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Tadao Ando _amp;lt;TADAOANDO_amp;gt;


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									Tadao Ando <TADAOANDO>
Basic information
Tadao Ando <TADAO ANDO>, 1995 Annual General Legislative
Venzke Prize winner, born in 1941 in Osaka, Japan. 1962 a 1969, he was in the United
States, Europe and Africa travel and self-learning architecture. In 1969 he opened his
architectural firm. From this beginning, he has held a number around the world
exhibition. He has worked in the United Kingdom, Norway and the United States as
visiting professor at University College, also served as the jury of many international
competitions. Professional practice of his success has been a lot of reward and
Construction of the Enlightenment
Ando is a self-taught architect, he did not receive any degree, nor derived from any of
the master taught, Ando's success was due to his wide range of reading and
travel extensively, to experience these historic buildings and get inspired Even today
he is still ongoing and continuous. Ando first time I felt the presence of architectural
space is the exposure to the Roman Pantheon into. Ando has said: "I feel
there is a real space. When the construction of its simple geometrical shapes, are from
the central dome with a diameter of 9 meters in holes, the penetration of light
illuminated, this building The space really exist. Under these conditions the objects
and light in nature is not felt that feeling that only by building an intermediary to get,
really impressed me, is this building strength. "
Dramatic experience
Tadao Ando's success is the dramatic and legendary. Compared with Kenzo
Tange <Kenzo Tange> in the fifties, has won almost every
competition he participated in the competition map, completed a series of magnificent
public buildings and state affairs core facilities and other large design project.
However, Ando's career, but no similar experience. When the long house
Sumiyoshi, a only 65 square meters of private homes and large buildings under Dan
works simultaneously in Hiroshima exhibition by people of great interest, and for the
year 1979, Ando won the Architectural Institute of Japan Award.
Craftsman Ando
Tadao Ando's works, in addition to some of the early period of the works
of tile, the other all to the performance of concrete with water works, Tadao Ando
plain concrete has become the unique personal style. Tadao Ando, the original thick,
rough-concrete surface, transforming into a fine delicate texture to the Japanese
aesthetic sense to present. This precise, pure characteristics are consistent with the
characteristics of the Japanese pursuit of perfection. In Ando's work, plain
concrete with a dense, almost homogeneous texture to render, and Ando-concrete is to
establish long-term cooperation in a group of artisans on the basis, in the eyes of some
European and American architectural critic, Tadao Ando not so much an architect
(Architect), rather it is closer to medieval craftsmen (Builder).

"Architectural Achievements>
The integration of East and West
Ando wandering around the world four tourism purpose is to be seen and heard with
his own form of combination, Ando that Pantheon of static geometric forms of the
vertical layout of the development of space, and the level of Japanese architecture has
obvious spatial orientation In contrast to the concept; Japan, Pantheon is a typical
representative of the Western architectural space, there is a strong conflict between the
two. Ando is the space to the concept of two opposing integration, make it unique.
The critique of modern functional
Ando's building has been criticism of modernism. He borrowed the form of
modernism, and the transformation of the modern critique. Ando modern doctrine of
materials, vocabulary, and in the construction of a social influence of the dogma, to
the functionalist attack paranoid thoughts. Ando anti-functionalist, is for all
households with air conditioning and the relative elevation of the building, he thinks
that cutting the building comfortable and natural connection. Ando, the building is the
intermediary between man and nature is a fragile, rational shelters. He repeated
reproduction "Sumiyoshi long house" style, because in this
design, he built in the city another world, people's life seems to return to
the embrace of nature.
Ando that really should not exist in the post-modern culture negative,
pleasure-seeking, to over-service to meet the needs of consumer culture, but should be
included in the asceticism of the "Tao". Sumiyoshi prototype of
the long house, that is the way of life at that time Ando reflection and protest. He
believes that in modern society, the rise of consumerism to the decline of the spirit
must be resisted, and that traditional forms of tenure in their lives, and on this basis,
development, and beyond, and then create a new culture.
Closed ~ ~ open city concept
Tadao Ando has been early on the city to adopt a closed attitude, Ando is actually
"urban guerrilla warfare" advocates, who do not pay attention to
social and urban advocate position. Ando's work, people began to realize
that urban public space character should be high in 1984, Kyoto, Segawa commercial
side of the complex nature of Time's. Ando in addition to fixed line to play
his usual migration approach, the more open the building toward the river, build a
multi-level space, the face of nature to be open, to bridge the past, people have created
a new public space.

In Time's after the city began to expand Ando various positive proposals,
he targeted in a historic building in Osaka city (Central Public Hall) is located in the
island region to plan, his city and the formation of nuclear urban Egg room space
Strata The concept of historical buildings in the internal embedded in egg-based
members of the public theater, use of basement space and ground excavation of a
large hydrophilic Square links create a lively and interesting urban space. In this case,
read out the planning Tadao Ando, the response to the surrounding environment, the
attitude has been different from the previous close, he adopted a
"embedded" and "hollowing out" of two
methods in the context of the existing texture. Construction groups in the organization,
he was originally limited to only moving within the building line of migratory
practices, expand the scale of urban space, pedestrian trails through the streets,
re-route the city fabric.
Constitute the three elements of construction
Ando believes constitutes a building must have three elements:
The first element is a reliable material, is the real thing; the real material can be as
simple and pure cement, or painting of wood and other substances.
The second factor is the geometric form completely authentic, this form provide the
basis and framework for the construction, so construction show in the eyes of the
world; it may be a subjective vision of the object, often a three-dimensional structure
of objects.
When the geometry used in architecture, the building form in the whole nature of the
position of the escape can be very clearly defined, interactive nature and geometry.
Geometry form the overall framework, but also as a screen around the landscape,
people walking on it, stay, not the event of the encounter, or even the expression of
light can be closely linked. Read by the light through the shadow of the spatial
distribution of density level. After such processing, natural and architectural
coexistence of opposites.
The final factor is the "natural"; here is not referring to the
original nature of nature, but the person had arranged a disorder of the natural or from
nature in general from the order of nature.
Artificial nature
Ando so-called natural, not generally refers to the concept of planting, but to be
artificial in nature, or the construction of a natural. He believes that planting is only a
beauty of a reality, only garden and seasonal changes in plants as a symbolic means of
extremely rough. Abstract light, water, wind. This is a natural material and
geometry-based architecture common to be imported simultaneously presented.
1979 Architectural Institute of Japan Award <Sumiyoshi long house>
1983 Japanese Cultural Design Award <Lioujia cluster of houses a>
Association of Finnish architect Alvar Aalto in 1985 Awards
Japanese Art Award 1986 Minister of selected new tour <Zhongshan
Daily Art Awards 1987 <Rokko Mountain Church>
Yoshida 1988, 58 tours "Cheng Togasaki Di>
French Architectural Institute of Architecture Award 1989
Osaka Art Awards 1990
1991 Honorary Member of American Institute of Architects
American Academy and Institute of Literature and Art presented Arnold W. Brunner
Memorial Prize, the Danish Carlsberg Architecture Prize
Pu Li Venzke Award 1995
<Important works>
Title: Long House, Sumiyoshi
Architect: Tadao Ando
Construction Location: Osaka
Construction time: 1976
Base Environment: Osaka City neighborhoods
Expression means:
"Sumiyoshi long house" can be said to fame for Tadao Ando.
The building floor area of only about 15 small house, the embodiment of Tadao
Ando's usual all-concrete, iron, glass, wood, stone and other architectural
vocabulary, the seemingly symmetrical plane, with tortuous routes, and by outdoor set
out by the left atrium, the seasonal changes of natural, everyday guide to living space.
By a closed rectangular posed Sumiyoshi long room, equal split after three formed the
court, the expansion of residential areas, and become life-core: from the living room
to a restaurant to go through this in court, or must be made through the atrium
staircase to the living room to the bedroom and out of court by this way of life, to
make residents feel the gradual loss of contacts in the city of wind, rain, light. Access
to natural factors; even in rainy days, umbrella by the user still be accessible across
the courtyard. Central Court to connect around space, reducing the daily interest of
residential life, is traditional in Japan, Ando attempts to recover Street house had had
a vivid feeling. Ando that nature should be present in the live acts, in a puzzle around
the space, excluding the link with the outside world, from the individual's
internal experience and perception, create their own "emotional
Comprehensive Review:
If you look at a purely practical function, then the long Sumiyoshi outdoor atrium will
house some of these problems, but just as Ando said, he designed Bingbu Shi Zhu
Zhai sometimes useful, but this was exactly what he Shitu excluded Some functional
considerations, to question the priorities of modern architecture in the function of the
tendency. Exterior facade closed, it is the expression of urban space in Japan for the
deterioration of the environment was an ironic attitude.

Title: Himeji City Museum of Literature
Architect: Tadao Ando
Construction Location: Himeji City
Construction time: 1988/1990 Year
Base Environment:
Himeji City Museum of Literature in this center, located in the male away from the
foot of the mountains northwest of Himeji Castle, about 500 meters, it is surrounded
by a quiet residential area. Male mountain hill from the green slopes, the mountain
scenery can be seen Himeji, Himeji Castle Hill took the fall on the slopes.
Design requirements:
Literature Museum is to commemorate the philosopher and Tetsuro roundabout built.
The top three floors and basement space for the exhibition and a lecture hall,
exhibition space for the display of the Himeji City, the main origin of the authors.
Literary Museum of exposure to a garden, a man opened the garden pond building.
When visitors approached the Literature Museum, they can vaguely see the castle
Expression means:
Construction of two cubes, each cube is 22.5 meters long on each side, is divided into
nine parts, the two cubes with the transfer of 30-degree angle. One cube is a radius of
20 meters surrounded by a cylinder part. Cylindrical curved slopes on both sides of
the wall, the internal is an exhibition space, including a three-story space challenges,
visitors in the building where Waichuan rows can be generated by a dynamic
experience of space.
Comprehensive Review:
Ando in the business environment and spatial relations, broadly divided into three
categories; First, "the introduction of the natural environment",
water, wind, light, green design elements such as the case almost the entire main
character, all the natural factors of space around each plastic corner of the gap.
Second, "within the self-loop space", which in enclosed spaces,
bridges, ramps, overlooking the platform, tower, cloister as the main element, people
continue to walk in from the circle, showing display of the theme or the light and
wind, water, sound and the introduction of flowers. Third, "the earth type
building", building a low-key attitude adopted buried or climb on the
original landscape which to take advantage of the building will be stiff concrete block
hidden in nature. In this case, Ando also repeated the performance of their usual way,
passing through a forest or waterside Huaxiangniaoyu or listen to acoustic, encounter
a large stage makes up a slope or time to tour the path to the end of the line must have
a large wall approached the main turning point when the implant. During the process
of human feelings, as time flow, human migration, features a level of transformation,
until the subject in hand, to achieve unity of hearts King territory.

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