Opened: the Chinese version of the South China Sea after collision EP3 truth behind the sudden take-off From the U.S. version of the EP-3 electronic surveillance aircraft can be speculated that the latest development of China&#39;s electronic surveillance of the general level! Of course, this is certainly not piracy, but with the air as police -2,000 and balance beam, is one of the Chinese people&#39;s morale-boosting machine. The following diagram on to EP-3, we see the latest machine machine level! U.S. Navy EP-3E electronic surveillance aircraft 1, and operational tasks U.S. EP-3E electronic surveillance aircraft main task alone or together with other aircraft flying in international airspace over the task force commander for the flight side the enemy&#39;s military forces to provide real-time information on tactical situation. In international waters to provide relevant information to its own personnel, the crew of the intelligence data can be analyzed to determine the detection area of tactical environment, and information sent to higher- level authorities as soon as possible, so that decision- makers at all levels can progress against key decisions. Second, General Development ?U.S. EP-3E electronic surveillance aircraft There are two models, respectively, by the 10 P-3A, 2 架 P-3 and 12 P-3C anti- submarine patrol aircraft converted. P-3 &quot;Orion&quot; (Orion) is a U.S. Navy Lockheed according to the requirements of the &quot;伊列克特拉&quot; passenger aircraft based on the design of an anti-submarine patrol aircraft. The machine&#39;s main purpose is to carry out anti-submarine at sea, patrolling and reconnaissance missions. Machine in 1957 and began designing, in August 1958 test flight, November 25, 1959 Electronic Systems Tester YP-3A flight test. In April 1961 after the delivery. This machine adopts single warily on the cantilever under the engine nacelle layout. P-3 main types are: P-3A, the original production, with 4 sets of T- 56A-10W turboprop engine, producing 160; P-3, with the T56-A-14 turboprop engines and improved electronic equipment, has delivered 144; P-3C, install the &quot;Egyptian button&quot; system, new models service in 1969, then on to the U.S. Navy to deliver 279; also to Japan, the Netherlands, Australia and other countries export 68. It then also the development of several types. In 1969, the U.S. military on the first EP-3 reconnaissance aircraft, that EP-3E (Aries) Ⅰ electronic reconnaissance aircraft. Aries Aries is AIRORNE RECON NAISSANCEINTEGRATED ELECTRONICS SUITE acronym, meaning air reconnaissance integrated electronic packages. EP- 3E (Aries) Ⅰ is the U.S. Navy to replace the Lockheed Martin- made EC-121 (Constel-Olation) electronic surveillance, the 10 P-3A and 2 P-3 anti-submarine patrols equipped with electronic surveillance equipment converted. One surveillance equipment installed in the machine after the segment, the next highlight of the fairing, the front has a disk-shaped body below the radar antenna fairing. The mid-80s, the U.S. Navy in turn 12 P-3C anti-submarine patrol aircraft converted to EP-3E (Aries) Ⅱ electronic reconnaissance aircraft to replace the earlier conversion of EP-3E (Aries) Ⅰ type. First flight test-based EP-3E (Aries) Ⅱ electronic surveillance was completed in November 1988, serial number 156,507, in July 1990 in the United States, Patterson River Naval Test Center flight test work. The first production aircraft type EP-3E (Aries) Ⅱ electronic reconnaissance aircraft, serial number 157320, on June 29, 1991 delivered the U.S. Navy. SDF-owned EP-3 electronic reconnaissance aircraft, with Japan&#39;s Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the U.S. Navy&#39;s P-3C converted. In October 1990 conducted the first flight test aircraft, the first 2 Aircraft were in March 1991 and October delivery service in Japan Self-Defense Forces. Allegedly because of U.S. military aircraft crash, I am afraid the U.S. Navy EP-3E electronic surveillance equipment of the investigation and dismantling of the Japanese Defense Agency on April 6 has begun to use part of the password on the Self- Defense Forces device changes. Modification of the plant and equipment and the U.S. military to use the same airborne equipment, including the &quot;identification of Zhuangzhi enemy&quot; and to Jiangsuo reconnaissance information to the information available for all units 共同 utilization were discussed sending and receiving encrypted data communication system, etc., and even consider replacing the entire device. 3, base deployment ?Only 12 American EP-3E (Aries) aircraft, are deployed in Spain, Florida, Guam and the United States and other places, the serial number of their operations were 156507,156511, 156514,156517,156519,156528,156529,157316,157318,157320,157325 and 157,326. Were served in the U.S. Navy base in Guam, VQ-1 special air reconnaissance squadron, and in Spain Lota base VQ-2 special air reconnaissance squadron. The plane was departing from a U.S. military base in Okinawa, U.S. Navy VQ -1 electronic warfare squadron of PR-32 aircraft number. ?U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet patrol unit 8 VQ-1, based in Washington Whidey Island, established in June 1955 on the establishment of model aircraft EP-3E signals intelligence aircraft (including combat serial number 156507,156511,156517 and 157318) and UP-3A communications support aircraft. In addition to the deployment of the island base in the Whidey outside, VQ-1 also Guam (Misawa) Air Force Base resident, and since July 1992 has been to maintain military presence in the Gulf region. Navy Atlantic Fleet, the Mediterranean Sea Patrol Corps VQ-2, based at NAF Rota, Spain, September 1, 1955 founded the aircraft type for the EP-3E signals intelligence aircraft (including combat serial numbers 157320,157325 and 157326) and P- 3C communications support aircraft. In addition to the deployment base in Rota, Spain outside, VQ-2 also in Soda Bay base in Crete Island resident, and according to unconfirmed sources, combat aircraft serial number to 157,325 in May 1995 to return to VQ- 2. According to Lixieersen collected six flying squadrons record annual event (now stop this aircraft in China EP-3 surveillance aircraft are also included), only the year 1996, the squadron flew 1319 sorties on from the target country&#39;s land, sea, aircraft collected the 2911 &quot;tactical significance&quot; of the signal, and detect the 72 &quot;unfriendly&quot; submarine. 4, the main features ?U.S. EP-3E electronic surveillance aircraft was the only one the U.S. Navy land-based signals intelligence reconnaissance aircraft manufactured by the United States Luotexide. It is a turboprop aircraft, equipped with 4 T56-A-14 engine, larger, and therefore also less subtle. Similar size and Boeing 737, a wingspan of 30 meters wide, 32 meters long, built- in 24 seats, the highest altitude of up to 8230 Meters and a range of time is 12 hours and a range of 3,000 nautical miles, a top speed of 761 km per hour and weighs about 28 tons maximum load of about 64 tons. Flight cost per flight hour cost 2100 U.S. dollars. With named &quot;LINK11&quot; data link system and a central computer called AN/AYK-14, equipped with sophisticated electronic information interception system that can detect and track radar, radios and other electronic communications signals. Reconnaissance using sensors, satellite dish receiver and cables can be a great range of electronic information, a monitor, from 740 km (460 miles) outside the intercepted radar and other communication signals. According to Jane&#39;s Weekly, Britain&#39;s Paul eaver said Lingshui airports in Hainan U.S. Navy VQ-1 electronic warfare squadron of PR-32 aircraft number is very likely after a recent major upgrade modification. Upgrade program known as the &quot;Sensor System Improvement Program&quot; (SSIP). Paul eaver that after upgraded EP-3E is the Navy&#39;s most advanced electronic reconnaissance aircraft, the true &#39;crown jewel&#39;. The plane still has an important intelligence value. Because the new converted already very advanced E-P3E added three key systems, which are: 1 storyteller (Story Teller-system code, the same below): the newly upgraded data comparison, correlation analysis and reporting system, available through spy satellite transmission of important data. 2, story books (Story ook): a signal improved search, integration and use of systems that can detect signals of electronic data links and communications data center, including the communication link with NATO. 3, classic story (Story Classic): communication monitoring system, with the search, the capacity of low- frequency signals intercepted. The most important thing is: The &quot;Sensor System Improvement Program&quot; upgraded with the U.S. EP-3E reconnaissance platforms and fighting platforms other direct, real-time connection, the connection object with the U.S. Air Force E-3 AWACS and other aircraft, Navy submarines. 5, the architecture 1, the external structure (1) in the fuselage beneath the front of the large, retractable radar antenna shield, install the aircraft&#39;s unique &quot;ig Look&quot; antenna receiver can rotate 360 degrees around the aircraft to obtain electronic signals. (2) the body raised above the top of the object (upper canoe faring), installed a number of signal receivers and transmitters. (3) the body below the belly bulge objects (ventral canoe faring), also installed a special antenna. (4) external antennas are placed at the back and spinal part of the body. (5) tail cone installed electronic equipment. (6) the first cone. (7) EP-3 aircraft are using more advanced receivers, co mmunications, signal processing systems and computer display to be updated. 2, the internal structure (1) visual observation workstation Visual oservation station ?(2) simultaneously for both the navigation module Possile two man navigation console (3) simultaneously for five communications intelligence cabin Five man COMINT console (4) on-board toilet Possile toilet / washroom (5) crew lounge Possile crew rest area (6) flight deck Flightdeck (7) aircraft command workstation Possile aircraft commander&#39;s station (8) unidentified Unidentified workstation workstation (9) Artificial ELINT electronic intelligence station Manual ELINT 〔〕 workstation (10) low-band signal collection station Low-and signal collection workstation (11) high-band signal analysis workstation High- land signal analysis workstation (12) ig Look operating workstations ig Look, ?operator workstation (13) ELINT ELINT supervisor&#39;s workstation monitoring workstation (14) electronic warfare, electronic warfare coordination workstation EW 〔 〕 co-ordinator&#39;s work-station (15) Communication Intelligence Surveillance / collection charge of workstations COMINT supervisor / collection director&#39;s workstation (16) exit (left exit side) Overwing escape hatch (port and staroard) (17) Mission entry door entrance to the main cabin (18) communications intelligence COMINT workstation workstation (19) Corridor Possile galley ?U.S. EP-3E electronic surveillance aircraft that were not identified in the main station in the aircraft cabin head, by a technical staff to maintain flight. Artificial electronic signals intelligence station (ELINT) in the electronic support (ES) head capsule, which is located in central part of airplane cabin. ELINT operator&#39;s main role is to conduct signals intelligence analysis, receiver control, when the aircraft on the backbone of the computer system fails, the workstation will support the radar as Dianzi main operating platform. Low-band signal collection station in artificial intelligence workstations next to the electronic signal, whose mandate includes early warning, altitude determination and collection of weather radar to send information. High-band analysis of the low-band signal collection station is located next to the workstation, its functions include high-band radar signal analysis and will launch the results sent to the central computer system. ig Look operational workstations in the workstation next to the high-band analysis, responsibilities include the management of EP -3E AN/APS-134 (V) radar and aircraft remote ES receiving device receiving the signal and the new assessment. ELINT surveillance station is located next to the workstation operating ig Look, as its name describes it, is responsible for ES cabin surveillance. Electronic warfare (EW) coordination workstations: workstations located next to ELINT surveillance, main duties include the collection of electronic signals to the artificial intelligence and communications and intelligence data together and transfer to non-board users. Communications intelligence (COMINT) special task monitoring / collection charge of workstations: workstations located next to the electronic warfare coordination, the main responsibilities include the communication of information on aircraft management. Communications intelligence aircraft cabin is located in the rear starboard main cabin, for the five operators can provide accommodation, responsibilities for the collection, analysis and communication of information integration. Tail can also be the main cabin for the first six operators to provide operating space. ?6, the main equipment The mission equipment,, EP-3E aircraft and installed all kinds of airborne sensor system can be divided into ES (ESS), special / ES general subsystem (SESCSS) and special workstations sensor (SSS). Among these, SSS system and COMINT functions are closely related. The external equipment, aircraft &quot;Aries 2&quot; platform with OE-320 direction finding antenna group, a large ventral radome (equipped with OE-319 ig Look antenna), the external wing and the plane below body tail blades installed antenna group, the aircraft wing tip with AN/ALR-76ES system antenna, the lower part of the aircraft tail air antenna with cable. AN/ALD-9 (V); is a dual-channel communications band seeker, the seeker to bit processing technology based on segmentation and knife-type antenna installed and accepted group. AN/ALR-76: is an automatic ES-band radar system designed to detect, track, verify, classify and locate radar emitters, and where necessary, to provide threat warning to the parent platform. The baseline system consists of two receiving devices (each device consists of four spiral antenna), two multi-band (including a wide band and narrow-band) receiver and a signal comparison unit. As a threat warning devices, ALR-76 can send the audio warning and airborne launch control system. The device can control pulse correction processor load in real-time monitoring, the total volume of 448,000 words of memory. The total weight of 61 kg unit. ?AN/ALR-81 (V) is a microprocessor-controlled ELINT by the receiving device, the tuner noise, high integration, high-resolution audio and video display, multi- mode millimeter wave detection function, a few for program control of the collection, scanning and searching features, install one or more integrated AS-135 antenna receivers (each receiver including homing and micron detection antenna) And display. For the 0.5-40 GHz frequency range, the antenna area of 0.48 × 0.61 square meters, the antenna power for the +4- +31 di, antenna azimuth of 1.6-75 degrees. AN/APS-134 (V) for the I-and (9.5-10 Ji Heya band) maritime surveillance radar. The first tool designed for anti-submarine warfare, can detect enemy submarines seas. APS -134 (V) is a pulse compression radar, equipped with fast scanning antenna and digital processing system. The device has three operating modes, A, and C. Where, A model for small targets at sea, search, search is limited within 59 km, the scan rate of 150rpm, pulse repetition frequency 2000pulses / s. Model for a large range of 278 km to the sea reconnaissance, the scan rate and pulse repetition frequency was 40rpm and 500pulses / s. C mode is also used for maritime reconnaissance within 278 km, its scan rate was only 6rpm, but high precision. Transmission frequency of 9.5-10 GHz (A and mode) ,9.6-9.9 GHz (C mode), power output 500 watts (average), 500 kW (maximum), antenna azimuth of 2.4 degrees, 4 degrees (maximum), use the vertical mode. ?AN/AYK-14 for air general-purpose computer. AYK-14 data control computer is the U.S. Navy&#39;s standard on-board computers can be programmed, according to their function is divided into two parts, allegedly you can install up to 16 input and output (I / O) cards, 5 cards Smart cards are installed airborne control device. The device also has a plug- in high speed integrated processor, processing speed can be increased to three times, and significantly increase its memory. AN/ULQ-16 (V) 2 for the pulse analyzer, can be manual or automatic control of any microwave receiver for receiving video output signals generated. The analyzer is primarily designed for use onboard aircraft, including six kinds of operation modes, namely automatic analysis, manual timing, manual removal and artificial resonable. ULQ-16 (V) to operate through the menu, a variety of models can be displayed in real time. ?Link 11 high / high (HF / UHF) frequency data link, also known as tactical digital information links (TADIL), Link 11 is the NATO code number within the chain of common standards for ships and aircraft. Information transmission using 30-bit data format, including 24-bit password, and 6-bit error detection code. Frequency of 2-30 MHz (high frequency), 225 - 400 MHz (ultra high frequency), covering the range of 46 km (ultra high frequency), 557 km (high frequency), speed 1364ps/44.75 frames / sec or 2250ps/75 frames / sec. OE-319 antenna for the surveillance system, designed for and AN/ALQ-110 ig Look radar analysis system used in conjunction, OE-319 is a 1.8 × 3.7 m mechanical scanning antenna, may receive from 0.3 to 18 GHz frequency hungry signal, and from 0.3 to 10 GHz band to transmit within. The device has the full and sub-scanning function, and the flexibility to change the azimuth. In addition, it can be confirmed with the ALQ-108 jamming device used in conjunction with friend and foe. ?OE-320 antenna group for the search, said to be covered by 2 to 0.5 to 2GHz and 18GHz frequency bands, OE-320 DF Antenna diameter of 60 cm from the antenna, the antenna can scan speed of 200rpm, and Any signal or artificial homing initiative.