Such as warehousing

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					Such as warehousing
The definition of third party logistics third party logistics (Third-Party Logistics,
referred to as 3PL, also referred to as TPL) concept originated in the management of
the (out-souring), means that enterprises dynamically configure itself and the
effectiveness of other enterprises and service the application of external resources for
internal production and management services; to (Out-souring) the introduction of the
logistics management area, the place of third party logistics. The so-called third-party
logistics refers to the production and operation of enterprises as well concentrate on
core business, it did its own Chuzhi of logistics activities to contractual approach
entrusted to a professional logistics service companies, Tong Shi Xin Xi system
through close contact with the logistics companies adhere to, to get on logistics
management control throughout a logistics operation and management. So called
third-party logistics contract logistics. 3PL is neither the first party, nor the second
party, but by the first party or second party cooperation to provide professional
logistics services, it does not have a product, not involved in commodities trading, but
for customers provide binding contract to form an alliance for the basic, series,
personalization, information logistics agent service. The most common services
include 3PL logistics system design, EDI order, report management, freight
consolidation, carrier selection, freight forwarding, customs agents, information
management, storage, consulting, freight payment, freight and other talks. Third-party
logistics business conditions in the Legal Classification of taking a comprehensive
look Chinese things in the wind industry, third party logistics enterprises are mainly
two kinds of business conditions. First, third party logistics companies to receive the
client to handle the request according to customer goods. Business model is the
essence of this format has a commission of legal relations, Logistics Management
from the sense of belonging to the lower 业态. The situation is to deal with client
matters, said the objective of the matter under the commission to pay a fee, the
Trustee (logistics) based on actual costs plus profit received fees and supply the
appropriate services. If the client does not do responsibility to tell the trustees resulted
in equipment and other client equipment, cargo losses, and that the trustees have done
a review of the task (the "Contract Law" 406 trustee of the task),
the trustee exemption, resulting in third loss, by the third direct recourse to the wrong
client. In practice, the process is often based on commission to adjust the relevant
provisions of the contract. Such as "contract law" 407 trustee
handling the entrusted matters, because they can not be returned to the subject of
responsibility in their own loss, may seek compensation for loss of principal.
Therefore, low-level third-party logistics Yetai nature is to commission the legal
relationship. Currently China's logistics just started, so most of the logistics
enterprises are based on trust relationships in this layer is formed. Second, another
model is the logistics enterprise based on customer request, the name of the field of
logistics companies to pursue suppliers, agents, distributors, while Youxiang provide
appropriate storage, transport, packaging and other services for customers to design
logistics plan. This model is often engaged in by third-party logistics service
companies and fixed customers (usually chain) establish strong contractual
relationship, to establish a logistics company name and the production of commodity
relations in general, is the third-party logistics and end-customers establish long-time
alliance cooperation. This mode of operation is higher third-party logistics business
conditions. In practical activities, based on characteristics of third party logistics
activities, I believe that this is not the line of action Unnamed travels to. Unnamed
(agency of unnamed principal) is a common law concept, referring to agents in their
own name, in the context of being an agent authorized to enter into a contract with a
third, the third person in the conclusion of the contract, knowing that an agent and
was agent agent, as long as the agent is an agent for the benefits of being an agent
from the obligation. The most basic difference is that with the broker the broker can
only movement outside his own name, which entered into contracts with third party
clients can not compete. In practice, manufacturers, suppliers, and so on at home with
the third party logistics companies have bought out by the third party logistics agent
according to the end customer order processing, distribution and processing. Can be
seen in this model, the third person knows it is a logistics agent for end customers, but
there is no third party logistics to end customers in their own name with the name of a
relationship, the obligation by the ultimate customer. Have pointed out that in this
process, logistics agents for their own interests ultra vires, invalid action. And because
human error and the third loss of the end customer, by a third person liable directly to
end customers. (Usually caused by supermarket goods manufacturers lost, assume
error by the manufacturer to the supermarket compensation obligation) to clarify the
above operations can be higher third-party logistics business conditions is actually a
dormant agency action. And the status of third-party logistics third party logistics
market channels in the logistics services provided by the brokers, intermediaries in the
situation of contract period will provide companies of all or part of the necessary
logistics services. Third party logistics provider is an external customer management,
control and operation of the company providing logistics services, they are not in the
product supply chain to occupy a place, only a third party, but by providing a set of
logistics activities to serve the supply chain. Modern sense, is a third-party logistics
about 10 to 15-year-old industry. In the United States, third-party logistics industry is
that product life cycle is still in development stage; in Europe, particularly in the UK,
extensive third-party logistics market will think that level of maturity. Application of
the European third party logistics services in the current ratio of approximately 76%,
about 58% of the United States, and its demand is still increasing. Discussion shows
that 24% of Europe and the United States 33% of the non-third party logistics service
users are actively using, where appropriate, third party logistics services; Europe and
the United States 72% 62% third-party logistics service users that they may add to the
third party in 3 years Logistics Services. This home has a number of industries the
scope of the market and make stock of all third-party logistics industry in the United
States the equivalent of 420 billion U.S. dollars of market size, recent European
estimate the potential size of the logistics market is about 950 billion U.S. dollars.
Thus, the world's third-party logistics market has great potential,
progressive and high rate of increase of the special permit. This state to have a large
number of third party logistics service providers, most of the third party logistics
services company from the traditional "within the logistics"
industry as a starting point and developed, such as warehousing, transport, air
transport, shipping, freight forwarding and logistics within the Department of
Enterprise, etc., according to their different needs of customers, by providing each
with the characteristics of services to win. There are several hundred U.S. third party
logistics providers, most of them beginning when the company is not a third-party
logistics services company, but gradually developed into the into the industry.
Third-party logistics services are now largely concentrated in the traditional sense of
the transport, storage within, transportation, storage companies have a match on these
services in depth to understand that the services for each individual will have the
experience, the crucial point is how these individual's services organically
combine to provide the overall logistics plan. Developed country in the Western
practice of third party logistics, the following points are noteworthy: first, expanding
the scale of the logistics business. Trade institutions and to companies faced with
increasingly fierce competition in an important spiritual place had to be the core
business of the transport, storage and other related business areas by the more
professional logistics companies to operate, Yi Qiu thrift and high efficiency; the
other logistics enterprises to improve service quality, logistics Nadu, are continuously
expanding scale of operations, and providing support services; Second, many logistics
enterprises to win the first, second terms of the talks, analyze and compare the cost of
self-care agency operating costs mobile applications and agents take care of
themselves in two ways, to provide customized logistics services; third great
development potential of the logistics industry, with vast development prospects.
Logistics in World War II get agile development is the degree of development of
social productive forces by the resolution. Since World War II, the level of internal
production of further land, along with inventory management has been achieved
between the production and distribution of the "zero inventory"
optimization, which means that the original data, parts and components stocking time
should be greatly reduced. While the global integration process 经 济 agile
development and emerging markets the formation of forcing enterprises to adopt
global strategies, to find them in the production resources, Yue Laiyue 多 of products
as global products in Shijie Guimoxiaoshou. These requirements constitute the source
for the development of logistics, including the extent of the decline in internal
production is an important reason. Meanwhile, to participate in global competition,
companies must reduce the cost of products (including production costs and cost of
sales), decreased inventory (including storage and delivery process inventory), adding
to efficiency; enterprises request the correct and timely information, increase in
demand for all supply key process visibility. Third-party logistics provider for the
enterprise to solve the above problems, so more and more enterprises are diverse
choice of logistics business assignment. Origin of third-party logistics third party
logistics to create profit development thrust is to create profits for customers and
themselves. Third-party logistics company a requirement to attractive services to meet
client needs, level of service necessary to meet customer's on view, make
the customer 在 logistics De Dao profits, while Ziji are to obtain Shouyi, therefore,
Di Sanfang logistics Gongsi required by their more efficient logistics operations,
logistics management, information technology, modern logistics facilities, logistics
professional, large-scale logistics capacity to create profit. (1) Operating interest: First
of all third-party logistics services for customers with "logistics
operations" improved benefits. On the one hand, Trackbacks companies,
third party logistics third party logistics services by providing its customers that they
can not self-provide logistics services and logistics services necessary factors of
production, this happened was the development of logistics outsourcing and the main
reason. Self-organizing logistics activities in an enterprise situation, the movement or
limited to organizations Wuliu required professional knowledge, skills, or only
including the conditions internal logistics system is difficult to meet the logistics of its
own activities, needs, business self-improvement or resolution Zheyi problem often is
not economical. Another improvement of logistics operations is improved operation
of internal control, said, adding dexterity operations, improving quality and service,
speed and consistency of services to the logistics operations more efficient. (2)
Economic benefits: third party logistics services provide economic or financial
interests relevant to the basic existence of third-party logistics services. Generally low
cost is due to cost factors and economies of scope and economy of the invention,
including the labor factor costs. Through logistics outsourcing, the cost can be
changed to the same variable costs, and avoid blind investment funds for other use
and thus reduce the capital. Strong and visible impact of the cost is also a positive
factor in logistics outsourcing, a firm cost of the program and budget process easier.
In general, the cost of a link is difficult to clearly link with other areas to leave, but
through the logistics outsourcing, application third party logistics services providers
to fame is the cost and expense, the cost of clarity on the increase. (3) management of
interest: Third-party logistics services to customers not only improved operations and
cost reductions to customers should also be coherent with the management of the
benefits. As described earlier, logistics outsourcing can be applied to the Management
Company do not have the skills, Ye can 将 internal management Ziyuanyongyu other
more profitable use Zhongwang, and Xiang Yu Enterprise Hexinzhanlue line.
Logistics Outsourcing allows the company's human resources are more
focused on the company's core movement, while access to the other
company (third party logistics companies) can be the core business. In addition, as a
single supply of the number of resources and reduce the benefits of logistics
outsourcing is a potential cause of a single resource to reduce the public relations
costs, and reduce the company in Jige transport, handling, storage and other service
providers to reconcile between the pressure. Third-party logistics services to
customers that are managed can be many benefits, such as: information management
in order to avoid operations were suspended, operational harmony and so on. (4)
strategic interests: the strategic significance of logistics outsourcing can occur, and
mobility. Including the geographic scope of fragmentation of dexterity (set points, or
revocation) and to adjust according to the mobility of environmental change. Focus on
core business strategies in the management level and as a principal of a high level.
The interests of risk can also be obtained through third-party logistics services. The
value of third party logistics third party logistics service providers face the challenge
is to provide its own logistics more than the customer value. They not only providers
of similar services, where appropriate, competitive, but also to potential customers
Dynasty's internal operations. Third-party logistics providers generally
need to progress in the effectiveness of logistics, operations and customer integration,
the development of three aspects of the operation of the invention the operation of
customer value. (1) progress in the efficiency of logistics efficiency means that the
ultimate form of each individual logistics activities development (such as: transport
and storage, etc.). For example: the operational efficiency of storage depends on
adequate facilities and equipment and skilled operation skills. In the context of
operating efficiency is the role of a more advanced harmonic sustained logistics
activities. In addition to job skills, and communication skills need to be harmonized.
Harmony and communication skills, a great level of coherence in conjunction with the
information skills, Kakichi Express, a general harmony and communication skills
through information tools to achieve this. If there is a favorable cost factors, and the
company's focus on logistics, so the supply of lower cost and better
services is possible. (2) integration of third-party logistics services to customers
operating Another way to add value is the introduction of multi-client operation, or
the sharing of resources among customers. For example, Kakichi, integrated
multi-client warehousing and transport network, can be applied to similar resources
together to integrate the operation of the scale as to improve the effectiveness of the
main aspects. The great, complex third party logistics operations are highly integrated,
need more information technology and skills. The integration of value-added
approach to the inner workings of individual customers is very economic utility
transport and storage networks. Therefore, the scope of economic benefits that come
out is increased, if the operation of the well, will lead to greater competition,
customers gain the upper hand and basic. Of course, some have a large number of
cargo flows of large customers often invest in assets of the Society and its
coordination and communication skills, self-integrating the company's
logistics resources. (3) horizontal or vertical integration discussed earlier, an
important third-party logistics customer's internal operations outsourcing
results in more effective, it is supplied from the third party logistics service providers
角度 and need to integrate resources, outsourcing. Mainly based on non-asset based
third-party management of external resources, logistics service providers, these
companies Kehufaming value of Ji Qiao Wei is a strong information technology and
logistics management and the implementation of Deng Ji Hua Ji Neng, it can be
vertical 整 合 , Gouzhi the upper hand with cost and service effectiveness of
individual logistics operations and resources, the effectiveness of the development of
logistics providers with a single relationship, but also a way to create value, so that
logistics providers can focus on their own and new to the service. In the horizontal,
the third-party logistics companies, if able to unite the similar but not competing
companies, can be combined for customer service, expand the supply of services to
customers in areas shrouded surface. (4) the development of the operation of
third-party logistics company clients to create value for our customers another way is
through the development of client companies and organizations to get the value of the
operation, based on such third-party logistics services close to traditional logistics
consulting firm's work What is different is that this time the settlement plan
proposed by the logistics provider to develop their own to complete the operation.
Value-added activities, the driving force is the customer's own business
processes, the growth in value can be seen as willing to work with supply chain
management and integration. The value of third-party logistics cost in a highly
competitive market, lower costs, progress is often the margin of choice for companies
seeking purpose. This is also the logistics of 70 years in the 20th century, after the oil
crisis of its capital value has been uncovered as "the third profit
source" is widely regarded highly reasons. Logistics costs are often
thought that the higher cost of business, one of control logistics costs, the total cost
that is mastered. Full cost of business logistics, equipment and other logistics facilities
should include investment in fixed assets, storage, transportation, distribution and
other expense (ie narrow logistics costs), as well as management of logistics activities
necessary medical treatment and municipal fees, labor, and accompanying from the
information transmission, disposal fees arising from the generalized information
logistics costs. Logistics costs in the balance of changes should be fully appropriate,
the costs of all these constitute the total cost of logistics, not only transportation costs
and storage expense, and as a brief assessment of the logistics capital of indicators of
change, or enterprises in logistics cost control, or to third-party logistics, the final
accounting may come when the cost of logistics enterprises to rise in the fault of the
conclusions.
Topics related to the article:
Actively promote the informatization of logistics services
Using third-party logistics

				
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posted:9/1/2010
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