connect around space, reducing the daily interest of residential life, is traditional in Japan, Ando attempts to recover Street house had had a vivid feeling. Ando that nature should be present in the live acts, in a puzzle around the space, excluding the link with the outside world, from the individual&#39;s internal experience and perception, create their own &quot;emotional space.&quot; Comprehensive Review: If you look at a purely practical function, then the long Sumiyoshi outdoor atrium will house some of these problems, but just as Ando said, he designed Bingbu Shi Zhu Zhai sometimes useful, but this was exactly what he Shitu excluded Some functional considerations, to question the priorities of modern architecture in the function of the tendency. Exterior facade closed, it is the expression of urban space in Japan for the deterioration of the environment was an ironic attitude. Title: Himeji City Museum of Literature Architect: Tadao Ando Construction Location: Himeji City Construction time: 1988/1990 Year Base Environment: Himeji City Museum of Literature in this center, located in the male away from the foot of the mountains northwest of Himeji Castle, about 500 meters, it is surrounded by a quiet residential area. Male mountain hill from the green slopes, the mountain scenery can be seen Himeji, Himeji Castle Hill took the fall on the slopes. Design requirements: Literature Museum is to commemorate the philosopher and Tetsuro roundabout built. The top three floors and basement space for the exhibition and a lecture hall, exhibition space for the display of the Himeji City, the main origin of the authors. Literary Museum of exposure to a garden, a man opened the garden pond building. When visitors approached the Literature Museum, they can vaguely see the castle view. Expression means: Construction of two cubes, each cube is 22.5 meters long on each side, is divided into nine parts, the two cubes with the transfer of 30-degree angle. One cube is a radius of 20 meters surrounded by a cylinder part. Cylindrical curved slopes on both sides of the wall, the internal is an exhibition space, including a three-story space challenges, visitors in the building where Waichuan rows can be generated by a dynamic experience of space. Comprehensive Review: Ando in the business environment and spatial relations, broadly divided into three categories; First, &quot;the introduction of the natural environment&quot;, water, wind, light, green design elements such as the case almost the entire main character, all the natural factors of space around each plastic corner of the gap. Second, &quot;within the self-loop space&quot;, which in enclosed spaces, bridges, ramps, overlooking the platform, tower, cloister as the main element, people continue to walk in from the circle, showing display of the theme or the light and wind, water, sound and the introduction of flowers. Third, &quot;the earth type building&quot;, building a low-key attitude adopted buried or climb on the original landscape which to take advantage of the building will be stiff concrete block hidden in nature. In this case, Ando also repeated the performance of their usual way, passing through a forest or waterside Huaxiangniaoyu or listen to acoustic, encounter a large stage makes up a slope or time to tour the path to the end of the line must have a large wall approached the main turning point when the implant. During the process of human feelings, as time flow, human migration, features a level of transformation, until the subject in hand, to achieve unity of hearts King territory.
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