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Standardization of enterprise ERP Standardization is the basis for enterprise information, no sound business move an inch standardization of enterprise information. This article describes the basic work of enterprise standardization and CAD / CAPP / ERP systems development and application of the basic work of standardization. Enterprise Standardization is the foundation of informationalization in our company, without which informationalization would not be possible. This article will introduce the satandardization of a few main aspects of an enterprise, as will as the standardization in the development and applications of CAD / CAPP / ERP system. To ERP as the representative of the modern production management technology is built on the basis of scientific management, management style, to implement the advanced management techniques and must have the corresponding management system, improve the rules and regulations, stable and reasonable in the running order and integrity accurate data base. Standardized system, is the development of modern production management, an important foundation for the implementation of ERP. Recently, the National Standardization System of the enterprise and business review of good standardization efforts in increasing business, quality and technology supervision departments at all levels, enterprises also require replacement, it must by GB / T 15496 series standards system certification. The following is from the technical aspects of ERP integration process of our company ERP implementation and lessons learned, look at standardization. ?A basis for standardization of data ERP is a data processing line, so the raw data complete, accurate and timely data processing line is the key to operate effectively. To this end, requests the raw data of sector enterprises to carry out solid data standardization. ERP system, data preparation is the most things to attend to the process of system implementation, time-consuming, involving the most extensive work; and data preparation often have to be combined with industrial engineering and EPR, it has to consider the plant layout, process and production monitoring and many other side. Data preparation and management need to match, the work involved in the management of ERP it must first master the basic principles of change management concepts in order to proceed with this work. ERP implementation is based on computer data processing production line carrier, which required a &quot;one-third of technology, seven management, and twelfth of the data.&quot; Data preparation accuracy, completeness, timeliness is a prerequisite for the use of ERP implementation, if the input data is not reliable, then the processed data is not credible. On the users, ERP system implementation of software, hardware configuration, operating system and network options can be through &quot;outsourcing&quot; was, only the basic data of their products can not be bought by money. 1.1 The enterprise organization, responsibilities, job standardization work The application must ERP and Advanced Manufacturing Technology and Management technologies together, the new management, new technologies necessary requirement to ensure a certain degree of organization, so the application of computer analysis and design of the new system must make the request in accordance with transformation, and establishing a new system run organization and work standards, this is the system implementation, operation, results achieved to ensure the enterprise can survive and develop. This fully demonstrates the advanced productive forces, will promote the development of relations of production. Under the terms of reference of ERP applications work with the post system functional requirements according to the decision but also of the division of labor between man and computer, which would still use the manual processing, people close cooperation with the machine, all play their long, organized as a person composed of people with machines ─ machine system. 1.2 The design of standardized Implementation of the ERP technical data is required for many of the design phase of the product generated in the product design and development at every stage of the process will be the formation of various technical documents. Although there are standards or requirements, but under the conditions in the application of computer, requires these standards or requirements to be suitable for computer processing requirements. For production management process optimization, product design must implement standardized results for ERP implementation to provide basic access. In addition, the product catalog to meet the demands of production planning level. Companies use raw materials, purchased parts are often tens of thousands, and because the market changes, new products will continue to increase. If you do not use a certain specification, the designer freedom to choose raw materials, purchased parts, not only cause difficulties in procurement, increasing the cost of products, but also unnecessarily add to the workload. Made it necessary to design and development, according to Di requirements and the market may be a change, An Lean The Jing Shen Sheng Chan, the establishment of the company&#39;s raw materials, purchased fittings Xuanyongguifan, such as standard parts, GM parts and materials used. Essential requirement in the specification of data required for design selection, performance parameters and a uniform code, if necessary, could provide the required shape drawn diagrams, structural diagrams, CAD system to automatically select the raw materials, purchased parts and graphics drawing. 1.2.1 Project definition data material Product material defined data item is the most basic of production management, at least the basic data, the so-called project can be defined as a product, components, parts or consumables such, its scope should be based on business management, computer resources may be , with the deepening of management, increasing the range gradually, the production of each product, components, parts must have the sole of Ding Yi and the corresponding of Shujumiaoshu content including design, Gongyi, production, finance and other aspects, such as project number, name, type, units of measurement, material, weight, process number, material fixed and so on. 1.2.2 the definition of product structure (BOM) data BOM is a description of the structural assembly of the parts list, including the manufacture of an assembly of various materials and the quantity required. Material Requirements Planning (MRP) system to calculate the correct time and quantity of materials needed, first of all manufacturing enterprises to make the system aware of the product structure and the materials to be used, it must explain the various components of the project in the amount of material needs and the relationship between the composition of the structure. In all data, material inventories and the impact was greatest accuracy it demands the highest, it is receiving customer orders, Xuanze assembly, heuristic rules lead time, the preparation of production and procurement plans, logistics tracking, tracing tasks, calculate costs, tender bid to improve product design work is essential for important documents. The work involves the enterprise of 销售, planning, production, supply, cost, design, technology and other departments, so we could Shui 物料 list of a relation to the Zheng Ge enterprise management file is Lianxi and Gou Tong Ge sector of the bond, all enterprises departments must use materials list, materials list should fully reflect the data sharing and information integration. 1.3 Process design data standardization It includes work centers, routings, time quota, material fixed and so on. In the manufacturing system is the logistics information flow guidance, ERP to make logistics optimization, first of all need to optimize information flow, and optimize manufacturing information, is the process route, process planning and process design and preparation of the fixed and so on. So get real benefits requirements necessary to make ERP process design standardization. In order to adapt the work of computer applications in technology, computer application to be re-enacted under the conditions of process management standards. Preparation for standardized production technology. Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP) applications, so that preparations for conventional production technology changes. CAPP computer technology personnel with the preparation of process documentation system, to enter certain information system, and then by the computer processing and the development process route, process planning, material fixed, fixed working hours, and tooling, materials, a summary of fixed working hours, etc.. Technology staff input file proofreading process, review. Due to the way of changes in working order, to be adjusted according to the operational requirements of CAPP management restructuring process and be standardized. CAPP system of regular maintenance, increased process information database content, product process information database of routine maintenance, etc., became the new content management technology, needed to be integrated process management standards. Standardization of data production and management 1.4 1.4.1 planning of units of measurement (time, quantity, unit) standard changes. Traditional production planning to Taiwan, the year, quarter, month, issued a plan for the units of measurement, assessment plan. As the dispersion of mechanical products, plans were issued in Taiwan, its executive arm (shop) to do a lot of work, the product down into components, parts, and to identify the department to arrange for the production of parts production, it will not only result in the Department duplication, inaccurate, and cause difficulties to the production planning department, so scheduling is invalid, the production out of control. To change this extensive production management, to issue the necessary parts directly from the planning department plans the program offered as a standard by the &quot;Taiwan&quot; to the number of parts, &quot;parts.&quot; The company holds many lessons to &quot;part-level&quot; program, to be stable for some time, the workshop program management can be upgraded to &quot;process level&quot; program. Planning departments can directly control parts cases, easy to organize production. In the scheme of time, in order to improve the accuracy of plans to adapt to changing production conditions, reduce the planning time of the unit, usually by the &quot;month&quot; to &quot;Week&quot; or less &quot;days.&quot; 1.4.2 standards of known amount of standard operating plan is to organize the production of important data. Period is the period that the manufacture of a product (or parts and components) need more time; volume is the amount that the number of manufactured parts. And the volume of production operations constitute an integral part of program is to ensure coordination before and after the production processes developed by standard data, different types of enterprises, application of the period and quantity standards are different, and reasonable in the period and quantity standards to ensure the balanced production shorten the production cycle, reduce the backlog of products, speed up cash flow. Volume was made at a time or to order some items the number of items used for each batch of what algorithms are based on management to achieve the goal to select, these goals include: reducing order costs, reduce preparation costs, reduce transport costs, reduce product level. Typically, the use of management policies to determine the volume algorithm, to enable enterprises to achieve their goal of inventory management. Decision-volume methods can be divided into two categories: static and dynamic methods. Static method is the order quantity is a constant, such as fixed-volume method, the economic batch method. When using the dynamic method to determine volume, only in order to plan, the number of orders is available and has been re-calculated, such as direct volume method, a fixed periodic batch process. ?Lead in the ERP system plays an important role, such as for workshop scheduling, start date of the determination of material requirements planning in a reasonable time and accuracy are directly related. So how do we get this data accurate? Each device processing a part of the time how statistics? According to experience, general manufacturing enterprises in processing a part of the mobility and preparation time is not long, long time is wasted in the process to move and wait time, so in advance of the setting on the process to take into account the movement and queue waiting time. But most companies are only prepared to end the fixed hours of work time and run time. Statistical analysis and from abroad, production practice found that parts put into operation only 5% of the time workers in the machine tool during preparation and processing, 95% of the time in the waiting process (waiting for the arrangements with the machine next to the waiting process). If you do not put 95% of the time counted, fixed working hours with the status quo would not lead to accurate projections. Study and formulate the necessary time and ordered to wait for the calculation of standard time in order to correctly calculate the lead time. Outsourcing parts by ordering in advance of the meeting can not order way. Calculation of foreign enterprises in advance of purchased parts, contract negotiations are ordering the production cycle time + supplier + transit time + inspection time. Only in this way, plan carefully in order to change the original extensive management. 1.5 based on the standardization of data management and control In order to enter data in the database up to the required standards to ensure the uniqueness of the data, integrity, relevance and accuracy of test data necessary to establish assurance system. Computer application system is the system of human domination, but by the mental state of people&#39;s work, physical, external environmental constraints, in a lot of detailed work prone to this or that mistake, and therefore build a large database of test data must be established module, using a variety of special inspection procedures to verify the input data, their work efficiency and quality is possible with manual proofreading. Test as follows: The only test data. All input data required in the system is already set and can not repeat some of the definition of. Test data format. All input data must conform to the definition of the format requirements. Data correlation test. Relationship between all relevant data according to their relationship tested. Data integrity testing. Some data are often recorded by a set of data or composition, so the integrity of testing procedures can be set to test. Logical test data. Product structure tree, such as multi-level affiliation test. Test the accuracy of some data. Matters that can be said that the accuracy of certain relations, the program can also be tested. The purpose is to establish a database to use, the data used in the enterprise&#39;s various functional departments, the job requirements are different, some Shuju confidential and After the database is set up so Bixuzhiding data system, ie the use of permission settings on the available units and individuals authorized to ensure the normal use of the database to prevent illegal use and compromised data. 2, the standardization of work processes Since the 80s of the 20th century, with the increased level of consumer demand, the market has changed over the last common pursuit of personal consumption, conspicuous consumption demand its own characteristics, which enable high volume, low variety of modes of production can not meet the situation requires, must be less quantity and variety, fast-paced mode instead. Management of business processes is to develop management standards based, and management is the process of restructuring the standard formulation of the continuation and refinement and manage operations management standardization work is to be repeated there management business, according to the objective requirements of modern business and management experience in Guiding their work content, procedures, forms, methods and requirements to be met, the standard must be typical, scientific, measurable. 2.1 Standardization of work order Enterprises should be based on the purpose of production management and orderly, rational production and operational activities. Production and operations can be abstracted as the information flow (data flow), material flow, capital flow activity process. To achieve good economic returns, they need to optimize processes, and these processes has its own laws. Manufacturing processes such as material flow according to the requirements of the decision and order of their flow, but the amount of materials and flow time and subject to the requirements of the constraint management. So, first of all necessary to optimize the logistics optimization of information flow, information flow through the realization of a reasonable quality control of material flow and cash flow requirements of rationalization. Therefore, the optimization and standardization of procedures is to establish the basis for enterprise computer applications. On the other hand, the computer system running a strict, scientific process, not only to meet the operational requirements of the logical concept, but also need to adapt to computer processing. To this end enterprise computer application system must be designed to work in the analysis of enterprise business processes and data flow on the basis that the current system in the control process in circumstances Fenxiyanjiu optimized as a computer application system design basis. Traditional inventory is a means of regulating production, resulting in increased inventory levels, cash flow is slow. By JIT,? MRP requirements, zero inventory best. In the actual production order cycle should be part of developing proper insurance amount. In order to strengthen the control of inventory, according to the traditional regular inventory of materials A, B, C classification determined cycle inventory, the key material to enhance inventory control. Therefore, development of the insurance amount of inventory cycle counts and the standard is very necessary. Traditional cost control is controlled by a group after accounting for the cost of production. Under the conditions of the use of the computer can control the change after the pre-control. Target cost can be elected to the implementation of cost control to all levels of management, technology, production jobs, change from passive to active, thereby strengthening economic management. ?2.2 The establishment of system standards and procedures of Operation ERP for the enterprise as a whole provides a management tool. It is a standardized management. Enterprises of all staff positions in different parts of the implementation of a unified plan, which calls for uniform work standards and procedures to standardize the way people work. In the modern production management system, such as data on all aspects of the definition, preparation and input, master production plan, material requirements planning, Nengli requirements planning, production control, purchasing, inventory management, Gongchenggaibian, Cheng Ben should have the appropriate accounting Deng Deng&#39;s Gongzuo standards and procedures. Establish work standards and procedures is very important. However, the process of implementing ERP system, which is one of the most easily overlooked work. This work is often omitted or in a very hasty manner. This was engaged in the implementation of faster, but Zai system into operation occurs after many problems, there is no standard and procedures, systems Zhong of each user Du Zuochujueding their respective ways. System communication is difficult to coordinate, not the normal flow of information, more and more of the error message appears, lower the overall system reliability, in order to maintain the system&#39;s operation, the user had to take non-standard solution, the result is confusion and even paralysis of the system , the loss is immeasurable. Work standards and procedures established no substantial difficulties, in fact, these key files should be a company in determining how to use the ERP system will process the natural result. Work standards and procedures in conjunction with the project team should be a common requirement of all functional departments to form a company official document. To specify the number, subject, commencement date, edition, prepared by responsible persons. In the pilot process, should the establishment of standards and procedures for verification and revision, finalized by the Steering Committee for approval, sent to the entire enterprise implementation, and periodically summarize amendment. Recently, my company in the technological process, equipment use procedures have been completed structure, follow-up will improve the standard of work posts. In the production process can be found in various positions related to norms and standards. 3, the standardization of information classification and coding Information Classification and coding is important for some commonly used to classify and code data elements, information classification and value is directly related to the scientific and rational information processing, retrieval and transmission of the level of automation and efficiency, the information code is affected and norms and standards determine the exchange and sharing of information and other properties. Therefore, information classification must follow the scientific, systematic, scalability, compatibility and integrated the basic principles, from the engineering point of view, the local problem on the system as a whole to consider, to the effect of global optimization, in accordance with international standards National Standards ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ industry standard enterprise standard principles, to establish suitable and meet the needs of the unit management information coding system and standards. Enterprises to raise awareness, unity of thinking, a clear basis for standardization in the modern production management system in an important position, one should rule out the existence of the work of the heavy workload of time-consuming, and can not produce immediate results such as the fear of the situation, second, overcome the individual units in the internal information system development of information when there is no standardization, but also built and put into application and effective, so that pursues the standardization of information standardization tendency indifferent contempt. Enterprise information technology must be guided by the principles of standardization, the first direct reference to and in the light of the promulgation of international standards, national standards and industry standards, and in light of its specific conditions and practical requirements, establish a scientific, practical, comprehensive information standardization system. First of all, the standardization of business information enterprise-wide information resources to investigate the situation, find out all kinds of information distribution and processing, if the direct reference and reference has been issued by international standards, national standards or industry standards is a direct quote. No international standards, national standards, and industry standards to follow, then Zunzhao information systems classification and coding of the basic principles and methods, the preparation of enterprise standard system, to determine the standard specification information included therein and their relationship. When necessary, without prejudice to the above criteria and based on the information to carry out target expansion, code-digit expansion, thinning and layering, the expansion of code bits to determine the meaning and value rules to meet the needs of the unit management . Application of computer code is the basis of modern production management data, is a data form of expression. ERP systems from the perspective of many different types of code, such as coding, department code, process route code, work center code and so on. In developing a computer application system should be developed first, the preparation of a series of code standards, including the management system itself uses some of the identification code, and then the preparation of various types of code based on these standards manual, and stored in the computer for data entry and data maintenance verification. This will be my company&#39;s ERP implementation in a further, gradual improvement of the important content.
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