Parrot knowledge 【37】 Alexandrine Parakeet (Alexandrine Parakeet) Alexander parrot is Asia&#39;s largest parakeet (Parakeet), geographical distribution is very broad, spanning several countries, the domestic is not uncommon, and many business selling mostly birds wild birds, looks somewhat similar to the ring-necked parrot (on wheels), If there is a good learning ability, gentle nature, can learn some skills training in recent years, there have also been color variants, but the price is very expensive, about 5 subspecies. Length: 58cm (23 inches) Distribution: widespread in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and other countries. Overall Summary: Most of the habitat at an altitude of 900m the following dry and wet areas, including forest, crop areas, mangroves, coconut and other places, and occasionally also in suburban areas, parks, gardens, activities, activity is usually a small group of clusters, When sufficient food or rest in the habitat will gather a large number of natural food that contains the seeds of field and farmland, flowers and buds of trees and flowers, nectar, fruit, cereals and vegetables, and feeding mainly in the morning and evening, in the Alexander parrot in many parts of the main food crops, causing serious loss of farmers in the breeding season between approximately November to April; capture wild birds Alexander parrot to the behavior of market transactions are common, as were a large number of ethnic groups in Sri Lanka hunt, now The number of very rare, only a small number of northern communities, as young birds in Thailand over capture, their number has plummeted, this situation also occurred in Thailand near the Zhongnanhai countries. Feeding Abstract: Breeding birds to adapt to the new owner on the environment and do not spend too much time, after adapting to the environment is very strong and resilient in the aviary is very active parrots, such as the Asian Long-tailed parrots flying birds can provide spacious care is better, not with other types of mixed breeding, bite force strength, the best to provide several types of toys and new branches for its bite and play, hand raising birds cute. Propagation: Purchase of breeding adult birds to breed, then the difficulty is not high, providing a solid nest boxes, nest boxes place the higher the better, they are very dedicated parents, usually after the birth of litter chicks better care by their parents, during the breeding season required to provide the birds with adequate food, usually in February during the breeding season, litter produced 3-4 eggs hatch about 24 days, 7-8 weeks after the birds Maozhang Cheng, hand-raised parrot chicks Alexander could be very good pets, they are gentle, size large, hand-raising birds quiet, smart, love to play with the owner, the ability to speak in the Asian Long-tailed parrot (Asiatic Parakeet) be better, Alexander parrot chicks are rare. Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus Parrot) Eclectus Parrot (large purple) is the appearance of gender differences in all the parrots in the most obvious kind, male and female color great, the female bright red plumage color and the male&#39;s arms, in stark contrast to the green is very beautiful and attractive parrot their ability to speak very prominent in the international parrot magazine or Web site is often listed as only the gray parrot, Amazon parrot, after ranking the types of birds and vivacity of public curiosity, like close to people, is in medium to large parrots ideal choice, females were more aggressive bad move, the female parrots in the world of compromise is dominant with a dominant position, most of the male birds than female birds are fierce, in keeping care, compared Eclectus Parrot Other medium to large parrots difficulty, primarily because their digestive system is very long, require large amounts of fiber and vitamins, it should be the main feeding of vegetables, fruits and soft food, vitamin A intake is particularly important to them; in recent years into the wild import large quantities of birds and even young birds, mortality is very high, plus many more wild chicks imported to Taiwan in the winter, so casualties than most people can imagine; a total of about 10 kinds of sub-species, different from other parrots, all Eclectus Parrot subspecies belongs to a separate genus, there is no other similar type of blood relationship. Length: according to different sub-species, about 30-40cm Distribution: very wide, mostly in the Indonesian territory of Papua New Guinea and Papua New Guinea, many islands, the distribution of population in Australia is at the northern tip of Cape York Peninsula. Overall Summary: Eclectus Parrot about 10 subspecies - 1. Fusimarui Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus. r. vosmaeri), 2. Health Christman Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. westermani), 3. Kwai Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. roratus), 4. red edge or New Guinea Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. polychloros), 5. Yilu Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. aruensis), 6. Australia Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. macgillivrayi), 7. Solomon Island Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. solomonensis), 8. Biacchi Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. biaki), 9. Keneiliya Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r. cornelia), 10. Taning Ba or Ridley Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus r . riedeli), of which the largest is the size of Australia Eclectus Parrot, about 38-40cm, the smallest is the Solomon Island Eclectus Parrot, about 30-32cm, and commonly known as the golden tail compromise, that is Fusimarui Eclectus Parrot size is 2 large, but with Yi Lu Eclectus Parrot is almost great; many breeders do not breed the concept of pure descent, many of the Eclectus Parrot is the cross breeding of different subspecies, the identification of subspecies of Eclectus Parrot very difficult, identification large part of the subject by the females of the external features, and most of the male bird looks almost the same, difficult to identify, but still there is some evidence to follow ─ only three kinds of sub-species females blue eyes rimmed the edge of a circle, is the Australian Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus Parrot and the red edge Solomon Island Eclectus Parrot, one identification method described above the 10 subspecies of the first species of females abdomen 1,2,3 feather color is purple, the first 4,5 , 6,7,8 kinds of females abdomen plumage color is dark blue, while the first 9,10 species is not blue or purple abdomen, whole body are all red, this two kinds of sub-species of parrots breeding in general is very rare is a rare bird species, but only by the male body size and plumage color shades to distinguish; Eclectus Parrot habitat for a variety of terrain, forests, grasslands, mangroves, coconut and other agricultural areas below 1900m altitude areas, the most often crops, coastal areas and low elevation forests infested, often outside the breeding season alone, in pairs or a small group gathered in the breeding season, often only the male birds gather, gather very noisy, sharpest strong, general are foraging in the trees, in some areas of New Guinea as they were destroyed crops locust infestation, the main food is fruit, buds, flowers and nectar, nuts, seeds, particularly fond of bananas, mangoes, figs and papaya Although most of compromise in the number of parrots fairly stable, but the situation is very serious poaching in the security of this Island, Shabaluya Island and Haru ancient island populations in the long-term catch poachers these three islands under the compromise Parrots have become extinct, another rare Keneiliya Eclectus Parrot is also endangered, the total number of parrots around the world should compromise more than 300,000; the breeding season vary, once produced two eggs, the female in the incubation period, 2 times a day leave the nest to the male bird feeding, 26 days after hatching, Yu Mao Changcheng after 3 months. Feeding Abstract: Captive parrots are common compromise is the more quiet, medium and large parrots parrot, but still screamed noisy sometimes, especially in the evening; but has been imported from the wild in Southeast Asia have never stopped a compromise, most mortality of wild parrots compromise higher mortality rate than many wild parrots much higher, 10 million do not be cheap to buy for; best kept in large cages, the newly introduced reared Eclectus Parrot slow to adapt to new environments and master, especially females, will not used to start a new food or rejection, the death of wild birds is very easy to fall ill, the female to the male bird sometimes aggressive, fresh branches to provide them with toys, eating seeds and other feed, if only to provide seed will be their health very unfavorable, will cut short-term life; hand to support the male bird friendly, lively and loved ones, for when the pet birds, females are more shy and introverted personality and outward away from the public and many birds. Propagation: And other medium to large parrots contrast, the breeding Eclectus Parrot is comparatively less difficult, in the hatched young of the females on the male is often offensive, can breed throughout the year, usually over the Eclectus Parrot breeding stable and will continue to reproduction, but often unfertilized eggs or during the case the birds do not brood, litter produced two eggs, the incubation period of about 28 days ,70-80 days after the chicks Yu Mao Changcheng, small parrot about 2 compromise years of age are capable of reproducing large be 4-5 years. Unicorn parrot (Horned Parakeet) Unicorn parrot is very rare and expensive species of bird native to New Zealand and around the world in general is extremely low, its subspecies Owain parrots (Ouvean Parakeet, bottom left) is more rare and less, is an endangered extinction of bird species; angle parrots parrots and Owain visibility in the market and the relatively low prevalence, but its unique and beautiful appearance with a little mystery is a very attractive species. Length: about 32cm (12.5 inches) Distribution: French New 喀利多尼亚 (northeast Australia) Overall Summary: Parrots in the wild, horn usually inhabit moist forests and open forest land, more than in the non-breeding season when pairs or small groups or activities with food, staple food for the fruits and seeds, tree, shrub to love in return activities prompt action of the alert, do not easily close observation and research records, many nests built on top of the tree, hollow branch or rock caves / cracks, the propagation of more than 10 months to December, the first of about two to four eggs produced . Feeding Abstract: Artificial breeding of horn parrot is very robust, adaptable and high and fast, not too difficult to breed, need to provide spacious aviary for their flights and activities, often to the activities and pecking the ground floor of food so it is more spacious aviary appropriate, but because there must be action on a regular basis with insect, wild birds or less stable import birds prone to intestinal problems and no signs of death cases, deserve more attention, in addition to the general mixed feeding on the seeds as a staple, must also often provide quantitative complement a variety of nutritious vegetables and fruits. Propagation: Unicorn Australian parakeet parrots and many similar, about 8 months old that is to be fertile, but do not rush to them to breed, this will only damage the bird itself without any help, especially for female birds to influence is greatest, not only will hurt our health, leading to dangerous eggs dystocia card situation. mishandling easy to die, specifications and Australian parakeet nest boxes can be similar to the reference standard 20 x 20 x 35-45cm , a reproductive health 3-5 eggs, chicks hatch in about 20 days, Yu Mao Changcheng about 35 days, the birds are mostly responsible for tending to offspring, but unfertilized eggs frequently occur in the case. b] eyes fig parrot (Double-eyed Fig Parrot) Fig parrot is very cute eyes, charming small parrot in Taiwan, its price cheaper than the other fig parrot, the number of not more than, their breeding and feeding difficult problems than other small parrots, fig parrots, breeding success The key lies in the food supply, such as a lack of vitamin K often parrot died, not Lory character as playful and tame, fig parrot eyes wild birds in Taiwan, coupled with easy care breeding, before buying in addition to first identified as the artificial breeding of wild birds to prevent the birds of the high mortality rate, the need to more careful attention, about 7 Asian species. Length: about 13-16cm (5-6.3 inches) Distribution: Indonesia, New Guinea and Papua New Guinea and surrounding islands northeast of Australia have their ethnic group. Overall Summary: Inhabit low elevation rain forest, forest fringe areas, dry forests, streams, next to forests, open eucalyptus forest land and other places, in Australia also appear in the park, bush, crop areas and other areas of mangrove forest land , food, figs accounted for the most important part of feeding time quiet and agile fast, not to the ground activities or for feeding, breeding pairs outside the usual or a small group with activities in the habitat of the trees will gather around 200, while its main natural food in addition to other figs will also eat fruit, nectar, insects, larvae, or by scraping the bark on the food of some moss and fungus, also with the other when foraging fig parrots, roses parrot, Lory cluster together in New Guinea about the breeding season in March, Australia in August-November, mainly the work of the mother bird nest, nest about 2 eggs females in the two days will be finished, after about 18 days of incubation, the female alone fed chicks about 3-4 weeks, the chicks about 7-8 weeks after the Yu Mao Changcheng; from the Australian subspecies ─ Curson&#39;s eyes fig parrot (Coxen&#39;s Double-eyed Fig Parrot) As the habitat has been severely damaged, has been included as Appendix I of CITES, an endangered parrot. Feeding Abstract: Eyes fig parrot parrot breeding in the international arena in the number of extremely rare, hard to take care of feeding and survival is the main reason young birds is not easy, just very sensitive to the introduction of rearing, often due to stress, urgency and anxiety of death, particularly wild birds, fig parrot cage eyes are quiet, though not strong, but the best bite force to provide branches for gnawing to prevent the excessive growth on the beak, they are also very sensitive to low temperature, the general temperature of not less than 15 degrees is best , the chicks inside the nest Do not lower than 20 degrees, food to provide the most important to avoid the breeding of small parrot-like only seed grains, vegetables, fruits, nectar, insects, vitamin supplements also should be adequate supply of food can also be Lory powder to import the staple food of Your feed when; male birds face bright red color, the female is pale yellow, but the young birds during the plumage color are the same as females, the male is 14 months old feather face color will be fully rendered, such as adult birds like the red. Propagation: Large fig parrots (such as Edward, Sawaduoli&#39;s, Daisimarui Sturgeon&#39;s fig parrot) than small fig parrot reproduced, eyes fig parrot breeding is not easy, but very high mortality rate of chicks often survive several days, and this situation often occurs again and again, if you encounter this problem, the chicks will hatch daily to provide food to soft foods (such as mango, papaya, etc.) may be improved, separate breeding pairs will nest boxes installed in the dark, litter produced two eggs, the incubation period of about 21 days, the birds of the pet owners check the nest boxes are very sensitive, not always disturb them, Yu Mao Changcheng about 35 days, the chicks usually will leave the nest about 40 days, the male bird on the young birds are sometimes aggressive, not too late out of the chicks.
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