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									                 U    N    I T     E    D        N    A    T   I O N         S        E    N   V    I R      O    N    M E       N    T       P    R     O G   R   A   M M   E


                 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
                 ‫ ▪ اجفاقية اسحكهولم بشأن الملوثات العضوية الثابث‬关于持久性有机污染物的斯德哥尔摩公约 ▪ Convention de Stockholm sur les polluants organiques persistants
                     Convenio de Estocolmo sobre Contaminantes Orgánicos Persistentes ▪ Стокгольмскaя конвенция о стойких органических загрязнителях




Inception Workshop of the                                                                                             SC/EE/ROG/Africa
1/1
African Regional Organization Group                                                                                   1 November 2007
Nairobi, 29-31 October 2007


         Report of the Africa Regional Organization Group
         Inception Workshop

             Introduction
             1.       At its third meeting in May 2007, the Conference of the Parties of the
             Stockholm Convention, by decision SC-3/19 on effectiveness evaluation, provisionally
             adopted the amended global monitoring plan for persistent organic pollutants
             (UNEP/POPS/COP.3/22/Rev.1, annex II) and adopted the amended implementation
             plan for the global monitoring plan (UNEP/POPS/COP.3/23/Rev.1). Decision SC-3/19
             also established a regional organization group for each of the five United Nations
             regions to facilitate regional implementation of the global monitoring plan, and invited
             Parties to nominate members to those groups with expertise in monitoring and data
             evaluation and decided that each regional organization group should be comprised of
             six members. The main objectives of the regional organization group were to define and
             implement the regional strategy for information gathering, including capacity building,
             and to prepare the regional monitoring report for the first effectiveness evaluation to be
             performed by the Conference of the Parties in May 2009. The mandate and terms of
             reference of the regional organization groups are set out in annex III to the
             implementation plan.
             2.      The regional organization group inception workshop for the African region was
             hosted by the UNEP Regional Office for Africa at UNEP Headquarter, in Nairobi,
             Kenya, 29-31 October 2007.

           I.        Opening of the meeting
             3.      The meeting was declared open at 9.10 a.m. on Monday 29 October, by Mr.
             Francis Kihumba, Stockholm Convention Focal Point (Kenya). In his opening
             statement Mr. Kihumba welcomed the participants and highlighted that implementation
             of the Stockholm Convention was very important for Kenya.
             4.    Mr. Desta Mebratu, regional UNEP DTIE (Division of Technology, Industry &
             Economics) officer, Regional Office for Africa, welcomed the participants on behalf of
             the UNEP Regional Office for Africa.
             5.       Ms. Keita Ouane welcomed the participants on behalf of UNEP. She said that
             there were currently approximately 18 multilateral environmental agreements and some
             20 international organizations were working on chemicals issues. The Stockholm
             Convention was unique in that, by its article 16, the Convention had set for itself the
             task to evaluate its effectiveness and to ensure the Convention goals were being met.
             The current workshop was a milestone in meeting that challenge and she noted the
             responsibility placed by the Convention on the regions to produce the global monitoring
             report. She concluded by expressing her appreciation to the Regional Office for Africa
             and the Kenyan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources for hosting the
             meeting and to the strategic partners who, by their presence, showed their commitment
             to the issue.

           II.       Organizational matters
A.   Organization of work
     6.      The aim of the workshop was to present and discuss the main elements of the
     regional monitoring plan and to obtain commitments for their implementation. The
     main objectives of the workshop were to:
                    Establish a strategy, workplan and timetable for the regional
                     organization group;
                    Agree on arrangements to receive readily available data;
                    Establish strategic partnerships to produce supplementary data and to
                     provide enabling capacity strengthening;
                    Identify necessary enabling capacity-strengthening to Group 2
                     programmes;
                    Establish arrangements for regional cooperation;
                    Establish arrangements to draft the regional monitoring report.

     7.     The agenda was adopted according to a proposed provisional agenda:
                    Opening
                    Overview of existing Group 1 and Group 2 programmes and
                     information
                    Data production and handling
                    Existing capacity and capacity needs
                    Capacity strengthening and Secretariat activities in support of the global
                     monitoring plan implementation
                    Follow-up activities and next steps: arrangements for regional
                     cooperation, for elaboration for the regional monitoring report and
                     possible workplan and timetable
                    Conclusions and closure

     8.      The workshop agreed to conduct its work in plenary. Presentations were made
     by the regional organization group members, the invited national experts, the strategic
     partners and the Secretariat. An important part of the workshop was the facilitated
     discussions targeted towards the expected workshop outputs. A summary of those
     discussions is attached as annex I to the current report.
     9.     Mr. Francis Kihumba, Stockholm Convention Focal Point (Kenya) and Mr.
     Desta Mebratu from the Regional office for Africa served as co- chairs for the
     workshop.
B.   Attendance
     10.     The meeting was attended by the following nominated regional organization
     group members: Mr. Jean de Dieu Nzila (Republic of Congo), Mr. Mohammed Ali
     (Ethiopia), Mr. Vincent Odongo Madadi (Kenya), Ms. Halimatou Kone Esp Traore
     (Mali) and Mr. Enock Masanja (United Republic of Tanzania). Mr. Abdelhay Zerouali
     from Morocco was unable to attend.
     11.     The meeting was also attended by the following non-members: Mr. Mohammed
     Ismail Ibrahim El Sehamy (Egypt), Ms. Fatoumata Jallow Ndoye (The Gambia), Mr.
     Sam Adu-Kumi (Ghana), Mr. Ramchurn Seenauth (Mauritius), Mr. Nee Sun Choong
     Kwet Yive (Mauritius), Mr. El Mustapha Daoudi (Morocco), Mr. Joseph Costans John
     Gungunhana (Mozambique), Mrs. Stella Uchenna Mojekwu (Nigeria), Mr. Ousmane
     Sow (Senegal), Dr. Thomas Yormah (Sierra Leone), Mr. Hindrik Bouwman (South
     Africa), Ms. Zukie N. Gwayi (South Africa), Mr. Ali Mohammed Ali Mahmoud
     (Sudan), Mr. Komla Sanda (Togo), Mr. Patrick Kamanda Isagara (Uganda) and Mr.
     Edward Henry Zulu (Zambia),. The meeting was also attended by the following non-
     members from the Republic of Kenya: Mr. James Ole Kiyiapi, Mr. Francis Kihumba,
     Ms Caroline Wamai, Mr. Mwai Muitungu, Mr. Charles Mirikau, Ms Laetitia Kanja, Mr.
     Charles Moturi, Ms. Jane Okando and Mr. Paul Saoke.
     12.   The meeting was also attended by the following invited strategic partners: Mr.
     Seongsoo Park, World Health Organization (WHO), Mr. Ivan Holoubek and Ms. Jana
                Klánová, Research Centre for Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
                (RECETOX) Czech Republic, Mr. Cyrille Siewe, UNEP DTIE Chemicals Branch and
                Mr. Matthias Kern from the UNEP Division of GEF Co-ordination in Nairobi.

              III. Overview of existing Group 11 and Group 22
                   programmes, data and information
                13.         Presentations were made of existing monitoring efforts and programmes that
                might be considered Group 1 programmes, i.e. programmes that could contribute data
                and input to the first global monitoring report without additional capacity. Mr. Madadi
                made presentations on national and regional efforts.
                14.        Further presentations were made on national POPs monitoring efforts by the
                regional organization group members from Mali and Tanzania, and representatives of
                the following countries covering both Group 1 and Group 2 programmes: Egypt,
                Ghana, Mauritius, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo and Uganda. The
                information presented is summarized in annex I.
                15.         During the presentations the following issues were highlighted. Countries of
                the region were in different stages of development of their National Implementation
                Plans, which might influence their preparedness to participate in the global monitoring
                plan. The importance of maintaining age-related biomonitoring to ensure comparability
                of human data in future monitoring was emphasized. While human data was mostly
                taken from highly exposed populations general population data taken for reference
                purposes could serve as background data for human samples. It was also said that
                interpretation of monitoring data from different sources and generated for different
                purposes in the regions must be done with caution. Monitoring data on dioxins was
                almost non-existent, particularly due to lack of laboratory infrastructure and the high
                cost of analysis.
                16.        The representative of WHO noted that Cameroon, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau and
                Liberia showed intention to take part and Sudan already submitted a sample in the 4th
                round. While previously the programme did cover only dioxins, furans and dioxin-like
                PCBs, the 4th round will cover all 12 POPs under the Stockholm Convention. The third
                round data (only Egypt took part from the African region) was already available and the
                fourth round data would be available in 2008.
                17.         The representative from RECETOX introduced the sampling air monitoring
                study performed in the Central and Eastern European Region and explained the
                possibilities of implementing a similar study for Africa within the framework of the
                project for passive air sampling supported by the Secretariat and co-financed by the
                Czech Republic.
                18.         There had been Global Air Monitoring Passive Sampling (GAPS) stations
                operational in 2005 (data were available) and in 2006 (data would be available) in
                Ghana, Malawi, South Africa and Uganda (2005). Except one in South Africa, these
                stations were no longer in operation and no information was obtained on them. Under
                the GAPS programme, supported by the Canadian Government, there was an offer to
                analyze samples from four sampling points if countries took on the responsibility of
                acquiring the samplers, undertaking the sampling and sample shipment, however new
                contacts had to be established and appropriate sampling points selected.
                19.        Mr. Siewe from UNEP DTIE Chemical branch presented the possibilities to
                use the CIEN (Chemical Information Exchange Network) tools and facilities to support
                the regional monitoring programme, in particular data handling, storage and
                dissemination.




1
  Group 1 – Programmes/activities which can immediately provide information for the monitoring reports to be
prepared for the first evaluation.
2
  Group 2 – Programmes/activities that, with identified capacity enhancement, can provide information coverage
in areas that would otherwise be inadequately represented in the first monitoring evaluation reports.
      20.        The participants expressed their appreciation for the assistance and support
      provided by the strategic partners and donors.
      21.          With regard to data gaps, the workshop agreed that milk data were needed
      for all sub-regions; no systematic monitoring of POPs in the core media (ambient air
      and human milk or blood) was taking place; and almost no data on PCDD/PCDF were
      available while data on PCBs were very limited.
      22.         The workshop emphasized the need to promote sustainable monitoring in
      order to establish data trends. It was suggested that existing data demonstrating trends
      in concentrations in non-core media, such as water, soil or food, would be valuable data
      to include in the first monitoring report, however, the quality of those data should be
      evaluated and documented.

IV.   Capacity strengthening and support to global monitoring
      plan implementation
      23.         The representative of the Secretariat outlined the Stockholm Convention
      capacity strengthening policy and Secretariat activities in support of implementation of
      the global monitoring plan.
      24.         In the ensuing discussion, it was stressed that a few countries might be able
      to organize monitoring but several obstacles hindered achievements: resources for
      analyses were lacking; limited capacity was available in the region for measurement
      and analysis, in particular for PCBs and dioxins and furans; and the high cost of
      replacing out of date equipment. Lack of spare parts for equipments and certified
      analytical standards was mentioned as well.
      25.         The following were identified as capacity needs: Human capacity building
      through training in sampling and analysis of core matrices (ambient air and breast
      milk), in repair and maintenance of laboratory equipment, in analytical chemistry and
      instrumentation (e.g. in-laboratory training oversees); Support in purchasing of
      consumables and ensuring acceptable standards for relevant analytes e.g. PCBs, POPs
      pesticides, recovery standards etc.; Need for air sampling equipment and training to
      begin air monitoring in most countries; Inter-laboratory calibration studies in relevant
      matrices (ambient air and breast milk) to verify and improve laboratory performance
      and implementation of QA/QC; Analytical instrumentation capacity enhancement to
      handle complex analytes such as PCBs and dioxins and complex POPs pesticides e.g.
      toxaphene, chlordane and mirex; Strengthening the capacity in data handling,
      interpretation, storage and dissemination; Strengthening of laboratory networking (e.g.
      using the CIEN capacity); and establishment of capacity for sampling and analysis of
      dioxins and furans.
      26.        The workshop also identified some institutes and laboratories that could
      benefit from capacity building; these are listed in annex I.
      27.         The workshop was informed that a limited amount of funding was available
      through the Secretariat for capacity building activities as well as for the production of
      additional core media data from current donor contribution to the Stockholm
      Convention, including funds from Sweden and from the Canada POPs Fund. Financial
      resources might also be identified from voluntary contributions to the 2008-2009
      budget. Strategic partnership with RECETOX to obtain initial air monitoring data for
      the African region was already established by the Secretariat, as well as a strategic
      partnership with WHO to obtain additional human milk data.
      28.         Projects proposals could be prepared and submitted directly to donor
      countries or agencies and to GEF, in particular with a view to obtain new and additional
      data input for the first monitoring report. It was made clear that project proposals
      should describe the long term goal and sustainability that would ensure self-sufficiency
      in the future. The workshop agreed to propose two medium size projects (MSP) on
      capacity building to GEF and agreed that Kenya and Mali would coordinate the
      development of the MSP concept(s). The following countries expressed their interest in
      such projects: Sub-Region 1 (Western part of Africa): Congo Rep. of, Ghana, Mali,
       Morocco, Nigeria and Senegal. Sub-Region 2-: (Eastern and Southern part of Africa):
       Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.

V.     Follow-up activities
       29.         The workshop prepared a summary of capacities, gaps and needs and
       developed a regional map indicating existing coverage of available core media data as
       well as possible sampling points to achieve better geographical coverage of core media
       data (figure 1, annex I to the current report).
       30.         Possible arrangements to receive readily available data and identification of
       data gaps and possible strategies to fill those gaps were discussed and agreed by the
       participants.
       31.         The workshop further agreed that each regional organization group member
       would have responsibility for facilitating compilation of data from a specific number of
       countries. The regional organization group would collect the data and submit them to a
       consultant who would develop a draft of the regional report. The draft regional report
       would be reviewed by the regional organization group members and subsequently
       circulated to countries of the region for comments. The workshop noted the need to
       finalize the method of handling of data, the time lines for action and the need to
       distribute responsibility for countries to the different regional organization group
       members.

VI.    Conclusions
       32.        The workshop noted that the regional organization group members would
       hold a one-day meeting immediately following on the inception workshop on Thursday
       1 November 2007 in Nairobi. That meeting would discuss the process to initiate the
       preparation of the regional monitoring report and define tasks and responsibilities of the
       regional organization group members. Issues that had been raised as matters for follow
       up action would also be discussed and activities and actions suggested.
       33.          The workshop agreed that the outcome of the meeting of members of the
       regional organization group would be attached to the current report. Accordingly, that
       report is attached as annex II. A compact disc containing all presentations made at the
       workshop was prepared by the Regional Office for Africa and distributed to all
       participants.

VII.   Closure of the Meeting
       34.      Following the customary exchange of courtesies, the meeting was closed on
       Wednesday 31 October 2007 at 12.35 p.m.
  Annex I
SUMMARY OF THE DISCUSSIONS

Availability of core data in the different sub-regions of Africa

International Group-1 programmes

  WHO:
  Results of the third round survey are available from the participating countries (only Egypt took part
  from Africa) as well as from WHO. Cameroon, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau and Liberia showed intention
  to take part and Sudan already submitted a sample in the 4th round.

  GAPS
  There have been sampling stations in 2005 (data are available) and 2006 (data will be available).
  Stations in Ghana, Malawi, South Africa and Uganda (2005) are no longer in operation. One station
  in South Africa is still operating and they have offered to analyze samples for four sampling points if
  countries take responsibility for acquiring the samplers, sampling and sample shipment, however
  new contacts and have to be established and appropriate sampling points selected.

  RECETOX
  Passive air sampling. Project with the Stockholm Secretariat (financial support from Sweden) for 10-
  15 sampling points. RECETOX has offered to continue these activities from their own funds by
  sampling and analysis for 2-3 years in countries which would be willing to do parallel analysis and
  maintain the air monitoring in the future. Possible capacity strengthening: Summer school for PhD
  students based on bilateral agreements with the Czech Republic.

National activities are summarized in Table 1.

       Possible arrangements to receive readily available data

       Summary of available data:

    •   Few air data from the GAPS study are available, however today only one station is operating
    •   Limited milk data are available from the WHO third round for Egypt; in the fourth round, 5
        countries plan to join (Cameroon, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia and Sudan), some limited
        research data are available from Ghana, Kenya (only OCPs), South Africa and Uganda
    •   Milk data are available in the North-east Africa, in this sub-region only strengthening of
        existing programmes is necessary to continue the monitoring
    •   The Maghreb sub-region has limited data (to be confirmed) and South Africa has research-
        based milk data
    •   In several countries information on organochlorine pesticides is available in food, agricultural
        products, soil, sediments, water and fish.
Table 1: Summary of national monitoring activities

     Country     Background air         Human                                                 Note                                                      Period
                 HV      PAS      Blood     Milk
  Congo (Rep.                                                                   No laboratory for POPs analysis
  of)
  Egypt                                         X                     Milk data and blood data are available also for 2006                            3rd WHO
  Ethiopia                                 x-1990                                              Milk
  Ghana                                         X                          Milk and blood data from research ???,
                                                                     OCP residues in food, agriculture, products, soil, fish
  Kenya                                         X                     water, sediments, vegetation, fish, and soils, bivalves                Milk only research based 1986,
                                                                                                                                                    1992 and 2004
  Mali                                                                          OCP residues in food, soil, water
  Mauritius                                                          OCP residues in agricultural products, fish, water soil
  Morocco
  Mozambique                                                                             Water, fish, soil,
  Nigeria                                   x-old                                OCPs in Food, soil, water, fish                                  Milk data from 1986
  Senegal                                                               Water, soil, vegetables, food; SOP and QA/QC
  Sierra Leone                                       Organochlorines in fish and shellfish from a study 1985-1988( also Ghana and Nigeria)
  South Africa            X         x           X   Human samples from specific research (also reference samples from clean regions) GAPS
                                                                          passive sampling, soil, sediments, eggs,
  Sudan                           x-1996                                  Residues in food, soil, agricultural products
  Tanzania                                                          Has capacity for air sampling ;POPs in water, soil fish
  Togo                                                           Water, soil and sediments and plants as research work ( 2005)
  Uganda                            x      x-1996       Some research sampling and analysis of human media 2005; food, soil, sediment
        Country     Background air        Human                                            Note                                      Period
                    HV      PAS        Blood     Milk
   Zambia



Table 2: Summary of national capacities

          Country           POPs lab           Dioxin lab   Air sampling capacity    Provide capacity   Training,   Assistance capacity
                                                                                      strengthening     handling
                                                                                         QA/QC
Congo (Rep. of)             No POPs
Egypt                          X               X in food       Need samplers
                                                              Would like to start
Ethiopia                    X-OCPs,                                  pas
Ghana                    X-OCPs, PCBs                       Air quality monitoring
Kenya                    X- OCPs PCBs                          Need samplers                X                               X
                                                              Would like to start
Mali                        X-OCPs


Mauritius                X- OCPs PCBs                                HV?
Morocco                   X-OCPs PCBs
Mozambique
Nigeria                  X-OCPs, PCBs                                pas
Senegal                   X-OCP, PCBs
Sierra Leone             x-OCP dormant
          Country     POPs lab     Dioxin lab   Air sampling capacity    Provide capacity       Training,    Assistance capacity
                                                                          strengthening         handling
                                                                             QA/QC
South Africa        X-OCPs PCBs      limited          Pas, HV
Sudan                 X-OCPs
Tanzania            X-OCPs, PCBs                      Pas &HV           No QA/QC for POPs                   Sampling and testing of
                                                                                                               OCPs and PCBs
Togo                X OCP, PCBs                                         Accredited labs could
Uganda              X-OCPs, PCBs                        Pas
Zambia              X-OCPs, PCBs                        Pas
Gambia                                                  Pas
Tunisia             X-OCPs, PCBs
Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants




        Identified data gaps:

    •    Milk data are needed for the remaining sub-regions
    •    No systematic monitoring of POPs in the core media (ambient air and human milk or blood) is taking place
    •    Almost no data on PCDD/PCDF are available; data on PCBs are very limited

Strategy to fill the gaps and elaborate the first regional monitoring report

The data gaps may be filled through:

        National capacity with capacity enhancement;
        Possible partnership arrangements:
                                 Sub-regional partnership
                                 Inter-regional partnership
                                 International partnership
        Multi country projects:
                            Proposal for a GEF supported project

        Institutions with limited capacity to analyze POPs (Group 2 programmes):

    •    Department of Chemistry, University of Nairobi Kenya (OCPs, PCBs)
    •    Department of Public Health Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nairobi, Kenya (milk)
    •    Persistent Organic Pollutants and Toxicants (POPT) research group at the North-West University South Africa
    •    National Institute for Sanitation Laboratory-Togo
    •    Lab of the Togolese Agronomic research institute (EU and UNIDO support for accreditation)
    •    Cairo Central Centre (CCC) Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)
    •    Central laboratory for residues of pesticides in food, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt
    •    CERES-Locustox laboratory in Dakar, Senegal
    •    TPRI –Tanzania
    •    CPE Chemistry Dar-Es Salaam Tanzania
    •    Government Analytical Laboratory, Uganda
    •    Faculty of Agriculture and Sciences, Sudan
    •    National Chemical laboratory, Ministry of Health, Sudan
    •    University of Gezira, Sudan
    •    Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute (MSIRI)
    •    National Environmental Laboratory (NEL), Mauritius
    •    The Water Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-WRI), Ghana
    •    The Ghana Standards Board (GSB)
    •    Central Veterinary Laboratory: Environmental Toxicoly Laboratory , Mali
    •    University of Sierra Leone, Fourah Bay College (dormant)

        Regional programmes with some existing capacity:

    •    NRBP-water and sediments (includes analysis of POPs, OCPs and PCBs);
    •    ANCAP (the African Network for Chemical Analysis of Pesticides)-existing regional network, collaboration,
         analysis of water, sediments, fish and soil (OCPs, PCBs);
    •    EADN-planned project for ambient air sampling, does not plan to anylyse POPs;
    •    Monetary Union of West Africa (EMUWA) including, 8 francophone member states, is supported financially by the
         EU and technically by UNIDO to promote Quality Management System in food commodities and cash crops;
    •    Passive air sampling capacity will be available in the framework of the IAA project, however POPs are not
         considered SADC- passive sampling network, most SADC countries are involved , since 1999; possible partnership
         with RECETOX ;
    •    NEPAD(the New Partnership for Africa’s Development) environmental action plan has been endorsed in 2003;
         chemical management is one of the elements of AMCEN(the African Ministerial Conference on Environment) has a
         workplan, part of which is chemical management. Outcomes of this meeting may be presented to the next AMCEN
         meeting in support of political regional coordination. The Regional Coordination Office for Africa could facilitate
         this information exchange;
    •    Clean city initiative ??
        Priority capacity enhancement needs to achieve cost effective implementation of the first phase of the global
         monitoring plan (produce the first monitoring report)

             1.   Human capacity building through training: to sample and analyze core matrices (ambient air and breast
                  milk), in repair and maintenance of laboratory equipment, in analytical chemistry and instrumentation (e.g.
                  in-laboratory training oversees or local group trainings) ;
             2.   Support of consumables and standards for relevant analytes e.g. PCBs, POPs pesticides, recovery standards
                  etc.
             3.   Need for air sampling equipment and training to begin air monitoring in most countries;
             4.   Inter-laboratory calibration studies in relevant matrices (ambient air and breast milk) to verify and improve
                  laboratory performance and implementation of QA/QC;
             5.   Analytical instrumentation capacity enhancement to handle complex analytes such as PCBs and dioxins
                  and complex POPs pesticides e.g. toxaphene, chlordane and mirex;
             6.   Strengthening the capacity in data handling, interpretation, storage and dissemination;
             7.   Strengthening of laboratory networking (e.g. using the CIEN capacity);
             8.    Establish capacity for sampling and analysis of dioxins and furans.


Possible capacity enhancement activities, projects and partnerships

Available capacity of international programmes to provide capacity strengthening

RECETOX-
Passive air sampling; Project for passive air sampling with the Stockholm Secretariat (support from Sweden) 15 sampling
points; RECETOX offered to continue sampling and analysis for 2-3 years in countries which would be willing to do parallel
analysis and maintain air monitoring in the future.
Possible further capacity strengthening: Summer school: PhD students (based on bilateral agreements with the Czech
Republic); passive air sampling, site selection, sample treatment and analysis, intercalibration, data handling, data
interpretation; QA/QC;

WHO-
Results of the third round survey are available from the participating countries (only Egypt took part from Africa) as well as
from WHO. Cameroon, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau and Liberia showed intention to take part and Sudan already submitted the
sample in the 4th round. Protocol for milk survey; organizing of proficiency testing;

GAPS
One station in South Africa is still operating and has offered to analyze samples for four sampling points if countries take
responsibility for acquiring the samplers, sampling and sample shipment;

Initial proposal for partnerships

    •    RECETOX 15 sampling points (see list of countries) screening (Stockholm Convention Secretariat support);
    •    GAPS 4 sites
    •    WHO 4th round;
    •    WHO proficiency testing for national laboratories;
    •    Possible Stockholm Convention Secretariat funded WHO survey in the framework of the 4th round;
    •    Lab-network could be constituted in Francophone Africa supported by EU and UNIDO;
    •    Norwegian help to Kenya QA/QC and interlaboratory tests for the milk analysis;
    •    International Atomic Energy Agency: launching the project on passive air sampling (samples to be analyzed in
         IAEA);

Selection of sites for air monitoring

Selection of sites for air monitoring

RECETOX passive air sampling programme: 6 (for determination of PCBs, DDTs, HCB (+ HCH) + additional 6 (PAHs) + 2
(Drins – aldrin, endrin, dieldrin, mirex) + 2 (PCDDs/Fs) samples for 16 countries to be analyzed at RECETOX.
In support of capacity building, countries with capacity to analyze both OCPs and PCBs (including appropriate standards)
immediately will receive an additional sampler for co-sampling for in-country analysis. An interlaboratory test will be
organized by RECETOX in preparation for co-analysis of the air samples:

             1.    Morocco (?)
             2.    Egypt, + +
             3.    Mali +
             4.    Nigeria, ++
             5.    Kenya, ++
             6.    Ethiopia, +
             7.    Tanzania, ++
             8.    Ghana, ++
             9.    Mauritius ++
             10.   South Africa ++
             11.   Republic of Congo (UNEP Chemicals to contact the Democratic Republic of Congo and confirm possible
                   participation)
             12.   Senegal++
             13.   Sudan +
             14.   Zambia ++
             15.   Tunisia?
             16.   Togo+

Note: + country committed itself to participate in the RECETOX project
     ++ country expressed interest and preparedness to analyze parallel sample

GAPS: 2 in South Africa (one co-stationed with GAPS), further two stations will be identified on the base of the screening
sampling done by RECETOX

Selection of sites for additional milk sampling:

In the selection process the following was considered:
     • Countries which have old milk data (Ethiopia, Nigeria,Uganda);
     • Countries which have already some data trends (Kenya, South Africa);
     • Countries to fill the gaps in the sub-regions (Congo, Mali, Mauritius….)

The following countries were selected for production of additional milk data: Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mauritius,
Nigeria and South Africa

Possible multi-country GEF project

Project proposals could be prepared and submitted to GEF, in particular with a view to obtain new and additional data input
for the first monitoring report. It was made clear that project proposals should describe the long term goal and sustainability
that would ensure self-sufficiency in the future. The workshop agreed to propose two medium size projects (MSP) on
capacity building to GEF and agreed that a regional organization group member would coordinate the development of the
MSP concept(s). The following countries expressed their interest in such projects:

Sub-Region 1 (Western half): Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo (?), Ghana, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria,
Senegal, Tunisia.

Sub-Region 2 (Eastern and Southern half): Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia.

Possible arrangements for regional cooperation

Division to six sub-regions; each ROG member would coordinate one sub-region.
Parties from the region will be informed through the Secretariat about the ongoing activities and need for cooperation.

Electronic means of communication will be used, including the CIEN forum operated by UNEP Chemicals

Related regional bodies such as the Basel Regional Centers and Cleaner Production Centers (UNIDO) could be used to
support networking.
Possible arrangements and timetable to elaborate the regional monitoring report

       Possible arrangements to receive readily available data

    •   Published reports from international and national projects
    •   Air data will be accessible through ongoing activities
    •   Primary data will be not be requested only summarized reported data from programmes which are fulfilling the
        criteria set out in the GMP-Implementation Plan.
    •   ROG members will be responsible for obtaining country data, however the official Stockholm Convention focal
        point should be involved in the process (copied on the correspondence and asked for support if necessary)

       Who should draft the report?
            o ROG members with the help of consultants as necessary
       How should the information be received / obtained by those responsible for drafting the report
            o Published information is available to ROG members
            o In case of uncertainties/data gaps the ROG-members will contact national experts with a copy or through
                the official Stockholm Convention focal points to obtain clarification and additional information (e.g.
                national reports)
            o The ROG members will clearly identify the content and format of the data to be submitted
            o ROG members with the help of consultants may perform additional literature search
            o To facilitate exchange of data a pass-worded web page can be created at the university in Kenya
       Sequence/timetable for preparing the report
            o General and background information
            o Readily available information
            o Additional/supplementary information
            o First draft
            o Regional review process
            o Final draft
    Annex II
    Establishment of the regional organization group strategy

    Following on the inception workshop for the African regional organization group, a one-day meeting of the regional
    organization group members was held to consolidate the proposals raised during the workshop, to endorse the outcome of the
    workshop and to establish the final strategy for the African Region to develop the regional monitoring report.

    During that meeting, regional organization group members took responsibility for a selected number of countries within their
    sub-region, outlined the modus operandi for collecting data and drafting the first regional monitoring report and agreed on a
    timetable to undertake the work. The members also agreed on a strategy to fill the identified data gaps and suggested
    strategic partnerships. Finally, the regional organization group member agreed on the three members to represent the region
    on the Coordinating Group and on a coordinator for the African Region.


          I.       Coordination of activities in region

    Division into six sub-regions; each regional organization group member would coordinate one sub-region.
    The regional coordinator for Africa would be the regional organization group member from Kenya.

    1.         Division of responsibility for countries between the regional coordination group members

    Congo Rep. of           Ethiopia            Kenya                Mali                 Morocco              Tanzania
    Cameroon                Egypt               Burundi              Mauritania           Algeria              Zambia
    Democratic              Sudan               Uganda               Niger                Libyan Arab          Zimbabwe
    Republic of             Djibouti            Mauritius            Chad                 Jamahiriya           Mozambique
    Congo                   Somalia             Madagascar           Senegal              Tunisia              Namibia
    Central African                             Rwanda               Guinea                                    Botswana
    Republic                                    Seychelles           Guinea-Bissau                             Swaziland
    Gabon                                       Eritrea              Gambia                                    South Africa
    Angola                                                           Cape Verde                                Lesotho
    SaoTome and                                                      SierraLeone                               Malawi
    Principe                                                         Liberia                                   Comoros
    Equatorial Guinea                                                Côte d’Ivoire
                                                                     Burkina Faso
                                                                     Ghana
                                                                     Benin
                                                                     Nigeria
                                                                     Togo

    2.         Organization and planning of coordination activities

    The Secretariat will inform countries of the region about the nomination of the regional organization group members and
    send meeting report and inform countries of the sub-regional contact points as given in the above table by 14 November
    2007.

Collecting available information on core media

-        The regional coordination group members will communicate with assigned countries (by 21November 2007 with a
         deadline of 15 December 2007) and:
               o Request available information on the core media to be submitted in the agreed format;
               o Request additional/clarifying information as necessary and appropriate ;
               o Facilitate sampling of breast milk in selected countries;
               o Facilitate elaboration of GEF project proposal.

               The Secretariat will circulate the list of official contact points. Other lists published on the web can be used to find
               contacts (lists of Conference of the Parties participants, SAICM contact points, UNEP/GEF laboratory project, etc.)
               The Secretariat will circulate a sample letter to facilitate the work of the sub-regional contact points.
               A meeting for French speaking countries will be tentatively organized in February 2008.
-        Format for data submission
             o Air data will be published either in the GAPS or in the RECETOX reports, which have an appropriate format
                  according to the Guidance document. The GAPS results will be integrated into the RECETOX report ;
             o The milk data will be produced by the WHO reference laboratory; as such the data format will be appropriate.
                  For milk data, sufficient characterisation of the sampled population has to be available to enable sampling of
                  the same population group in a subsequent years, when time trends will be established;
             o Countries which have milk data from the WHO 3rd round or from research projects should submit the data with
                  the necessary information about the sampled population group;
             o To obtain other existing data the regional organization group coordinator will elaborate a format and share it
                  with the other regional organization group members to facilitate their work.

-        Evaluation of readily available data sets according to the data quality criteria and selection of data which could be
         used for the first evaluation

               o   The regional organization group members would collect the data and submit them to a consultant for review
                   and compilation. The draft would be reviewed by all regional organization group members.

-        Storage of the data

               o   The regional organization group members will submit the received data to the consultant and also to the
                   coordinator, who will store the information on the CIEN server in Benin (Cyrille Siewe from UNEP DTIE
                   Chemicals Branch CSiewe@chemicals.unep.ch to be contacted for details). The information would be
                   accessible to all regional organization group members.

    3.         Facilitate activities to obtain supplementary data where data gaps have been identified

    Establishment of strategic partnership projects for capacity enhancement and production of supplementary
    monitoring data to achieve better regional coverage

         The following strategic partnerships were established:

          •    RECETOX 16 sampling points (see list of countries) screening (Stockholm Convention Secretariat and Czech
               Republic support);
          •    GAPS 4: sites, will be identified as a result of the screening;
          •    WHO 4th round: ongoing activities (Cameroon, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia and Sudan)
          •    WHO proficiency testing for national laboratories;
          •    Additional milk data in the framework of the WHO 4th round, funded by the Secretariat (see list)

          Possible additional partnerships:
          • Lab-network could be constituted in Francophone Africa supported by the EU and UNIDO;
          • Norwegian help to Kenya (QA/QC and interlaboratory tests for the milk analysis);
          • International Atomic Energy Agency: launching the project on passive air sampling (samples to be analysed in
              IAEA);

          Countries to participate in the RECETOX activities:
                  1. Morocco (?)
                  2. Egypt, + +
                  3. Mali ++
                  4. Nigeria, ++
                  5. Kenya, ++
                  6. Ethiopia, +
                  7. Tanzania, ++
                  8. Ghana, ++
                  9. Mauritius ++
                  10. South Africa ++
                  11. Republic of Congo (UNEP Chemicals to connect with DRC and confirm possible participation)
                  12. Senegal++
                  13. Sudan +
                  14. Zambia ++
                    15. Tunisia?
                    16. Togo

    Note: + country committed itself to participate in the RECETOX project
         ++ country expressed interest and preparedness to analyze parallel sample

    GAPS: 2 sites in South Africa (one co-stationed with RECETOX), further two stations will be identified on the basis of the
    screening sampling done by RECETOX.

    The Secretariat will determine the interest of Morocco and Tunisia to join the RECETOX programme.

    The following countries were selected for production of additional milk data: Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mauritius,
    Nigeria and South Africa. Based on the response and commitment of these countries, as well as possible availability of
    further funds, additional countries may be considered to improve geographical coverage.

    The proposed participating countries will contact the health sector representatives and evaluate the possibility of country
    contribution to the sampling process and assess the time period necessary to obtain the milk sample in compliance with the
    WHO protocol.

    Two sub-regional GEF MSP capacity strengthening projects

    Sub-Region 1 (Western half): Coordinating country - Mali; participating countries : Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo
    (interest to be determined), Ghana, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo and Tunisia.

    Sub-Region 2 (Eastern and Southern half): Coordinating country - Kenya: participating countries: Egypt, Ethiopia,
    Mauritius, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.

-        Timetable to elaborate the project proposal:
              o The project concept should be proposed by the participating countries on the basis of priority activities
                  identified during the workshop, in cooperation with the coordinating countries and UNEP DGEF (Mr.
                  Matthias Kern) by the end of November 2007;
              o The project concept will be circulated to participating countries to obtain their demonstrated commitment in
                  order that the project concept with the letters of commitment can be submitted to GEF for approval early
                  December 2007;
              o If GEF approves the project concept the full project could be elaborated and submitted to GEF in January
                  2008;

          II.       Production of first draft of the regional monitoring report for the African region

    1.          How should the information be received / obtained by those responsible for drafting the report

                    -   Published information will be requested and received by regional organization group members and
                        submitted to the consultant and to the coordinator;
                    -   In case of uncertainties/data gaps the regional organization group members will contact national experts
                        with a copy or through the official Stockholm Convention focal points to obtain clarification and additional
                        information (e.g. national reports);
                    -   The regional organization group members will clearly identify the content and format of the data to be
                        submitted on the basis of the proposal elaborated by the coordinator;
                    -   To facilitate exchange of data a pass-worded web page can be created at the university in Kenya or the
                        CIEN forum could be used.

    2.          Drafting team

                    -    Two consultants will be appointed and charged with drafting of the particular chapters. The following
                        candidates, who took part in the inception workshop could be considered, depending on their availability:
                        Ms. Fatoumata Jallow Ndoye, Mr. Komla Sanda and Mr. Nee Chong Kwet Yve.



    3.          Sequence/timetable for preparing the report
               -   General and background information
               -   Readily available information
               -   Additional/supplementary information: upon becoming available
               -   First draft
               -   Regional review process
               -   Final draft

4.          Organization of work and timetable

               -   Establishment of a team to draft the regional monitoring report: November 2007
               -   Development of first draft: June 2008
               -   Circulation of the draft regional monitoring report for comments: July 2008
               -   Endorsement of the regional monitoring report and its submission to the Secretariat: October 2008
               -   Consideration of draft by the Coordination Group: October 2008

     III.      Agree on regional representatives to the Coordination Group

The following three ROG members were selected to represent the Africa region in the Coordination Group: Kenya, Mali,
[Ethiopia or Morocco, depending on availability of the regional organization group member from Morocco].

     IV.       Support from the Secretariat for the ROG activities

               -   The Secretariat is facilitating strategic partnerships with RECETOX and WHO to produce additional data;
               -   Possible Secretariat support (funds to the transferred through an Memorandum of Understanding with the
                   coordinating country) for: consultants, communication costs, drafting meeting, translation, and publishing;
               -   Data storage (facilitation of the CIEN server/forum use including training and technical support);
               -   Assistance in data dissemination.

								
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